Shared Flashcard Set


Networking OSI Model
OSI Model
Computer Networking
Undergraduate 2

Additional Computer Networking Flashcards




OSI Physical Layer


OSI Model Layer 1 - Media singal and binary transmission. Conveys the bit stream - electrical impulse, light or radio signal through the networkat the electrical and mechanical level. It provides the hardware means of sending and receiving data on a carrier, including defining cables, cards and physical aspects. Fast Ethernet, RS232, and ATM are protocols with physical layer components. 

OSI Data Link Layer

OSI Layer 2 - Physical Addressing.

Data packets are encoded and decoded into bits. It furnishes transmission protocol knowledge and management and handles errors in the physical layer, flow control and frame synchronization. The data link layer is divided into two sub layers: The Media Access Control (MAC) layer and the Logical Link Layer (LLC) layer. The MAC sub layer controls how a computer on the network gains access to the data and permission to transmit it. The LLC layer controls frame synchronization, flow control and error checking.

-Layer 2 Data Link examples include PPP, FDDI, ATM, IEEE 802.5/ 802.2, IEEE 802.3/802.2, HDLC, Frame Relay. 

OSI Network Layer

OSI Layer 3 - Path Determination and Logical Addressing. Provides switching and routing technologies, creating logical paths, known as virtual circuits, for transmitting data from node to node. Routing and forwarding are functions of this layer, as well as addressing, internetworking, error handling, congestion control and packet sequencing.

- Layer 3 Network examples include AppleTalk DDP, IP, IPX.

OSI Transport Layer

OSI Layer 4 - End-to-end connections and reliability. Provides transparent transfer of data between end systems, or hosts, and is responsible for end-to-end error recovery and flow control. It ensures complete data transfer.

-Layer 4 Transport examples include SPX, TCP, UDP.

OSI Session Layer

OSI Layer 5 - Interhosst communication.

This layer establishes, manages and terminates connections between applications. The session layer sets up, coordinates, and terminates conversations, exchanges, and dialogues between the applications at each end. It deals with session and connection coordination.

-Layer 5 Session examples include NFS, NetBios names, RPC, SQL.

OSI Presentation Layer

OSI Layer 6 - Data Representation & Encryption.

Provides independence from differences in data representation (e.g., encryption) by translating from application to network format, and vice versa. The presentation layer works to transform data into the form that the application layer can accept. This layer formats and encrypts data to be sent across a network, providing freedom from compatibility problems. It is sometimes called the syntax layer.

-Layer 6 Presentation examples include encryption, ASCII, EBCDIC, TIFF, GIF, PICT, JPEG, MPEG, MIDI.

OSI Application Layer

OSI Layer 7 - Network Process to Application.

Supports application and end-user processes. Communication partners are identified, quality of service is identified, user authentication and privacy are considered, and any constraints on data syntax are identified. Everything at this layer is application-specific. This layer provides application services for file transfers, e-mail, and other network software services. Telnet and FTP are applications that exist entirely in the application level. Tiered application architectures are part of this layer.

-Layer 7 Application examples include WWW browsers, NFS, SNMP, Telnet, HTTP, FTP

DID YOU KNOW....? Two similiar projects from the late 1970's were merged in 1983 to form the Basic Reference Model for Open Systems Interconnection standard (the OSI model). It was published in 1984 as standard ISO 7498.

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