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Soviet Union
For the final
International Studies
Undergraduate 2

Additional International Studies Flashcards




Originally diplomacy
diplomatically isolated (confrontation with capitalist powers)
1934 - Roosevelt has good relations with USSR (with hopes to constrain Germany and Japan, also to help get out of depression)
legacy of rivalry of Japan- 1904-5 war over position in Manchuria (divided into 2 spheres of influence, N-Russia and S-Japan, strong Russian presence in Manchukuo)
wants to sell E. railway and N. Manchuria to Japan (Japan want international recognition of Manchukuo; defacto Soviet recognition of Manchukuo, sold N. Manchuria to Manchukuo, appeasing demand efforts to avoid war)
Japan striking Soviet Union?
1932 - Pearl Harbor Debate, “strike N vs strike S functions”...should Japan strike the USSR? due to Japan needing resources areas and living room (strategic rivalry) - SaveEastAsia, tin, rice, oil
Strike North possibility: threat to Manchukuo, want resources, rivals because support communists, drive out white powers, “Asia for Asians”
Strike South possibility: South Asia has great resources
Diplomacy with Germany
busy overthrowing Versailles, science and technology advancements, expanding German power in Germany, Hitler discard Repollo agreement, Jewish-bolshevik conspiracy, problem: lack of living space, liebenism, not enough resources -- acquire Poland, Ukraine, and Southern Russia
Rapollo Agreement
Rapollo Agreement (1922): transferred a lot of science/tech information to Russia (made them a threat), successful partnership (at the cost of close relations with Britain and France)
Germany's problems with Soviet Union and people
Bolshevism and capitalists - Jews
1938: Hitler annexed
1939: portions of Czech annexed; throughout 1930s, German aggression to East
1936: Conclusion of Anticomintern Act
“against communist international”
Richard Sorge
-- east and west want to confront Soviet Union by 2 front threat (Japan and Germany)
Soviet Diplomacy adjusts (1935)
diplomacy of deterrance
1. appeasement: N. Manchuria -- Japan and Manchukuo, diplomatic relations with Western powers, seeking partnerships against Fascism
Maintenence of peace = major factor - anti-Fascist united
Militant approach - major factor
1928-38 (10-20% increase in standard of living)
Great acceleration of investment in military industry/investment
Great comprehensive planned economy (large capital in hands of state)
Metalurgy, petroleum production, alumenium, aircraft
“strong country, poor people”
Support Anti-Fascist struggles away from Soviet Union
Spain - 1934 monarchy to republic, 1936 anti-commies vs leftist reps civil war, trying out weapon systems and warfare, and giving experience to generals
Japanese reaction to Soviets helping out China
Japan outraged by Soviet help and facilitation of China, series of escalating conflicts (36-39) of Russians with Japanese forces in Manchuria, Nomanhan (July-Aug 1939), Zhukar (Soviet commander)
Non-Aggression Agreement between Soviets and Germans
Public agreement in 1939
wouldn’t join any grouping of powers aimed directly or indirectly at the party, wouldn’t join British and France in opposing Soviet Union, unilateral declarations of support for Poland (support for Poland in a war against Germany)- Soviets aligned with Nazi Germany
Lasted from May 1939-June 1941
Spheres of influence regarding Balkans agreement
Lithuania to Germans
Soviets get Finland
British blockade of Germany and Soviet reaction
26:06 - Shocked around the world, British blockade of Germany, Soviet-German trade sky-rocketed, trans-Siberian railway, rubber
1941 - German offensive
28:06 - Soviets turned over to Nazi Germany
Military Cooperation between Soviets and Nazis
Germany and Soviets work together to defeat and carve out Poland, bulk of force against France, late 1940: axis alliance, Russian cooperation - defeat of Fr
Ideological factor
Fascism and Nazism = anti-commie
Nazi view of Communism - international Jewish conspiracy, fascism and communism = anti-thesis
BUT National interest over Ideology
Br assumed that ideological views were so intense that Hitler and Stalin would not align
Kissinger's view on whole German/Soviet relation but with concerns of Soviets and British
Kissinger: Anglo-French guarantee to Poland, moralistic diplomatic plunder
London should have moved swiftly to Moscow urgently to work out common Br and USSR concerns about German expansion - common national interest
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