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1920’s & 1930’s
AP world vocab
12
History
04/27/2011

Additional History Flashcards

 


 

Cards

Term
Ataturk & Westernization
Definition
Over a 10 year span, **** created Turkey and made it a republic, he promoted science instead of Islam (education mandatory), and he even created new universities for higher learning. Women were granted rights, and he allowed religious freedom. The Latin alphabet replaced the Arabic so that they would be able to communicate with the Western nations, literacy rate increased, and artwork changed to more modern ideas.
Term
Chiang Kai-shek
Definition
was a military leader of China, he became leader of the Guomindang when Sun-Yatsen died. He was fighting against Mao Zedong for leadership. US supported Chiang Kai-shek because he wasn’t a communist. He chased Mao out of China (long March), but when Mao came back, he had to run away to Taiwan. There are now 2 Chinas, communist China and the Republic of China.
Term
Mao Zedong
Definition
The communist leader of China. He and Chiang Kai-shek fought for rule of China, he had to run from the Guomindang (Long March) but then he gained power amongst the peasants and chased Chiang out of China. He established communism in China and worked to get china into an industrialized nation. He launched the Great Leap Forward (communes and collectivization) and the Cultural Revolution, but the GLF failed.
Term
Long March
Definition
Mao was forced, along with his followers (Red Guard), onto a massive military retreat away from Chiang Kai-shek and the Guomindang. Mao was able to gather support for communism amongst the peasants who were bitter with Chiang kai-shek’s confiscation of their crops and forcing starvation upon the population. 
Term
Guomindang
Definition
Was first created by Sun Yatsen, but upon his death, Chiang Kai-shek became leader. It is also known as the Chinese National People’s Party. During the Chinese Civil War, the guomindang was forced to retreat with Chiang, fleeing to Taiwan, and now they rule there, making modern China separated into “2 Chinas”.
Term
Japanese Expansion / Empire
Definition
Japan was expanding its powers, becoming an imperial nation. During the Chinese Civil War, the Japanese attacked China when it was at its low, performing their own Holocaust onto China. One of the famous was the Rape of Nanjing (Nanking), in which all women, children, and men were killed, and all females were raped. 
Term
Sino-Japanese War (2nd one) 1937-1945
Definition
a military conflict that was fought between the Republic of China and the Japanese Empire. It was the largest Asian war to this date, dragging into, and ending at the Japanese surrender at the end of WWII. This stops Japanese imperialism
Term

Manchuria

Definition
Japan attacked Manchuria during the 2nd Sino-Japanese War. The Japanese Kwangtung Army attacked and inhabited Manchuria, establishing a military base called Manchukoku, and stayed there until the end of WWII.
Term
Gandhi’s movement
Definition
Salt March, Homespun, etc. He led the independence movement for India, he was a very strong believer of ahimsa (non-violence) and he would fast (almost to death) if his followers committed any violent acts against the British during the movement for independence.
Term
Nehru
Definition
He was the first Prime Minister of the free Indian subcontinent. He was the leader of the Indian National Congress, and he was one of the top guys during India’s independence movements.
Term
Mexican Revolution
Definition
1910-1940, caused by a repressive government that allowed very unequal land distributions. There was immense poverty, and foreign owners controlled all businesses. The results of the war are that the leader was ousted, the republic changed, there was no land distribution change, Mexico is still not industrialized, but there was a change in the arts and an appreciation for their own culture. The church is no longer in charge of education.
Term
Poncho Villa
Definition
militia group that rises against the government during the Mexican Revolution.