Shared Flashcard Set


Religion in America
Final Study Guide
Religious Studies
Undergraduate 2

Additional Religious Studies Flashcards




Chinese Exclusion Act 1882
  • Inacted by Americans because of great concerns about jobs (California Gold Rush of the 1840s-1850s)
  • Excluded the immigration of both skilled and unskilled laborers for ten years.
  • based on race
  • repealed in 1943
  • SIGNIFICANCE: Followed by the Immigration Act of 1924 which would restrict immigration even further
"Blue-Eyed Devil"
  • Book by Michael Muhammed Knight (2006)
  • he traveled over 20,000 miles by Greyhound bus in 60 days, searching for a true American Islam
  • attempts to uncover the true identity of W. D. Fard, the mysterious founder of the Nation of Islam
  • SIGNIFICANCE: evidence that the Nation of Islam still exists today
Azusa Street Mission
  • Established by William J. Seymor (Af. Am. male)
  • sent to L.A. in 1906 by Perham to est. a community to pray for gifts of the Holy Spirit
  • Lucy Farrow came in 1906
  • She was sent to Azusa by Perham after she arrived, people started speaking in tongues
  • SIGNIFICANCE: Start of the pentecostal church and blurring of race/gender lines
Transcendental Meditation
  • Meditate twoce a day for twenty minutes
  • unify being with other beings
  • popularized by the Beatles
  • a part of zen buddhism
  • SIGNIFICANCE: change in Am. vlaues - traditional churches losing members, turn to Asian religion because it was different.
Walter Rauscenbusch
  • 1861-1918
  • german immigrant family
  • pastor of German Baptist Church
  • became worried about social conditions
  • talked about the kingdom of God
  • Wrote a lot about the social principles of Jesus, sin being selfishness, deemphasis of sin.
  • spread a kingdom of god through example and a christ like life.
  • SIGNIFICANCE: leader in a reaction to immigration, concerned about the lives of others.
May Laws
  • May 1882
  • Russian Laws
  • Jews cannot hold public office, cannot participate in economic life
  • quotas on the number of jews who could be teachers and how many could be students
  • could not be part of the legal system
  • could not vote
  • cannot work for the goverment
  • russian gov't encouraging Jews to leave
  • SIGNIFICANCE: when Jews arrived in America they were already used to discrimination
Thomas Dorsey
  • 1899-1993
  • Father of black gospel music
  • combines christian praise with rhythms of jazz and blues
  • SIGNIFICANCE: proliferation of works that have become the voice of black churches and gospel music. paved the way for other kinds of gospel music in the black community
Dorothy Day
  • Catholic Workers Movement
  • Born a protestant
  • worked as a journalist
  • involved with socialism
  • lived with a guy and had a child out of wedlock, after birth of her daughter, converted to Catholicism - man left her
  • Catholic Worker Movement: 1933 - began by destributing a newspaper called the catholic worker
  • emphasis on works and religious practice
  • houses of hospitality: aid/comfort for those who need it, major urban centers, provide food/shelter
  • ardent pacifist
  • SIGNIFICANCE: Founder of the Catholic Worker Movement and Hospitality houses of which there are still 100s today.
  • aka Christian Realists
  • late 1940s to early 1950s
  • realistic approach to human life
  • called the found generation
  • young people upset about what happened during WW1 - nationalism blamed, blamed old generation for making the young people fight, disallusioned by what they saw at war.
  • why do we have the old order? we need something different.
  • demonstrations on college campuses, organized ROTC, Peace
  • hated racism and felt that racism=international problem which fueled nationalism.
  • solution to racism: christians needed to unify - called for an international christian movement.
  • leaders include: Francis Miller, Reinhold Niebuhr, Henry P. Van Dusen
  • believed that God is transcendent and other.
  • nothing can be done to avoid sin
  • against liberal protestants
  • called for involvement in WW2
  • SIGNIFICANCE: Christian realists provide a transition away from Liberal Protestants but form a middle ground between lib prots and fundamentalists. Basis for future views and ideas of the Civil Rights Movement.


  • founded by MLK in 1957
  • wanted braod social justice in America
  • advocated boycotts and other forms of non-violent protest
  • church should be involved in social justice
  • SIGNIFICANCE: proof that religion mattered during the civil rights movement, religion was part of the civil rights movement.
The Fundamentals
  • 12 books published between 1910 and 1916
  • broad defense of Christianity against a hostile world
  • 1/3 dealt with inerrancy
  • 1/3 argued in defense of protestantism
  • 1/3 dealt with movements like romanism, mormanism, communism, socialism, spiritualism, Eddyism (christian science)
  • SIGNIFICANCE: reaction to immigration of non-protestants, resurgance of conservative theology
James Cone
  • God was on the side of the oppressed, not the oppressor.
  • Blacks = oppressed, whites = oppressor
  • 1969: combined Liberation Theology (alongside black power mvmt) in his book Black Theology and Black Power - provided a new way to articulate the distinctiveness of theology in the black church
  • stated that if the gospel is a gospel of liberation of the oppressed then jesus is a savior to the oppressed
  • SIGNIFICANCE: changed the view of catholicism, Jesus is on the side of the OPPRESSED, new idea.
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