Shared Flashcard Set


realism and idealism
International Studies
11th Grade

Additional International Studies Flashcards




Hegemonic Liberalism
a. It is the duty of civilized and powerful nations to impose order on the evil and uncivilized with unchallenged military power.

i. Force others to adhere to a higher moral code.

b. US should exploit its military superiority to put world hegemony over uncivilized powers. (David Rieff)
New Liberal Internationalism
a. Reluctant to engage in humanitarian interventions—only under political/diplomatic pressure.

b. Increases hegemony and focuses on the spread of democracy

c. Develop a middle class (this class will demand an opening of the political process for its own interests)
d. Ex: Clinton Administration
World-order liberalism
a. International development is the key to power

i. Well-educated/hard working populations that participate in the modern economy are crucial

b. A globalized economy cannot work without cooperation and accepted rules—those who cooperate will be richer and more secure.

c. US should significantly increase the amount of money devoted to US soft power (development assistance and international cooperative regimes to control the environment or to regulate the market)
Prudent Realism
a. Believes US is loosing sight of its true national interest.

i. We need to protect the heartland

b. Wants variety of non-military pressures to use

i. Keep force available for emergencies

c. Ultimate goal: persuade other powers to support building/developing solutions concerning world society (market)

d. Focus on threats that would hurt US’s future.
Hegemonic Realism
a. Recognizes that US has more
military, technology, economic development, political cohesion than the rest of the world.

b. Keep US allies dependant on the US (most importantly Germany and Japan)

c. International politics will always be ruthless with the goal of dominating—thus US should seek ultimate power before someone else does.

d. US must use its power to prevent other countries from becoming capable of competing/threatening US

e. Should spread borders of capitalism and free-market through superiority.
6 Principles
1. Politics is governed by natural law rooted in human nature.

2. National interest = power. Motives of nation-states are not important; good intentions do not equal good foreign policy. Rational foreign policy is not concerned with ideology or motives; it is concerned with maximizing benefit for your nation and minimizing risk.

3. Balance of power is a consistent
interest of nation-states.

4. Cannot apply morality to actions of nations; prudence is supreme virtue.

5. Morality of one nation does not equal universal truth.

6. Political realism attempts to maintain the autonomy of politics. Core question to consider is “How does this policy affect the power of the nation?” Political considerations cannot be subordinate to other standards set in law or morality.
Supporting users have an ad free experience!