# Shared Flashcard Set

## Details

TC FFA Foundation Sem 2
Ag Foundations Semester 2 Review
109
Agriculture
05/23/2013

Term
 Describe how Agriscience jobs and careers have changed over the years with relation to education required, salary, and jobs available to qualified workers.
Definition
 Although not all jobs require a college education there is a strong demand for college graduates, salaries are increasing, and there are more jobs available to qualified workers.
Term
 Who invented the milking machine?
Definition
 Anna Baldwin
Term
 Who invented the reaper?
Definition
 Cyrus McCormick
Term
 Who invented the cotton gin?
Definition
 Eli Whitney
Term
 Who invented the steel plow?
Definition
 John Deere
Term
 1960’s great advancement in world food production
Definition
 Green Revolution
Term
 National Vocational Education Act
Definition
 Smith Hughes Act
Term
 Christopher Columbus (What was his contribution used for?)
Definition
 Brought livestock to the new world many to be used for work purposes
Term
 Who provided foundations for studying heredity?
Definition
 Gregor Mendel
Term
 Why do most accidents happen on the farm?
Definition
 Human error
Term
 What is the NSC?
Definition
 The NSC is the National Safety Council and one of their main jobs is to keep a record of safety information, accidents, and deaths.
Term
 What is OSHA?
Definition
 OSHA is the Occupational Safety and Health Administration and the monitor employers and require them to provide a safe working environment. One requirement is to follow the Right to Know Law that states if there are hazards in the workplace employees must be notified.
Term
 If something breaks while working in the lab what should you do first?
Definition
 Tell the teacher
Term
 Convert the following decimals:9 grams to centigrams
Definition
 900
Term
 Convert the following decimals:9 grams to milligrams
Definition
 9000
Term
 Convert the following decimals:9 milligrams to centigrams
Definition
 0.9
Term
 Describe uncertainty pertaining to decimals that have been rounded.
Definition
 If a number is rounded the last number in the sequence has the most uncertainty. That number was rounded so it could be a different number.
Term
 What does PPE stand for?
Definition
 Personal Protective Equipment
Term
 List PPE and what they would be used for.
Definition
 Welding mask: welding, Goggles: using machinery, dealing with acidsRespirator: applying pesticides or dealing with things that you should not breath inGlove: any manner of activities that require hand protection
Term
 A unit of protoplasmic material with a nucleus and cell walls
Definition
 Cell
Term
 States that the cell is the basic unit of structure in living things.
Definition
 Cell Theory
Term
 11. Compare and contrast plant and animal cells. (Know what is in both cells and what would only be found in one type of cell.)
Definition
 a. Only Plant Cells: chloroplasts, cell wallb. Only Animal Cells: pair of centriolesc. Both: nucleus, cell membrane, smooth and rough ER, cytoplasm, mitochondria (many more)
Term
 The flow of fluid from an area of high concentration to an area of low concentration.
Definition
 Osmosis
Term
 What is the difference between a gamete and a zygote?
Definition
 Gamete is a reproductive or sex cell, the zygote is a fertilized egg.
Term
 List, describe, and give examples of the steps in the scientific method.
Definition
 Problem / Question Research topic Hypothesis Design Experiment Independent variableDependent variable Constant Collect data Draw conclusions
Term
 The movement of genes or DNA from one cell or organism to another
Definition
 Genetic engineering
Term
 The use of cells or components of cells to produce products or processes
Definition
 Biotechnology
Term
 Creating an exact duplicate
Definition
 Cloning
Term
 Crossing two different species to achieve a desired outcome.
Definition
 Hybridization
Term
 Mating of animals that are related
Definition
 Inbreeding
Term
 Mating adults of the same species who have characteristics desired in the offspring.
Definition
 Selective breeding
Term
 Describe integrated pest management.
Definition
 IPM is a pest control program based on multiple control methods and practices.
Term
 What are examples of different methods used?
Definition
 This is often done to achieve acceptable pest control, reduce the use of pesticides, and minimize environmental damage.
Term
 What would be the purpose of utilizing integrated pest management practices?
Definition
 This is often done to achieve acceptable pest control, reduce the use of pesticides, and minimize environmental damage. Famers may use both biological and chemical methods.
Term
 Biological Pest Control
Definition
 Releasing lady bugs to control pests
Term
 Chemical Pest Control
Definition
 The use of pesticides.
Term
 One type of wildlife living and feeding on another without killing it.
Definition
 Parasitism
Term
 Wildlife living together without harming or helping each other. (an example might be an animal eating the remains of another animals kill)
Definition
 Commensalism
Term
 Two types of wildlife competing for and eating the same types of food.
Definition
 Competition
Term
 Two types of wildlife living together for the mutual benefit of both.
Definition
 Mutualism
Term
 20. What does a plant need for photosynthesis? Describe the entire process including light independent reactions.
Definition
 A plant needs and uses CO2, water, light energy, and the chlorophyll in its leaves to conduct photosynthesis and make sugars or food for itself. There are light independent reactions as a part of photosynthesis and this is known as the Calvin Cycle.
Term
 Carries water and nutrients up from the roots to the leaves.
Definition
 Xylem
Term
 Carries food down from the leaves to the rest of the plant.
Definition
 Phloem
Term
 How do insects know where to go to get pollen?
Definition
 They may notice a scent from the flower or see the colorful petals of the flower. The flower is responsible for attracting insects.
Term
 What is propagation?
Definition
 Propagation is the process of increasing the number of species or perpetuating a species.
Term
 Describe sexual and asexual propagation and give examples.
Definition
 Sexual propagation/ reproduction involves a seed or egg that is fertilized. Asexual propagation/ reproduction uses a part or parts of a parent plant to create a new one. (Cuttings)
Term
 Plant with a life cycle that is completed in one growing season
Definition
 Annual
Term
 Plant that takes two growing seasons or two years to complete its life cycle.
Definition
 Biennial
Term
 A plant that lives from year to year.
Definition
 Perennial
Term
 Production, distribution, and arranging cut flowers, potted plants and greenery and flowering herbaceous plants.
Definition
 Floriculture
Term
 What are the male parts of the flower?
Definition
 Stamen – includes filament, anther and pollen
Term
 What are the female parts of a flower?
Definition
 Pistal – includes stigma, style, ovary, and ovules.
Term
 The application of scientific principles and new technologies to agriculture.
Definition
 Agriscience
Term
 Science that deals with the production (including growth and care), management, using and marketing of animals.
Definition
 Animal Science
Term
 If you were interested in a career in animal science where would be a good place to get experience?
Definition
 On a farm or ranch that deals with livestock
Term
 What is the correct terminology for the following animals:a. Cat - b. Cow – c. Dog – d. Pig -
Definition
 felinebovinecanineswine
Term
 Central and peripheral nervous systems control movements and functions of the body
Definition
 Nervous System
Term
 Breathing
Definition
 Respiratory System
Term
 Provides food for the body and its systems
Definition
 Digestive System
Term
 Removes waste materials from the blood
Definition
 Urinary System
Term
 Provides food and oxygen to the cells of the body.
Definition
 Circulatory System
Term
 Animal with a single compartment stomach (ex: pig)
Definition
 Monogastric
Term
 Animals that have a stomach with more than one compartment, polygastric, can digest roughage (Ex: cow, sheep, goat)
Definition
 Ruminant
Term
 Can diseases be spread between animals and humans, and if so, what are they called?
Definition
 Yes, zoonosis.
Term
 Calculate the following fertilizer ratios:a. 6-12-18 b. 15-20-15
Definition
 1-2-33-4-3
Term
 What is the most common hammer used in the Ag industry?
Definition
 curved claw hammer – hammering and removing nails
Term
 Something you do on a schedule to keep your car working properly such as changing the oil.
Definition
 Yearly or scheduled maintenance
Term
 Things that you do to prevent problems from occurring such as checking air pressure, checking fluid levels, and cleaning the car.
Definition
 Preventative maintenance
Term
 What are important things to remember when changing oil?
Definition
 Use the correct type of oil, change it on a cool engine.
Term
 What can happen if you choke an engine too much?
Definition
 You can cause too much fuel to get into the combustion chamber causing the engine to flood.
Term
 How would an employer know if you meant to leave something blank on a job application?
Definition
 Mark the answer N/A or not applicable
Term
 40. Where do you look during an interview with another person? What do you do if you do not know an answer to a question that they ask you?
Definition
 Look at the person doing the interview. If you do not know an answer do not make it up just tell them you don’t know it. You could tell them you will find out.
Term
 What should you do at work about a complaining co-worker?
Definition
 Continue working and ignore the co-worker.
Term
 What are personality traits? Give examples of both good and bad personality traits.
Definition
 Personality traits are they way a person acts. Good traits for a worker would be on time, dependable, sociable, hardworking, and energetic. Bad personality traits would include mean, rude and late.
Term
 What is the purpose of a resume?
Definition
 Provides a potential employer with a brief history of a person’s education, work experience, and other qualifications for employment.
Term
 What is the purpose of a cover letter?
Definition
 A cover letter is always sent with a resume to introduce yourself to an employer and tell you reason for applying.
Term
 44. If there are hazards in the workplace what is the employer required to do? What law requires them to do this?
Definition
 They must tell you of hazards in the workplace due to the Right to Know Law.
Term
Definition
 You can control when you work, how much you work, and your own destiny.
Term
 Basic motion to present a proposal for first time
Definition
 Main motion
Term
 Close a meeting
Definition
Term
 Call for a counted vote because you disagree with the vote results as stated by the chair.
Definition
 Division of the house
Term
 Send a motion to a committee to further study or discuss and bring back to the assembly, sometimes done when the assembly cannot make the decision on their own or they don’t have time to fully discuss it.
Definition
 Refer to committee
Term
 Call attention to a breach in the rules
Definition
 Point of order
Term
 Take a break in the meeting
Definition
 Recess
Term
 What do the following gavel taps meana. One - b. Two – c. Three -
Definition
 a. sitb. call to orderc. stand
Term
 Identify the requirements for the Greenhand Degree.
Definition
 a. Be enrolled in ag educationb. Have plans for an SAEc. Have learned the creed motto and saluted. Describe the emblem, colors, and symbolse. Explain the code of ethics and proper use of the jacketf. Have satisfactory knowledge of the history of the organization and the chapter constitution and poag. Know the duties and responsibilities of membersh. Own or have access to the official manual and student handbooki.Submit a written application
Term
 What is fermentation and give examples of fermented foods?
Definition
 Chemical change that involves foaming as gas is released ex: cheese, wine, beer, vinegar, pickles, and sauerkraut
Term
 What can cause animal disease? (Disease is not related to animal nutrition)
Definition
 Physiological defects, unsanitary conditions, and poor pastures.
Term
 How can you keep animal disease from spreading?
Definition
 The best way to keep disease from spreading is to keep animals separate and the first way to do that is by building fences. (Ex: when ticks and tick fever started becoming a problem in cattle ranching in old Florida the ranchers that had their herds fenced instead of roaming on the prairies had healthier cows. This is described in A Land Remembered.)
Term
 Believe that animals should have the same rights as humans and be treated as much
Definition
 Animal Rights
Term
 Believe that animals should be treated humanely and not cruelly but not just like humans and can be used for agriculture purposes.
Definition
 Animal Welfare
Term
 Who regulates to Animal Welfare Act?
Definition
 USDA
Term
 What is the purpose of animal being used in research?
Definition
 Animals are used in research to help benefit society for many different reasons such as providing us with valuable information. (Ex: medical reasons.)
Term
 What is a board foot?
Definition
 Unit of measurement for lumber that equals 1x12x12 or any combination thereof that equals 144.
Term
 Why shouldn’t you wear loose clothing when operating machinery?
Definition
 It can become caught in the machinery and cause you to become hurt or killed.
Term
 Can medical equipment be re-used? If so, what must be done to it before you can re-use it?
Definition
 Certain medical equipment can be re-used if it is sterilized before re-using it.
Term
 Before operating a tractor or piece of equipment in Ag class what should you do?
Definition
 You should always read the manual and be trained to operated any equipment. You should also have your Ag Teachers permission. If is it a piece of equipment such as a tractor make sure that there is nothing around it that could be run over if you move it.
Term
 Tree or plant loses its leaves every year
Definition
 Deciduous
Term
 Does not lose its leaves on a yearly basis.
Definition
 Evergreen
Term
 Define organic matter as related to soil.
Definition
 Organic matter in soil originates from living things such as plants and animals that die.
Term
 What is another name for organic matter in soil?
Definition
 Humus
Term
 What helps decay organic matter?
Definition
 Humus is partially created by microbes in the soil.
Term
 Weathering of rocks and minerals by something such as acid rain.
Definition
 Chemical Weathering/ Erosion
Term
 Weathering by which physical forces break down soil such as a river cutting through the soil.
Definition
 Mechanical Weathering/ Erosion
Term
 Selection of a product or service to be marketed or sold for a profit
Definition
Term
 Physical organization and delivery of a product or service.
Definition
 Distribution Function
Term
 Plan to make customers award of the product or service.
Definition
 Promoting Function
Term
 Market research, sales plans, and sales closures
Definition
 Selling Function
Term
 If you were operating a cow-calf operation what would be one of your main concerns regarding efficiency?
Definition
 A large concern in a cow-calf operation would be the rate of production for your cows.
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