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AP gov Summer Terms
the summer terms on In Our defense for NHRHS
56
History
10th Grade
08/31/2011

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Cards

Term

Absolutist View (1st Amend)

Definition

the principle or the exercise of complete and unrestricted power in government

Term

ACLU

Definition

American organization that defends the rights of the individual (such as free speech, freedom of choice, protection from discrimination, etc.)

Term

Article One, section 6

Definition

a member of congress cannot be arrested unless he/she committed a felony and member of congress cannot take on another position while they are in office

Term

Bill of Rights

Definition

a formal statement of the fundamental rights of the people of a nation; such a statement incorporated in the U.S. Constitution as Amendments 1 - 10, and in all the state constitutions

Term

bills of attainder

Definition

no person could be punished without a trial

Term

The Burger Court

Definition

Warren Burger was the former Chief Justice from 1969-1986

Term

President Bush’s warrantless wiretaps

Definition

the government has the right to tap into peoples phone lines and listen to conversations for national security without a warrant

Term

Church Committee

Definition

A group of people who found crime within the government headed by Senator Frank Church

Term

Civil Liberties

Definition
personal, natural rights protected by the constitution
Term

Clear and Present Danger test

Definition
the government may censor freedom of speech and freedom of press if to prevent danger 
Term

Communications Decency Act

Definition

where the government can censer obscene material

Term

COINTELPRO

Definition

covert, often illegal projects conducted by the FBI aimed at disrupting or infiltrating domestic public organizations

Term

Collective-Right Theory (2nd Amend) 

Definition

it asserts that citizens do not have an individual right to possess guns and that local governments have a right to monitor this

Term

cruel and unusual punishment

Definition

when a court  cannot sentence a cruel or unusual punishment to someone who committed a crime

Term

Direct and Immediate Harm 

Definition

to avoid harm immediately

Term

due process clause (5th and 14th)

Definition

this prevents someone to be prosecuted without certain steps to be taken

Term

eminent domain

Definition

this prevents someone to be prosecuted without certain steps to be taken

Term

Equal Protection Clause

Definition

this prohibits states from denying any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws

Term

Espionage Act of 1917

Definition
 no one can interfere with recruiting of troops or disclose information dealing with national defense
Term

Establishment Clause

Definition

this prohibits the government from making any law establishing an official religion

Term

ex post facto laws

Definition

a law that retroactively changes the legal consequences (or status) of actions committed or relationships that existed prior to the enactment of the law

Term

exclusionary rule

Definition

If evidence illegally seized by law enforcement officers in violation of a suspects right to be free from unreasonable searches and seizures cannot be used against the suspect in a criminal prosecution.

Term

First Amendment Rights

Definition
Freedom of speech, Freedom of Religion, Freedom of Press, Freedom of Assembly
Term

Federalist #45

Definition

James Madison argued in the 45th federalist paper that  the strength of the Federal government does not pose danger to the individual states

Term

Federalist #84

Definition

Alexander Hamilton argued in the 84th federalist paper that a Bill of Rights was not a necessary component of the Constitution

Term

Felony Murder

Definition

any time death occurs during a serious felony (rape, etc.) it is a first degree murder and anyone participating in the felony can be held equally accountable

Term

Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act

Definition

the US can send spies into other countries if it is deemed to be a threat to the country

Term

FISA Courts

Definition

handles domestic wiretaps and issues 

Term

14th Amendment

Definition

all people born in the united states are to be given full citizenship

Term

free exercise clause

Definition

any American citizen has the right to accept any religious belief

Term