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quiz
chapter 1
64
Anatomy
Not Applicable
02/18/2009

Term
 superior
Definition
 at the top, towards the head
Term
 inferior
Definition
 at the bottom
Term
 Kilo= Hecto= Deka= Deci= Centi= Milli= Micro= Nano=
Definition
 Kilo= one thousand Hecto= one hundred Deka= ten Deci= one tenth Centi= one/one hundrethsMilli= one/one thousandthsMicro= one one/millionthsNano= one one/billionth
Term
 Volume:
Definition
 Is a function of a length
Term
 The formula for volume:
Definition
 Length x width x height
Term
 One cubic centimeter (1cc) = What amount is injection given in? Given in centimeters (cc)
Definition
 one milliliter Given in centimeters (cc)
Term
 Converting from a large unit to a small unit:
Definition
 Move the decimal to the right.
Term
 Converting from a smaller unit to a larger unit:
Definition
 Move the decimal to the left.
Term
 King Henry Died Mom didn’t Care Much (milli)
Definition
 King (kilo) Henry (hecto)Died (deka)Mom (meter/gram/liter)didn’t (deci) Care (centi) Much (milli)
Term
 element
Definition
 a pure substance which cannot be broken down into a simpler substance by ordinary chemical reactions
Term
 how many natural occurring elements are there
Definition
 92
Term
 the levels of organization
Definition
 1.atom 2.molecule 3.cell 4.tissue 5.organ 6.organ system
Term
 atom
Definition
 the smallest unit of matter that can enter into a chemical reaction
Term
 molecule
Definition
 two or more joined together by a bond
Term
 bond
Definition
 a force that holds atoms together
Term
 cell
Definition
 the smallest living unit
Term
 what is a cell composed of?
Definition
 composed of atoms and molecule interacting in highly complicated way
Term
 organelles
Definition
 composed of many molecules
Term
 macromolecule
Definition
 large molecule
Term
 the type of macromolecule. what is the largest macromolecule?
Definition
 protein, carbs, fats. DNA is the largest macromolecule.
Term
 tissue
Definition
 a group of cells that are similar in structure, function, and embryonic origin.
Term
 the 4 types of animal tissues
Definition
 1. epithelial2. connective3.muscle4. nervous
Term
 organ
Definition
 two or more tissues working together to perform a specific function.
Term
 what type of tissues do organs have? give some examples of organs:
Definition
 all organs are made out of all four type of tissues. example of organs are: kidney, heart, lungs, kidney,liver.
Term
 organ system
Definition
 consist of several organs working together to perform specific functions.
Term
 the 11 organ systems
Definition
 1. digestive 2.lymphatic 3.nervous 4. urinary 5. reproductive 6.endocrine7.respiratory 8.cardiovascular9. skeletal 10. muscular 11. integumentary.
Term
 mammals have ________
Definition
 mammary glands and hair
Term
 organism
Definition
 any living thing
Term
 species
Definition
 a group of similar interbreeding organisms capable of producing fertile offspring.
Term
 characteristic of living things:
Definition
 composed of ones or more cell-have DNA-reproduce themselves- have a life span- take in and digest nutrients- excretes waste- secrete substances- produce ATP- echange gases with enviroment- respond to stimuli- have a metabolism-exhibit homeostasis-multicellular organisms exhibit differentation.
Term
 excretion
Definition
 the cell gets rid of waste
Term
 secrete
Definition
 the cell builds ans releases substances that will be used by another cell or by the body.
Term
Definition
 ATP: a molecule that store energy in its bonds.
Term
 what energy does a cell use to work?
Definition
 they use the ATP energy
Term
 cellular respiration
Definition
 the process by which a cell produces ATP.
Term
 aerobic mean_________ anaerobic mean__________
Definition
 aerobic mean with air anaerobic means without air
Term
 stimulus
Definition
 is a change in the environment either internal or external.
Term
 examples of stimuli
Definition
 touch,pressure,light,sound waves, tastes, smells, chemical, temperature.
Term
 metabolism
Definition
 the sum total of all the chemical reaction in a cell or in the body.
Term
 what can chemical reaction do to molecules?
Definition
 chemical reaction can either synthesize(build) molecules or degrade (breakdown) molecules
Term
 anabolic reaction
Definition
 chemical reaction that synthesize molecules
Term
 catabolic reaction
Definition
 chemical reaction that breaks down molecules.
Term
 homeostasis
Definition
 the ability of a cell or an organism to maintain a relatively constant internal environment.
Term
 relatively constant means
Definition
 there are always fluctuations in the body, nothing in the body is constant.
Term
 internal environment
Definition
 is the extracellular fluids
Term
 the two categories of body fluids
Definition
 intracellular and extracellular
Term
 the extracellular fluid is our
Definition
 internal ocean, and the fluid around the cell.
Term
 what must cells live around to survive?
Definition
 cell must live around water to live.
Term
 differentiation
Definition
 the process by which identical cells in the embryo become specialized types of cells with different functions.
Term
 plane
Definition
 a flat imaginary surface
Term
 section
Definition
 is a cute made through a plane.
Term
 coronal
Definition
 separates from front to back
Term
 sagittal
Definition
 separates into two sides. midsagittal and parasagittal
Term
 midsagittal
Definition
 two equal sides
Term
 para sagittal
Definition
 two unequal sides
Term
 transverse
Definition
 separates a structure into superior (top) and inferior (bottom)
Term
 oblique
Definition
 cut at an angle
Term
 true membrane
Definition
 composed of a single layer of epithelial cell with a small amount of connective tissues beneath the epithelium.
Term
 3 major type of membranes
Definition
 serous membrane, mucous membrane, synovial membrane
Term
 serous membrane
Definition
 located in the ventral body cavity. has mesothelium
Term
 mesothelium
Definition
 a thin layer of connective tissues coverd by a single layer of epithelial cells.
Term
 mesothelium secretes
Definition
 a watery fluid called serous fluid
Term
 serous fluid function
Definition
 lubricate the membranes and to reduce friction between them.
Term
 give examples of serous membrane
Definition
 the pleura, the pericardia, the peritoneum
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