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Unit 1 vocabulary Chapter 1
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26
Geography
09/07/2008

Term
 Geography
Definition
 a science that deals with the description, distribution, and interaction of the diverse physical, biological, and cultural features of the earth's surface.
Term
 Hemisphere
Definition
 the northern or southern half of the earth as divided by the equator or the eastern or western half as divided by a meridian
Term
 Relative Location
Definition
 is not the exact location.
Term
 Equator
Definition
 a circle or circular band dividing the surface of a body into two usually equal and symmetrical parts.
Term
 Prime Meridian
Definition
 the meridian of 0 degrees longitude which runs through the original site of the Royal Observatory at Greenwich, England, and from which other longitudes are reckoned.
Term
 International Dateline
Definition
 an arbitrary line approximately along the 180th meridian designated as the place where each calendar day begins.
Term
 Pole
Definition
 extremity of an axis of a sphere and especially of the earth's axis.
Term
 Latitude
Definition
 angular distance from some specified circle or plane of reference: as a: angular distance north or south from the earth's equator measured through 90 degrees (Horizontal)
Term
 Parallel
Definition
 another word for Latitude.
Term
 Longitude
Definition
 angular distance measured on a great circle of reference from the intersection of the adopted zero meridian with this reference circle to the similar intersection of the meridian passing through the object(vertical)
Term
 Meridian
Definition
 a great circle on the surface of the earth passing through the poles (2): the half of such a circle included between the poles.
Term
 Globe
Definition
 a spherical representation of the earth, a celestial body, or the heavens.
Term
 Tropic of Cancer
Definition
 the parallel of latitude that is approximately 231⁄2 degrees north of the equator and that is the northernmost latitude reached by the overhead sun.
Term
 Tropic of Cancer
Definition
 the parallel of latitude that is approximately 231⁄2 degrees north of the equator and that is the northernmost latitude reached by the overhead sun.
Term
 Theodolite
Definition
 a surveyor's instrument for measuring horizontal and usually also vertical angles.
Term
 Compass Rose
Definition
 a circle graduated to degrees or quarters and printed on a chart to show direction.
Term
 Legend
Definition
 an explanatory list of the symbols on a map or chart.
Term
 Scale
Definition
 a meausurement used for a map.
Term
 Cartographer
Definition
 one that makes maps
Term
 Mercator
Definition
 of, relating to, or drawn on the Mercator projection
Term
 Continent
Definition
 mass of land, mainland.
Term
 hydrologic cycle
Definition
 the sequence of conditions through which water passes from vapor in the atmosphere through precipitation upon land or water surfaces and ultimately back into the atmosphere as a result of evaporation and transpiration â€”called also hydrological cycle.
Term
 topography
Definition
 the art or practice of graphic delineation in detail usually on maps or charts of natural and man-made features of a place or region especially in a way to show their relative positions and elevations.
Term
 Landform
Definition
 a natural feature of a land surface.
Term
 Erosion
Definition
 the action or process of eroding.
Term
 Azimuthal
Definition
 an arc of the horizon measured between a fixed point (as true north) and the vertical circle passing through the center of an object usually in astronomy and navigation clockwise from the north point through 360 degrees.
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