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SAT VOCAB
whole book!!
3003
General Vocab
11th Grade
07/16/2010

Additional General Vocab Flashcards

 


 

Cards

Term
abacus
Definition

chinese device used to perform arithmetic equations by moving beads along rods

 

Term
abase
Definition
to degrade; to humiliate
Term
abash
Definition
to make ashamed or uneasy
Term
abate
Definition
to reduce
Term
abbess
Definition
a woman, commonly called Mother Superior in charge of a convent of nuns
Term
abbreviate
Definition
to reduce to a shorter form
Term
abdicate
Definition
to step down from a powerful position
Term
abduct
Definition
to carry off a person, usually by force; to kidnap
Term
aberrant
Definition
straying from the correct or normal way
Term
abet
Definition
to help someone do somehting illegal or wrong; to incite, encourage, or aid, especially in wrongdoing
Term
abeyance
Definition
state of not being presently used; temporary suspension or cessation
Term
abhor
Definition
to hate deeply; detest
Term
abide
Definition
to remain; continue; stay; endure
Term
abut
Definition
border upon; to adjoin
Term
abject
Definition
extremely sad; hopeless; defeated
Term
abjure
Definition
to repudiate or renounce; to give up
Term
ablution
Definition
cleasing with water or other liquid, especially as a religious ritual; the liquid used in such an act
Term
abnegate
Definition
to deny oneself; to reject
Term
abominate
Definition
to hate or loathe intensely
Term
aboriginal
Definition
native to an area
Term
abortive
Definition
unsuccessful
Term
abound
Definition
to exist in large numbers; to be full; teem
Term
abridge
Definition
to shorten; to condense; to diminish; to curtail
Term
abrogate
Definition
to abolish, repeal, or nullify by authority; to do away with; to end formally
Term
abscond
Definition
take flight, escape, to leave quickly and secretly
Term
absolute
Definition
total; complete
Term
absolve
Definition
to make free of blame, obligation, or sin
Term
abstain
Definition
to refrain from; denying oneself any action or practice
Term
abstract
Definition
difficult to understand; impersonal; theoretical
Term
abstruse
Definition
hard to understand
Term
absurd
Definition
ridiculously unreasonable, laughable
Term
abysmal
Definition
bottomless; hopeless
Term
abyss
Definition
bottomless pit; a profound depth or void
Term
accede
Definition
to yield; give in to a request
Term
accentuate
Definition
to emphasize; to make more noticeable; to accent
Term
access
Definition
authorization or capacity to enter, look at, or use something
Term
acclaim
Definition
to give public approval and praise; to approve enthusiastically
Term
acclimate
Definition
to become suitable to a certain situation or use; adapt
Term
accolade
Definition
award, an honor; approval, praise
Term
accommodate
Definition
to provide for; help; adapt; oblige
Term
accomplice
Definition
person who knowingly aids or abets another in an unlawful act or crime
Term
accord
Definition
agree; conform; to grant; bestow upon
Term
accost
Definition
to approach and speak to someone
Term
accountable
Definition
expected to answer for one's actions; responsible; liable
Term
accouterments
Definition
the equipment needed for a particular activity or way of life; one's outfit or equipment
Term
accrete
Definition
to increase by growth, or addition; adhere
Term
accrue
Definition
to accumulate over time
Term
acerbic
Definition
sour; bitter; severe
Term
acme
Definition
the highest point
Term
acquiesce
Definition
to agree passively; comply; consent
Term
acquisitive
Definition
eager to possess and collect things; greedy
Term
acquit
Definition
to decide officially someone is not guilty of a particular crime; to free from an obligation
Term
acrid
Definition
harsh; acidic
Term
acrimonious
Definition
bitter; nasty; spiteful
Term
acronym
Definition
word created form the initials of other words
Term
acuity
Definition
sharpness, keenness of perception, deftness
Term
acumen
Definition
mental keenness or sharpness
Term
acute
Definition
shrewd; sharp
Term
ad lib
Definition
to act, speak, and perform spontaneously or off the cuff
Term
adage
Definition
wise saying or proverb; an old familiar saying that expresses folk wisdom
Term
adamant
Definition
resolute; stubborn; inflexible
Term
addicted
Definition
devoting habitually or compulsively
Term
address
Definition
to speak to
Term
adduce
Definition
to give as proof; to cite
Term
adherent
Definition
follower of a leader; supporter
Term
adjourn
Definition
to make a pause or rest; suspend until later
Term
adjunct
Definition
something ocnnnected or added in a subordinate position; an assistant
Term
admonish
Definition
to caution or warn; to criticize or scold mildly but firmly
Term
adrenaline
Definition
hormone produced by theadrenal gland, stimulation of energy and strength
Term
adroit
Definition
skillful;deft
Term
adulation
Definition
extreme flattery or admiration
Term
adumbrate
Definition
to sketch, to outline, to give a hint of things to come
Term
advent
Definition
arrival or beginning; coming
Term
adventitious
Definition
accidental or incidental; not expected or planned; irrelevant
Term
adverse
Definition
unfavorable; antagonistic
Term
advocate
Definition
one who supports a cause; one who defends or pleads on behalf of another
Term
aegis
Definition
shield or protection
Term
aesthetic
Definition
having to do with artistic beauty
Term
affable
Definition
friendly; easy- going
Term
affect
Definition
to influence, to impress the mind or move the feelings as emotion
Term
affectation
Definition
false behavior intended to impress
Term
affidavit
Definition
sworn written statement
Term
affiliate
Definition
to cause to become part of or to form a close relationship with; to associate or connect with
Term
affinity
Definition
natural attraction; kinship; similarity
Term
affirm
Definition
to declare something to be true, to confirm or ratify
Term
affliction
Definition
condition of pain or suffering; the cause of misery, illness, or suffering
Term
afflict
Definition
to cause suffering or pain
Term
affluent
Definition
wealthy, rich
Term
afford
Definition
to allow to have; to provide; to have enough money to buy; to confer upon
Term
affront
Definition
an action intended to insult or affent someone;an injury to one's dignity
Term
aftermath
Definition
events following some occurrence; a consequence of
Term
agenda
Definition
schedule; program
Term
aggrandizement
Definition
exaggeration, an apearance of greater power or influence
Term
aggregate
Definition
total; collection of different things
Term
aggrieve
Definition
to distress or bring grief to; cause to suffer; to treat unfairly
Term
aghast
Definition
filled with terror; shocked; feelings of anxiety or fear
Term
agnostic
Definition
one who believes it is impossible to know whether God exists
Term
agog
Definition
highly excited by eagerness
Term
agrarian
Definition
related to farming and land
Term
ague
Definition
malarial fever characterized by drastic changes or hot and cold body temperature
Term
ajar
Definition
partially open
Term
alacrity
Definition
cheerful expectancy; eagerness
Term
alchemy
Definition
magical power or process or transmutation; a medieval study and practice of chemistry
Term
alcove
Definition
nook, corner, any recessed space
Term
allegory
Definition
symbolic story
Term
alibi
Definition
an excuse to avoid blame, a credible excuse or explanation of innocence
Term
alienate
Definition
to make hostile; to cause to feel unwelcome or estranged
Term
allay
Definition
to relieve, clam or pacify
Term
allege
Definition
to state without proof
Term
allegiance
Definition
devotion or loyalty to a person, country, or cause
Term
alleviate
Definition
to make less severe; to relieve, to lessen
Term
alliterative
Definition
repeating of initial consonant sounds in language
Term
allocate
Definition
to assign; allot
Term
allot
Definition
to give a share of something; allocate; apportion
Term
alloy
Definition
combination of two or more mtals
Term
allude
Definition
to refer to indirectly
Term
allure
Definition
to entice with something desirable; tempt
Term
ally
Definition
to unite formally by treaty or league; a friend or close associate in a common cause
Term
alms
Definition
money or goods given as charity to the poor
Term
aloof
Definition
distant, reserved in manner; uninvolved
Term
also- ran
Definition
one who is defeated in a race, election, or other competition; a loser
Term
altar
Definition
elevated structure, as a mound or platform where religious rites are performed
Term
altercation
Definition
vehement argument, a heated quarrel
Term
alternative
Definition
choice between two possibilities; asituation presenting such a choice
Term
altruism
Definition
devotion to helping others; selflessness
Term
amalgam
Definition
fusion; compound; a blend of different things
Term
amass
Definition
to gather or accumulate
Term
ambiance
Definition
mood, feeling; general atmosphere
Term
ambiguous
Definition
confusing; unclear as to meaning
Term
ambivalence
Definition
indecision; experiencing contradictory emotions
Term
ambulatory
Definition
capable of walking
Term
ameliorate
Definition
to make better
Term
amenable
Definition
agreeable, pleasant, willing to give in to the wishes of another
Term
amend
Definition
to alter, modify, improve; change for the better
Term
amenity
Definition
comfortable, pleasang feature
Term
amiable
Definition
friendly; agreeable
Term
amicable
Definition
possessing or showing friendliness or good will; peacable
Term
amid
Definition
in the middle of or surrounded by
Term
amity
Definition
friendship, good will, harmony
Term
amnesty
Definition
political pardon
Term
amoral
Definition
lacking a sense of right and wrong; withouth moral feelings
Term
amorous
Definition
full of love; relating to love
Term
amplify
Definition
to make larger, louder, or more powerful
Term
anachronism
Definition
incongruity; something out of time or place in history
Term
analogous
Definition
comparable; similar or equivalent
Term
analogy
Definition
comparison of two things; similarity
Term
anarchy
Definition
disorder; lawlessness; without government
Term
anathema
Definition
something or someone greatly disliked or disapproved of
Term
ancillary
Definition
helping; providing assistance; subordinate
Term
androgynous
Definition
having the characteristics and nature of both male and female, neither specific
Term
anecdote
Definition
short, humorous story
Term
anemic
Definition
lacking power, vitality
Term
angst
Definition
strong anxiety and unhappiness; a feelign of dread
Term
anguish
Definition
agonizing pain, mental or physical
Term
angular
Definition
having an angle or angles; crooked; gaunt
Term
animated
Definition
filled with activity; vigor, movement
Term
animosity
Definition
feeling of ill- will; bitter hostility
Term
annals
Definition
descriptive record; history
Term
annex
Definition
an addition or attachment
Term
annotation
Definition
explanatory note added to a text
Term
annuity
Definition
any income paid at fixed intervals
Term
anomaly
Definition
irregularity; a deviation from the norm
Term
anomie
Definition
condition of an individual or of society resulting from a breakdown in standards and values
Term
anonymity
Definition
condition of being unknown or nameless
Term
antagonism
Definition
active hostility or opposition
Term
antecedent
Definition
something going before; an occurence or event preceding another
Term
antedate
Definition
to be earlier than; precede in time; predate
Term
anterior
Definition
situated in front
Term
anthology
Definition
collection of artistic works which usually have a similar form or subject
Term
anthropomorphic
Definition
ascribing human characteristics to something that is not human, i.e., animals, gods
Term
anticlimactic
Definition
having an end that is less important than what precedes it
Term
antipathy
Definition
natural basic dislike; aversion
Term
antipodal
Definition
situated on the opposite side of the globe; exactly opposite
Term
antiquity
Definition
quality of ancientness; ancient times
Term
antiseptic
Definition
free from germs; exceptionally clean
Term
antithesis
Definition
direct opposite
Term
antonym
Definition
word of opposite meaning; the opposite of "synonym"
Term
anxiety
Definition
apprehension; uneasiness; nervousness; disquiet
Term
apathy
Definition
absence or suppression of emotion or excitement
Term
aperture
Definition
narrow opening; usually a hole; esp. one that controls the amount of light reaching an optical instrument
Term
apex
Definition
highest point; peak
Term
aphorism
Definition
bried, witty saying
Term
apocalypse
Definition
prophetic prediction, esp. one concerning the end of the world
Term
apogee
Definition
most important; highest or most distant point, especially in space
Term
apoplexy
Definition
sudden loss of bodily functions caused by the rupture of a blood vessel
Term
apostasy
Definition
absolute rejection of one's religion, principles, or loyalties
Term
apotheosis
Definition
perfect example, divine
Term
appalling
Definition
causing dismay or horror
Term
apparel
Definition
clothing, personal attire, something worn
Term
apparition
Definition
ghostly image; phantom; specter
Term
appease
Definition
to soothe; to pacify or relieve by giving in to
Term
appellation
Definition
anme, title, or other designation
Term
appendage
Definition
something which exists as a smaller and less important part of something larger
Term
apportion
Definition
to assign, adjust or distribute parts so as to maintain the proper proportion
Term
apposite
Definition
suitable and right for the occasion; fitting; appropriate
Term
appraise
Definition
to examine something to determine the value
Term
appreciate
Definition
to increase in value
Term
apprehensive
Definition
dreading or fearing coming adversity
Term
apprentice
Definition
one who is learning a vocation
Term
apprise
Definition
to inform; to tell; to make aware of
Term
approbation
Definition
praise; approval
Term
appropriate
Definition
to set aside; take without permission
Term
appurtenance
Definition
additional feature; something that supplements a more important thing; an accessory
Term
apropos
Definition
appropriate; relevant; opportune; suitable
Term
apt
Definition
likely; having a tendency to; suitable
Term
aptitude
Definition
capacity for learning; natural ability
Term
arable
Definition
tillable, productive, able to be farmed
Term
arbiter
Definition
judge; one who makes decisions
Term
arbitrary
Definition
decided by judgment rather than law or statute
Term
arcade
Definition
covered area or passageway in which there are shops; archways connected by pillars or columns
Term
arcane
Definition
unknown to the masses; mysterious
Term
archaic
Definition
ancient; outdated
Term
archetype
Definition
original model or pattern
Term
archipelago
Definition
large body of water containing many islands; a group of islands
Term
archival
Definition
pertaining to historical or public records, documents or archives
Term
ardent
Definition
passionate, full of desire or emotion
Term
arduous
Definition
hard, difficult, tiresome
Term
arid
Definition
having little rain; very dry; lacking imagination or feeling; uninteresting
Term
aristocratic
Definition
noble; snobbish
Term
armada
Definition
fleet of warships
Term
armament
Definition
military supplies and weapons; the process of arming for war
Term
armistice
Definition
agreement between two countries or factions to stop fighting; a truce
Term
arraign
Definition
to bring before a court of law; to respond to a charge; to accuse
Term
arrant
Definition
complete; unmitigated; downright; total
Term
array
Definition
to place in an orderly arrangement for display
Term
arrears
Definition
debt that is late in being paid
Term
arrogant
Definition
feeling superior to others, overbearing
Term
arsenal
Definition
building where weapons and military equipment are stored; a collection of weapons; armory; any supply or store
Term
arson
Definition
malicious burning of a property
Term
artful
Definition
sly; crafty
Term
articulate
Definition
to speak or pronounce clearly and distinctly; to express effectively
Term
artifact
Definition
object made by human work of archaeological or historical interest
Term
artifice
Definition
cunning; trickery
Term
artisan
Definition
worker skilled in a craft
Term
artless
Definition
having no skill or art; crude
Term
ascend
Definition
to go up; to rise or move upward, succeed
Term
ascent
Definition
the act of ascending, rising or going up
Term
ascertain
Definition
to discover; to make certain; to learn unquestionably
Term
ascetic
Definition
monk-like; practicing self- denial
Term
ascribe
Definition
to attribute to a specific cause, source, or origin
Term
asinine
Definition
silly; stupid
Term
askance
Definition
with suspicion, disapproval or a lack of trust
Term
askew
Definition
to one side; crooked; awry
Term
asperity
Definition
roughness or harshness, as of surface, weather, sound, or manner
Term
aspersion
Definition
an insulting or malicious remark about someone
Term
aspirant
Definition
someone who aspires, as to high honors or position
Term
aspiration
Definition
strong desire to achieve a goal
Term
aspire
Definition
to long for, aim, or seek ambitiously
Term
assail
Definition
to attack violently
Term
assay
Definition
to try or test; examine or analyze
Term
assent
Definition
agree to a situation, opinion, or proposal; to concur
Term
asset
Definition
object of value; a useful or valuable person or resource
Term
assert
Definition
to state with force or confidence
Term
assess
Definition
to judge or decide the amount, value, quality or importance of
Term
assiduous
Definition
hardworking; diligent, busy
Term
assimilate
Definition
to learn completely; to take in; to absorb
Term
assuage
Definition
to soothe; to make less severe; to satisfy, ease, lessen
Term
astringent
Definition
stern, harsh, or severe
Term
astute
Definition
shrewd, clever, keen
Term
asunder
Definition
inseparate parts or widely separated
Term
asylum
Definition
place of safety, as for political refugees; also an institution for the care of the ill
Term
atavistic
Definition
having characteristics relating to an earlier type; related to a throwback
Term
atone
Definition
to make amends
Term
atrophy
Definition
to wither away
Term
attenuate
Definition
to make thin in consistency; to weaken
Term
attest
Definition
to show or prove that something is true; to confirm or testify to
Term
attribute
Definition
to credit to; to assign; to ascribe to
Term
attrition
Definition
gradual reduction or weakening; a rubbing away
Term
atypical
Definition
not typical; abnormal
Term
audacity
Definition
daring; boldness
Term
augment
Definition
to make or become greater
Term
augur
Definition
to predict; to serve as a warning
Term
auspices
Definition
sponsorship or protection; patronage; encouragement
Term
auspicious
Definition
favorable; promising for the future
Term
austere
Definition
stern, as in manner; unadorned; severely simple and plain
Term
authentic
Definition
real, bona fide, original
Term
authoritarian
Definition
someone who believes in total obedience or subjection to authority figures
Term
autism
Definition
absorption in self- centered mental activity; withdrawal
Term
autocratic
Definition
tyrannical, despotic; ruling absolutely
Term
autonomy
Definition
freedom and independence; self- government
Term
auxiliary
Definition
giving help or support; supplementary; additional
Term
avail
Definition
to be useful; be of value to; to serve
Term
avant- garde
Definition
describing the advance group in any field, esp. the arts; dealing in experimental methods
Term
avarice
Definition
greed; extreme desire for wealth
Term
aver
Definition
to assert with confidence; to state as true
Term
averse
Definition
having a feeling of opposition, repugnance, or disinclination
Term
avert
Definition
to turn aside or away; to prevent; avoid
Term
avid
Definition
characterized by great eagerness;an unbounded craving
Term
avow
Definition
to claim; admit; declare
Term
avuncular
Definition
helpful; generous; understanding
Term
awe
Definition
the emotion of respect mixed with fear; reverence
Term
awry
Definition
not according to plan; off course; not straight
Term
axiom
Definition
widely held belief
Term
babble
Definition
prattle; to talk foolishly; chatter
Term
bacchanal
Definition
any drunken party or riotous celebration
Term
badger
Definition
to tease; annoy; harass persistently
Term
bagatelle
Definition
something unimportant or insignificant; trifle
Term
baleful
Definition
threatening; hurtful; malignant; ominous
Term
balk
Definition
to stop short and refuse to proceed
Term
ballad
Definition
narrative poem recited or sung, a folk song
Term
ballast
Definition
heavy material used to balance ships; stabilizer
Term
ballistics
Definition
the study of the dynamics or flight characteristics of projectiles
Term
ballyhoo
Definition
lot of noise and activity, often with no real purpose; exaggerated advertising or publicity
Term
balm
Definition
something that soothes, heals or comforts; an oil or ointment
Term
bamboozle
Definition
to cheat, dupe, hoodwink, trick
Term
banal
Definition
ordinary; not original; trite
Term
bandy
Definition
to trade;to toss back and fforth; to exchange
Term
bane
Definition
cause of harm; torment; ruin
Term
banter
Definition
playful conversation; good- natured teasing
Term
baritone
Definition
male singer who has a voice level below tenor but higher than bass
Term
barometer
Definition
any device that measures air pressure for weather predictions
Term
baroque
Definition
extravagantly decorated or ornate; flamboyant
Term
barrage
Definition
curtain of artillery fire; any overshelming attack; as of words or blows
Term
barren
Definition
unproductive; lacking; sterile; desolate
Term
bask
Definition
to enjoy warmth or praise
Term
bastion
Definition
projecting part of a fortress; stronghold; fortified place
Term
bathos
Definition
triteness or triviatlity in style; overly sentimental, mawkish writing or emotion
Term
battery
Definition
act of beating or pounding; an emplacement for one or more pieces of artillery; an object designed to produce electric enerty
Term
bauble
Definition
small, inexpensive trinket
Term
bazaar
Definition
marketplace or shopping quarter, esp. one in the Middle East
Term
bedlam
Definition
noise and confusion
Term
beget
Definition
to give birth to; to create
Term
begrudge
Definition
to envy the good fortune of someone else
Term
behest
Definition
order or command
Term
belated
Definition
too late; delayed; tardy
Term
beleaguer
Definition
to besiege; beset; surround; harass
Term
belie
Definition
to contradict; give a false impression
Term
belittle
Definition
to put someone down; demean
Term
belligerent
Definition
quarrelsome; ready to fight
Term
bemoan
Definition
to complain about; to grieve over; lament
Term
bemuse
Definition
to cause to be confuse; to muddle
Term
benchmark
Definition
point of reference; standard by which to measure; criterion
Term
benediction
Definition
blessing; prayer asking for help and protection; utterance of good wishes
Term
benefactor
Definition
one who provides help to others
Term
beneficent
Definition
showing kindness resulting in benefit
Term
benevolent
Definition
kind; generous
Term
benighted
Definition
being in a state of intellectual darkness;ignorant; unenlightened
Term
benign
Definition
harmless; mild; kind
Term
bequest
Definition
the act of giving; something left to someone in a will
Term
bereave
Definition
left alone; especially through the death of another
Term
bereft
Definition
deprived, robbed, or devoid, as of life, hope, or happiness
Term
beset
Definition
to harass; to surround
Term
besiege
Definition
to close in or surround with hostile forces; beset
Term
besmirch
Definition
to make dirty; soil
Term
bestow
Definition
to give, as a gift or award; to confer
Term
betroth
Definition
to promise to marry; to become engaged
Term
bevy
Definition
groupd of animals; an assemblage
Term
bias
Definition
particular tendency or inclination; in a diagonal manner
Term
bibelot
Definition
small object of beauty or rarity
Term
biennial
Definition
occuring every two years
Term
bigot
Definition
person who is strongly partial to his or her own
Term
bilge
Definition
lowest point of a ship's inner hull; nonsense, rubbish
Term
bilious
Definition
in a bad mood; extremely unpleasant; ill- tempered
Term
bilk
Definition
swindle, cheat, defraud
Term
biopsy
Definition
removal of a sample of human body tissue for the purpose of examination
Term
bivouac
Definition
temporary shelter or encampment, especially for military purposes
Term
bizarre
Definition
extremely unconventional or farfetched
Term
blacklist
Definition
to place a person on a list under suspicion, disfavor, censure
Term
blanch
Definition
to remove color from; bleach; to make pale, as from illness or fear
Term
bland
Definition
lacking flavor or zest; dull
Term
blandishment
Definition
flattery; sweet talk
Term
blasphemy
Definition
insult to anything sacred; profanity
Term
blatant
Definition
offensively noisy; totally obtrusive
Term
blather
Definition
to talk nonsensically
Term
bleak
Definition
depressing, harsh, cold, barren
Term
blight
Definition
anything that injures, destroys or prevents growth
Term
bliss
Definition
extreme happiness or joy
Term
blithe
Definition
cheerful; carefree
Term
bloc
Definition
coalition of factions; parties with a common interest or purpose
Term
bludgeon
Definition
thick club; coerce, bully
Term
blunt
Definition
plain- spoken with lack of feeling; abrupt
Term
bluster
Definition
to act in a loud, boastful, or threatening way
Term
bogus
Definition
not genuine;; counterfeit
Term
bolster
Definition
to support, as in a group
Term
bombard
Definition
to assail vigorously
Term
bombast
Definition
high sounding use of language without much real meaning
Term
bon mot
Definition
witticism or a clever reply
Term
bon vivant
Definition
person who enjoys life, esp. food and drink
Term
bona fide
Definition
not counterfeit or phony; genuine; real
Term
bonhomie
Definition
good natured; easy friendly disposition
Term
boon
Definition
timely benefit; blessing
Term
boor
Definition
rude person someone who is unrefined
Term
bootleg
Definition
to smuggle; to make, sell, or transport for sale illegally
Term
booty
Definition
loot; the spoils of war; goods or property seized by force; a valuable prize
Term
bosky
Definition
covered with an abundance of trees or shrubs; wooded
Term
botch
Definition
bungle; to spoil something by doing it badly
Term
bouillabaisse
Definition
stew made with several kinds of fish and shellfish; mixture of things
Term
bourgeois
Definition
conventional; boringly middle class
Term
bovine
Definition
of, relating to, or resembling an animal such as an ox, cow or buffalo,; solid; dull
Term
bowdlerize
Definition
to omit, abridge, or modify a work of literature that is considered offensive
Term
bracing
Definition
invigorating; energizing; stimulating; healthy and fresh
Term
brandish
Definition
to wave or shake something in a threatening agitated, or exciting manner; to flaunt
Term
brash
Definition
hasty and reckless; impetuous; unthinking
Term
bravado
Definition
false, exaggerated, or boastful display of courage
Term
brawn
Definition
large, solid muscles; great muscular strength
Term
brazen
Definition
bold, shameless; impudent; also like brass
Term
brazier
Definition
pan for holding burning coals
Term
breach
Definition
act of breaking a law, promise, agreement or relationship; violation
Term
breadth
Definition
distance from side to side, width; freedom from restraint
Term
brevity
Definition
briefness
Term
brigand
Definition
bandit or robber, usually one of an outlaw band
Term
brink
Definition
edge
Term
bristle
Definition
to respond with anger; to be ready to fight back
Term
broach
Definition
to bring up a subject for discussion
Term
brogue
Definition
accent; regional dialect
Term
bromide
Definition
dull, over familiar saying; cliche; a chemical compound used as a sedative
Term
brook
Definition
to bear or tolerate; to put up with
Term
brouhaha
Definition
uproar; hubbub
Term
brusque
Definition
quick and rude in manner or speech; impolitely abrupt; curt
Term
bucolic
Definition
rural or rustic in nature, country- like
Term
buffoon
Definition
person who behaves comically; clown
Term
bulwark
Definition
defensive wall; something serving as aprincipal defense
Term
bureaucracy
Definition
any large administrative system with numerous rules and regulations
Term
burgeon
Definition
to flourish; expand
Term
burlesque
Definition
exaggerated imitation
Term
burnish
Definition
to polish or rub to a high gloss
Term
butte
Definition
isolated hill or mountain with steep sides on a large plain
Term
buttress
Definition
support for a wall; encouragement or support for a person
Term
byzantine
Definition
difficult to understand and complicated; characterizzed by the architectural style of the Byzantine Empire
Term
cabal
Definition
small group of people who plan a secret plot, especially political
Term
cache
Definition
hiding place, or the objects hidden in a hiding place
Term
cachet
Definition
mark of prestige; mark of approval
Term
cacophony
Definition
harsh sounds; jarring discordant sounds, dissonance
Term
cadence
Definition
rise and fall of sound
Term
cajole
Definition
to wheedle, coax, or persuade someone to do something
Term
calamity
Definition
event causing extreme harm, suffering, or destruction; disaster
Term
callous
Definition
unfeeling, insensitive
Term
callow
Definition
immature and inexperienced
Term
calumny
Definition
harmful statement, known by the maker to be false
Term
camaraderie
Definition
comradeship; friendship
Term
canard
Definition
false story with the intention of misleading or doing harm
Term
candor
Definition
truthfulness, sincere honesty
Term
canon
Definition
principle, decree, law or body of laws, especially in religion
Term
canopy
Definition
covering from the weather; natural or man- made
Term
cant
Definition
insincere statements made to give one the appearance of goodness
Term
cantankerous
Definition
difficult, ill tempere, and irritating to deal with
Term
canvass
Definition
to conduct a survey or poll ; to make a survey
Term
capacious
Definition
spacious; roomy; able to hold much
Term
capital
Definition
location of the center of government; money used to make more money
Term
capitalism
Definition
economic system of free enterprise
Term
capitol
Definition
building where a state legislature or U.S. Congress meets
Term
capitulate
Definition
to surrender under certain conditions; to give in
Term
capricious
Definition
unpredictable; impulsive
Term
captious
Definition
quick to point out faults; critical
Term
captivate
Definition
hold the attention of someone by being interesting or charming
Term
carapace
Definition
protective covering; shell
Term
carcinogenic
Definition
able or likely to cause cancer
Term
cardiac
Definition
relating to or affecting the heart
Term
cardinal
Definition
of great importance; chief
Term
careen
Definition
to move fast and imsteado;u' tp ;ircj wjo;e om ,ptopm
Term
caricature
Definition
exaggerated portrait or description
Term
carnage
Definition
bloody and massive slaughter, especially in battle; a massacre
Term
carnivore
Definition
flesh- eating animal
Term
carp
Definition
to complain and find fault about unimportant things
Term
carrion
Definition
dead and rotting flesh
Term
cartography
Definition
art or technique of producing maps and charts
Term
cascade
Definition
waterfall; anything resembling a waterfall
Term
castigate
Definition
to criticize harshly, usually with the intention of correcting wrongdoing
Term
cataclysm
Definition
violent upheaval or change
Term
catacomb
Definition
underground cemetery, esp. one with tunnels and tombs
Term
catalyst
Definition
something which causes reactions in other things without being affected itself
Term
catapult
Definition
device for hurtling things; to slingshot
Term
cataract
Definition
large waterfall; deluge; eye abnormality
Term
categorical
Definition
absolute; unconditional
Term
catharsis
Definition
emotional or psychological cleasnin that brings relief or renewal
Term
catheter
Definition
flexible tube inserted into a bodily channel to permit injection or withdrawal of fluids
Term
catholic
Definition
universal; embracing everything
Term
caucus
Definition
meeting of leaders; esp. a local political group
Term
caustic
Definition
acidic; corrosive
Term
cavalier
Definition
showing arrogant disregard; a gallant gentleman; casual
Term
cavil
Definition
to quibble; to engage in trivial bickering
Term
cavort
Definition
to strut; frolic; to prance
Term
cede
Definition
to withdraw; to give up, as by treaty
Term
celerity
Definition
swiftness of action or motion; speed
Term
celestial
Definition
of or pertaining to heaven or the sky above
Term
celibacy
Definition
abstinence from sex
Term
censor
Definition
one who examines material to as ascertain whether it is objectionable
Term
censure
Definition
to condemn severely for misconduct
Term
cerebellum
Definition
part of the brain, between the cerebrum and brain stem, that controls muscle coordination and equilibrium
Term
cerebral
Definition
of or relating to the brain; describing an intellectual person
Term
certify
Definition
to confirm formally; verify
Term
cessation
Definition
stopping or ceasing, coming to an end
Term
chafe
Definition
to create friction; irritate; to rub
Term
chaff
Definition
anything worthless; the husks separated from grain
Term
chagrin
Definition
humiliation; disappointment
Term
chalet
Definition
kind of Swiss farmhouse with overhanging eaves
Term
chameleon
Definition
lizard that chages colors; highly changeable person
Term
champion
Definition
to defend or fight for; advocate; to support
Term
channel
Definition
to direct into a particular place or situation
Term
chanteuse
Definition
female singer in cabarets and night clubs
Term
charisma
Definition
ability to attract followers
Term
charlatan
Definition
quack; fraud
Term
chary
Definition
vigilant, careful, cautious, wary
Term
chasm
Definition
deep opening; gorge
Term
chaste
Definition
morally pure; without obscenity
Term
chastise
Definition
to discipline; punish
Term
chateau
Definition
a French estate, manor, castle or large house in the country
Term
chattel
Definition
an item of personal, movable property; slave
Term
check
Definition
bring to a standstill, to stop to hold back, to block
Term
chemotherapy
Definition
use of chemical agents in the treatment of disease, esp. cancer
Term
cherub
Definition
angel represented in art as a beautiful, chubby child with small wings
Term
chicanery
Definition
deceitfulness; trickery
Term
chide
Definition
scold; reprove
Term
chimerical
Definition
fanciful; imaginary; absurd
Term
chintzy
Definition
gaudy; cheap; tacky
Term
chloroform
Definition
colorless, volatile, toxic liquid that produces anesthesia
Term
choleric
Definition
hot- tempered; quick to anger
Term
chord
Definition
three or four musical notes played together
Term
chortle
Definition
to express with a snorting chuckle; to laugh with pleasure and glee
Term
chronic
Definition
continuing for a long time; continuous
Term
chronicle
Definition
history; record of events
Term
chronology
Definition
order of events from the earliest to the latest
Term
churl
Definition
rude or vulgar person; crude or illiterate peasant or yokel
Term
chutzpah
Definition
brazen, audacious behavior that is sometimes admired but often rude
Term
cinematic
Definition
related to making motion pictures
Term
cipher
Definition
zero; thing that has no value; code; solution to a code
Term
circa
Definition
about; at an estimated historical time period
Term
circuitous
Definition
not following a direct path; roundabout
Term
circumlocution
Definition
indirect speech; talking around the facts
Term
circumnavigate
Definition
to travel all the way around
Term
circumscribe
Definition
to set the limits; to restrict
Term
circumspect
Definition
cautiou; heedful of situations and potential consequences
Term
circumvent
Definition
to surround; enclose; bypass
Term
citadel
Definition
fortress overlooking a city; stronghold
Term
cite
Definition
quote by way example, call to attention
Term
civil
Definition
courteous; polite; civilized
Term
claimant
Definition
person making a claim
Term
clairvoyant
Definition
having the ability to foresee things; having exceptional insight
Term
clamor
Definition
uproar
Term
clandestine
Definition
planned or occuring in a secret manner, especially for subversive or illicit purposes; done in secret
Term
claque
Definition
group hired to applaud at an performance; anyone who bestows approval motivated by self- interest
Term
clarify
Definition
to make clear, refine, elucidate
Term
cleave
Definition
to adhere to; fasten tightly; split or divide
Term
clemency
Definition
forgiveness; mercy
Term
cliche
Definition
overused expression or idea; commonplace
Term
climactic
Definition
pertaining to the highest or most intense point
Term
clinch
Definition
to make final; to settle; embrace
Term
clique
Definition
group bound together by a common interest
Term
cloister
Definition
covered walk; tranquil, secluded place
Term
clone
Definition
person or thing very much like another
Term
clout
Definition
power and influence over other people or events; powerful blow or stroke
Term
cloy
Definition
to become weary with an excess of something
Term
coagulate
Definition
to cause to become thickened, to form a solid mass
Term
coalesce
Definition
to grow together; to unite; to fuse
Term
coddle
Definition
to overprotect someone or something; to pamper
Term
codger
Definition
mildly eccentric and usually elderly man
Term
coerce
Definition
to force someone by threatening or physically overpowering him
Term
cogent
Definition
very convincing
Term
cogitate
Definition
to think very carefully; to give careful consideration to
Term
cognitive
Definition
dealing with our senses; cognition is knowing
Term
cognizant
Definition
conscious; aware
Term
coherent
Definition
making sense; holding together
Term
cohort
Definition
friend or associate
Term
coiffure
Definition
hairdo; arrangement of hair
Term
collate
Definition
to assemble in proper order; to combine printed sheets to assemble in proper order
Term
collateral
Definition
security offered for payment of a debt
Term
colloquial
Definition
informality of language; street language
Term
collusion
Definition
secret agreement; conspiracy
Term
combustible
Definition
capable of burning; easy to excite
Term
comity
Definition
social harmony, mutual courtesy
Term
commenmorate
Definition
to honor a memory in a special way; to serve as a reminder of or memorial to
Term
commensurate
Definition
proportionate; equal
Term
commiserate
Definition
to feel or express sympathy for someone' suffering or unhappiness
Term
commodious
Definition
spacious, roomy, capacious
Term
commodity
Definition
thing, something bought and sold
Term
compassion
Definition
deep sorrow for the suffering of another along with an urge to help; pity
Term
compatible
Definition
able to function in harmony with others
Term
compelling
Definition
forceful; urgently needing attention
Term
compendium
Definition
concise summary
Term
compensate
Definition
pay to in return for services rendered; offset; be equivalent to
Term
competent
Definition
having the skills or knowledge to do something well enough to meet a basic standard; qualified; capable
Term
compile
Definition
to collect from a variety of sources and arrange together
Term
complacent
Definition
self- satisfied; overly pleased with oneself
Term
complaisant
Definition
cordial, amenable, eager to please
Term
complement
Definition
to complete; be the perfect counterpart
Term
compliant
Definition
willingness to adhere, acting in accordance
Term
complicity
Definition
sharing in wrongdoing
Term
compliment
Definition
admiring remark or the act of congratulating someone
Term
comply
Definition
to obey and order, rule, or request; to act in agreement with a with, or requirement
Term
component
Definition
a part of; an element or ingredient
Term
composed
Definition
in a calm and collected state; serene; controlled; tranquil
Term
composure
Definition
state of being calm and not emotional; self- possession; serenity
Term
compote
Definition
dessert of fruit cooked in syrup, also the dish in which it is served
Term
compound
Definition
to mix or combine so as to make a whole
Term
comprehensive
Definition
including everything
Term
comprise
Definition
to consist of; to include, to contain, to be made up of
Term
compromise
Definition
settlement of differences in which each side makes concessions
Term
compunction
Definition
slight feeling of guilt for something one has done; remorse
Term
concave
Definition
curved inward like the interior of a sphere
Term
concede
Definition
to admit, often unwillingly, that something is true; to yield, as in a game or contest
Term
concetric
Definition
of circles or spheres having the same center
Term
concert
Definition
sharded purpose; togetherness or cooperation; agreement
Term
conciliatory
Definition
making peace
Term
concise
Definition
brief and to the point
Term
conclave
Definition
gathering of a group, secret assembly
Term
concoct
Definition
to make by adding several different parts together; invent; contrive
Term
concomitant
Definition
accompanying; happening together and connected with; going along with
Term
concord
Definition
agreement; harmony
Term
concur
Definition
to coincide; to act together; cooperative
Term
concurrent
Definition
parallel; happening at the same time
Term
condensed
Definition
shortened, reduced, compact
Term
condescend
Definition
patronize; to lower oneself
Term
condone
Definition
to allow to happen; to purposely overlook
Term
conducive
Definition
promoting; contributing
Term
confederate
Definition
accomplice; ally
Term
confer
Definition
to give, grant, or bestow
Term
confidant
Definition
person with whom one can share feelings and secrets
Term
configuration
Definition
particular arrangement or pattern of a group of related things
Term
confiscate
Definition
to take or seize by authority, usually as punishment or penalty
Term
conflagration
Definition
large destructive fire
Term
confluence
Definition
flowing together; place where rivers begin to flow together
Term
conform
Definition
to bring into harmony; to make the same
Term
confound
Definition
to confuse and surprise; to perplex or bewilder; to amaze
Term
confraternity
Definition
fraternal union; brotherhood
Term
confront
Definition
to bring face to face; encounter
Term
congeal
Definition
to change from a liquid or soft state to a thick or solid state; to coagulate; to jell
Term
congenial
Definition
pleasant to be around; social; agreeable
Term
congenital
Definition
hereditary
Term
congruent
Definition
equivalent, compatible, of the same shape
Term
conjecture
Definition
to guess; figure out with little evidence
Term
conjoin
Definition
to join or act together
Term
conjugal
Definition
connected with marriage or the relationship between husbnad and wife
Term
conjure
Definition
to call forth using magic
Term
connive
Definition
to join secretly in a plot; conspire; to support a wrongdoing by ignoring or failing to report it
Term
connoisseur
Definition
expert, particularly in matter of art and taste
Term
connote
Definition
to convey, to imply, exact explicit meaning
Term
connubial
Definition
relating to marriage or the state of being married
Term
conscript
Definition
to register, enlist, draft, induct, recruit
Term
consecrate
Definition
to make or declare sacred
Term
consensus
Definition
general agreement
Term
conservatory
Definition
school for the teaching of music, acting, or art; room, usually connected to a house, in which plants are grown and kept; greenhouse
Term
consign
Definition
to deliver, transfer, entrust or give up
Term
consolidate
Definition
to join together to become more effective; to become stronger; to combine into a whole; unify
Term
consonant
Definition
in agreement; harmonious
Term
conspicuous
Definition
very noticable; tending to attract attention; easily seen; prominent
Term
conspiracy
Definition
secret agreement, plot
Term
consternation
Definition
feeling of anxiety, shock or confusion; state of dismay
Term
constituency
Definition
body of voters from a district represented by an elected official; group of supporters for anything
Term
construe
Definition
to interpret
Term
consummate
Definition
perfectly skillful; to complete or perfect
Term
contempt
Definition
strong feeling of combined dislike and lack of respect; scorn
Term
contemptuous
Definition
feeling contempt; disdainful; scornful
Term
contentious
Definition
argumentative; quarrelsome
Term
contiguous
Definition
adjoining; side by side
Term
contingent
Definition
dependent upone
Term
continuum
Definition
continuous whole without clear division into parts
Term
contort
Definition
to twist or bend out of shape
Term
contraband
Definition
goods smuggled into or out of a place where they are illegal; goods banned by law from being imported or exported
Term
contravention
Definition
contrary, opposition of
Term
contretemps
Definition
unlucky event, often happening in public or causing social embarassment
Term
contrite
Definition
grieving and expressing remorse, feeling sorrow for sins or faults; penitent for short comings; apologetic
Term
contrived
Definition
false; artificial; not apontaneous; obviously planned
Term
controversial
Definition
debatable between opposing sides
Term
controvert
Definition
to dispute, oppose by reasoning, refute
Term
cotumely
Definition
contemptuous rudeness; arrogance; an insulting act or comment
Term
conundrum
Definition
dilemma; any problem or puzzle
Term
convene
Definition
to gather together; to assemble, especially for a formal meeting
Term
conventional
Definition
ordinary; common
Term
converge
Definition
to meet, focus, come together
Term
converse
Definition
opposite; reverse
Term
convex
Definition
curved or rounded like an exterior sphere or circle
Term
convey
Definition
to take or carry someone or something to a particular place; to communicate; express
Term
conviction
Definition
determined belief or fixed opinion; process or act of finding a person guilty of a crime
Term
convivial
Definition
sociable
Term
convolution
Definition
complexity of coils, twists, and folds
Term
copious
Definition
abundant; plentiful
Term
cordial
Definition
friendly; welcoming; warm and gracious; courteous
Term
cornucopia
Definition
bounty, plenty, affluence, and abundance
Term
corollary
Definition
something that results from something else; natural result or consequence
Term
corporal
Definition
affecting or related to the body as in punishment
Term
corporeal
Definition
physical and not spiritual; tangible; material; palpable; having substance
Term
corpulent
Definition
fat; obese
Term
correlation
Definition
connection between two or more things
Term
corroborate
Definition
to support; confirm
Term
corrosive
Definition
causing something to be destroyed, rusted, or eaten away over a period of time
Term
corrugated
Definition
having parallel rows of folds which look like a series of waves; shaped or bent into ridges
Term
corrupt
Definition
dishonoest, unethical, unprincipled
Term
cosmic
Definition
relating to the universe in contrast to Earth alone
Term
cosmopolitan
Definition
sophisticated; confident in many places or situations
Term
coterie
Definition
circle of close associates or friends
Term
council
Definition
an assembly or meeting for consultation, advice, or discussion
Term
counsel
Definition
advice given as a result of consultation; a lawyer or group of lawyers representing a client
Term
countenance
Definition
person's face, especially the expression; calm control; composure
Term
countervail
Definition
to counteract; to be useful or successful
Term
coup
Definition
violent overthrow of a government by a small group; victorious accomplishment
Term
coup de grace
Definition
decisive finishing blow, act or event
Term
couplet
Definition
two successive lines of verse forming a unit in poetry
Term
courier
Definition
messenger
Term
couture
Definition
fashion, esp. high fashion
Term
covenant
Definition
sworn agreement; pledge
Term
covert
Definition
secret; hidden; concealed
Term
covet
Definition
to desire; envy
Term
cower
Definition
to crouch or cringe in fear; huddle in fear
Term
coy
Definition
modest, demure, timid, shyly flirtatious
Term
crag
Definition
steep, rugged rock or cliff
Term
cranny
Definition
small opening as in a wall or rock face
Term
crass
Definition
stupid; without consideration for how other people might feel; lacking in sensitivity or refinement; crude
Term
craven
Definition
cowardly
Term
creditable
Definition
worthy of belief and praise
Term
creditor
Definition
person to whom money is owed
Term
credulous
Definition
gullible; eager to believe
Term
crescendo
Definition
gradual increase in loudness of music; a gradual increase in intensity or force of anything
Term
crestfallen
Definition
disappointed and sad; downcast or depressed; dejected
Term
crevice
Definition
small narrow crack or space; crack; fissure
Term
cringe
Definition
to move away, to try to make oneself smaller in order to escape from something or someone; to crouch or shrink back in fear; to cower
Term
criterion
Definition
standard or rule by which something can be judged; a basis for judgment
Term
critique
Definition
critical review or commentary
Term
croissant
Definition
flaky, rich, crescent- shaped roll or pastry
Term
crony
Definition
close friend or companion
Term
crux
Definition
main point; hear of the matter
Term
cryptic
Definition
having an ambiguous or hidden meaning
Term
cuisine
Definition
style of cooking; type of cooking
Term
culinary
Definition
relating to cooking
Term
cull
Definition
to sort out or select; to choose or collect from varied sources
Term
culminate
Definition
to reach full climax
Term
culpable
Definition
guilty; deserving blame
Term
cultivate
Definition
enhance; enrich; to help grow, to farm
Term
cumbersome
Definition
difficult to handle because of size or weight; burdensome
Term
cumulative
Definition
increasing in size, scope or quantity by successive additions
Term
cupidity
Definition
excessive greed, especially for money
Term
curb
Definition
to restrain or control
Term
curmudgeon
Definition
bad- tempered or irritable person; a difficult person
Term
curriculum
Definition
courses offered by an educational institution
Term
cursory
Definition
rapid and superficial; perfomred with haste and scant attention to detail
Term
curtail
Definition
to truncate or abridge; to lessen, usually by cutting away from
Term
curvilinear
Definition
formed, bound, or characterized by curved lines
Term
cusp
Definition
point or pointed end
Term
cynic
Definition
one who distrusts humans and their motives
Term
damper
Definition
depression or restraint
Term
daub
Definition
to cover; to paint curdely or skillfully
Term
daunt
Definition
to scare; to intimidate
Term
dawdle
Definition
to spend timeidly; to delay
Term
debris
Definition
remains of something destroyed; scattered rubble or wreckage
Term
de facto
Definition
in fact; actually existing, esp. without lawful authority
Term
deadlock
Definition
to reach an impasse; to halt progress
Term
dearth
Definition
scarcity; lack
Term
debacle
Definition
sudden calamitous downfall; collapse or failure
Term
debase
Definition
lower in quality, character, or value
Term
debauchery
Definition
excessive self- indulgence
Term
debilitate
Definition
to cripple; to weaken
Term
debug
Definition
to eliminate errors or malfunctions
Term
debunk
Definition
to expose the falseness or exaggerations of a claim
Term
debutante
Definition
a young woman making her formal entrance into society
Term
decade
Definition
period of ten years
Term
decadence
Definition
social decay; loss of moral values
Term
decanter
Definition
ornamental glass bottle used for serving wine or liquids
Term
decapitate
Definition
to sever the head; behead
Term
decimate
Definition
to kill; largely destroy
Term
decipher
Definition
to decode, to interpret the meaning
Term
declaim
Definition
to recite a speech, usually in a pompous or dramatic way
Term
decorous
Definition
in good taste; proper
Term
decorum
Definition
appropriateness of conduct or behavior; propriety
Term
decree
Definition
an order having the force of law
Term
decrepit
Definition
weakened by old age or illness; worn out
Term
decry
Definition
to openly denounce
Term
deduce
Definition
to come to a conclusion by reason
Term
deem
Definition
to consider or judge; to have an opinion
Term
deface
Definition
to mar the external appearance; destroy
Term
defame
Definition
to libel or slander; take away a good name
Term
defeatist
Definition
characterized by acceptance or expectation of defeat
Term
defer
Definition
postpone, delay; yield, as in congress
Term
deference
Definition
respect for another's view or wishes
Term
deficient
Definition
lacking in some necessary quality or element
Term
deficit
Definition
inadequancy or insufficiency; shortage
Term
defile
Definition
to make dirty or filthy; to pollute; to corrupt
Term
definitive
Definition
conclusive; stating the last word
Term
deflate
Definition
to let the air out of; to diminish in size or importance
Term
deft
Definition
dexterous; skillful
Term
defunct
Definition
dead or inactive; having ceased to exist
Term
degenerate
Definition
to dteriorate; to break down
Term
degrade
Definition
to reduce in status, rank, or grade; demote
Term
deign
Definition
to blieve something to be beneath one's dignity; to condescend
Term
deity
Definition
god or goddess; someone or something worshipped as a god
Term
dejected
Definition
lacking hope; in low spirits; depressed
Term
delectable
Definition
giving great pleasure; pleasing to the taste; delicious
Term
delete
Definition
to wipe out; omit; destroy
Term
deleterious
Definition
harmful or injurious to one's health or well- being
Term
deliberate
Definition
cautious; prudent; to think over
Term
delineate
Definition
to describe exactly; sketch out; depict
Term
delinquent
Definition
not paid on time; neglectful of a duty failing to do what the law requires; a person who is delinquent
Term
delirious
Definition
incoherent; mentally confused; hallucinating
Term
dell
Definition
secluded hollow or small valley; a glen, usually wooded
Term
delude
Definition
to decieve; mislead; trick; to evade
Term
deluge
Definition
inundation; flood
Term
delve
Definition
to search intensely for a thing or information
Term
demagogue
Definition
leader, esp. a rabble rouser
Term
demeanor
Definition
behavior; deportment
Term
demerit
Definition
blame; penalty
Term
demise
Definition
death; the end
Term
demography
Definition
statistical study of human populations
Term
demonic
Definition
working devilishly; persistent; evil
Term
demote
Definition
to lower in rank, degrade
Term
demur
Definition
to object; to make exception
Term
demure
Definition
well behaved; quiet; shy; modest
Term
denigrate
Definition
belittle; defame; attack one's reputation
Term
denizen
Definition
inhabitant
Term
denomination
Definition
classification or category; religious group or sect composed of a number of congretations
Term
denote
Definition
to represent; to mark; to indicate
Term
denounce
Definition
to condemn; to expose crtically
Term
denunciation
Definition
strong, public criticism; a verbal attack or condemnation
Term
depict
Definition
to represent or portray, as in a painting, sculpture, or written work
Term
deplete
Definition
to reduce in size or amount; to lessen drastically; exhaust
Term
deplore
Definition
to show or have regret or sorrow about; to condemn
Term
deploy
Definition
to arrange startegically
Term
depose
Definition
to deprive of rank or office; to remove
Term
depravity
Definition
expreme wickedness
Term
deprecate
Definition
to express disapproval of
Term
depredate
Definition
to plunder and pillage; to despoil; to prey uon; to ransack
Term
derelict
Definition
not cared for; abandoned; neglectful; remiss
Term
deride
Definition
to treat contemptuously; ridicule
Term
derivative
Definition
unoriginal; coming from or based on something else
Term
derogatory
Definition
degrading
Term
derring- do
Definition
daring action and deeds
Term
disburse
Definition
to make payment in settlement; expend; distribute
Term
descry
Definition
to find out; catch sight of; discover
Term
desecrate
Definition
to violate the sacredness of; treat with disrespect
Term
desiccate
Definition
to dry out; to preserve food; dehydrate
Term
designate
Definition
stipulate; to set apart for specific use
Term
desist
Definition
to stop doing something; cease
Term
despondent
Definition
despairing; depressed
Term
despot
Definition
absolute ruler
Term
destitute
Definition
extremely poor
Term
desultory
Definition
random; without purpose
Term
detain
Definition
to delay, restrain, esp. from proceeding
Term
deter
Definition
to discourage; to keep someone from doing something
Term
determined
Definition
firm of purpose; unwavering; unfaltering
Term
detrimental
Definition
obviously harmful or damaging
Term
deviate
Definition
to stray from an established course
Term
devious
Definition
not open, honest, or straightforward; sneaky, underhanded
Term
devoid
Definition
entirely without; lacking
Term
devotion
Definition
loyalty; profound dedication; fondness
Term
devout
Definition
earnestly devoted to religion; pious; shwoing devotion
Term
dexterity
Definition
mental skill or adroitness; the ease in use of the body
Term
dialect
Definition
any special variety of a language
Term
dialectical
Definition
relating to the rules and methods of reasoning
Term
diatribe
Definition
bitter verbal attack
Term
dichotomy
Definition
division into two parts that are usually contradictory
Term
dictum
Definition
short saying expressing truth
Term
diffident
Definition
lacking self- confidence; timid
Term
diffuse
Definition
scatter; disperse; cause to spread in many directions
Term
digress
Definition
to stray from the topic
Term
dilapidated
Definition
in bad condition and needing repair; fallen into disrepair or decay
Term
dilate
Definition
to make wider or more open; enlarge; to explain or discuss something at length
Term
dilemma
Definition
difficult situation; any problem or predicament
Term
dilettante
Definition
an amateur
Term
diligent
Definition
perservering; hardworking; industrious
Term
diminish
Definition
to make less; or cause to appear less; belittle
Term
diminution
Definition
the act or process of diminishing; reduction
Term
din
Definition
loud, confused noise; uproar, commotion
Term
diorama
Definition
exhibit of scenic presentation featuring a painted background and statues
Term
dire
Definition
disastrous; desperate
Term
dirge
Definition
song or hymn for a funeral or memorial for the dead; any mournful music
Term
disaffect
Definition
to cause to lose affection for; alienate; estrange
Term
disarray
Definition
disorderly or confused condition; lack of organization
Term
disavow
Definition
to deny, rupudiate; contradict
Term
discern
Definition
to discriminate; to see things clearly
Term
disciple
Definition
person who embraces and assists in spreading the teachings of another
Term
disclaim
Definition
to deny any claim to; to denounce
Term
discombobulate
Definition
to upset the composure of; to throw into a state of confustion
Term
discomfit
Definition
to upset ot confuse; frustrate
Term
disconcert
Definition
to disturb the composure of; upset; to frstrate; throw into disorder
Term
disconsolate
Definition
dejected; downcast; deep in gried or sorrow
Term
discordant
Definition
disagreeing; quarrelsome; in conflict
Term
discourse
Definition
thoughtful spoken or written discussion of a subject; conversation
Term
discreet
Definition
prudent; thoughtfully reserved
Term
discrepancy
Definition
difference; inconsistency
Term
discrete
Definition
separate; distinct; disconnected
Term
discriminate
Definition
to discern; to differentiate
Term
discursive
Definition
rambling on aimlessly
Term
disdain
Definition
scorn; contempt
Term
disgruntle
Definition
to make irritably dissatisfied or discontent
Term
dishevel
Definition
to make untidy; to disarrange
Term
disinformation
Definition
false information deliberately spread
Term
disingenuous
Definition
lacking in cando, insincere; giving a false appearance of frankness
Term
disinterested
Definition
unbiased; not taking sides
Term
dismal
Definition
sad; without hope; gloomy
Term
dismantl
Definition
to take apart; to tear down
Term
dismay
Definition
to fill with shock; to frighten or discourage; daunt
Term
disparage
Definition
to belittle
Term
disparate
Definition
unequal different; incompatible
Term
dispassionate
Definition
able to think clearly without strong feeling or bias; calm; impartial
Term
dispel
Definition
to drive away; to dissipate
Term
disperse
Definition
to scatter in various directions; distribute sidely
Term
dispirit
Definition
to take the sprit out of; discourage; depress
Term
disposition
Definition
state of mind; a peron's usual way of feeling
Term
disproportionate
Definition
too great or too small when compared to something else; unbalanced
Term
disquiet
Definition
to cause anxiety or worry
Term
dissemble
Definition
to hide one's real intentions; to act or speak fasely in order to deceive
Term
disseminate
Definition
to spread; to scatter; to make widely known
Term
dissent
Definition
to disagree with or reject something; withhold approval
Term
disservice
Definition
unfair or harmful action; harm; injury
Term
dissident
Definition
person who disagrees
Term
dissipate
Definition
to dissolve; to waste away
Term
dissolution
Definition
breaking up into parts; termination of a legal bond or contract
Term
dissonant
Definition
discordant, inharmonious, in disagreement
Term
dissuade
Definition
to persuade not to do something
Term
distant
Definition
faraway, far- removed, unfriendly, uncommunicative
Term
distend
Definition
to swell; to enlarge
Term
distinct
Definition
clearly separate and different; unmistakable or evident
Term
distinguish
Definition
to tell apart; to cause to stand out
Term
distraught
Definition
extremely anxious and upset; mentally disturbed or deranged
Term
diurnal
Definition
occuring every day
Term
divergent
Definition
separating, differing in opinion, deviating
Term
diverse
Definition
different; varied
Term
diversify
Definition
to make diverse; give variety to; to expand
Term
divert
Definition
to change the direction of; to alter the course of
Term
divine
Definition
to foretell; to prohesy; to infer, to guess
Term
divulge
Definition
to make something known; to disclose; to reveal
Term
docile
Definition
easily taught; obedient, easy to handle
Term
doctrinaire
Definition
inflexible; dogmatic
Term
document
Definition
to support with evidence
Term
doddering
Definition
shaky, feeble, unsteady, as from old age
Term
doff
Definition
to take off; to remove; to put aside
Term
doggerel
Definition
poetic verse of generally poor quality
Term
dogmatic
Definition
characterized by an authoritative, often arrogant assertion of opinions or beliefs
Term
doldrums
Definition
period or condition of depression or inactivity
Term
doleful
Definition
sorrowful; melancholy
Term
dolt
Definition
stupid person
Term
domain
Definition
territory over which one rules or over which one has influence or power
Term
domestic
Definition
pertaining to the household; of one's own country
Term
domicile
Definition
residence; home; dwelling
Term
don
Definition
to put on
Term
dormatn
Definition
sleeping or inactive
Term
dossier
Definition
file of documents or records; detailed report
Term
dotage
Definition
foolishness; senility
Term
dour
Definition
sever; gloomy; stern
Term
douse
Definition
to thrwo a liquid on, drench, plunge into water
Term
downcast
Definition
depressed or sad
Term
downplay
Definition
to make something seem less important or not as bad
Term
downsize
Definition
to reduce in number; make a smaller number
Term
draconian
Definition
hard, severe, cruel
Term
drawl
Definition
speech with drawn- out vowels; slow speech
Term
dregs
Definition
least valuable part of something; the sediment contained in liquids
Term
droll
Definition
amusing in an unusual, humorous way
Term
dromedary
Definition
one- humped domesticated camel
Term
drone
Definition
lazy person, loafer; to talk on and on in a dull way
Term
dross
Definition
something useless; rubbish; impurities formed on melted metla during production
Term
drudgery
Definition
hard, tiresome, boring work
Term
dubious
Definition
uncertain; full of doubt
Term
dulcet
Definition
melocious, soft, soothing
Term
dupe
Definition
to fool, trick, decieve
Term
duplicity
Definition
the act of deception; the act of being two faced
Term
durable
Definition
sturdy, long- wearing, lasting, enduring
Term
duress
Definition
hardship; restraint; confinement
Term
dwell
Definition
to make one's home; reside; to focus attention on
Term
dwindle
Definition
to become steadily less; shrink; decrease
Term
ebb
Definition
to become less or disappear; recede; to weaken or decline
Term
ebullient
Definition
boiling, bubbling with excitement
Term
eccentric
Definition
irregular; not conventional
Term
ecclesiastical
Definition
belonging to or connected with the Christian religion
Term
eclectic
Definition
drawn from many sources
Term
eclipse
Definition
to make obscure or darker; to surpass or outshine; to block the light of
Term
economical
Definition
frugal, thrify, saving
Term
ecosystem
Definition
community of living things, together with their environment
Term
eddy
Definition
current of water or air running contrary to the main current; whirlpool
Term
edict
Definition
public order given by an authority
Term
edifice
Definition
building, especially one of imposing appearance or size
Term
edify
Definition
to instruct; to enlighten
Term
efface
Definition
to rub away
Term
effectual
Definition
having the power to bring about a result
Term
effervescent
Definition
producing bubbles of gas; foaming; full of energy
Term
efficacy
Definition
ability to produce the intended result; effectiveness
Term
effigy
Definition
object that represents someone who is not liked. usually created in order to express hatred of that person
Term
effrontery
Definition
brazen boldness; audacity; presumptuousness
Term
effusion
Definition
pouring forth
Term
egalitarian
Definition
advocating the doctrine of equal rights for all citizens; person who advocates equal rights
Term
egg
Definition
to encourage or incite to action
Term
egocentric
Definition
selfish; believing that one is the center of everything
Term
egotist
Definition
one who excessively speaks boastfully of oneself; one who is conceited
Term
egregious
Definition
flagrant; extremely bad
Term
egress
Definition
place or means of going out; exit
Term
elaborate
Definition
clear, detailed carefully
Term
elapse
Definition
to pass or go by
Term
elation
Definition
feeling or condition of elevated spirits; great joy
Term
electorate
Definition
those who participate in an election; qualified voters
Term
elegance
Definition
grandeur; refinement; grace
Term
elegy
Definition
sorrowful or mournful poem or musical composition, esp. mourning for the dead
Term
elfin
Definition
small and sprightly; mischievous, fairylike
Term
elicit
Definition
to bring out; to call forth
Term
elite
Definition
the best or most skilled members of a group
Term
elixir
Definition
cure- all; medicinal concoction
Term
elliptical
Definition
oval; missing a word; obscure
Term
elocution
Definition
art of public speaking
Term
eloquent
Definition
extremely expressiv in speech, writing, or movement
Term
elucidate
Definition
to make clear and explain fully
Term
elusive
Definition
evasive; hard to pin down
Term
emaciate
Definition
to make extremely thin, usually by starvation or disease
Term
emanate
Definition
to come from or out of; issue or emit
Term
emancipate
Definition
to free from some external control or constraint; to liberate
Term
emasculate
Definition
to castrate; weaken; to deprive of strenght and vigot
Term
embargo
Definition
government order to temporarily suspent foreign trade
Term
embellish
Definition
to beautify by adding ornaments; actual or fanciful
Term
embezzle
Definition
to appropriate illegally
Term
embody
Definition
to give bodily form to; to personify; to make part of a system
Term
embrace
Definition
to hug, to accept; to adopt a cause, to include
Term
embroil
Definition
to involve in argument or hostile action; to thrwo into disorder
Term
embryonic
Definition
in an early stage of development; in an undeveloped stae; rudimentary
Term
emend
Definition
to correct by textual alterations; to edit
Term
emigrant
Definition
one who leaves one's place of residence or country
Term
emigrate
Definition
to leave a place
Term
eminent
Definition
standing out; renowned; distinguished
Term
emissary
Definition
an agent sent to represent another person or group, especially a government
Term
emit
Definition
to send or give out; to express, utter; to put in circulation as money
Term
empathy
Definition
ability to share someone else's feelings or experiences
Term
emphatic
Definition
forcibly expressive
Term
empirical
Definition
relying on opbservation or experience
Term
empower
Definition
to give the power to do something; to permit, enable
Term
emulate
Definition
to attempt to equal or surpass; especially throught imitation
Term
en masse
Definition
in a body as a whole; as a group
Term
enclave
Definition
distinct territory surrounded by a foreign area; any distinct small group surrounded by a larger group
Term
encomiun
Definition
glowing and warm praise, and enthusiastic tribute
Term
encore
Definition
demand by a audience for a repetition or an additional performance in response to the audience demand
Term
encroach
Definition
to trespass
Term
encumbrance
Definition
something that stands in the way or burdens; hindrance
Term
endear
Definition
to cause to be liked; to cause to be loved or cherished
Term
endeavor
Definition
to attempt to fulfill commitment; reach; strive
Term
endemic
Definition
native, belonging to a specific region or people
Term
endow
Definition
bestow; grant; to give, especially a large gift
Term
endurance
Definition
fortitude; staying power
Term
enervate
Definition
to gradually drain of strength
Term
enfranchise
Definition
to set free; liberate; to grant the privileges of citizenship
Term
engaging
Definition
charming; pleasing; attractive
Term
engender
Definition
to create; to cause to happen; to bring into existence
Term
engross
Definition
to occupy the entire attention of; absorb
Term
engulf
Definition
to surround or enclose completely
Term
enhance
Definition
to improve; to intensify
Term
enigma
Definition
mystery; puzzle
Term
enlighten
Definition
educate; apprise; to inform
Term
enmity
Definition
hostility; deep- seated hatred
Term
ennui
Definition
boredom and dissatisfaction; lack of interest
Term
enormity
Definition
immensity
Term
enrage
Definition
to put in a rage; infuriate, anger
Term
enrapture
Definition
to delight, to thrill or give pleasure
Term
ensemble
Definition
coordinated outfit or costume; performing group
Term
ensign
Definition
banner; flag; naval officer
Term
ensue
Definition
to occur just after or as the result of another event
Term
entail
Definition
to invovle or make necessary
Term
enthrall
Definition
hold under a spell; to thrill; to captivate
Term
entice
Definition
to lure, attract; to tempt in a pleasing fashion
Term
entity
Definition
something that exists; something having its own independent existence
Term
entomb
Definition
to place in a tomb or a grave
Term
entomology
Definition
scientific study of insects
Term
entourage
Definition
one's attendants or associates
Term
entreat
Definition
to ask earnestly; to implore, plead, beg
Term
entrepreneur
Definition
someone who assumes the financial risk of beginning and operating one or more businesses; an independent business person
Term
enumerate
Definition
to name things separately, one by one; to list
Term
enunciate
Definition
to pronounce; to state difinitely
Term
envision
Definition
to picture or visualize in the mind; imagineon
Term
eon
Definition
very long, indefinite period of time
Term
epaulet
Definition
ornamental strip, loops or fringed shoulder piece sewn across the shoulder
Term
ephemeral
Definition
short- lived
Term
epic
Definition
of major proportions in size and scope
Term
epicure
Definition
person who enjoys food and drink of a high quality, often having great knowledge of the subject
Term
epigram
Definition
brief and usually witty saying
Term
epigraph
Definition
quotation set at the start of a literary writing; en engraved inscription
Term
epilepsy
Definition
condition cause by electrical impulses in the central nervous system
Term
epilogue
Definition
short concluding section to a literary work or a play; often a summary
Term
epistemology
Definition
study of what can be known
Term
epitaph
Definition
writing on a tombstone; short commemoration
Term
epitome
Definition
perfect example
Term
epoch
Definition
distinct or notable period in history; long period of time; an era
Term
equable
Definition
free from many changes or variations; even
Term
equanimity
Definition
calm; composure
Term
equestrian
Definition
connected with the riding of horses; of or concerning horsemanship
Term
equitable
Definition
fair
Term
equivocal
Definition
ambiguous; confusing
Term
equivocate
Definition
to avoid giving a direct answer; to deceive; to be shifty
Term
eradicate
Definition
to get rid of; exterminate; destroy
Term
erratic
Definition
unstable; inconsistent; unpredictable
Term
erroneous
Definition
fallacious; false
Term
erstwhile
Definition
having been previously; formerly
Term
erudite
Definition
deeply learned; scholarly
Term
eruption
Definition
bursting out
Term
escalation
Definition
increase in intensity
Term
escapade
Definition
adventurous, unconventional act
Term
eschew
Definition
to avoid or shun
Term
esoteric
Definition
hard to understand
Term
esplanade
Definition
level open tretch of paved land or grassy ground near water
Term
espouse
Definition
to adopt; to support
Term
espy
Definition
discover; to glimpse; to catch sight of
Term
essential
Definition
important; vital; absolutely necessary
Term
estimable
Definition
worthy of respect or admiration; capable of being estimated
Term
estrange
Definition
to turn an affectionate attitude into an indifferent or unfriendly one
Term
estuary
Definition
waterway where the ocean tide meets the river current
Term
et al
Definition
and others
Term
etching
Definition
engraving, a design or inscription into a hard surface, esp. printing
Term
ethereal
Definition
very light; delicate; heavenly
Term
ethics
Definition
values pertaining to human conduct; moral
Term
ethonocentricity
Definition
belief that one's own group is superior
Term
eulogy
Definition
great praise, especially for someone who has recently died; formal commendation
Term
euphemism
Definition
pleasant expression used in place of an unpleasant one
Term
euphonious
Definition
pleasing to the ear
Term
euthanasia
Definition
an easy and painless sdeath; the act or practice of causing death painlessly to end suffering
Term
euthanize
Definition
to put to death
Term
evade
Definition
to dlude or avoid by cunning; to flee from a pursuer
Term
evaluate
Definition
to determine or judge the value or worth of
Term
evanescent
Definition
happening for a brief period
Term
eventuate
Definition
to happen in the end; to result ultimately
Term
evince
Definition
to show or demonstrate clearly
Term
evoke
Definition
to summon forth; call to mind; suggest
Term
exacerbate
Definition
to make worse
Term
exacting
Definition
demanding, difficult, requiring great care
Term
exalt
Definition
to raise high; glorify
Term
exasperate
Definition
to thoroughly annoy
Term
excerpt
Definition
selection, quote, or portion taken from a work of literature
Term
excise
Definition
to remove by cutting; to cut out
Term
excoriate
Definition
to denounce strongly
Term
excruciating
Definition
very intense
Term
execrable
Definition
wretched, very bad, detestable
Term
exemplar
Definition
model or original; an example
Term
exemplify
Definition
to serve as an example
Term
exempt
Definition
not having to obey a rule of to do something usually necessary ; excused
Term
exert
Definition
to expend effort; to bring to bear steadily or forcefully
Term
exhaustive
Definition
thorough, completes
Term
exhilarate
Definition
to make cheerful, enliven, excite, or stimulate
Term
exhort
Definition
to urge strongly
Term
exorbitant
Definition
exceeding normal bounds; excessive, unfair
Term
expatriate
Definition
to exile, banish; leave one's country
Term
expedient
Definition
giving an immediate advantage; practical
Term
expedite
Definition
to speed up
Term
expiate
Definition
to atone or make amends
Term
explicate
Definition
to explain in detail; to make clear or explain completely
Term
explicit
Definition
clearly and frankly expressed
Term
exposition
Definition
detailed statement intended to explain something difficult; a public exhibition
Term
expostulate
Definition
to express disagreement or complaint; to argue earnestly with someone
Term
expunge
Definition
to remove; to delete; to erase
Term
expurgate
Definition
to free from sins; to purify
Term
exquisite
Definition
especially beautiful; delicately or finely made; keenly felt; intense
Term
extant
Definition
still existing; current; not extinct, destroyed, or lost
Term
extempore
Definition
spoken, performed, or composed with little or no advanced preparation
Term
extensive
Definition
huge; comprehensive; widespread
Term
extinct
Definition
no longer existing or living
Term
extirpate
Definition
to exterminate; to rip out, uproot, destroy
Term
extol
Definition
to praise; to laud
Term
extort
Definition
to obtain by force or threat, or illegally; to extract or obtain by aubse of authority
Term
extradition
Definition
surrendering a criminal to another jurisdiction
Term
extraneous
Definition
unnecessary; extra
Term
extrapolate
Definition
to deduce; to infer
Term
extreme
Definition
intense, severe, excessive, exaggerated
Term
extremity
Definition
furthest point; greatest degree; utmost extreme; limb or appendage of the body
Term
extricate
Definition
to free from difficulty
Term
extrinsic
Definition
not part of the essential nature of things
Term
extrovert
Definition
outgoing person
Term
extrude
Definition
to force out, as through a small opening
Term
exuberant
Definition
very energetic; high- spirited
Term
exult
Definition
to celebrate
Term
exultation
Definition
act of rejoicing; jubilation
Term
fabrication
Definition
lie; something made up
Term
facade
Definition
front of a building; outward appearance, especially if superficial or misleading
Term
facet
Definition
one of the small, flat faces of a cut gemstone; one of the parts or features of something
Term
facetious
Definition
not serious; humorous
Term
facile
Definition
skillful in an off- hand way
Term
facilitate
Definition
to make easier, to help bring about
Term
facsimile
Definition
something closely resembling another; imitation; reproduction
Term
faction
Definition
group, usually part of a larger group
Term
factitious
Definition
not real, genuine or natural; artificial
Term
fallacy
Definition
false belief; false idea or notion
Term
fallow
Definition
not in use, inactive
Term
falsetto
Definition
high singing voice
Term
falter
Definition
stumble; hesitate in purpose or action
Term
fanatic
Definition
one extremely devoted to a cause or idea
Term
farce
Definition
false imitation; mockery
Term
farrago
Definition
careless or confused mixture; hodge- podge
Term
fastidious
Definition
meticulous; picky
Term
fatalist
Definition
someone who believes fate is in control of everything that happens
Term
fathom
Definition
to understand fully; to penetrate the meaning of
Term
fatuous
Definition
silly; foolish
Term
fauna
Definition
animals of a specific region
Term
faux
Definition
false; phony; fake
Term
fawn
Definition
exhibit affection; "suck up" to someone or something
Term
feasible
Definition
within reason, likely, able to be done
Term
fecund
Definition
fertile; productive
Term
feign
Definition
to give a false appearance; to pretend
Term
feint
Definition
to trick by cunning
Term
felicity
Definition
happiness; adeptness at expressing things
Term
felony
Definition
serious crime; crime punishable by imprisonment for more than a year
Term
femme fatale
Definition
woman who attracts men by her aura of charm and mystery
Term
femur
Definition
largest bone in the body, thigh bone
Term
ferment
Definition
state of agitation
Term
ferret
Definition
to force out of hiding
Term
ferrous
Definition
relating to iron and its properties
Term
fertile
Definition
productive, resourceful, fruitful
Term
fervid
Definition
extremely hot; with great passion
Term
fervor
Definition
great ardor or zeal
Term
fester
Definition
to generate pus; to cause resentment or irritation
Term
fetish
Definition
an object of unreasonable, obsessive reverence or attention
Term
fetter
Definition
to restrain; to hamper
Term
fiasco
Definition
complete or humiliating failure
Term
fiat
Definition
authoritative, often arbitrary, decree or order
Term
fibrous
Definition
containing or relating to fibers
Term
fickle
Definition
not loyal or consistent