Shared Flashcard Set

Details

7.5 Mrs Jensen
Acids and Bases
21
Science
09/14/2011

Additional Science Flashcards

 


 

Cards

Term

element

 

7.5

Definition
a material that cannot be broken down into simpler materials by ordinary means
Term

mixture

 

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Definition
the combination of a substance that can be seperated by physical means
Term

solute

 

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Definition
the substance that disappears
Term

solvent

 

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Definition
dissolves the solute
Term

aqueous solution

 

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Definition
solutions where water is the solvent
Term

solubility

 

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Definition
describes how much solute dissolves in a given amount of solvent
Term

concentration

 

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Definition
how much solute is in a solvent
Term

saturated

 

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Definition
when no more of a solute can be dissolved in the given solvent
Term

polar

 

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Definition
one end of the molecule seems to have a positive charge and the opposite end has a negative charge
Term

solution

 

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Definition
a homogeneous mixture made up of 2 or more materials where one seems to disappear into the other
Term

neutralization

 

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Definition
the interaction between acids and bases in which the properties of each are canceled out by the other and a neutral solution is produced
Term

indicator

 

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Definition
a compound that reacts with acidic and basic solutions and changes color at different pH values
Term

pH

 

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Definition
a measure of how acidic or basic a solution is
Term

bases

 

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Definition
substances that produce negatively charged hydroxide ions when they dissolve in water
Term

acids

 

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Definition
substances that ontain hydrogen and produce positively charged hydronium ions when they dissolve in water
Term

dilute

 

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Definition
a solution that contains a small aount of solute per given amount of solvent
Term

concentrated

 

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Definition
a solution that contains a large amount of solute per given amount of solvent
Term

Bases react strongly with ....

 

 

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Definition
dirt and grease
Term

Acids react strongly with .....

 

 

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Definition
metals
Term

low pH

 

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Definition
acids
Term

high pH

 

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Definition
base