Shared Flashcard Set

Details

10th Grade History Exam Review
history exam
79
History
12/10/2011

Additional History Flashcards

 


 

Cards

Term
Under Germanic law, if an accused person was unharmed after a physical trial, or __ he or she was presumed innocent.
Definition
ordeal
Term
The most important gift a lord could give to a vassal was..
Definition
a piece of land
Term
Whihc of the following was a code of ethics that knights were supposed to uphold?
Definition
Chivalry
Term
In 1066 William of Normandy...
Definition
invaded England, soundly defeating king Harold's forces at the Battle of Hastings.
Term
The Magna Carta was a document that...
Definition

eventually was used to strengthen the idea that a monarch's power was limited, not asolute.

 

Term
At the heart of feudalism was...
Definition
vassalage, which meant warriors swore loyalty to a lord,  who in turn took care of their needs.
Term
While the lord was away at war or court, management of his estate fell to ...
Definition
the lady of the castle.
Term
At which point in the guild system did a person work for no wages?
Definition
apprentice
Term
Serfs were different from peasants in that serfs...
Definition
were legally bound to the land upon which they worked and lived.
Term
Born to a wealthy merchant family, Francis of Assisi...
Definition
eventually abandoned all worldly goods and materials in pursuits to live and preach in poverty.
Term
The chief task of __ was to to harmonize Christian teachings with the works of the Greek philosophers.
Definition
 scholatisism 
Term
Joan of Arc brought the Hundred Years' WAr to a decisive turning point by... 
Definition
inspiring the French with her faith.
Term
Spain's two strongest kingdoms - Castille and Aragon - were united when...
Definition
Isabella married Ferdinand
Term
Merchants and artisans living in walled cities came to be called...
Definition
burghers or bourgeoisie , from the German word burg, meaning  " a walled enclosure".
Term
Lay investiture was a practice by which...
Definition
secular rulers both chose nominees to church offices and gave them the symbols of their office.
Term
To achieve his political ends, Pope Innocent III often used an interdict, which...
Definition
was the punishment of an entire region ; no sacraments could be given except baptism and unction.
Term
Hildegard of Bingen's  work is especially admirable because she...
Definition
was color-blind
Term
The Black Death killed nearly 38 million people, resulting in ...
Definition
severe economic consequences
Term
Lois XI used the  __, a permanent tax, to create the foundation of a strong FRench monarchy.
Definition
taille
Term
a noble must have all of these characteristics EXCEPT...
Definition
a standard education
Term
In the Italian family, the mother's chief role was to...
Definition
supervise the household
Term
The Flemish painter Jon van Eyck was one of the first to use and perfect the technique.
Definition
Oil painting
Term
The war between  France and Spain for control of Italy ended when...
Definition
Spanish mercenaries were let loose to sack  the city of Rome.
Term
Leonardo da Vinci was an excellent example of REnaissance Italy's social ideal because he..
Definition
was a painter , sculptor, architect, inventor, and mathematician.
Term
Christine de Pizan  is best known for her..
Definition
works written in defense of women
Term
The frescoes painted by __ have long been regarded as the first masterpieces of early renaissance art.
Definition
Massacio
Term
Which of the following was the first Protestan faith?
Definition
Lutheranism
Term
Which of the following founded the society of Jesus, also know as the jesuits?
Definition
The Act of Supremacy of 1534
Term
Parents in Renaissane Italy carefully arranged marriages, often to..
Definition
strengthen business or family ties.
Term
Chaucer's The Caturbury Takes is an important work because...
Definition
Chaucer's use of of the Englsih vernacular was important in making his dialect the chief ancestor of the modern English language.
Term
The __ movement had a profound effect on education.
Definition
humanist
Term
Which of the following was the best known of all Christian humanists?
Definition
Desiderius Erasmus
Term
Calvin agreed with Luther on most important doctrines except..
Definition
predestination 
Term
Definition
Term
The final decrees of the Council of Trent...
Definition
reaffirmed traditional Catholic teachings in oppsition to Protestant beliefs.
Term
Vasco da Gama's discovery of a route to India by sea proved to be..
Definition
very profitable, since da Gama returned with cargo of spices and made a profit of several thousand percent.
Term
Which of the following believed he had discovered a westward passage to Asia, when in fact he had actually discovered the Americas?
Definition
Christopher Columbus
Term
What was the name of the set of principles that dominated economic thought in the seventeenth century?
Definition
mercantilism
Term
who were the first European settlers of the hudson river valley?
Definition
The Dutch
Term
who expressed concern abouth the impact of the slave trade on the wellbeing of his society?
Definition
the king of Congo
Term
Originally, African slaves were brought to the  Americas to supply labor for the...
Definition
sugarcane plantations
Term
The Moluccas were known to the Europeans as the...
Definition
Spice Islands
Term
What is the correct list of social classes from colonial Latin America?
Definition
peninsulares, creoles, mestizos, mulattoes
Term
To Portuguese explorers, the southern coast of  WEst AFrica became known as the...
Definition
Gold Coast
Term
The treaty of Tordesilla, signed in 1494, 
Definition
established a line of demarcation between territories controlled by Portugal and those controlled by Spain
Term
Oliver Cromwell's defeat of the king's forces allowed him to..
Definition
take control of England and eventually establish a military dictatorship
Term
The foundation for a constitutional moanarchy by...
Definition
distracting the nobles and royal princes with court life, to keep them out of politics.
Term
The work of William Shakespeare is perhaps the best example of __ literature
Definition
Elizabethan
Term
The Rump Parliament was..
Definition
what was left after Cromwell purged the members who did not support him
Term
What was the Glorius Revolution?
Definition
the invasion of England by William of Orange which overthrew James II with almost no bloodshed.
Term
__ were French Protestants influenced by John Calvin
Definition
Huguenots
Term
The art produced during the __ movement reflected the tension of religious upheaval and the spirituality of religious revival
Definition
Mannerism
Term
john Locke believed that humans' natural rights included all of the following EXCEPT
Definition
democracy
Term
Russian nobility were known as 
Definition
boyars
Term
When the Moguls began establishing their dynasty in India, the continent was divided into which two types of kindoms?
Definition
Hindu and Muslim
Term
Which region promoted the practices of child marriage ans suttee in India?
Definition
Hindu
Term
Ottoman expansion in the early fourteenth century eventually led to their control over..
Definition
the Bosporous and the Dardenelles
Term
Recruited from the local Christian population in the Balkans, the janissaries were... 
Definition
converted to Islam and trained as foot soldiers or administrators to serve the sultan.
Term
The Ottoman central government appointed officials called...
Definition
pashas
Term
the manchus established the Qing Dynasty. The name "Qing" means...
Definition
pure
Term

What was the 

japanese name for the heads of the noble families?

Definition
daimyo
Term
In order ro identify rebels who opposed Manchu rule, the government...
Definition
ordered all Chinese males to shave their foreheads and braid their hair into a pigtail called a queue.
Term
Beyond the extended Chinese family was the __, which consisted of dozens, or even hundreds, of related families.
Definition
clan
Term
Under the Tokugawa class system, the eta were... 
Definition
outcasts whose places of residence, dress and hairstyles were regulated by severe laws.
Term
Issac Newton's universal law of gravitation...
Definition
showed how one could explain all motion in the universe.
Term
Francis Bacon, an English philosopher, believed scientists should...
Definition
use inductive reasoning
Term
John Locke's ideas suggests that  people were...
Definition
molded by their experiences
Term
To Voltaire and many oyher philsophes, the universe was..
Definition
like a clock
Term
In Jean-Jacques Rousseu's concept of a social contract,
Definition
an entire society agrees to be governed by its general will.
Term
Which of the following composed The Marriage of Figaro,  The Magic Flute, and Don Giovanni, three of the world's greaest operas?
Definition
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart.
Term
As a result of the TReaty of Paris in 1763,
Definition
Great Britain had become the world's greatest colonial power
Term
The constitutional convention began as..
Definition
a meeting  of delegates to revise the Articles of Confederation.
Term
Who has been rightly called the FAther of modern rationalism?
Definition
Rene Descartes
Term
Montesquieu's most lasting contribution to political thoguht was his...
Definition
analysis of the governmental system of checks and balances.
Term
Definition
Term
Adam Smith believed in laissez-faire, by which he meant that...
Definition
the state should not regulate the economy
Term
Which British was of cabinet acquired Canada and India?
Definition
William Pitt the Elder
Term
The American nation's first contstitution was called the... 
Definition
Articles of Confedderation
Term
Definition