Shared Flashcard Set

Details

Religions of Asia quiz 1
buddhism terms
70
Religious Studies
Undergraduate 2
02/22/2010

Additional Religious Studies Flashcards

 


 

Cards

Term
Agni
Definition
Agni (Sanskrit) is a Hindu deity, one of the most important of the Vedic gods. He is the god of fire and the acceptor of sacrifices
Term
Ajanta
Definition
rock-cut cave monuments dating from the second century BCE, containing paintings and sculpture Ajanta Caves: considered to be masterpieces of both Buddhist religious art[1] and universal pictorial art.[2]
Term
anatman
Definition
efers to the notion of "not-self". In the early texts, the Buddha commonly uses the word in the context of teaching that all things perceived by the senses (including the mental sense) are not really "I" or "mine", and for this reason one should not cling to them.
Term
Aryans
Definition
"pertaining to (speakers of) North-Indian languages"
Term
Atman
Definition
in buddhism, "soul" or "ego." Belief in existence of unchanging atman = suffering. In Hinduism, atman (soul) is identical with brahman (god)
Term
Bhagavad-Gita
Definition
sacred Hindu scripture, part of the mahabharata
Term
Bhakti
Definition
emphasises devotion and practice above ritual.
Term
Bodhisattva
Definition
a buddha who achieves enlightenment but chooses to help others on their path instead of attaining nirvana. Also, a really good Steely Dan song
Term
AvalokiteĊ›vara
Definition
a bodhisattva who embodies the compassion of all Buddhas.
Term
Brahmin
Definition
Highest position of the four varnas in hinduism
Term
Buddha
Definition
Founder of buddhism; desire is the root of suffering, "the middle way," the eight-fold path
Term
Chang'an
Definition
Ancient capital of 10 Chinese dynasties. Allegedly houses a tooth of the Buddha (via Wikipedia).
Term
dalits
Definition
self-designation of the class of people known as "untouchables"
Term
Darshan
Definition
"sight" in Sanskrit. A vision of the divine. Also used to refer to six schools of hindu thought (darshanas)
Term
dharani
Definition
a kind of mantra. "a mnemonic device which encapsulates the meaning of a section or chapter of a sutra"
Term
Dharma
Definition
Hinduism: path to enlightenment through social order. Buddhism: path of awakening as outlined by the Buddha
Term
dharma (lowercase D)
Definition
any phenomenon
Term
Dravidians
Definition
the people who natively speak languages belonging to the Dravidian language family. Populations of speakers are found mostly in southern India
Term
dukkha
Definition
suffering, pain, unsatisfactoriness, sorrow, affliction, anxiety, dissatisfaction, discomfort, anguish, stress, misery, and frustration. In Buddhism, the Four Noble Truths on dukkha are taught as the primary means to attain the ultimate aim of nirvana.
Term
Eurasia
Definition
comprises the traditional continents of Europe and Asia
Term
Ferdinand von Richthofen
Definition
19th century Asian explorer, coined the term "silk roads"
Term
Four Truths
Definition
Life is suffering, Origin of suffering is attachment. It is possible to end suffering. The eight-fold path is the way to end suffering
Term
Ganesh
Definition
most widely worshipped deity in Hindu pantheon. Elephant head.
Term
Han Empire
Definition
Buddhism entered China during the Han Dynasty. a half-brother to Emperor Ming of Han was one of its earliest Chinese adherents
Term
Hinayana
Definition
"lesser vehicle." Coined by the Mahayana to refer to a different school of Buddhism, now called "Theravada"
Term
Indra
Definition
Hindu thunder god (like Zeus!)
Term
Jainism
Definition
ancient non-violent Indian religion. Like Buddhism, the purpose of Jain dharma is to undo the negative effects of karma through mental and physical purification. This process leads to liberation accompanied by a great natural inner peace.
Term
Kali
Definition
the Hindu goddess associated with eternal energy
Term
Karakorum pass
Definition
highest pass in ancient caravan route between Leh in Ladakh and Yarkand in the Tarim Basin. Delineates border between India and China
Term
Karma
Definition
action or deed that keeps one in the cycle of samsara. In buddhism, motivation behind action > action itself
Term
kashgar
Definition
center of the establishment of Buddhism in the Tarim Basin (China) in the third or fourth century c.e.
Term
Kshatriya
Definition
warrior class (one of the four varnas)
Term
Lumbini
Definition
Buddhist pilgrimage cite in Nepal. Buddha's birthplace.
Term
Mahabharata
Definition
A major text of Hinduism and a cornerstone of Hindu mythology. part of a long-standing tradition which seeks to explain the relationship of the individual to society and the world (the nature of the 'Self') and the workings of karma.
Term
Mahavira
Definition
the name most commonly used to refer to the Indian sage Vardhamana, a major contributor to Jainist philosophy
Term
Mahayana
Definition
The "Great Vehicle," larger of the two remaining traditions of Buddhism
Term
Mantra
Definition
Terms, phrases, verses chanted
Term
Matteo Ricci
Definition
Italian Jesuit priest, one of the founding figures of the Jesuit China Mission, brought Christianity to China
Term
Moksa
Definition
In Jainism, the release from samsara. Same as Nirvana in Buddhism.
Term
Nalanda
Definition
Buddhist center of learning, the Buddha is said to have visisted many times while alive
Term
Nirvana
Definition
In Buddhism, the state of being free from suffering having escaped samsara
Term
Parvati
Definition
Hindu mother goddess, sister of Vishnu, mother to Ganesha and Skanda
Term
Prajna
Definition
wisdom that brings about enlightenment
Term
Puranas
Definition
post-Vedic texts which typically contain a complete narrative of the history of the Universe from creation to destruction
Term
Ramayana
Definition
an epic Sanskrit poem depicting the duties of relationships, also explores the tenets of human existence and concept of dharma, specifically tells story of Rama whose wife Sita is abducted by the demon king Ravana
Term
Rigveda
Definition
In Hinduism, the knowledge laid down in the verses, the oldest and most extensive of the four main anthologies
Term
Sadhu
Definition
mystic, an ascetic, practitioner of yoga and/or wandering monks solely dedicated to achieving the fourth and final Hindu goal of life (moksha "liberation")
Term
Sakyamuni
Definition
the Buddha
Term
Samarkand
Definition
city in Uzbekistan, central position on the Silk Road between China and the West
Term
Samsara
Definition
the cycle of birth, death, and rebirth (reincarnation)
Term
Sangha
Definition
the association of ordained Buddhist monks or nuns. In a stricter sense, Sangha can mean the assembly of all beings possessing some high degree of realization
Term
Shakti
Definition
concept, or personification, of divine feminine creative power
Term
Siddhartha
Definition
birth name of the Buddha
Term
Sila
Definition
virtue, moral conduct; the cornerstone upon which the entire Noble Eightfold Path is built
Term
Silk Road
Definition
extensive network of trade routes that connect the West and Asia; goods and culture (Buddhism) were brought along the roads
Term
Siva (Shiva)
Definition
the supreme god of Hinduism, god of destruction, death, dance, war
Term
Six Rebirth Realms
Definition

1. Hell - extreme suffering

2. Ghos - atmosphere of anxiety, illusion and fear, desires never satisfied

3. Animal - minimal intelligence and consciousness

4. Asura - proud and reluctant to learn Buddhist practices

5. Human - have both happiness and suffering

6. Deva - heaven for those who are wise and kind as the retribution for their good deed

Term
Skandha
Definition

five "aggregates" which categorize all experience of unenlightened individuals,

1. form

2. sensation

3. perception

4. memory

5 - consciousness

Term
Sunyata
Definition
emptiness, idea that because nature is impermanent, nothing possesses an essential, enduring identity
Term
Sutra
Definition
the teachings of the Buddha, lectures/sermons that he gave
Term
Taklamakan desert
Definition
desert in Central Asia, Silk Roads go north of it or south of it.
Term
Tarim Basin
Definition
basin in Central Asia, dominated mostly by the Taklamakan Desert
Term
Theravada
Definition
oldest surviving Buddhist school, literally means "the Teaching of the Elders" or "the Ancient Teaching"
Term
The Three Jewels
Definition

the three things that Buddhists take refuge in,

1. Buddha

2. Dharma

3. Sangha

Term
Upanishads
Definition
final portion of the Vedas, teachings in stories
Term
Upaya
Definition
Buddhist term for method of argument, it is said that the Buddha gave followers various upayas rather than revealing the ultimate truth, for which they were not ready.
Term
Varnas
Definition

main division of Hindu society into four castes

Term
Vedas
Definition
"knowledge," sacred teachings of Buddhism
Term
Xi'an
Definition
Ancient city in China, the eastern terminus of the Silk Road
Term
Zhang Qian
Definition
imperial envoy to world outside of China in the 2nd Century BC, brought back knowledge of Buddhism
Supporting users have an ad free experience!