Term

Definition
Pertains to groups of Cases 


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Definition
False conclusions made by assuming relationships found through research groups can be attributed to individuals 


Term

Definition
A measure combining different aspects of the same concept 


Term

Definition
A measure combining different but related concepts 


Term
In what situations would you construct a multiplicative index? 

Definition
Standardized Measures: Organizing Data, making it relevant, anything per certain number of people 


Term

Definition
The amount of risk you're willing to take that you will reject your null hypothesis 


Term

Definition
Rejection of your original hypothesis 


Term

Definition
When you reject your null hypothesis and it's really true 


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Definition
When you accept a false null hypothesis 


Term
Significance v. Meaningfulness 

Definition
Whether or not the data is applicable. 


Term

Definition


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Definition


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Definition


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Definition
What was expected to happen 


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Definition
Used to tell the significance between two nominal Variables, two ordinal Variables or a Nominal and an Ordinal Variable 


Term
Independent Samples TTest 

Definition
Determines if a sample mean agrees with the expected or plain population mean [just tests how unlikely sample results are] 


Term

Definition
It is used when you're running a comparison between Nominal/IR or Ordinal/IR 


Term
What are the Measures of Association? 

Definition


Term

Definition
NominalNominal and Nominal/Ordinal 


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Definition


Term

Definition
It measures the reduction error. 


Term
Which Statistics have this PRE interpretation? 

Definition


Term
When is the Correlation Coefficient used? 

Definition


Term
Bivariate Regression: When is it used and what is the formula? 

Definition
It is a procedure for deriving the equation that relates a single metric dependent variable and a single metric independent variable.
y=a+b(x) 


Term

Definition
A=Constant B=Regression Coefficient, R Squared Y= Independent Variable X = Will always be a percentage. Change to decimal. 


Term

Definition
R Squared measures fitness to regression line. 


Term
What is the Multiple linear regression equation? 

Definition
y=a+b1(x1)+b2(x2)...Bn(Xn)  B and X will change 


Term
What are the 5 sections of any statistical empirical political science article? 

Definition
Intro, Lit Review, Research Design, Analysis/Results, Conclusion 


Term
Why is the concept of Statistical Significance important in assessing empirical evidence concerning democratic peace? 

Definition
Because everything could've been by random chance. Just because it's never happened, doesn't mean it wont ever, therefore without Statistical Significance, the concept is meaningless. 


Term
What are the advantages of Using Statistical Methods? 

Definition
Allows political scientist to gather information for large number of cases, makes the terms of debate more explicit, entails the standards of evidence, permits the assessments to the claim of chance, casual inferences, testing two explanations against each other with precision 


Term
What are the Errors of Specification? 

Definition
1. Too much calculation without paying attention to theory 2. Theory is often too weak and difficult to test 3. Imposing Statistical models. 


Term
What are the Errors of Inference? 

Definition
1. Blind application of Statistical Significance to judge the importance of a variable 2. Accepting or rejecting a theory by examining one data set to assess whether or not the effect of one variable on another can reliably be distinguished from zero 3. Sin of Commission 


Term
What is the Rule of Thumb for R Squared? 

Definition
Values over .3 or meaningful Values between .2 and .3 are Marginal Values below .2 are not very meaningful 


Term
less or equal to 0.05 [ttest, Levenes Test] 

Definition
variances of groups are significantly different 


Term
Greater than 0.05 [ttest, Levenes Test] 

Definition
not significantly different 


Term
If Levene Test IS Significant 

Definition


Term
If Levene Test is NOT significant 

Definition


Term

Definition
Persons Name, Sex, address, Phone Number, qualitative categories 


Term

Definition
Rank; First, Second, Third 


Term

Definition
Increments: Degrees, Years 

