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A & P II Lab Final
Laboratory Final
48
Anatomy
11/27/2010

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Cards

Term
Potential space between visceral and parietal pleurae
Definition
Pleural cavity
Term
Most inferior portion of larynx
Definition
Cricoid cartilage
Term
Serves as resonant chamber and reduces weight of skull
Definition
sinus
Term
microscopic air sac for gas exchange
Definition
alveolus
Term
Consists of large lobes
Definition
lung
Term
Vocal folds including the opening between them
Definition
vocal folds including the opening between them
Term
Fold of mucous membrane containing elastic fibers are responsible for sounds
Definition
vocal fold
Term
increases surface area of nasal mucous membrane
Definition
nasal concha
Term
passageway for air and food
Definition
pharynx
Term
partially covers opening of larynx during swallowing 
Definition
epiglottis
Term
volume in addition to to dial volume that leaves the lungs during forced expiration 
Definition
expiratory reserve volume
Term
vital capacity plus residual volume
Definition
total lung capacity
Term
volume that remains in lungs after the most forceful expiration
Definition
residual volume
Term
volume that enters ore leaves lungs during a respiratory cycle
Definition
tidal volume
Term
volume in addition to tidal volume that enters lungs during forced inspiration
Definition
inspiratory reserve volume
Term
maximum volume a person can exhale after taking the deepest possible breath
Definition
vital capacity
Term
maximum volume a person can inhale following exhalation of the tidal volume
Definition
inspiratory capacity
Term
volume of air remaining in the lungs following exhalation of the tidal volume
Definition
functional residual capacity
Term
The respiratory areas are widely scattered throughout the _______ and medulla oblongata of the brainstem.
Definition
pons
Term
The ______ respiratory group within the medulla oblongata primarily stimulates the diaphragm.
Definition
dorsal
Term
The _______ respiratory group within the medulla oblongata primarily stimulates the intercostals and abdominal muscles.
Definition
ventral
Term
Chemosensitive areas are stimulated by changes in the blood concentrations of hydrogen ions and ___.
Definition
CO2
Term
As the blood concentration of carbion dioxide increases, the breathing rate _________.
Definition
increases
Term
As a result of increased breathing, the blood concentration of carbon dioxide is _________.
Definition
decreased
Term
As a result of hyperventilation, breath-holding time is _________.
Definition
increased
Term
The principal muscles of forced expiration are the _______.
Definition
internal intercostal muscles
Term
The principal muscles of inspiration are the _________ and the external intercostal muscles.
Definition
diaphragm
Term
Smallest of major salivary glands
Definition
sublingual gland
Term
secrete hydrochloric acid into stomach
Definition
parietal cells
Term
Last section of small intestine
Definition
ileum
Term
region of stomach near lower esophageal sphincter
Definition
cardia
Term
attaches tooth to jaw
Definition
preiodontal ligament
Term
responsible for peristaltic waves
Definition
mucosa
Term
allow stomach to expand
Definition
gastric folds
Term
space between teeth, cheeks, and lips
Definition
vestibule
Term
attached to gallbladder
Definition
major duodenal papilla
Term
portion of tooth projecting beyond gingivae
Definition
crown
Term
layer nearest lumen of alimentary canal
Definition
muscular layer
Term
common opening region for bile and pancreatic secretions
Definition
cystic duct
Term
shell around the renal medulla
Definition
renal cortex
Term
branches of renal pelvis to renal papillae
Definition
calyces
Term
conical mass of tissue within renal medulla
Definition
renal pyramid
Term
projection with tiny openings into a minor calyx
Definition
renal papilla
Term
hollow chamber within kidney
Definition
renal sinus
Term
microscopic functional unit of kidney
Definition
nephron
Term
located between renal pyramids
Definition
renal column
Term
superior funnel-shaped end of ureter inside the renal sinus
Definition
renal pelvis
Term
medial depression for blood vessels and ureter to enter kidney chamber
Definition
hilum of kidney