# Shared Flashcard Set

## Details

PPM
Vital Signs
16
Accounting
Pre-School
02/10/2013

Term
 What is the normal temp for; oral, tympanic, rectal, and axillary? Give celsius too.
Definition
 -Oral; 98.6 (37 celsius)-Tympanic and rectal should be +0.5-1.0-Axillary should be -0.5-1.0
Term
 What is the normal pulse to respiration ratio?
Definition
 -4:1
Term
 What is the normal respiration rate?
Definition
 -12-20
Term
Definition
 -Bradynea - slow breathing-Cheyne-Stokes respiration - rapid then stopped (hyperpnea + apnea)-Orthopnea - dyspnea when lying flat-Tachypnea - short and rapid-Apnea - lacked of breathing-Dyspnea - shortness of breath-Hyperpnea - increased depth-Hyperventilation - hyperpnea + tachypnea (depth & rate)
Term
 What is the normal heart rate for adults? For a newborn?
Definition
 -60 to 100-100 to 160
Term
 What is hypertension defined as in terms of numbers?
Definition
 -Greater than 140/90 (for either number)-Also has to be for two or more visits
Term
 What will a cuff too large and too small do to the reading? What about cloths?
Definition
 -Too large will give a low reading-Too small will give a high reading-Cloths will raise the reading also
Term
 What is orthostatic hypertension?
Definition
 -Also called postural hypotension-It is when the BP drops >20 and pulse raises >10 as a result of sitting up/standing
Term
 What are the ranges for pre, stage 1, and stage 2 hypertension?
Definition
 -Pre-hypertension; 120-140/80-90-Stage 1 hypertension; 140-160/90-100-Stage 2 hypertension; >160/100
Term
 How do we do an approximation on ideal weight?
Definition
 Females;-100lbs for first 5' + 5lbs for each additional inchMales;-106lbs for first 5' + 6lbs for each additional inch-We add/subtract 10% depending on build
Term
 What is the formula for BMI?
Definition
 703 x lbs/in^2orkg/m^2
Term
 What are the BMI ranges?
Definition
 -18.5-25 (normal)-25-30 (chubby)-30-40 (fat)-40+ (OMG!)
Term
 What is a fever?
Definition
 -Over 100
Term
 What are the stages of hypothermia?
Definition
 Stage 1; 1-2C below normal (about 97-95F)-shiveringStage 2; 2-4C below normal (about 95-91)-Increased shivering, loss of pallor, opposition and muscle coordination in general is lostStage 3; Below 32C (below about 90F)-Shivering stops, walking becomes almost impossible, cognition suffers
Term
 What is pulse pressure? What is normal?
Definition
 -Pulse pressure is the diff between the two numbers-For 115/80 the pulse pressure would be 35-Normal is 30-60
Term
 What is pulsus paradoxes and what may it indicate?
Definition
 -It is a drop in BP (by 10 or more) upon inspiration-This may indicate cardiac temponade, large pericardial effusions, constrictive pericarditis (essentially all pressure on the heart)-Can also be from increased effort, like in asthma
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