# Shared Flashcard Set

## Details

Soc Methods final
finals junior fall 2011
28
Sociology
12/12/2011

## Additional Sociology Flashcards

Term
 Quantitative Coding
Definition
 Mostly for surveys Convert answers to numbers   Ex: Males (1) Females (2)
Term
 Edge Coding
Definition
 Structuring Survey questions so key punch will operate more effectively. Includes: a blank space on the Margins for answer
Term
 Direct data entry
Definition
 Moving from survey, directly to computer.
Term
 # 9 for data entry
Definition
 The I don't know catagory # coding
Term
 Situations to "collapse categories"
Definition
 Income- code by real amount then collapse it later
Term
 Code Book
Definition
 a guide with respect to all variables and answers in the survey. It lists location of variables, lists codes that were assigned to various answer categories.
Term
 Levels of Measurement
Definition
 1. Nominal 2. Ordinal 3. Interval 4. Ratio
Term
 Nominal
Definition
 offer names or labels for certain characteristics. Do not assign the same numeral to different classes or different numerals to the same class. Beyond that, anything goes with the nominal scale
Term
 Ordinal
Definition
 the numbers assigned to objects or events represent the rank order (1st, 2nd, 3rd, etc.) of the entities assessed. An example of an ordinal scale is the result of a horse race, which says only which horses arrived first, second, or third but include no information about race times.
Term
 Interval
Definition
 Quantitative attributes are all measurable. As any difference between the levels of an attribute can be multiplied by any real number to exceed or equal another difference. Real zero.
Term
 Ratio
Definition
 the distinguishing feature is the possession of a non-arbitrary zero value
Term
 Constructing Class Intervals
Definition
 Use a minimum of 5 class intervals to maximum of 12 Classes should be defined so that every case has a class. No scores are left out. The classes have to be mutually exclusive and cases fall into one category only. Class intervals ordinarily should be of equal size.
Term
 Measures of Central Tendency
Definition
 Mean Median Mode
Term
 Median
Definition
 Middle score in a distribution
Term
 mode
Definition
 Score repeated most often in data set
Term
 mean
Definition
 Average of all numbers of a data set. add up all scores and divide by the total number of scores.
Term
 Univariate
Definition
 Frequency distribution and control tendencies.the analysis of a single variable, because it does not involve the relationships between two or more variables.descriptive rather than explanatory.
Term
 Bivariate
Definition
 explores the statistical association between the independent variable and the dependent variable.
Term
 Multivariate
Definition
 3 or more variables for a crosstabulation-a quantitative analysis technique for determining the nature of social problems such as ethnic or gender discrimination.
Term
 Crosstabulations
Definition
 Independent variable on top; left=low, Right=high Dependent on side; top=high, bottom= low
Term
 Zero-Order Table
Definition
 cross tabuation of different variables
Term
 Quantification of Data
Definition
 data can be easily quantified. Ex: male and female into "1" and "2"Method - researchers must engage in coding process after the data have been collected. Why: to reduce a wide variety of items of information to a more limited set of attributes composing a variable.
Term
 coding
Definition
 the process whereby raw data are transformed into standardised form suitable for machine processing and analysis
Term
 Positive Correlation
Definition
 High ind and high dep. or low and low a.k.a. direct relationship
Term
 Negative correlation
Definition
 Low and high go opposite variables a.k.a. Indirect
Term
 Weak relation
Definition
 60%-70%
Term
 Moderate Relation
Definition
 70%-80%
Term
 Strong Relation
Definition
 80%-99%
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