# Shared Flashcard Set

## Details

Unit 11
trig
16
Mathematics
04/09/2021

Term
Definition
 The axes of a two-dimensional Cartesian system divide the plane into four infinite regions, called quadrants, each bounded by two half-axes. These are often numbered from 1st to 4th and denoted by Roman numerals: I (where the signs of the (x; y) coordinates are I (+; +), II (−; +), III (−; −), and IV (+; −).                             [image]
Term
 VERTEX OF AN ANGLE
Definition
 Vertex (of an angle) The vertex of an angle is the common endpoint of two rays that form the angle. [image]
Term
 standard Position of an angles
Definition
 Angles can exist anywhere in the coordinate plane where two rays share a common vertex. If this vertex is at the origin of the plane and the initial side lies along the positive \$x\$-axis, then the angle is said to be in standard position. [image]
Term
 Positive and negative angles
Definition
 [image] The measure of an angle describes the magnitude and direction of the rotation of the ray from its initial position to its terminal position. If the rotation is counterclockwise, the angle has a positive measure. If the rotation is clockwise, the angle has a negative measure.
Term
 REFERENCE ANGLES
Definition
 The reference angle is the angle that the given angle makes with the x-axis. Regardless of where the angle ends (that is, regardless of the location of the terminal side of the angle), the reference angle measures the closest distance of that terminal side to the x-axis. [image]
Term
 Coterminal Angles
Definition
 Coterminal angles: are angles in standard position (angles with the initial side on the positive x-axis) that have a common terminal side. For example, the angles 30°, –330° and 390° are all coterminal (see figure 2.1 below). [image]
Term
 unit circle
Definition
 In mathematics, a unit circle is a circle of unit radius—that is, a radius of 1. Frequently, especially in trigonometry, the unit circle is the circle of radius 1 centered at the origin (0, 0) in the Cartesian coordinate system in the Euclidean plane.       [image]
Term
 Sine function
Definition
 the sine is a trigonometric function of an angle. The sine of an acute angle is defined in the context of a right triangle: for the specified angle, it is the ratio of the length of the side that is opposite that angle, to the length of the longest side of the triangle (the hypotenuse). [image]
Term
 cosine function
Definition
 [image] Cos function (or cosine function) in a triangle is the ratio of the adjacent side to that of the hypotenuse. The cosine function is one of the three main primary trigonometric functions and it is itself the complement of sine(co+sine).
Term
 tangent function
Definition
 The tangent function is a periodic function which is very important in trigonometry. The simplest way to understand the tangent function is to use the unit circle. ... The x -coordinate of the point where the other side of the angle intersects the circle is cos(θ) and the y -coordinate is sin(θ) . [image]
Term
 Period (of a trigonometric function)
Definition
 Period of a Trigonometric Function The distance between the repetition of any function is called the period of the function. For a trigonometric function, the length of one complete cycle is called a period.  [image]
Term
 Amplitude
Definition
 The amplitude of a sinusoidal function is one-half of the positive difference between the maximum and minimum values of a function [image]
Term
 Frequency
Definition
 The frequency of a trigonometric function is the number of cycles it completes in a given interval. This interval is generally 2π radians (or 360º) for the sine and cosine curves. [image]
Term
 Midline
Definition
 A midline of a sinusoidal function is the horizontal center line about which the function oscillates above and below. For y = sin x, the midline is y = 0 (the x-axis). The midline is parallel to the x-axis and is located half-way between the graphs maximum and minimum values. [image]
Term
 Domain and range
Definition
 the domain refers to the set of possible input values, the domain of a graph consists of all the input values shown on the x-axis. The range is the set of possible output values, which are shown on the y-axis. [image]
Term
 Asymptote
Definition
 a line that continually approaches a given curve but does not meet it at any finite distance.           [image]     [image]   Choose language Afrikaans Albanian Amharic Arabic Armenian Azerbaijani Bangla Basque Belarusian Bosnian Bulgarian Burmese Catalan Cebuano Chinese (Simplified) Chinese (Traditional) Corsican Croatian Czech Danish Dutch Esperanto Estonian Filipino Finnish French Galician Georgian German Greek Gujarati Haitian Creole Hausa Hawaiian Hebrew Hindi Hmong Hungarian Icelandic Igbo Indonesian Irish Italian Japanese Javanese Kannada Kazakh Khmer Kinyarwanda Korean Kurdish Kyrgyz Lao Latin Latvian Lithuanian Luxembourgish Macedonian Malagasy Malay Malayalam Maltese Maori Marathi Mongolian Nepali Norwegian Nyanja Odia Pashto Persian Polish Portuguese Punjabi Romanian Russian Samoan Scottish Gaelic Serbian Shona Sindhi Sinhala Slovak Slovenian Somali Southern Sotho Spanish Sundanese Swahili Swedish Tajik Tamil Tatar Telugu Thai Turkish Turkmen Ukrainian Urdu Uyghur Uzbek Vietnamese Welsh Western Frisian Xhosa Yiddish Yoruba Zulu   [image]
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