# Shared Flashcard Set

## Details

Programming Logic and Design
Arrays
18
Computer Science
06/02/2010

Term
 Array
Definition
 An array is a series or list of variables in computer memory, all of which have the same name but are differentiated with special numbers called subscripts.
Term
 Subscript/ Index
Definition
 A subscript, also called and index, is a number that indicates the positions of a particular item within an array.
Term
 Element
Definition
 Each separate array variable is one element of the array.
Term
 Size of the array
Definition
 The size of the array is the number of elements it can hold.
Term
 Implicitly Sized
Definition
 An implicitly sized array is one that is automatically given a size based on a list of provided values.
Term
 Dynamic arrays / Dynamically allocated arrays
Definition
 Arrays whose size can be altered are dynamic arrays, or dynamically allocated arrays
Term
 Initialization Loop
Definition
 An initialization loop is a loop structure that provides initial values for every element in any array.
Term
 Populating an array
Definition
 Populating an array is the act of assigning values to the array elements.
Term
 Variable Array
Definition
 A variable array is on whose values change during program execution.
Term
 Constant array
Definition
 A constant array is one whose values are assigned permanently when you write the program code.
Term
 Hard-Coded
Definition
 Hard-coded values are explicitly assigned.
Term
 Flag
Definition
 A flag is a variable that you set to indicate whether some element in one array is associated with the element in the same relative position in the other array or arrays.
Term
 Parallel arrays
Definition
 Parallel arrays are two or more arrays in which each element in on array is associated with the element in the same relative position in the other array or arrays.
Term
 Early Exit
Definition
 Leaving a loop as soon as a match is found is called an early exit
Term
 Out of Bounds
Definition
 An array subscript is out of bounds when it is not within the range of acceptable subscripts.
Term
 A subscript is a(n) __________.
Definition
 Number that indicates  the position of a particular item within an array. (p.238)
Term
 Each variable in an array must have the same _______ as the others.
Definition
 data type
Term
 Each variable in an array must have the same ________
Definition
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