# Shared Flashcard Set

## Details

POE 4.1 Vocab
Vocabulary from 4.1- Statistics
29
Engineering
05/18/2011

Term
 Accuracy
Definition
 Degree of conformity of a measure to a standard value.
Term
 Bar Chart
Definition
 Categorical data graph
Term
 Bayes’ Theorem
Definition
 The probability of an event occurring based upon other event probabilities
Term
 Data
Definition
 Numbers or information describing some characteristic.
Term
 Data Variation
Definition
 Measure of data scatter
Term
 Deviation
Definition
 Amount of difference between a value and the mean.
Term
 Experiment
Definition
 An activity with observable results.
Term
 Event
Definition
 A subset of a sample space.
Term
 Frequency Distribution
Definition
 Listing of data values along with their corresponding frequencies.
Term
 Frequency Polygons
Definition
 Frequency distribution graph
Term
 Histogram
Definition
 Frequency distribution graph
Term
 Mean
Definition
 Arithmetic average
Term
 Mean Deviation
Definition
 Measure of variation equal to the sum of the deviations of each value from the mean.
Term
 Median
Definition
 Middle value of a set of values arranged in order of magnitude.
Term
 Mode
Definition
 The value that occurs most frequently.
Term
 Normal Distribution
Definition
 Bell-shaped probability distribution.
Term
 Outcome
Definition
 The result of an experiment.
Term
 Pie Chart
Definition
 Categorical data graph using percentages %
Term
 Probability
Definition
 The calculated likelihood that a given event will occur.
Term
 Process Control
Definition
 To monitor and control a process so that the quality of the output/product improves.
Term
 Qualitative Data
Definition
 Values that possess names or labels
Term
 Quality Assurance
Definition
 The use of quality control techniques associated with a process.
Term
 Reliability
Definition
 The probability of satisfactory operation of the product in a given environment over a specified time interval.
Term
 Sample Space
Definition
 A set of all possible outcomes or events in an experiment that cannot be further broken down.
Term
 Standard Deviation
Definition
 The square root of the variance.
Term
 Statistics
Definition
 The collection, evaluation, and interpretation of data
Term
 Statistical Process Control
Definition
 SPC is a method of monitoring, controlling, and ideally improving a process through statistical analysis. Its four basic steps include measuring the process, eliminating variances in the process to make it consistent, monitoring the process, and improving the process to its best target value.
Term
 Tolerance
Definition
 The difference between the maximum and minimum dimensions allowed within the design of a product.
Term
 Variance
Definition
 The difference between samples.
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