# Shared Flashcard Set

## Details

Stats for Social Research
Stats
40
Criminology
10/23/2012

Term
 Hypotheses are generally broken down into…..and…….?
Definition
 Null Hypothesis and Research Hypothesis
Term
 Are operationalized definitions the same that may be used in the field or used by a researcher in prior studies?
Definition
 No, They don't have to match
Term
 Statistical analysis is the nuts and bolts worth that gives researchers……?
Definition
 the information needed to determine the success and failure
Term
 If the researcher is using a deductive process that drawing conclusions is the point at which what happens?
Definition
 Yes
Term
 Does level of measurement influence what kind of statistical analysis can be performed?
Definition
 Yes
Term
 The lowest level of data in terms of levels of measurement is?
Definition
 Nominal
Term
 What level of data has a true zero?
Definition
 Ratio
Term
 Why is the mean VERY important to statistical analyses?
Definition
 It is the basis of many of the formulas for higher order statistical procedures
Term
 Is the mode the frequency of the number that occurs most often in the distribution?
Definition
 No, it is the category or class
Term
 Is it possible for there to be more than 1 mode is a distribution?
Definition
 Yes
Term
 A standard normal curve is mesokurtic?
Definition
 Yes
Term
 Is the closer of the values of skewness and kurtosis to 0, the better the distribution approaches to a normal curve?
Definition
 Yes
Term
 Does a bivariate table display the frequencies of two variables separately or together?
Definition
 Together
Term
 In an ordinal level table, should the row headings be arranged in descending order?
Definition
 Yes
Term
 How do you create a bivariate table in SPSS?
Definition
 Analyze-Descriptives-Crosstabs
Term
 Can a nominal level table provide information about the direction of association between two variables?
Definition
 No determination can be made concerning the direction of the data because nominal data cannot be ordered
Term
 Is the ordering of categories in a nominal level table as important as in an ordinal level table?
Definition
 No, its not important in a nominal table
Term
 What is the null hypothesis of chisquare test?
Definition
 No significant relationship between two variables
Term
 How are degrees of freedom calculated for a chi-square test?
Definition
 Numbers of Rows minus one times the number of columns minus 1
Term
 Is chi-square heavily influenced by sample size?
Definition
 Yes
Term
 What is descriptive analysis?
Definition
 describes the data
Term
 What is statistical analysis?
Definition
 clearest method of examining numbers
Term
 What do inferential statistics allow you to do?
Definition
 Allows us to see if there is a relationship
Term
Definition
 What is the point?, What does it mean?, Why are things this way?
Term
Definition
 Theory
Term
 What is the first step in the process of scientific inquiry?
Definition
 Observation and Inquisitiveness
Term
 How many variable(s) does an univariate analysis deal with at a time?
Definition
 One
Term
 What is the median?
Definition
 50th percentile of the distribution
Term
 In a bivariate table, the dependent variable is often in the….?
Definition
 Dependent: RowsIndependent: Columns
Term
 A bivariate table has 4 columns and 3 rows, it is a……?
Definition
 4 X 3 table
Term
 The cell frequency is usually denoted by what symbol?
Definition
 N(little ij) N (little rc)
Term
 The level of data in the table, and thus the table itself, is an important consideration in analysis because the level of data will determine what?
Definition
 The type of analysis you're going to do
Term
 The row percentage of a cell is calculated by dividing the cell frequency with…?
Definition
 column total, row total, or N then multiply by 100
Term
 Why are bivariate tables seldom used for interval and ratio data?
Definition
 Because they get messy/confusing to use
Term
 In SPSS, in order to arrange the categories in descending order, you need to check the box marked descending after you click what?
Definition
 Format Button
Term
 With ordinal level data, the goal is to….
Definition
 Predict the rank order of pairs of scores instead of the modal value
Term
 What is Somers’d?
Definition
 Asymmetric ordinal level measure of association
Term
 Ordinal level data that is fully ordered and interval level data that is not normally distributed is generally analyzed using?
Definition
 Spearmans Rho
Term
 The most popular measure of association at the nominal level is?
Definition
 Lambda
Term
 What are the 3 types of symmetry of a distribution?
Definition
 Symmetrical, positively skewed, and negatively skewed
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