Shared Flashcard Set

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Endocrine
Review
19
Anatomy
12th Grade
05/16/2013

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Cards

Term
´╗┐What structure produces the hormones that promote the development of the female secondary sexual characteristics at puberty?
Definition
ovary
Term
What structure is the storehouse for the hormones produced by the hypothalamus of the brain?
Definition
pituitary gland
Term
What structure produces the hormones that direct the production of the secondary male sex characteristics?
Definition
testis
Term
What structures produce steroid hormones and glucocorticoids and mineralocorticoids?
Definition
adrenal glands
Term
What structure produces hormones that are stored in the neurohypophysis (posterior pituitary) organ?
Definition
hypothalamus
Term
What structure is the size and shape of a pea and produces hormones that stimulate other endocrine glands?
Definition
hypothalamus
Term
What is the gland that controls the fight-or-flight reaction?
Definition
adrenal medulla
Term
What is the structure that produces hormones that regulate glucose levels in the body?
Definition
pancreas
Term
What is the structure that produces a hormone that controls blood levels of calcium and potassium by their removal from bone tissue?
Definition
parathyroid
Term
What is the structure that produces the body's major metabolic hormones?
Definition
thyroid
Term
T/F? The thyroid gland is a large gland that controls metabolic functions throughout the life of an individual.
Definition
True
Term
Normal development of the immune response is due in part to hormones produced by the ___.
Definition
thymus gland
Term
What is the hormone that exerts its influence by entering some cells and binding to intracellular receptors within the nuclei?
Definition
thyroid hormone
Term
Sometimes prolonged excessive exposure to high hormone concentrations causes a phenomenon known as ___.
Definition
down-regulation
Term
The neurohypophysis or posterior lobe of the pituitary gland is NOT a true endocrine organ because ___.
Definition
it is only a hormone storage area that receives hormones from the hypothalamus for a release
Term
When it becomes necessary to enlist the fight-or-flight response, a hormone that is released during the alarm phase of the general adaptation syndrome is ___.
Definition
epinephrine
Term
The major targets of growth hormone are ___.
Definition
bones and skeletal muscles
Term
Which of the following is NOT a steroid-based hormone?
a.) estrogen
b.) aldosterone
c.) epinephrine
d.) cortisone
Definition
epinephrine
Term
Which organ does NOT have hormone production?
a.) heart
b.) kidney
c.) liver
d.) skin
Definition
liver
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