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SFU Geog 261 Names in Urban Geography
Names of important persons and attached concepts/theories
32
Geography
Undergraduate 2
04/23/2013

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Term
Hille Koskela
Definition
"Violent attacks and sexual harassment remind women every day that they are not meant to be in certain spaces"
Term
Henri Lefebvre on space and citizenship.
Definition
3 Spaces theory. City perceived, conceived and lived. Also put forth the "right to the city" and the rights to appropriation and participation.
Term
Geraldine Pratt, Linda McDowell, Gillian Rose, and Liz Bondi
Definition
All femanist geographers, argued how urban space has masculine bias in their designs. Eg bathroom square footage, street as a site for male interaction.
Term
John Allen
Definition
Ambient power, that which influences our experiences with something which may cause to adopt a certain stance we may not normally go to. Eg billboards
Term
Sarah Moore
Definition
Argued washrooms are a site of subliminal sexism. Due to sq. footage not being representationally equal (more urinals in male washroom, making more facilities available in the same area.
Term
Stanley Cohen
Definition
Coined "moral panic" ie fear of an element being stylized by mass media. Eg gang violence
Term
Doreen Massey
Definition
Coined "throwntogetherness"
Term
Jeremy Bentham
Definition
English philosopher and social reformer, put forth his brother's (Samuel Bentham) prison design of the Panopticon as a model of ideal surveillance.
Term
Georg Simmel
Definition
Essay on the "stranger". Otherness and social inclusion/exclusion. Also famous for the sociology of space in which boundaries are both spatial and social.
Term
Sharon Zukin
Definition
Feels that cities are turning into landscapes of consumption over production. Also published works (landscapes of power) on authenticity in the city and the gentrification process.
Term
Simone de Beauvier
Definition
First pointed out the conceptual difference between sex and gender. Ie: sex is what is physically established, gender is the performance.
Term
Michel de Certeau
Definition
French theorist, argued that consumers often contest the capitalist order by exploiting the system. Eg - bricolage, the improvisation of consumers, exercising agencies in oppositional ways. Eg a coffeeshop as a study space.
Term
Judith Butler
Definition
Further argued for the learning of gender as a performance. That as we grow up we learn how to act masculine/feminine.
Term
Engin Isin
Definition
Highlighted informal and informal citizenship. Viewed the process of citizenship as a "site of struggle"
Term
Louis Wirth
Definition
Key Chicago School figure. Defined the city as a relatively large, dense, permanent settlement of socially heterogeneous individuals.
Term
Beverly Skeggs
Definition
Public spaces are inherently masculine, and revert to such biases especially at night. Eg bus stops.
Term
Vera Chouinard
Definition
Rheumatoid arthritic, published works on ableism. ie: practices and social relations that assume a person is in average physical condition. such as stairs at sfu campus.
Term
Richard Sennett
Definition
Sociologist, stated urban dwellers are always in the presence of "others".
Term
Phil Hubbard
Definition
Theorized ambient fear, saturated and internalized into the everyday.
Term
Mike Davis
Definition
Urban Theorist, founded Ecology of fear. Wrote City of Quartz and Ecology of Fear. Focused on LA as an example of segregation of regions through fear and of the gated community formation.

Also coined the idea of the "scanscape" the intangible landscape created via surveillance
Term
Isis Marion Young
Definition
a pro- urban philosopher, repeatedly proclaimed diversity and heterogeneity as cornerstones of city life (Young, 1990).

Young saw cities as potentially liberating in that given their make-up difference can be more easily accepted and allowed to flourish.
Term
J├╝rgen Habermas
Definition
defined public sphere as not necessarily a material space, but something formed through discourse.
Term
Mustafa Dikec
Definition
expanded on Lefebvre's idea of the right to the city: "is not simply a participatory right but, more importantly, an enabling right, to be defined and refined through political struggle. "
Term
George Ritzer
Definition
labelled malls as "cathedrals of consumption"
argued that malls attempted to elicit feelings of transcendance from our everyday, associating a sense of worship to the shopping mall.
Term
Fustel de Coulanges
Definition
made the distinction between civitas and urbs.
Civitas captures the social aspects of the city
Urbs captures the spatial
Term
Walter Benjamin
Definition
opined that the commodity had the power of happiness over the consumer when tied to consumption. Viewed that malls/arcades had a utopic function, not simply a space for buying/selling.
Term
Hille Koskela on surveillance
Definition
pointed out surveillance is now embedded in the everyday.
Term
David Lyon
Definition
surveillance webs are pervasive in society now.
Term
Henri Lefebvre on consumption
Definition
the commodity is a thing, ie it exists in space and occupies a location.
Term
Zygmunt Bauman
Definition
theorized that commodity selfhood is an aspect of the growing consumer society.
Term
Peter Kraftl and Peter Adey
Definition
used notion of affect to conceptualize the way buildings act on the body. Eg how features or characteristics can elicit certain responses from a person - cozy, calming, homey etc
Term
Michel Foucault
Definition
voiced the theory of the "rise of the urban panopticon"
Panopticon as a symbol of surveillance, discipline and control
In his view bentham's panopticon was a means to exerting control via "the gaze" - ie the potential of surveillance affecting ones behaviours
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