# Shared Flashcard Set

## Details

SUPA 5301 - Lesson 4
Lesson 4; questions 1-4
8
Economics
07/02/2009

## Additional Economics Flashcards

Term
 Define elasticity
Definition
 Elasticity is a term used to refer to a degree of sensitivity of the quantity demanded or supplied.
Term
 In mathematical terms, how is elasticity derived?
Definition
 Elasticity is the percentage change in one quantity divided by the percentage change in another quantity
Term
 When is demand considered to be elastic?
Definition
 Demand is elastic when the quitient of the percent change in quantity demanded divided by the percent change in price is greater than 1. This means that the demand is of a commodity is very reponsive to changes in the price of the commodity.
Term
 When is demand considered to be inelastic?
Definition
 Demand is inelastic when the quitient of the percent change in quantity demanded divided by the percent change in price is less than 1. This means that the demand is of a commodity is very unreponsive to changes in the price of the commodity.
Term
 When is demand considered to be unitary?
Definition
 Demand is unitary when the quitient of the percent change in quantity demanded divided by the percent change in price is equal to 1. This means that changes in supply will have proportional effects to the amount demand.
Term
 Who bears more of the tax burden in markets with elastic demand?   what anout when demand is inelastic?   Unitary?
Definition
 The party with the more elastic curve bears a smaller part of the burden: If demand is elastic, the supplier bears more of the tax burden. If demand is inelastic, the consumer bears more of the burden. The burden is equal when demand is unitary.
Term
 What kind of market would be would be the most effective to impose a tax on producers if you wanted them to internalize externalized costs?
Definition
 Suppliers would internalize external costs in a market where demand is elastic and supply is absolutely inelastic. REMEMBER: The party who has more eslasticity on the demand side bears less of the burden.
Term
 Who bears more of the tax burden where demand is rather inelastic?
Definition
 The consumer bears more of the tax burden where demand is rather inelastic, because the producer would have greater elasticity, thus meaning that the producer would bear less of the burden.
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