Shared Flashcard Set

Details

Psychology Ch.1-3
exam study guide
23
Psychology
Undergraduate 1
09/06/2017

Additional Psychology Flashcards

 


 

Cards

Term
What is Psychology?
Definition

Study of the behavior of an individual organisim's and how environmental, psychological, mental, social, and cultural events.

And what variables influence the behavior

Term
Sociology vs. Psychology
Definition
Sociology studies the behavior of a group of people while psychology studies the individual
Term
Father of experimental psychology and the father of American psychology
Definition

Wilhelm Wundt

William James

Term

what are the perspectives of psychology?

What is the oldest perspective of psychology?

Definition
  • Structuralism
  • Functionalism
  • Evolutionary Psychology
  • Gestalt
  • Behaviorism
  • Humanistic psychology
  • positive psychology
  • Bio-psycho-social-cultural perspective

 

Structuralism is the oldest perspective

Term
3 parts of the psychodynamic theory
Definition
  • Id- physical satisfaction and biological needs
  • Super-ego- the need to meet societel demands
  • Influence the role of the unconscious¬†
Term
Dead Man's test
Definition
A behavior is anything a dead person cannot do
Term
Branch's of psych
Definition
  • Biopsychology
  • sensation and perception
  • developmental psychology
  • behavior analysis
  • cognitive psychology
  • psychology of intelligence
  • abnormal psychology
Term
Tuskegee (1932- 1972)
Definition
  • 600 black sharecroppers and 213 were infected with syphilis
  • 1/3 were not infected. Treated for "bad blood".
  • patients were not treated to be able to see the progression of syphillis
Term
Operational definition
Definition
statement that clearly explains what is being measured and how to measure it
Term
experimental control
Definition
ability of researcher to minimize influence of variables
Term
external validility
Definition
refers to the degree to which findings from the study can be applied to a different context
Term
  • Lab studies
  • naturalistic observation
  • case studies
Definition
  • have no control over variables
  • behavior observed and assessed in context with which what behavior occurs
  • observation of a single person
Term
Spurious correlation
Definition
a situation where two variable are not directly related, but statistically related
Term
comparative research
Definition
study of animal behavior to better understand human behavior
Term
3 main variables of experimental studies
Definition
  • Independent variables- what is being manipulated
  • dependent variables- what is being measured
  • confounding variable- uncontrolled variable
Term
Nuerotransmitters
Definition
  • dopamine- influences pleasure and emotion
  • serotonin- affects mood, sleep, and apetite
  • endorphins- natural morphine
  • glutamate- for memory and learning
Term
Where does the 'where' and 'what' stream go to from the occipital lobe
Definition
  • 'where' stream goes to the parietal lobe
  • 'what' stream goes to the temporal lobe
Term
Amygdala
Definition
emotion processing. correlated with aggression.
Term
FMRI brain viewing
Definition
  • measures blood flow
  • red= more activation
  • blue= less activation
Term
hypothalamus
Definition
important to motivated behaviors such as feeding or fighting
Term

Symphatic NS

Parasymphatic NS

Definition
  • symphatic controls organ activity in response to threats
  • parasymphatic is portion of automatic NS that controls normal organ activity
Term
nuerons
Definition
  • brain cell stones that process info with electrical signal
  • 86 billion in brain
  • 1 1mm-m neuron has connections with up to 10,000 nuerons
Term
4 major lobes
Definition
  • frontal lobe- exuctuive functioning such as planning and focusing
  • occipital lobe- visual processing
  • parietal lobe- processes visual attention and perception of locations
  • temporal lobe- processes complex shapes such as faces¬†
Supporting users have an ad free experience!