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Reviewing Research Terminology
Terms in Research Process
20
Education
03/16/2011

Term
 Accuracy
Definition
 A term used in survey research to refer to the match between the targetpopulation and the sample.
Term
 Apparency
Definition
 Clear, understandable representation of the data
Term
 Bell Curve
Definition
 A frequency distribution statistics. Normal distribution is shaped like a bell.
Term
 Case Study
Definition
 The collection and presentation of detailed information about a particularparticipant or small group, frequently including the accounts of subjectsthemselves.
Term
 Causal Model
Definition
 A model which represents a causal relationship between two variables.
Term
 Confidence Level
Definition
 The specific probability of obtaining some result from a sample if it did notexist in the population as a whole, at or below which the relationship will beregarded as statistically significant
Term
 Correlation
Definition
 1) A common statistical analysis, usually abbreviated as r, that measures thedegree of relationship between pairs of interval variables in a sample. Therange of correlation is from -1.00 to zero to +1.00. 2) A non-cause and effectrelationship between two variables.
Term
 Credibility
Definition
 A researcher's ability to demonstrate that the object of a study is accuratelyidentified and described, based on the way in which the study was conducted
Term
 Dependability
Definition
 Being able to account for changes in the design of the study and the changingconditions surrounding what was studied.
Term
 Empathic Neutrality
Definition
 A quality of qualitative researchers who strive to be non-judgmental whencompiling findings
Term
 Face Validity
Definition
 How a measure or procedure appears.
Term
 Hypertext
Definition
 A nonsequential text composed of links and nodes
Term
 Hypothesis
Definition
 A tentative explanation based on theory to predict a causal relationshipbetween variables.
Term
 Independent Variable
Definition
 A variable that is part of the situation that exist from which originates thestimulus given to a dependent variable. Includes treatment, state of variable,such as age, size, weight, etc.
Term
 Interrater Reliability
Definition
 The extent to which two or more individuals agree. It addresses theconsistency of the implementation of a rating system.
Term
 Level of Analysis
Definition
 Chosen by determining which word, set of words, or phrases will constitute aconcept. According to Carley, 100-500 concepts is generally sufficient whencoding for a specific topic, but this number of course varies on a case by case basis.
Term
 Matching
Definition
 Process of corresponding variables in experimental groups equally feature forfeature.
Term
 Narrative Inquiry
Definition
 A qualitative research approach based on a researcher's narrative account ofthe investigation, not to be confused with a narrative examined by theresearcher as data
Term
 Node
Definition
 In hypertext, each unit of information, connected by links
Term
 Population
Definition
 The target group under investigation, as in all students enrolled in first-yearcomposition courses taught in traditional classrooms. The population is theentire set under consideration. Samples are drawn from populations.
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