Shared Flashcard Set


1919-1939- Between the Wars
History Exam Review
10th Grade

Additional History Flashcards





The 1920s was called the:

List 7 general trends during this time period:

The Roaring 20s, The good times
  1. Consumer society
  2. Good incomes
  3. Employment rates were high
  4. jazz became popular
  5. technological advancements facilitated life
  6. The edmonton Grads (female b-ball team)
  7. people started investing in stocks

The was the 1930s called?

List 9 general trends that effected this time period:


The Dirty Thirties, the bad times

  1. Most people were unemployed
  2. shortages in income
  3. couldn't afford the bare necessities
  4. the Stock Market crash "Black Tuesday"
  5. The great depression
  6. Living on the Poegy
  7. Riding the rails
  8. Dust bowls and droughts in the prairies
  9. The on-to Ottawa Trek
Difference between pre WW1 immigration and Post WW1 immigration?

1. Pre WW1- farmers were largely excepted from USA Britain and eastern Europe

2. Post WW1- "restrictive immigration Policy" was inacted. Highly suspicious of eastern europeans and Asians for potentially being enemy aliens. 

by 1925 though the policy was lifted. 


What is a suffragette?

A female who fought for equal rights. 

to vote, to share property, to be more involved in government.


What did Nellie Mclung do?

she was apart of the Womens Christain Temperance Union who fought against alcohol abuse. supported Prohibition. She mocked the Mantioba Premier-Roblin in a play to raise awareness. Won women the provinicial right to vote in 1916.

she was apart of the famous five that appealed to the Privy council about the persons case.



Prime Minister from the years:

  1. 1911-1920:
  2. 1920-1921:
  3. 1921-1926:
  4. ...1926:
  5. 1926-1930:
  6. 1930-1935:
  7. 1935-1948:
  1. Robert Borden
  2. Arthur Meighen
  3. W.L. Mackenzie King
  4. Arthur Meighen
  5. W.L. Mackenzie King
  6. Richard B. Benette
  7. W. L. Mackenzie King
Canada's coming of Age Events, 6 including years?
  1. Chanak Affairs, 1922
  2. Halibut Treaty, 1923
  3. Imperial Conference, 1923
  4. The Balfour Declaration, 1926
  5. The King-Byng affair
  6. The statute of Westminster, 1931
Describe the chanak affair
  • 1922
  • Brits had a situation in chanak Turkey and requested Canadian support
  • Canada polietly declined
  • Showed that Canada would be making its own decisions in parliment from now on.
Describe the Halibut Treaty
  • 1923
  • A treaty signed between cdn and US regarding the fishing industry
  • It was the first treaty Canada signed without it being overseen by Britain
Describe The Imperial Conference
  • 1923
  • A conference held for all the common wealth countries where Britain tried to secure control over its colonies foriegn affairs. 
  • Canada refused?
Describe the balfour Declaration:
  • 1926
  • Canada receives its formal declaration of autonomy 
Describe the King-Byng Affair:
  • 1926
  • Borden attempts to limit British interference in Canadian politics by restricting the powers of the governor general. He placed a canadian ammbasodor in London, while a British one remained here. 

Describe the statute of Westminster


  • 1931
  • Gave Canada and other common wealth countries  complete control over their relations with other nations. 
  • milestone in Canadian independence on its road to soveriegnity, as equals. 

The 1919 Winnipeg General Strike

  1. What were the three demands
  2. The all created :
  3. Who was their opposition?
  4. Who were the special police?
  1.  Provide minimum wage. 8 hour work days. Right to organize
  2.  The formed The One Big Union (OBU)
  3. The Citizens Committee of One Thousand
  4. The special police were a makeshift force of men who were paid extra to seperate strike efforts. Not exactly trained, just substitutes for the police men on strike. 
  1. When was bloody saturday?
  2. What happened on this day?
  3. Short Term results?
  4. Long term results?
  1. June 21st 1919
  2. A street car was set ablaze in city hall. riot broke out, RMP tried to contain it. 2 died, 34 injured. 80 arrested. 
  3. Soon after buinesses began a strong anti labour union with the support of the government. Strike leaders were black listed and fired. 
  4. Marked the beinging of a new working class awareness and political involvment. In the next few years, labour leaders were elected to all levels of governments.  J.S woodsworth became a member of parliment in 1921

Which was the last and the first province to allow women to vote?

When were they extended the right to vote federally?


1. Manitoba, saskatchewan and Alberta  in 1916

2. Quebec was last in 1940.

3. They  were allowed to vote federally in 1920 under the Dominion Elections Act.

  1. What year did sir Wilfred Laurier die?
  2. What year was the parliment built?
  3. title given to people who looked for creative ways to smuggle rum?
  1. 1919
  2. 1920-1921
  3. rum runners
  1. What are transcients?
  2. what are Relief Camps?
  3. WHat did Benette's new deal include?
  1. Transcients are homeless men who wonder looking for jobs. Often stirred fear and concern among citizens
  2. bennet used relief camps to move transcients off the street and put them to work. But they weren't paid enough to give them hope for a future, hence the cause of rioting. 
  3. His new deal included: minimum wage, regulated work hours, improved working conditions, and insurance for sickness and injury. 
  1. What is social welfare?
  2. what is living on the pogey?
  3. What was the On-to-Ottawa Trek?
  4. What was the Regina Manifesto?
  1. social welfare is set programs ans sevices in place to ensure people have access to bare necessities.
  2. It was the slang term for when people lived off government vouchers.
  3. Strike organized by relief camp workers in the summer of 1935 to demand 'work with wages'. They were stopped by the RCMP in Regina. 
  4. It was the 1933 statement of the political aims of the CCF. Lead by J.S. Woodsworth advocating middle class workers rights.
What were the four new political parties formed in in 1930s?
  1. The communist party of Canada, 1921
  2. The Co-operative Commonwealth Federation, 1932
  3. The social credit Party, 1934
  4. The Union Nationale, 1936

The Communist Party of Canada

  1. year formed
  2. Leaders
  3. wing?
  4. What they wanted
  5. reactions to the group
  1. 1921
  2. Tim Buck
  3. extreme left wing
  4. To eliminate private ownership, against capitalism. 
  5. Ideology created by Karl Marx from the russion revolution. Often caused confusion with the red menace. Caused the party to be outlawed, in fear. 

The Co-operative Commonwealth Federation

  1. Year Formed
  2. leader
  3. wing?
  4. What they wanted
  5. Reactions to them
  1. 1932
  2. J.S. Woodsworth
  3. Left wing
  4. They had the Regina Manifesto, wanted the government to interfere with the free market and ensure everyone can afford the bare necessities. 
  5. The merged with the Canadian Labour congress and formed the NDP

The Social Credit Party

  1. year formed
  2. leader
  3. wing?
  4. What they wanted
  5. reations
  1. 1934
  2. William Aberhart
  3. Right wing
  4. proposed that the government give out social credits to keep the economy rolling. ex everyone gets $25 a month.
  5. Risks: no guarantee people will spend vs. save

The Union Naionale

  1. Year Formed
  2. Leader
  3. Wing?
  4. What they wanted
  5. reactions
  1. 1936
  2. Maurice Duplessis
  3. acted left wing, but once elected became right wing
  4. said they would fight for workers rights but mainly challenged the federal government to protect french canadian interests
  5. A seperatist group that stands till today. 

Most of the casues of the Great Depression in the 1930s resulted from the prosperity of the 1920s

what re the 6 main underlying causes?


  1. Canada was overdependent of  exports to other countries
  2. overdependent on America as a market and a source of investors
  3. Over production of wheats from goods to manufactured products
  4. Protective tariffs were placed by European countries still suffereing the effects of WW1
  5. On the margin stock purchasing ( buy stocks with borrowed money)
  6. BlacK tuesday, October 29, 1929. New York Stock market crash. 

Let's talk stocks:

  1. Danger of Market value?
  2. Reactions from who?
  3. Riple Effect
  1. M.V is established by the investors demand for it. It can easily be inflated and misleading. 
  2. Big corporations started investing on the belief of these inflated market values. They borrowed money to increase production. Banks lent.
  3. Once the real value of stocks was released people raced to convert their stocks into real money and only got back a fraction of what they invested. people lost their savings, companies shut down, unemployment increased, inflation on prices made it difficult to afford the bare necessities. The depression begins on the riple effect of Black Tuesday.

when and by who was it created?

Positive element of prohibition:



The ban on liquor was campainged for by the WCTU in 1918:

  1. decrease in crime rate
  2. decrease in drunkeness
  3. decrease in domestic violence
  4. pay checks went home instead of to the bear hauls

negative elements of Prohibition:

Why did prohibition end?


  1. new crimes emerged with rum running
  2. under ground clubs called speak easys formed
  3. people were smuggling rum across the border to make greater profits.
  4.  It ended because goverment realized they were losing money of the selling of rum. 
  5. It was impossible to enforce
  6. Unpopular within citizens
  7. Resulted in the create of the LCBO- Liquor contol board of Ontario. Plus age restrictions, and consumation limits. 
  1. When was the Diamond Jubilee?
  2. when did the maple leafs garden open?
  3. What happened in Ontarion on May 1934?
  4. who was Musolini?
  1. 1927
  2. 1933
  3. Dionne quintuplets
  4. Fascits leader of italy

The buisness cycle

  1. measures of Prosperity include?
  2. what are the 4 stages?

measures of Prosperity include employment rate, sales, income, production, wages...etc

  1. Economic prosperity (highest Point)...."tear"
  2. Economic Downturn....."Inflation"
  3. Economoic Recession...." Bust period"(lowest point)
  4. Economic recovery

The depression was a prolonged period of economic recession. 


6, 1920s Inventions include


  1. Ford T model, the assemble line
  2. Electricity which allowed, toasters, laundry machines, stoves, telephones, batteries, radios, iron.
  3. airplanes for commercial mailing use.
  4. snowmobiles
  5. tractors
  6. arts, jazz, motion pictures.
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