# Shared Flashcard Set

## Details

Six Sigma
Six Sigma Green Belt Glossary
18
Professional
08/21/2013

Term
 Affinity Diagram
Definition
 A technique for organizing individual pieces of information into groups or broader categories.
Term
 ANOVA
Definition
 (Analysis of Variance)- A statistical test for identifying significant differences between process or system treatments or conditions. It is done by comparing the variances around the means of the conditions being compared.
Term
 Attribute Data
Definition
 Data which on one of a set of discrete values such as pass or fail, yes or no
Term
 Average
Definition
 Also called the mean, it is the arithmetic average of all the sample values. It is calculated by adding all of th sample values together and divididing by the number of elements in the sample.
Term
 Bar Chart
Definition
 A graphical method which depicts how data falls into different categories
Term
 Black Belt
Definition
 An individual who receives approximately four weeks training in DMAIC, analytical problem solving, and change management methods. A Black Belt is a full time six sigma team leader solving problems under the direction of a Champion.
Term
 Breakthrough Improvement
Definition
 A rate of improvement at or near 70% over baseline performance of the as-is process characteristic.
Term
 Capability
Definition
 A comparison of the required operation width of a process or system to its actual performance width. Expressed as a percentage (yield), a defect rate (dpm, dpmo), an index (Cp, Cpk, Pp, Ppk), or as a sigma score (z)
Term
 Cause and Effect Diagram
Definition
 (Fishbone Diagram)- A pictorial diagram in the shape of a fishbone showing all possible variables that could afford a given process output measure.
Term
 Central Tendency
Definition
 A measure of the pooint about which a group of values is clustered; two measures of central tendency are the mean, and the median.
Term
 Champion
Definition
 A Champion recognizes, defines, assigns and supports the succesful completion of six sigma projects; they are accountable for the results of the project and the business roadmap to achieve six sigma within their span of control.
Term
 Characteristic
Definition
 A process input or output which can be measured and monitored.
Term
 Common Causes of Varitation
Definition
 Those sources of variability in a process which are truly random, i.e. inherent in the process itself
Term
 Complexity
Definition
 The level of difficult to build, solve, or understand something based on the number of inputs, interactions and uncertainty involved.
Term
 Control Chart
Definition
 The most powerful tool fo statistical process control. It consists of a run chart, together with statistically determined upper and lower control limits and a centerline.
Term
 Control Limits
Definition
 Upper and lower bounds in a control chart that are determined by the process itself. They can be used to detect special or common causes of variation. They are usually set at a +-standard deviations from the central tendency.
Term
 Correlation coefficient
Definition
 A measure of the linear relationship between two variables
Term
 Cost of Poor Quality (COPQ)
Definition
 The costs associated with any activity that is not doing the right thing right the first time. Itis the financial qualification any waste that is not integral to the product or service which your company provides.
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