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Anatomical Terms of Location
know ur bod
20
Anatomy
Not Applicable
03/15/2019

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Term
Planes
Definition
Ebenen
Term
perpendicular
Definition
senkrecht
Term
left
Definition
sinister
Term
right
Definition
dexter
Term
Sagittal Plane/Longitudinal Plane
Definition
Y-Z Plane
Divides body into left and right at any point
Term
Median Plane/Midsagittal Plane
Definition
Divides body directly in the middle into left and right
Term
Frontal Plane/Coronal Plane
Definition
Divides body into dorsal (back) and ventral (front) or posterior and anterior
is a longitudinal plane
Term
Transverse Plane/Cross-section/horizontal
Definition
Divides body into cranial (head) ànd caudal (tail) parts or superior/inferior (head/feet)
X-Z plane
Term
dorsal
Definition
back
Term
ventral
Definition
front
Term
cranial
Definition
head
Term
caudal
Definition
tail
Term
Anteroposterior Axis
Definition
Anterior: Belly in orthograde bipeds (bei aufrechten Zweibeinern)

Posterior: Back in orthograde bipeds
Term
Rostrocaudal,craniocaudal,cephalocaudal,longitudinal
Definition
Rostral, cranial, cephalad: head end

Caudal: Inferior (to feet)
Term
Dorsoventral
Definition
Dorsal: back

Ventral: belly
Term
Left-right, dextro-sinister, sinistro-dexter
Definition
Left (sinister): Left-hand side

Right (dexter): Right-hand side
Term
Mediolateral
Definition
Medial: Centre

Lateral: Left and right
Term
Proximal/distal
Definition
Proximal: Point at which appendage joins the body (K├Ârperglied)

Distal: Extremity of appendage
Term
Lateral
Definition
Contralateral (from Latin contra, meaning 'against'): on the side opposite to another structure. For example, the right arm and leg are represented by the left, i.e., contralateral side of the forebrain.
Ipsilateral (from Latin ipse, meaning 'same'): on the same side as another structure. For example, the left arm is ipsilateral to the left leg.
Bilateral (from Latin bis, meaning 'twice'): on both sides of the body. For example, bilateral orchiectomy (removal of testes on both sides of the body's axis) is surgical castration.
Unilateral (from Latin unus, meaning 'one'): on one side of the body. For example, unilateral paresis is hemiparesis.
Term
Rostral
Definition
towards the oral or nasal region (nose)
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