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psychology
chap 1
45
Psychology
Undergraduate 1
09/09/2019

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Term
PARTS OF A NEURON
Definition
DENDRITES, CELL BODY, AXONS, TERMINAL BUTTONS
Term
dendrites
Definition
( RECEIVE SIGNAL )short branch like extensions. They detect signals from neighboring neurons.
Term
cell body
Definition
information received from thousands of other neurons is collected and integrated
Term
axon
Definition
( PASS signal )a long narrow outgrowth of a neuron that enables the neuron to transmit into other neurons
Term
terminal buttons
Definition
knoblike structures at the end of the axon
Term
three basoc function of the nervous system
Definition
recieve sensory information from the world through senses. 2. process the information in the brain by paying attention to it etc. 3. respond to the info by acting on it
Term
synapse
Definition
( ASSESS the signal) the site where communication between neurons occurs
Term
action potential
Definition
the neural impulse that travels along the axon and then causes the release of neurotransmitters into the synapse
Term
neurotransmitters
Definition
chemical substances that carry signals from one neuron to another
Term
central nervous system
Definition
the part of the nervous system that consists of the brain and the spinal cord
Term
peripheral nervous system
Definition
the part of the nervous system that enables nerves to connect thee central nervous system with the muscles organs and glands
Term
hindbrain
Definition
brainstem, cerebellum, movement / survival functions.
Term
midbrain
Definition
substantia nigra initiation of voluntary motor activity
Term
forebrain
Definition
Cerebral Cortex and 5 Subcortical Areas•Thalamus•gateway•Hypothalamus•regulator•Hippocampus•memory•Amygdala•emotions•Basal ganglia•Reward, movement, motor skills
Term
hypothalamus
Definition
is the brains master regulatory structure. a subcortical fore brain structure involve in regulating bodily functions. The hypothalamus also influences out basic motivated behaviors
Term
the corpus callosum
Definition
this fibrous structure connects the two hemispheres of the cerebral cortex
Term
endocrine system
Definition
A communication system that uses hormones to influence thoughts and actions
Term
genotype
Definition
is the genetic makeup
Term
phenotype
Definition
is the physical trait a result of the genotype
Term
allele
Definition
different forms of traits can be dominant or recessive
Term
plasticity
Definition
brains ability to change through experience drugs or injury
Term
consciousness
Definition
the combination of a persons subjective experience of the external world and the persons mental activity this combination results from brain activity
Term
subjective
Definition
information is subject to your own personal view. Other people will not experience that infortmation the same way because it would be subject to their own view
Term
objective
Definition
information is an object that all people view the same way. Other people will experience that information in the same way because it is an object seeen in the same way by all
Term
circadian rhythms
Definition
the regulation of biological cycles into regular daily patterns
Term
melatonin
Definition
A hormone released in the brain that aids regulation of circadian rythm because bright light reduces production and darkness increases production
Term
nrem-1 alpha, nrem2 (easily awakened theta) nrem-3 delta, REM 1-2-3-2-rem 90 minute cycles
Definition
Describe the 4 stages of sleep and how it cycles
Term
paradoxical sleep
Definition
brain is active body is not
Term
drug induced, day dreaming, religious ecstasy , hypnosis and meditation
Definition
altered states
Term
meditation
Definition
intense contemplation leads to a deep sense of calmness
Term
flow
Definition
a highly focused awareness of self and time diminishes due to being completely engrossed in an enjoyable activity
Term
stimulants
Definition
increase both mental process and physical activity
Term
hallucinogens
Definition
Affect perceptual experiences and evoke sensory images even without sensory input
Term
depressants
Definition
Decreases both mental processand activity
Term
opioid
Definition
Prescription painkillers(narcotics
Term
psychology
Definition
the study of mental activity and behavior which are based on brain processes
Term
critical thinking
Definition
systematically evaluating information to reach reasonable conclusions best supported by evidence.
What am i being asked to believe
What evidence is provided to support this claim
What are the most reasonable conclusions
Term
We learn how attention and memory works, connections between motivation and emotion and understanding how people think and work.
Definition
how does psychology affect school and work?
Term
Structuralism
Wilhelm Wundt
Edward titchner
Definition
identify the basic parts or structures of the conscious mind
Term
Functionalism
William James
Charles Darwin
Definition
describe how the conscious mind aids adaptation to an environment
Term
psychoanalytic theory
Sigmeund Freud
Definition
Understand how unconscious thoughts cause psychological disorders
Term
Gesalt Psychology
Max Wertheimer
Wolfgang Kohler
Definition
study subjective perceptions as a unified whole
Term
Behaviorism
John B watson
BF SKinner
Definition
Describe behavior in response to environmental stimuli
Term
humanistic psychology
Abraham Maslow
Carl rodger
Definition
investigate how people become happier and more fullfilled focus on the basic goodness of people
Term
Cognitive psychology
George miller
Ulric Neisser
Definition
explore the internal mental process that influence behavior
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