Shared Flashcard Set


test 2 art history
Art History
Not Applicable

Additional Art History Flashcards





Basilica of San Vitale, (526-547), Ravenna, Italy


Head of religion


Caesaropapism: the idea of combining the power of secular government with the religious power, or making it superior to the spiritual authority of the Church; especially concerning the connection of the Church with government.


Caesaropapism makse the adrianic seaport strong, its the only way to reach the west


Named after saint vitales


Octagonal dome


8 pairs springing arches- support for dome


Narthex- an architectural element typical of early Christian and Byzantine basillicas or churches consisting of the entrance or lobby area, usually located at the west end of the nave, opposite the church's main altar.


Wanted to disorient people, the disconnect, move from physical world into spiritual

ambulatory- place your walk around

New column, not Doric or ionic, impost block on top of capital. All carved in marble looks like lace. Vat of wine and two pelicans


Capitals with peacocks and other paradisaical motifs

526-547 CE

San Vitale, Ravenna

Detail of column decoration:
a combination of fretwork and the repetitive patterns of the acanthus leaves.

The peacock and chalice symbolize immortality.

("whosoever drinketh of the water that I shall give him shall never thirst; but the water that I give him shall be in him a well of water, springing up into everlasting life") If there be peace on earth, there will be immortality.

New column, not Doric or ionic, impost block on top of capital. All carved in marble looks like lace. Vat of wine and two pelicans/ peacocks.

Wall mosaic, Justinian and His Attendants, San Vitale, Ravenna, Italy, c.546-47.

Suspended in a golden space and identical in posture, the figures are individualized by their faces.
The emperor is identified by emblems of rank, including the red footwear, the three-pendant fibula, the diadem, and the halo.
There are also strips of purple-amethyst in the clothing of other dignitaries


Holy of holiest people, regalia-costume, Purple cloak, chalmi/chalmis. Wears crown called diadem.

Also halo to suggest holiness.. hold basket or bowl called paten inside are wafers.


Trying to show that they have reached the middle and are about to take part in the ritual of Eucharist. Has to do with the partaking of the body and the blood of Jesus, body symbolic by bread, blood by wine


Maxiamus. =bishop, wears a different costume, holds a juled cross in hand.

wearing gold.

white guys =attendants.

All have blank stare

Same height


Members of royal court.

Argentarius-finance guy argent- money


belsarius, military attacheeee

six little colorful soldiers dudes. ->symbolic reference to Jesus, almost like son of god, not really.

showing himself as important with his 12 disciple dudes.


No spacial anything, flat, gold, everything totally flat, no bodies, paper cut out, paper dolls- dematerialized forms, matter of the body removed.

Nothing pagan, nothing to look real, everything spiritual, all new, all holy, configuration.

Elongated figures/proportion. Floating in space. Wafting. Other worldly.

Made out of mosaic.


Formed of many tesserae = tessera





Wife Theodora, was a prozzy.

Most famous for putting down nike riots. Died very young.

Some believed this image looked abit like her.

found in the narthex. Seems to be coming into the church.

No symbolism to the number of her attendants. Wears a chalmi, a diadem, a halo, she hold the chalice. Justinian has the wafer.


Holy person as well as empress. Impressive detail on her chalmi, the three magi.
Theater was considered the embodiment of immorality in the sixth century and by the end of the seventh century

The Anekdota is full of scurrilous details about Theodora's early life as an actress and courtesan, and her intrigues at court. In the De Aedificiis, however, the picture is uniformly flattering. The emperor and empress shared a common piety (1.8.5), he claims, and her loveliness was such that it was impossible to convey it in words or portray it by a statue



On the opposite mosaic, Theodora's image is perhaps more a portrait, probably giving a glimpse of her ruthless ambition. Drenched in pearls and under a shell alcove evoking Venus whom she bodily served more than the Theotokos, Mother of God, yet she is also haloed and the center of focus as perhaps some like Procopius thought only a Mary ought to be as Blessed among Women. Her retinue also consists of several officials processing in front - one an unidentified general? - as she carries the chalice of Holy Wine (or at least the empty chalice) likely to represent Christ's sacrificial blood. But this is again problematic because only a priest should be so consecrated to minister herein. Her officials even open the curtain, perhaps symbolic of the Temple Veil, for her imminent entry into a Holy of Holies. That these propagandizing ideas of Theodora's sanctified purity - perhaps an ironic compensation for her notorious background - were a travesty for Procopius, who raked her more severely in his writing than any other person, seems less remarkable through history now than up close at the time, however transformational a conversion she might have had. This is somehow despite her swift executions eliminating rivals and her strident position of Empress with a throne alongside Justinian leading her biographers to have often suggested that she was the real power behind the Imperial Christian ruler Justinian claimed to be, greatly influencing her husband beyond the norm.(5) Theodora, according to Procopius, was a former young whore who took on all comers by the dozen when she had worked as a circus performer. Eventually she rose to the slightly less onerous role of courtesan - although the boldest and most infamous in Constantinople - and eventual mistress to an administrator before possibly setting her sights on Justinian whom she married in 525, having herself crowned empress in 527 with Justinian as emperor. Theodora was unstoppable in the 6th century; we can only imagine her in the Twentieth or Twenty-first!
Supporting users have an ad free experience!