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5th grade Life Science 2011
Life Science
34
Science
01/12/2011

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Cards

Term
organisms
Definition
living things
Term
chlorophyll
Definition
a green substance in plant leaves that captures energy from the sun
Term
carbon dioxide
Definition
a gas in the atmosphere that plants use during the process of photosynthesis
Term
stomata
Definition
tiny holes in leaves of a plant that allow gases to enter or leave the plant
Term
photosynthesis
Definition
the process in which plants use energy from the sun to make their own food
Term
producer
Definition
an organism that makes its own food
Term
traits
Definition
characteristics of an organism
Term
inherited traits
Definition
characteristics passed down from parents to offspring
Term
offspring
Definition
children
Term
adapt
Definition
change
Term
perish
Definition
die
Term
adaptation
Definition
a change an organism undergoes in order to survive
Term
reproduce
Definition
to make offspring
Term
instinctive behaviors
Definition
behaviors that are inherited
Term
learned behavior
Definition
behaviors that are learned
Term
habitat
Definition
the specific environment where an organism lives
Term
species
Definition
a group of organisms that produce offspring like themselves
Term
population
Definition
all the organisms of the same species that live in the same area at the same time
Term
community
Definition
populations of a different species that live in the same area at the same time
Term
ecosystem
Definition
all the populations of organisms and the nonliving things in an environment, and the interaction among them
Term
biome
Definition
one of the six major areas of the world that is home to specific plant and animal populations and is defined by its climate
Term
life cycle
Definition
the stages of development of an organism as it grows into an adult
Term
thrive
Definition
to grow in a strong and healthy way
Term
pollution
Definition
anything in the environment that can harm living organisms or damage the natural resources there
Term
unique niche
Definition
an organisms role in an ecosystem based on how it gets its food
Term
consumers
Definition
animals that eat other organisms
Term
herbivores
Definition
animals that eat only plants
Term
carnivores
Definition
animals that eat only other animals
Term
omnivores
Definition
animals that eat both plants and animals
Term
predators
Definition
animals that hunt other animals for food
Term
prey
Definition
animals that are hunted by predators
Term
decomposers
Definition
organisms that feed on dead plants and animals, as well as animal wastes
Term
food chain
Definition
the path of energy from the sun to a plant to an animal to another animal
Term
food web
Definition
a group of overlapping food chains