Shared Flashcard Set

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Digestive
Review
25
Anatomy
12th Grade
05/15/2013

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Cards

Term
´╗┐What are the wavelike smooth muscle contractions that move foodstuffs through the alimentary tube?
Definition
Peristalsis
Term
What is the chemical or mechanical process of breaking down foodstuffs to substances that can be absorbed?
Definition
Digestion
Term
What organ produces enzymes that break down all categories of foodstuffs?
Definition
Pancreas
Term
What organ increases surface area for absorption via villi and microvilli?
Definition
Small intestine
Term
What organ contains bacteria that process undigested chyme from the small intestine?
Definition
Large intestine
Term
Which organ is the only digestive structure with three muscle layers?
Definition
Stomach
Term
Which organ's main function is to filter and process the nutrient-rich blood delivered to it?
Definition
Liver
Term
Which organ's digestive function is to produce bile?
Definition
Liver
Term
What are the sheets of peritoneal membrane that hold the digestive tract in place called?
Definition
mesenteries
Term
Chyme is created in the ___.
Definition
stomach
Term
T/F? The main chemical activity of the stomach is to begin the digestion of proteins.
Definition
True
Term
T/F? The digestive function of the liver is to produce bile.
Definition
True
Term
T/F? The pancreas has both an endocrine and an exocrine function.
Definition
True
Term
T/F? Another term for swallowing is deglutition.
Definition
True
Term
When you chew food into smaller pieces or your stomach mixes food it is what type of digestion?
Definition
mechanical
Term
Where does the process of digestion begin initially.
Definition
in the mouth by the teeth
Term
What is the name of the creamy paste that is formed in the stomach and moved into the small intestine by peristalsis?
Definition
Chyme
Term
Which of the following is NOT true of saliva?
a.) cleanses the mouth
b.) contains enzymes that begin the breakdown of proteins
c.) moistens food and aids in compacting of the bolus
d.) dissolves food chemicals so they can be tasted
Definition
contains enzymes that begin the breakdown of proteins
Term
What is the terminal portion of the small intestine known as?
Definition
ileum
Term
What is the initial portion of the small intestine known as?
Definition
duodenum
Term
Which organ stores bile?
Definition
gall bladder
Term
What is the MAIN FUNCTION of the stomach?
Definition
to process and transport food
Term
The large intestine functions in absorbing water, electrolytes and other liquids. What is another main function of the large intestine?
Definition
elimination of solid waste (feces)
Term
Which ORGAN is the last organ for feces to travel through on its path to freedom?
Definition
large intestine
Term
Which organ reclaims the majority of water during the digestive process (in order to create solid waste)?
Definition
large intestine
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