# Shared Flashcard Set

## Details

LO6 - Creative and Critical Thinking
Creative and Critical Thinking
21
Computer Networking
05/19/2012

## Additional Computer Networking Flashcards

Term
 Heuristic
Definition
 Is a method of discovery, such as Trial and Error, Representative and Availability
Term
 Deductive Arguments
Definition
 Use the rule of logic; If A, then B. - A. - Therefore, B.
Term
 Means-end analysis
Definition
 Breaks a problem into sub-goals that can be reached by solving smaller problems
Term
 Working Backwards
Definition
 Is when we start at the end of the problem, for example an appointment is at 12:15pm, so when do we need to leave?
Term
 Critical Thinking
Definition
 Is continually checking and testing of possible solutions to guide one's work.
Term
 Inductive Arguments
Definition
 Use supporting statements called reasons, evidence, or grounds.
Term
 Well structured
Definition
 Is the type of problem that has a clear path to the solution.
Term
 Search
Definition
 Is where we have to seek inside and outside the problem to find the solution. In other words reformulate it.
Term
 Creative Thinking
Definition
 Is the process of producing something that is both original and valuable.
Term
 Algorithms
Definition
 Are a means of solving a problem, such as number of steps or mechanical iterations.
Term
 Analogies
Definition
 Are comparisons made to show a similarity and often prompts a person to parallel solutions.
Term
 Ill structured
Definition
 Is the type of problem that has a path to the solution that is unclear.
Term
 What is creative thinking?
Definition
 'Creative thinking means thinking about thinking in order to bring something new into existence, such as an idea, event, or object. '
Term
 What is the IDEAL problem solving framework?
Definition
 I = Identify Problem and Opportunities D= Define goals E= Explore all possible strategies A= Anticipate outcomes and Act L= Look back and Learn
Term
 What is Convergence and Divergence in regards to problem solving?
Definition
 Convergence is to bring different points TOWARDS a particular point Divergence is to MOVE AWAY from a central point. These two types of thinking are used all the way through problem solving and development of solutions process.
Term
 Step 1: Identify problem and opportunities. Key concepts are;
Definition
 ·         Attend                 [to the problem] ·         Clarify                  [what the problem is] ·         Convergence      [bring points towards centre] ·         Divergence         [move away from the centre] ·         Analyse               [the problem] ·         Reflection          [spend time thinking…….] ·         Synthesis            [bring together / conclusion]
Term
 Step 2: Define goals. Key concepts are:
Definition
 ·         Identify and define problem accurately! ·         Creative solution?
Term
 Step 3: Explore all possible strategies. Key concepts are:
Definition
 ·         Heuristics: method of discovery ·         Algorithms: means of solving a problem ·         Means-end analysis: break a problem into sub-goals that can be reached by solving smaller problems ·         “Search” (look inside) and (outside) ·         Working backwards ·         Analogies
Term
 Step 4: Anticipate outcomes and Act. Key concepts are; •
Definition
 ·         Act on a selected strategy
Term
 Step 5: Look back and Learn. Key concepts are;
Definition
 ·         Look back and evaluate results ·         Re-evaluate – depending on situation ·         Well-structured problems–early verification and Ill-structured problems-more difficult
Term
 Six guidelines provided to help you think critically are:
Definition
 1.       Be open-minded about new ideas. 2.       Know when you need more information. 3.       Be aware that different people have different ideas about the meanings of words, gestures, expressions and other communication signals. 4.       Know the difference between something that must be true and something that might be true. 5.       Separate emotional and logical thinking. 6.       Develop your vocabulary in order to understand others and to make yourself understood.
Supporting users have an ad free experience!