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Science and Society Final
Flash Set for UTC's Dr. David Welch's Science and Society cumulative Final Exam.
64
Science
04/26/2017

Term
 1 bbl of oil is equal to
Definition
 42 gallons
Term
 If you drive 60 mph for 3 hours how many miles have you driven?
Definition
 180 miles
Term
 Newton's 2nd Law is
Definition
 F = ma
Term
 meters/sec2 is a unit of the ______ system.
Definition
 metric
Term
 Coal is a _____ ______.
Definition
 fossil fuel
Term
 How much work in the U.S. is performed using muscle?
Definition
 < %1
Term
 The first modern oil well was established in
Definition
 Pennsylvania (1859).
Term
 What country has the largest reserve of coal?
Definition
 The U.S.
Term
 2 kilometers is equal to
Definition
 2,000 meters.
Term
 2 meters is equal to
Definition
 200 centimeters.
Term
 The main energy transformation involved in using an automobile powered by internal combustion is ______ to _______.
Definition
 chemical to kinetic.
Term
 ______ is a renewable resource.
Definition
 Wood
Term
 Name a unit of acceleration.
Definition
 meters/sec^2
Term
 Name a unit of velocity.
Definition
 meters/sec
Term
 Inches is a unit in the ______ system.
Definition
 USCS
Term
 Natural gas is a _______ resource.
Definition
 nonrenewable
Term
 To travel 280 miles in 4 hours, you'd have to travel at
Definition
 70 mph
Term
 Which is more dependent on the price of a barrel of oil: a country's reserves or resources?
Definition
 Reserves
Term
 What is true to the best of our knowledge?
Definition
 "Energy is neither created nor destroyed."
Term
 What is the weight of 20 gallons of water (at 8.4lbs per gallon)?
Definition
 168lbs
Term
 An electric heater has a power rating of 3000 watts. How much energy does it consume in 3 minutes (convert to seconds)? (E = p x t)
Definition
 540,000 Joules
Term
 What is the mass of an object if a 100 N force on it causes a 40 m/s^2 acceleration? (F = m x a)
Definition
 2.5 kg
Term
 If a Frisbee weighs 0.175 kg and is traveling at 3 m/s, what is it's kinetic energy? (KE= 1/2mv^2)
Definition
 0.7875 Joules
Term
 What is the potential energy of a 1000 kg boulder that is raised 2 meters off the ground? (PE=mgh)
Definition
 19,600 Joules
Term
 What force is required to cause a 10kg object to accelerate at 5 m/s^2? (F=ma)
Definition
 50 N
Term
 Marx and Engels wrote during the ___ century.
Definition
 19th
Term
 Statements derived from rules of formal logic and other statements whose truth-value can be known independently of sense experience are __________ _________.
Definition
 deductive inference.
Term
 Epistemology is
Definition
 the theory of knowledge.
Term
 100 Gigabytes is equal to
Definition
 100 x 10^9
Term
 100 Megabytes is equal to
Definition
 100 x 10^6
Term
 One of the main industries the Luddites came from was
Definition
 textile.
Term
 The aggregate economic output divided by the population is
Definition
 GDP per capita
Term
 Scientific advances, taken together, tend to ______ total factor productivity.
Definition
 increase
Term
 For Popper, the most important predictions of a new hypothesis are
Definition
 those that disagree.
Term
 What is most related to the Guns v Butter metaphor?
Definition
 Production-Possibility Frontier.
Term
 Based on James Watts' improvements to the steam engine, the industrial revolution can be considered to begin in
Definition
 1765
Term
 Marx and Engels viewed their ideas as promoting
Definition
 scientific socialism
Term
 Based on the essay we read, explain the historical context of this quote: "The Governor General reported 1834-1835, 'The misery hardly finds a parallel in the history of commerce. The bones of the cotton weavers are bleaching the plains of India."
Definition
 Mechanization and technological advancement were rapidly increasing. Labor from workers in textile mills was becoming unneeded considering work could be done faster and easier with this new technology.
Term
 Refer to #19 on Quiz 2
Definition
 Visit Final study Guide for question and answer
Term
 What boils off at the lowest temp in an oil refinery?
Definition
 Natural Gas
Term
 What time is associated with the highest electricity demand?
Definition
 6:00pm
Term
 What subatomic particle is negatively charged?
Definition
 electrons
Term
 An alpha particle (positively charged) flying towards a positively charged plate is
Definition
 repelled
Term
 Atomic number is equal to
Definition
 the number of protons
Term
 Isotopes have
Definition
 the same number of protons but different neutrons.
Term
 If a neutral atom loses an electron it becomes
Definition
 positive.
Term
 What element is usually used in nuclear fission?
Definition
 Uranium
Term
 What subatomic particle is used to drive fission?
Definition
 Neutrons
Term
 What stabilizes the nucleus of an atom?
Definition
 strong nuclear force
Term
 The first instance of nuclear fission experimentally demonstrated was in
Definition
 Berlin, Germany in 1938.
Term
 The most serious nuclear plant incident in the U.S. was
Definition
 3 mile island.
Term
 The main component of solar cells is
Definition
 silicon.
Term
 True or False? Solar power concentrators are photovoltaic devices.
Definition
 False
Term
 Imagine an isolated proton and an isolated electron were brought close. What happens?
Definition
 They would be attracted.
Term
 What solar cells have no crystalline structure?
Definition
 Amorphous
Term
 What form of energy has the most day to day changes in power output?
Definition
 Wind Energy
Term
 What is the physical principle that underlies photovoltaic tech?
Definition
 The Photoelectrc Effect
Term
 Name 3 examples of fossil fuels.
Definition
 Coal, Oil, and Natural Gas.
Term
 Peaker plants rely on
Definition
 natural gas.
Term
 The reservoir created by a dam contains
Definition
 gravitational potential energy.
Term
 What particles make up an atom's nucleus?
Definition
 neutrons, protons, and electrons
Term
 Name one instance of nuclear fusion.
Definition
 Helium and hydrogen atoms power the sun using nuclear fusion.
Term
 What emissions, if any, are produced by wind energy?
Definition
 Wind power produces no emissions.
Term
 Where is spent nuclear fuel stored?
Definition
 On site
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