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235A
Midterm
100
Social Work
10/14/2011

Additional Social Work Flashcards

 


 

Cards

Term
A ____ is a culturally determined pattern of behavior expected of an individual in a specified
social relationship.
Definition
Role
Term
An IQ score of 20-25 to 35-40 is categorized by the American Psychiatric Association as a
____ cognitive disability.
Definition
Severe
Term
The second stage of the rape trauma syndrome is called the ____ phase.
Definition
Long-ter, Reorganization and recovery
Term
Which of the following is true regarding identity development of lesbian and gay adolescents:
Definition
Erikson's and Marcia's theories have only limited relevance
Term
____ independence involves becoming self-directed rather than other-directed, but not
becoming selfish.
Definition
Social
Term
According to public opinion polls in the United States and Canada, ____ percent of parents of
junior high-age students indicate that it is very or somewhat important to have sexuality education
as part of the school curriculum.
Definition
93%
Term
The maximum APGAR score possible is:
Definition
10
Term
According to Gilligan's approach to Moral Development and Women, during ____ women
begin to examine their situations more objectively.
Definition
Transition 2: From Goodness to Reality
Term
Synthetic-conventional faith is ____ of Fowler's theory of faith development.
Definition
Stage 4: (ages 12 years and older)
Term
In the ____ stage of the Garland, Jones, and Kolodny model of group development, there is
increased freedom for members to experiment with new and alternative behavior patterns.
Definition
Differentation
Term
From ____, infants search out their caregivers and try to stay close to them, and they begin
paying closer attention to the caregivers' reactions to their behavior and often respond
accordingly.
Definition
6 to 9 months
Term
____ rights involve the premise that all people regardless of race, culture, or national origin
are entitled to basic rights and treatment.
Definition
Human
Term
Early-maturing girls:
Definition
Tend to experience more problems in school
Term
Approximately ____ percent of babies born in the United States have low birth weights.
Definition
7%
Term
Approximately ____ percent of single-parent families are headed by women.
Definition
83%
Term
Of all adolescent pregnancies that occur each year, ____ percent are aborted.
Definition
35%
Term
Erikson's generativity versus stagnation stage of development occurs at:
Definition
Maturity
Term
The psychological defense mechanism in which one attributes to others characteristics that
one is unwilling to recognize in oneself is called:
Definition
Projection
Term
Early adolescence is characterized by ____, a period of increased pressures for gender-role
conformity.
Definition
Gender Intensification
Term
The model of community change which asserts that community change can best be brought
about through broad participation of a wide spectrum of people at the local community level is
called:
Definition
Locality development
Term
Which of the following is true:
Definition
Men are more likely to use detrimental coping mechanisms
Term
____ is an orientation or set of beliefs that holds one's own culture, ethnic or racial group, or
nation is superior to others.
Definition
Ethnocentrism
Term
Vygotsky's ____ is the difference between what a learner can accomplish independently and
what he or she can accomplish with the guidance and encouragement of a more skilled partner.
Definition
Zone of proximal development
Term
The psychosocial crisis of initiative versus guilt occurs during:
Definition
2 to 4 years
Term
____ is the criminal thinking error in which the criminal can only maintain feelings of
uniqueness by refusing to consider the experiences or feelings of others.
Definition
Lack of empathy
Term
The ____ theory suggests that the weaker the social bonding, the greater the likelihood that
an adolescent will become involved in delinquent gang activities.
Definition
Control theory
Term
According to Freud, the primitive psychic force that represents basic needs and drives, and
upon which other personality factors are built, is called the:
Definition
Id
Term
Gilligan's first level of Moral Development and Women is:
Definition
Orientation to personal survival
Term
____ refers to the biological distinction between being female and being male, usually
categorized on the basis of the reproductive organs and genetic makeup.
Definition
Sex
Term
The following is true about bulimia:
Definition
Bulimia means ox-like hunger
Term
In the ____, social work began questioning the usefulness of the medical model.
Definition
1960's
Term
Approximately ____ percent of all males have nocturnal emissions at one time or another.
Definition
90
Term
The distributed-function leadership approach:
Definition
Defines leadership as occurring whenever one member in a group influences other
members to help the group reach its goals
Term
During adolescence, the ____ in the brain (which serves as an internal brake on runaway
emotions and impulsive actions) is undergoing a hormonal assault.
Definition
Prefrontal Lobe
Term
According to the American Association of Mental Retardation (AAMR), ____ support refers to
long-term, continuous support that usually occurs on a daily basis and affects major areas of life
both at home and at work.
Definition
extensive
Term
Which of the following is considered a good counseling strategy for working with battered
women:
Definition
Focus on the survivor's strengths and positive characteristics
Term
The fear of pain is called:
Definition
algophobia
Term
Suicide is the ____ leading cause of death for people age 15 through 24.
Definition
third
Term
____-year-olds can begin to be trusted with an allowance, they are able to go to school or to
friends' homes alone, go to bed alone, and get up by themselves during the night to go to the
bathroom.
Definition
6 to 8
Term
The example in the text of Fabian¾the man with cerebral palsy who started selling his flowers
in his front yard¾was explaining how his standing in the community was diminished from the
____ perspective.
Definition
Sociopsychological
Term
People who derive sexual gratification from dressing in the clothing of the opposite gender,
and who are almost all heterosexual males, are called:
Definition
Transvestites
Term
In stage ____ of Kohlberg's moral development, rules are obeyed in order to receive rewards.
Often favors are exchanged.
Definition
Stage 2: Naive Instrumental Hedonism
Term
The life expectancy of nonwhites is ____ years less than that of whites in the United States.
Definition
6
Term
Your best friend, who's not a very good driver and has gotten two speeding tickets in the past
six months, asks to borrow your car for a very important reason. An assertive response on your
part would be:
Definition
No. You know I don't let other people drive my car. Would it help if I drive you somewhere?"
Term
With the concept of ____, it is considered inappropriate in Native American culture to intrude
in the affairs of others.
Definition
Noninterference
Term
Erikson states that the society in which one lives makes certain psychic demands at each
stage of development, and he calls these demands:
Definition
crises
Term
Research reveals that between ____ percent of female students have been subjected to
some form of harassment.
Definition
20 to 30
Term
Approximately 95 percent of babies are born with their heads emerging first. This is referred
to as a ____ presentation.
Definition
vertex
Term
An infant begins to recognize his/her mother by age:
Definition
4 months
Term
____ for women involves a tubal ligation:
Definition
Sterilization
Term
The ____ social work role involves giving information and teaching skills to client and other
systems.
Definition
Educator
Term
A Wechsler intelligence test score of ____ is considered average:
Definition
100
Term
____ is the process whereby children acquire knowledge about the language, values,
etiquette, rules, behaviors, social expectations, and all the subtle, complex bits of information
necessary to get along and thrive in a particular society.
Definition
Socialization
Term
____ concerns one's perceptions of oneself in relation to other people, objects, institutions,
and nature.
Definition
Worldview
Term
Approximately ____ percent of Hispanics age 25 or over complete 4 years of high school or more.
Definition
59%
Term
The median income for women with a bachelor's degree or more is about ____ percent of
what men with a college education or more earn.
Definition
63%
Term
In stage ____ of Kohlberg's moral development, behavior is based on internal ethical
principles. Decisions are made according to what is right rather than what is written into law.
Definition
Stage 6: Morality of Individual Principles and Conscience
Term
____ parents provide control and consistent support, involve their children in decision making,
and encourage the development of independence.
Definition
Authoritative
Term
The text stated that social work may be viewed as having three major thrusts. Which of the Social workers can force all systems to work with every client, no matter the problem following was not included:
Definition
Social workers can force all systems to work with every client, no matter the problem
Term
The lifespan development is separated in this text according to which of the following:
Definition
Infancy and childhood/adolescence/young and middle adulthood/later adulthood
Term
The most common cause of infertility in men is:
Definition
low sperm count
Term
____-year-olds are in the process of separating from their parents and begin to prefer the
company of other children over adults.
Definition
4
Term
Mythic-literal faith is ____ of Fowler's theory of faith development.
Definition
Stage 3: (ages 6 to 12 years)
Term
In Piaget's writings, taking in new information and integrating it into the structure of thought is
called:
Definition
Assimilation
Term
The third phase of the battering cycle involves:
Definition
making up
Term
____ is policies, practices, or structures that systematically lead to unequal outcomes for
people of color.
Definition
Institutional Racism
Term
Approximately ____ percent of abortions are performed at 21 weeks gestation or after.
Definition
2
Term
A set of elements which are orderly and interrelated to make a functional whole is:
Definition
a system
Term
Differentiation refers to:
Definition
A system's tendency to move from a more simplified to a more complex existence
Term
____ percent of people with cognitive disabilities fall within the mild category.
Definition
85%
Term
The natural tendency of a system to progress toward disorganization, depletion, and, in
essence, death is called:
Definition
Entropy
Term
____ reinforcers are rewarding in themselves, without any association with other reinforcers.
Definition
Primary
Term
A child of ____ of age is able to put three words together and has a vocabulary of over fifty
words.
Definition
2 years
Term
A ____ illustrates children's relationships and feelings toward other people.
Definition
Sociogram
Term
____ is an ethnic person's adoption of the dominant culture in which he or she is immersed.
Definition
Acculturation
Term
According to the Tuckman Model of group development, the stage at which the group works
as a unit to achieve the group's goals is:
Definition
Performing
Term
A ____ system refers to any type of small group.
Definition
mezo
Term
Which of the following is (are) true regarding the social planning model:
Definition
The planner is generally employed by a segment of the power structure
Term
A child is usually able to crawl well by age:
Definition
1 year
Term
A score of four points on the SAD PERSONS scale indicates the following clinical action:
Definition
Close follow-up; consider hospitalization
Term
The following is true about "race":The following is true about "race":
Definition
Race becomes a very dangerous myth when it is assumed that physical traits are
linked with mental traits and cultural achievements
Term
In our society, the form that race and ethnic intergroup relations are primarily taking at the
present time is:
Definition
Cultural Pluralism
Term
____ intelligence involves intellectual abilities that emphasize verbal communication and
involve the ability to learn from others in the social environment through education and interaction.
Definition
Crystalized
Term
In Harter's exploration of self-worth:
Definition
Both younger children and older children stated that behavioral conduct was the least important variable
Term
The second stage of Erikson's psychosocial theory is characterized by the crisis of:
Definition
Autonomy vs. shame and doubt
Term
In the dual perspective concept, the ____ system is composed of the physical and social
environment of family and community.
Definition
Nurturing
Term
____ involves the cessation of reinforcement of a response which results in a decrease of that
behavior.
Definition
Extinction
Term
The personality disorder in which there is a pattern of instability in interpersonal relationships,
self-image and affects, and marked impulsivity is:
Definition
Borderline
Term
The following theory of criminal activity asserts that when individuals are unable to achieve
societal goals through legitimately defined channels, their respect for these channels is
weakened, and then they seek to achieve the desired goals through illegal means:
Definition
Anomie Theory
Term
Undesirable consequences of being labeled mentally ill include all of the following except:
Definition
Those so labeled are generally treated with exorcism
Term
____ refers to the social and psychological characteristics associated with being female or
male.
Definition
Gender
Term
The ____, in both belief and practice, upholds American ideals of freedom and equality.
Definition
Unprejudiced nondiscriminator
Term
In the social work ____ role, a worker helps a client system cope with various stresses
ranging from crisis situations like divorce or job loss to community issues such as inadequate
housing or daycare.
Definition
Enabler
Term
Fingerlike projections called ____ at the end of the fallopian tube draw the egg into the tube.
Definition
Fimbriae
Term
Treatment for an eating disorder usually has all of the following goals except:
Definition
Allowing the clients to remain ultra thin
Term
The history of oppression of African Americans, combined with racism and exclusion, has
produced a ____ that threatens self-esteem and reinforces problematic responses in
communities, families, and individuals.
Definition
Victim System
Term
97. ____ are those people, usually workers, who have temporary permission to live in a country,
but plan to return to their country of origin.
Definition
Migrants
Term
Primal or undifferentiated faith is ____ of Fowler's theory of faith development.
Definition
Stage 1 (ages birth to 2 years)
Term
According to Marcia's categories of identity, people who fall into the ____ category never
experience an identity crisis as such¾they glide into adulthood without experiencing much
turbulence or anxiety.
Definition
Foreclosure
Term
Which of the following is true regarding Arab Americans and American Muslims:
Definition
Christianity and Islam are faiths that are very similar