Term

Definition
Everything or everyone being studied in an inference procedure. 


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Definition
A subset of the population. 


Term
Inferential Statistics/Inference 

Definition
Using information from a sample to draw conclusions about corresponding population. 


Term

Definition
A survey (or a questionnaire) that is given to a few members of the population. 


Term

Definition
A method of collecting information about a population by observing subject without imposing treatment (i.e. examining the health effects of smoking). 


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Definition
A method of applying a treatment to a group and recording the effects. 


Term

Definition
It is a “fake” treatment. 


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Definition
The group In an experiment that receives the treatment. 


Term

Definition
The group in the experiment that receives the placebo. 


Term

Definition
A control group is given a placebo to compare the reactions between the treatment group(s) and the control group. 


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Definition
A study where data is collected and the statistics (means proportions, etc.) are examined. 


Term

Definition
Any numerical value that comes from data collected from a population. 


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Definition
Any numerical value that comes from data collected from a sample. 


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Definition
The mean/average that is found from a sample. 


Term

Definition
The proportion that is found from a sample.. 


Term

Definition
The mean/average that is found from a defined population. 


Term

Definition
The proportion that is found from a sample. 


Term

Definition
Taking a sample of every individual member of the population. For example when the entire population of the United States is counted that is a census. 

