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Abnormal Psy
Chapters 1-5
78
Psychology
02/21/2010

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Term
The word mad was first used to describe a person displaying abnormal behavior in?
Definition
1400
Term
One who systematically gathers information in order to describe, predict and explain abnormality is a clinical:
Definition
Scientist
Term
R.D. Lange said "insanity a perfectly rational adjustment to an insane world." This statement illustrates:
Definition
that abnormality is situational
Term
The explicit and implicit rules for proper conduct that a society establishes are referred to as:
Definition
norms
Term
The history, values, institutions, technology, and arts of a society make up that society's:
Definition
culture
Term
Panic, anxiety and depression were common among those who lived in New Orleans during Hurricane Katrina. Why were there behaviors NOT considered deviant?
Definition
These behaviors were the result of circumstances.
Term
Research shows that danger to self or others is found in:
Definition
some cases of abnormal functioning
Term
Despite popular misconceptions, most people with psychological are not:
Definition
Dangerous
Term
Thomas Szasz's view about the idea of "mental illness" is that
Definition
most abonormalities are simply "problems in living"
Term
If you were a schizophrenic living in the first half of the twentieth century and had a mother who was thought to be schizophenogeni, she would have been seen as?
Definition
a schizophenic herself
Term
Challenges faced by clinical researchers include all the following except:
Definition
there are very few graduate students trained in clinical research
Term
General Principles that explain the underlying causes or nature of abnormal behavior are called:
Definition
nomothetic
Term
A study of a single person used to explain the underlying causes or nature of abnormal behavior in that person is consistent with the ______ approach
Definition
idiographic
Term
True experiments involve the study of some?
Definition
variable
Term
A case study of a patient includes a history, tests, and interviews with associates. A clear picture is constructed of this individual so that her behavior is understood, this approach is?
Definition
experimental
Term
Which of the following is NOT considered a research method?
Definition
a treatment plan for an individual
Term
Frued's study of Little Hans is an example of?
Definition
A case study
Term
The controversy involving research with animals centers on?
Definition
the rights of animals versus their usefulness in understanding human problems.
Term
Internal validity reflects how well a study
Definition
Rules out the effects of all causes except those being studied
Term
The paradigm or model by people in the Middle Ages to explain abnormal behavior would have been?
Definition
Demonological
Term
The model of abnormality that cites physical processes as being the key to behavior is the?
Definition
Biological Model
Term
The model of abnormality that examines the effects of society and culture is the?
Definition
Socialcultural Model
Term
The model of abnormality that focuses on unconscious internal processes and conflicts in behavior is the?
Definition
psychodynamic model
Term
The model of abnormality that focuses on the role of values and choices in behavior is the?
Definition
humanistic-existential model
Term
Messages moving from neuron to neuron must cross tiny spaces called?
Definition
Synapses
Term
If a person had schizophrenia, one would suspect a problem with which of these neurotransmitters?
Definition
Dopamine
Term
In how many cases of psychological disorders have psychologists identified an individual gene that appears to be responsible?
Definition
virtually none
Term
Current research suggests that schizophrenia may be related to?
Definition
A viral infection in utero
Term
Electroconvulsive therapy is used most often in the treatment of?
Definition
Depression
Term
The oldest of the following modern psychological models is the?
Definition
Psychodynamic model
Term
Freud believed that the three central forces that shape the personality were the?
Definition
Instictual needs, rational thinking, and moral standards.
Term
The ______ operates in accord with the pleasure principle.
Definition
Id
Term
The part of the personality that guides us to know when we can and cannot express our impluses is the?
Definition
Ego
Term
According to Freud's psyychodynamic theory, the part of the personality that is the conscience is the?
Definition
Superego
Term
A woman has had an aboration for which she feels very guilty and as a result takes a strong pro-life stance. The defense mechanism that best explains her behavior is?
Definition
Reaction formation
Term
A behavior psychologist would that the temper tantrums results from:
Definition
operant conditioning
Term
If you close your eyes and imagine biting into a big, sour lemon, you are likely to salivate. The salvation to this imagery is an example of a?
Definition
Conditioned response
Term
The first step in using the treatment called "systematic desensitization" is to?
Definition
Teach the skill of relaxation over the course of several sessions.
Term
Which of the following is least likely to be criticism of the cognitive model?
Definition
Cognitive therapy has no support from research studies.
Term
The process of evaluating a person's personality?
Definition
Clinical Assessment
Term
A functional analysis involves?
Definition
Learning about a person's behaviors.
Term
One of the assumptions of a functional analysis is that?
Definition
Abnormal behaviors are learned.
Term
Another term for developing norms for an assessment tool is?
Definition
Standardization
Term
A panel of psychologists and psychiatrists evaluates the test results and clinical interviews of a client in a sanity hearing. They all arrive at the same diagnosis. The panal has high?
Definition
Interrater reliability
Term
Because people who are manic have very elevated moods, a new test for mania includes questions about how happy the person feels and how often he or she laughs. This test has?
Definition
Face Validity
Term
A new assessment tool does a good job differtiating those who later will be depressed and those who will not be depressed and it produces results similar to those of other tools measuring depression. Therefor the new assessment tool has good?
Definition
Predictive Validity
Term
If a new test for assessing anorectic tendencies produces scores comparable to those of other tests for assessing anorectic tendicies, then the new test has high?
Definition
Concurrent validity
Term
If a clinician begins by asking "Would you tell me about yourself?" the clinician is most likely conducting a?
Definition
Unstructured Interview
Term
If a clinician is particularly interested in a client's family background and community influences, that clinician is most likely from which orientation?
Definition
Sociocultural
Term
One limitation of the clinical interview as an assessment tool is that?
Definition
the client may give an overly positive picture
Term
A patient looks at a series of black and white pictures, making up a dramatic story about each. The patient is taking?
Definition
The thematic apperception test
Term
If a clinician focused on where you placed your drawing on the page, the size of the drawing and the parts you omitted, you most likely took which of the following tests?
Definition
Draw-a-Person
Term
Biuet and Simon are know for their work creating an?
Definition
Intelligence Test
Term
The most legitimate criticism of intelligence tests concerns their?
Definition
Cultural Fairness
Term
A clinician who is using naturalistic observation would be most likely to do which of the following?
Definition
Observe parent-child interactions in the family's home
Term
The DSM-IV-TR divides the categories along five seperate axes. The Axis 1 disorders are disorders.
Definition
That cause significant impairment
Term
Mental retardation is found in _____ of DSM-IV-TR
Definition
Axis II
Term
Axis III includes?
Definition
Any relevant general medical conditions
Term
The initial problem in studying the effectivness of psychotherapy?
Definition
Defining what it means for a treatment to be successful
Term
Fear differs from anxiety in that:
Definition
fear is to a specific threat and anxiety is more general.
Term

College students who are so anxious that they can't function unless their clothes are arranged by color and type in their closets are experiencing a(n):

Definition
obsessive-compulsive disorder.
Term
A person who constantly feels upset and nervous, so much so that it interferes with work is experiencing a(n):
Definition
generalized anxiety disorder.
Term
A lasting and groundless fear of a specific object, activity, or situation is called a(n):
Definition
phobia.
Term
Raphael was just outside the parking garage of the World Trade Center when the explosion occurred. At the time he was terrified and had visions of the building falling on him. Ever since the bombing he has had periods of anxiety and sleeplessness. This is an example of a:
Definition
posttraumatic stress disorder.
Term
People with one anxiety disorder are most likely to:
Definition
experience another anxiety disorder, too.
Term
One limitation of the sociocultural approach to understanding generalized anxiety disorders is that it cannot explain:
Definition
why everyone who experiences danger doesn't experience generalized anxiety.
Term

“Phobic and generalized anxiety disorders arise when people stop looking at themselves honestly and with acceptance and instead deny and distort their true thoughts, emotions, and behavior.” This explanation for anxiety disorders would most likely be offered by:

Definition
humanistic theorists.
Term
A person who believes that it is awful and catastrophic when things are not the way he or she would like them to be is displaying:
Definition
irrational assumption.
Term

Cognitive therapists believe that generalized anxiety disorder is induced by:

Definition
maladaptive assumptions.
Term

The therapy for generalized anxiety disorder developed by Albert Ellis is called:

Definition
rational-emotive therapy.
Term
Disadvantages of taking benzodiazepines include all of the following except:
Definition
lack of sleep, increased anxiety, and passivity.
Term
According to current research, using relaxation training to treat generalized anxiety disorder is:
Definition
better than nothing, and about as effective as meditation.
Term

How do phobias and common fear differ?

Definition
A phobia leads to a greater desire to avoid the object.
Term

Which of the following is an example of a narrow social phobia?

Definition
fear of public speaking
Term
Pairing the thought of feared objects and relaxation training is:
Definition
systematic desensitization.
Term
One procedure used to treat phobic disorders involves having the therapist confront the feared object or situation while the fearful client observes. This is called:
Definition
modeling
Term

_______ is an anxiety disorder that occurs in much the same proportions across cultures; however, women are about twice as likely to receive this diagnosis as are men.

Definition
Panic disorder
Term

Which of the following therapies is an effective long-term, nonpharmacological treatment for panic attack that involves teaching patients to interpret their physical sensations accurately?

Definition
cognitive