Shared Flashcard Set

Details

Charles Chapter 17 Notes
Chapter 17 Notes
127
Computer Networking
Not Applicable
01/08/2013

Additional Computer Networking Flashcards

 


 

Cards

Term
__________ is jobs you do to your Windows system to make it better like adding RAM.
Definition
Optimization
Term
__________ means to examine steps you can take to diagnose a computer.
Definition
Troubleshooting
Term
Microsoft finds and corrects problems with it software and releases patches on the second __________ of every month.
Definition
Tuesday
Term
In Windows Vista, when you go to the Windows Update page online, what four choices are available for updating windows?
Definition

1. Automatic (Recommended) or Install updates automatically (Recommended)

2. Download Updates

3. Notify me or Check for updates

4. Turn off Automatic Updates or Never check for updates (not recommended)

Term
Microsoft offers the __________ for Windows XP to help determine if your system is ready to update to a newer version of Windows.
Definition
Microsoft Update tool
Term
Microsoft offers the __________ for Windows Vista/7 to help determine if your system is ready to update to a newer version of Windows.
Definition
System Update Readiness Tool
Term
Three areas to consider for scheduled maintenance are _____, _____/_____, and _____.
Definition
Defragmentation Scandisk/Check Disk Startup Programs
Term
What is the new name for Scheduled Tasks for Windows XP and on?
Definition
Task Schedular
Term
Version 2.0 of the Task Schedular divides tasks into __________, __________, and __________.
Definition
triggers, action, and conditions.
Term
The error - check tool is known as either __________ and __________.
Definition
Scandisk
Check Disk
Term
Windows comes with a handy built-in utility known as the __________ that collects information about hardware resournces, components, and the software environment.
Definition
System Information Tool
Term
Beginning an installation manually is a simple process of using the __________ applet.
Definition
Add and Remove programs
Term
In Windows 2000/XP, you usually need to select the __________ option to see updates manual updates to install on your computer.
Definition
Custom
Term
In Vista/7, you will need to click __________ to see if any drivers are available for your system.
Definition
View available updates
Term
When you open the Properties dialog box for a device, most have __________, __________, __________, and__________ tabs.
Definition
General, Driver,Details, and Resources.
Term
The Driver tab has buttons labeled __________, __________, __________, and __________.
Definition
Driver Details, Update Driver, Roll Back Dirver, and Unistall.
Term
__________ in the Properties dialog box, lists the driver files and their locations on disk.
Definition
Driver Details
Term
__________ opens the Hardware Update Wizard in the Properties dialog box.
Definition
Update Driver
Term
The __________ in the Properties dialog box, enables you to remove a driver that was recently updated.
Definition
Roll Back Driver
Term
If Windows does not detect a newly connected device, use the __________ or __________ to get the device recognized and drivers installed.
Definition
Add Hardware Wizard; Add Hardware
Term
You will find the Add Hardware Wizard/Add Hardware on the __________ tab of the System Properties dialog box.
Definition
Hardware
Term
If a device is not found during the add hardware stage, scroll to the bottom of the dialog box and select __________, and then click next.
Definition
Add a new hardware device
Term
If the device you are searching for is a printer, network card, or modem, select __________ and click next.
Definition
Search for and install the hardware automatically
Term
If you device is in the list of devices, select __________.
Definition
Install the hardware that I manually select from a list.
Term
In Windows 2000, the Performance Options dialog box shows a pair of radio buttons called __________.
Definition
Applications and Background Services
Term
The Windows XP/Vista Performance Options dialog box has three tabs: __________, __________, and __________.
Definition
Visual Effects, Advanced, and Data Execution Prevention
Term
The __________ tab in the Performance Options dialog box enables you to adjust visual effects that impact performance.
Definition
Visual Effects
Term
The __________ under the Visual Effects tab turns off all visual effects for your computer if it barely runs an operating system.
Definition
Adjust for best performance
Term
The Advanced tab in Windows XP under Performance Options, has three sections: __________, __________, and __________.
Definition
Proccessor Scheduling, Memory usage, and Virtual Memory
Term
Under the Advanced tab in Windows XP, the __________ section, you can choose to adjust for best performance of either Programs or Background services.
Definition
Processor scheduling
Term
Under the Advanced tab in Windows XP under performance options, the __________ settings enables you to allocate a greater share of memory to programs or to the system cache.
Definition
Memory Usage
Term
Under the Advanced tab in Windows XP, the __________ section enables you to modify the size and location of the page file. No longer available in Vista.
Definition
Virtual Memory
Term
Data Execution Prevention was introduced with what OS and service pack?
Definition
XP Service Pack 2
Term
__________ and __________ are tools you can use to monitor resource tracking. Keeping up with the slowishness of your computer.
Definition
Task Manager and Performance Console
Term
The quick way to open Task Manager is to press __________.
Definition
CTRL + SHIFT + ESC
Term
What are the 5 most common useful information sectionsĀ under the performance tab of Task Manager?
Definition
CPU usage, Physical memory, Size of disk cache, commit charge, and Kernel Memory.
Term
How do you shut down a process in Task Manager?
Definition
Right-Click on the process and select end process
Term
How do you THOROUGHLY shut down a processes?
Definition
Right-Click on the process and select end process tree
Term
What is an indication that your computer has ran out of memory and is now using page file memory?
Definition
The hard drive is light is flickering non stop.
Term
Windows 2000 and XP provide a tool called the __________ that logs resource usage so you can track items such as CPU and RAM usage over time.
Definition
Performance Console
Term
Performance Console is an __________ console file.
Definition
MMC
Term
An __________ is a system component that is given a set of characteristics and can be managed by the operating system as a single entity.
Definition
Object
Term
A __________ tracks specific information about an object.
Definition
Counter
Term
The Processor object has a counter, __________, that tracks the percentage of elapsed time the processor uses to execute a non-idle threat.
Definition
%Processor Time
Term
__________ gathers real-time data on objects such as memory, physical disk, processor, and network, and displays this data as a graph, histogram, or simple report.
Definition
System Monitor
Term
While in System Monitor, if you want one of the features to stand out, press __________.
Definition
CTRL + H
Term
The __________ snap-in enables Windows to create a written record of just about anything that happens on your system.
Definition
Performance Logs and Alerts
Term
Windows Vista improves on the old Performance console dramatically with the __________.
Definition
Reliability and Performance Monitor
Term
Windows 2000 Backup/Windows XP's Backup Utility, __________ provides almost all the tools you need to back up files and folders.
Definition
NTBackup
Term
__________ supports a greater variety of devices, enabling you to back up to network drives, logical drives, tape, and removable disks.
Definition
NTBackup
Term
The Backup Utility is not included in the default installation of which version of Windows XP?
Definition
Windows XP Home
Term
How do you run Backup Wizard in Advanced Mode?
Definition
Click Advanced Mode on the opening screen.
Term
How do you make the Backup Wizard always start in Advanced Mode?
Definition
Deselect the Always start in izard mode checkbox.
Term
What is the name of the Backup program in Windows 2000?
Definition
Microsoft Windows Backup
Term
What is the name of the dialog box that opens in 2000, when after starting the Microsoft Windows Backup program?
Definition
Backup
Term
What is the name of the wizard interface through the Microsft Windows Backup program?
Definition
Backup Wizard
Term
What is the name of the Backup program in Windows XP?
Definition
Backup Utility for Windows.
Term
What is the name of the Advanced Mode dialog box in Windows XP after starting the Backup Utility for Windows Program?
Definition
Backup Utility
Term
Most seasoned tech's call the abckup programs in Windows 2000 and Windows XP __________ or __________.
Definition
Backup or NTBackup
Term
Both versions of NTBackup give you three choces after you click Advanced Mode: __________, __________, and __________ in 2000.
Definition
Backup Wizard (Advanced), Restore Wizard (Advanced), and Emergency Repair Disk.
Term
Both versions of NTBackup give you three choces after you click Advanced Mode: __________, __________, and __________ in XP.
Definition
Backup Wizard (Advanced), Restore Wizard (Advanced), and Automated Sytsem Recovery Wizard.
Term
The ERD does not replace a good system backup! It works with a special folder called __________ to store a copy of your Registry.
Definition
\WINNT\REPAIR
Term
The Windows XP __________ looks and acts very similar to the Windows 2000 ERD.
Definition
Automated System Recovery (ASR)
Term
The __________ radio button ebables you to save "other" sytem-critical files, but with Windows 2000/XP, its not muchmore than making an ERD with theRegistry backup.
Definition
Only Back up the System State data
Term
The key to understanding backups other than the full backup is __________, 1-bit storage areas that all files have.
Definition
Attributes
Term
The most common attributes are __________, __________, __________, and __________.
Definition
Hidden, System, Read-only, and Archive.
Term
Everytime a file is opened, changed, or saved, the __________ is turned on.
Definition
Archive bit
Term
One of the many changes between XP and Vista was the elimination of NTBackup, replaced with the __________.
Definition
Windows Backup and Restore Center
Term
In the Backup and Restore program in XP, __________ gives you a choice of the file types you wish to back up.
Definition
Back up files
Term
In the Backup and Restore program in XP, __________ backs up the entrire computer: every single file and folder.
Definition
Back Up Computer
Term
To restore your computer to a previous time point, start the System Restore Wizard by choosing Start | All Programs | Accessories | System Tools | System Restore then select __________ and click next.
Definition
Restore my computer to an earlier time
Term
Directly editing the __________ will not automatically trigger a restore point.
Definition
Registery
Term
If you have the Windows 2000/XP CD-ROM, you can start the Recovery Conole by running, __________, selecting __________, and then selecting Recovery Console.
Definition
Setup; Repair
Term
To install the Recovery Console and make it a part of your startup options, click __________, __________, and type: __________.
Definition
Start; Run; d:\i386\winnt32 /cmdcons
Term
Windows Vista and 7 have dropped the Reco9very Console, replacing it with the graphical __________.
Definition
System Recovery Options
Term
What are the 5 System Recovery Options in Vista/7?
Definition
Startup Repair, System Restore, Windows Complete PC Restore, Windows Memory Diagnostic Tool, and Command Prompt.
Term
This __________ System Recovery option should be your first choice when running System Recovery. This option tells Windows to attempt to repair your system automatically.
Definition
Startup Repair
Term
This __________ System Recovery option allows you to restore your PC from a Backup disk..assuming you made one.
Definition
Windows Complete PC Backup
Term
This __________ System Recovery option to test your RAM for errors.
Definition
Windows Memory Diagnostic Tool
Term
This __________ System Recovery option is a full blown ocmmpand prompt, not to be confused with the Windows 2000/XP Recovery Console.
Definition
Command Prompt
Term
Some common errors you will see when trying to load the critical system files NTLDR, NTDETECT.COM and BOOT.INI are __________, __________, and __________.
Definition
No Boot Device Present
NTLDR
Invalid BOOT.INI
Term
The only turly critcal file that has any hope of corruption in Windows Vista and 7 is the __________ file.
Definition
BOOTMGR
Term
What is the three-level process to get back up and running a Windows 2000 or XP System?
Definition
Attempt to Repair
Restore from a Backup copy of Windows
Rebuild
Term
The Recovery Console is best at fixing three items: __________, __________, and __________.
Definition
Repairing the MBR
Reinstalling the boot files
Rebuilding BOOT.INI
Term
What command do you type to attempt to fix the Master Boot Record?
Definition
fixmbr
Term
A bad boot sector usually shows up as a __________ error.
Definition
No Boot Device
Term
The second problem the Recovery Console is best at fixing is missing system files, usually indicated by the error __________.
Definition
NTLDR bad or missing
Term
To fix the NTLDR bad or missing error type __________ at the command prompt.
Definition
copy d:\i386\ntldr then type: copy d:\i386\ntdetect.com
Term
If the BOOT.INI file is gone or corrupted, run this command from the recovery console.
Definition
bootcfg /rebuild
Term
If the recovery console fails to fix your errors then you will want to attempt to restore your computer to an earlier working copy of Windows. You have two basic choices, depending on your OS. In Windows 2000, you can try the __________. Windows XP limits you to the __________.
Definition
ERD
ASR
Term
__________ can restore your system to a previously installed state, but you should use it as a last resort.
Definition
ASR
Term
Most OEM systems come with a misleadingly named __________ CD or __________.
Definition
Recovery
Recovery Partition
Term
The __________ is a CD-ROM that you boot to and run.
Definition
Recover CD
Term
The __________ is a hidden partition on the hard drive that you activate at boot by holding down a key combo specific to the manufacturer of that system.
Definition
Recovery Partition
Term
Several issues can cause Windows to hang druing the GUI-loading phase, chuch as __________ or __________ problems.
Definition
Buggy Device Drivers
Registery Problems
Term
The __________ only apprears when something causes an error from which Windows cannot recover.
Definition
Blue Screen of Death
Term
Other than BSoD, the second indication of a device problem that shows up during the GUI part of startup is a __________: the Windows startup screen just stays there and you never get a chance to log on.
Definition
Freeze-Up
Term
If Windows fails to start up, use the Windows __________ menu to discover the cause.
Definition
Advanced Startup Options menu
Term
To get to the Advanced Startup Options menu, restart the computer and hit __________ on your keyboard after the POST messages but before the Windows logo screen.
Definition
F8
Term
__________ starts up Windows but loads only very basic, non-vendor specific drivers for mouse, VGA monitor (not if Vista), keyboard, mass stoarge, and system services.
Definition
Safe Mode
Term
While in Safe Mode with Command Prompt, you can load Event View by typing: __________ at the command prompt.
Definition
eventvwr.msc
Term
To read the boot log from the Recovery Console, type __________ and disable or enable problematic devices or services.
Definition
ntbtlog.txt
Term
The file named Ntbtlog.txt is saved in the __________ folder.
Definition
%SystemRoot%
Term
__________ starts Windows normally but only loads a defualt VGA driver.
Definition
Enable VGA Mode/Enable Low-resolution Mode
Term
When Windows' startup fails immediately after installing a new driver but before you have logged on again, you may want to try the __________ option in the Advanced Startup Options menu.
Definition
Last Known Good Configuration
Term
The __________ option in the Advanced Startup Options menu, only applies to Active Directory domain controllers.
Definition
Directory Services Restore Mode
Term
The __________ option in the Advanced Startup Options menu, starts in kernel debug mode.
Definition
Debugging Mode
Term
Selecting __________ from the Advanced Startup Options menu stops the computer from rebooting on Stop errors.
Definition
Disable Automatic Restart on Sytem Failure
Term
This __________ from the Advanced Startup Options menu gets windws to load the kernel drivers in Vista.
Definition
disable Driver Signature Enforcement (Vista)
Term
Use the __________ to stop programs from autoloading.
Definition
System Configuration Utility
Term
Windows lives on these type of files.
Definition
Dynamic Link Library Files
Term
What is the tool you need which is a command prompt program you can use to check a number of critical files,including the ever important DLL cache.
Definition
System File Checker
Term
What is the command to run System File Checker?
Definition
SFC / scannow
Term
A majority of problems can be broken down into three categories.
Definition
Installation
Compatability
Uninstallation
Term
Windows Vista takes the Compatibiolity tab one step further by adding two important features. __________ and __________.
Definition
Windows XP mode and Run this program as an administrator.
Term
The biggest problem withuninstalling is theat people tyr to uninstall without __________.
Definition
Administrative Privileges
Term
To start the System Configuration Utility, go to Start | Run or Start | Start Search | then type what command?
Definition
msconfig
Term
When updating drivers, where are you encouraged to go.
Definition
Manufacturers website
Term
What are the three options available under the Driver Singing Options dialog box?
Definition
Ignore, Warn, and Block
Term
What are the four tabs available in the Task Manager Windows.
Definition
Applications, Processes, Performance, and Networking.
Term
What command do you type to get to the performance console?
Definition
PERFMON.MSC
Term
The System Monitor gather real-time data on objects such as memory, physical disk, processor, and network, and displays this data as a _____, _____, or _____.
Definition
Graph, Bar Graph, or Simple Report
Term
The Performance Logs and Alerts snap-in in the _____ creates a written record of just about anything that happens on your system.
Definition
MMC
Term
What is the difference between a ERD and an ASR?
Definition
An ERD saves critical boot files and parttion information and is your main tool for fixing boot problems where an ASR actually reinstalls windows to a new partition.
Term
Windows Vista replaces the NTBackup with what?
Definition
Backup and Restore Center.
Term
What are the 5 system Recovery Options in the Recovery console?
Definition
Startup Repair, System Restore, Windows Complete PC Restore, Windows Memory Diagnostic Tool, and Command Prompt.
Term
What is the command line to type to install recovery console to a computer?
Definition
d:\i386\winnt32 /cmdcons
Supporting users have an ad free experience!