Term
What is Potential Energy? Kinetic Energy? 

Definition
Potential energy is energy possessed by reason of position or deformation. Kinetic energy is energy possessed by reason of motion. 


Term
What are the First and Second Laws of Thermodynamics? 

Definition
1st: Energy cannot be created or destroyed but may be converted from one form to another. 2nd: No machine, actual or ideal, can both continuously and completely transform heat into mechanical energy. Nothing is 100% efficient. 


Term
Name three ways that heat is transferred 

Definition
Radiation, Convection, Conduction 


Term
What is a British Thermal Unit? 

Definition
A BTU is the amount of heat required to raise the temperature of One Pound of water one degree Fahrenheit. 


Term
Convert 22° Celsius to °Fahrenheit. 

Definition
Multiply 22° by 1.8 (which equals 39.6), then add 32, which makes a total of 71.6°F. 


Term
Convert 105°F to °Celsius 

Definition
Subtract 105° by 32 (which equals 73), and then divide by 1.8 which brings you to 40.56°C 


Term
How many BTU's are required to raise one pound of water from 50°F to 210°F? 

Definition


Term
How many BTU's are requires to raise the temperature of 500 GALLONS of water from 70°F to 160°F? 

Definition
Convert GALLONS to pounds by multiplying 500 by 8.33 (which equals 4165), then multiply the BTU's from 70°F to 160°F (which is 90 BTU's) by 4165 and the total BTU's is 374,850 BTU's. 


Term
You have a 2,000 GALLON tank filled with water, how much does the water weigh? 

Definition


Term
The pressure gauge reads 130 PSI, what is the Absolute Pressure? 

Definition


Term
What is the Latent Heat of Fusion? 

Definition
Heat added to solid to cause a change of state to a liquid. (One pound of Ice at 32°F becomes Water with the addition of 144 BTU's of heat) 


Term
What is the Latent Heat of Evaporation? 

Definition
Heat added to a liquid to cause a change of state to a gas/vapor. (One pound of water at 212°F becomes one pound of steam at 212°F when 970.3 BTU's of heat are added) 


Term
How many BTU's in a pound of steam at 212°F? 

Definition


Term
What is Sensible Heat and Latent Heat? 

Definition
Sensible Heat is heat that is added to a substance that causes a change in temperature that can be measured with a thermometer. Latent heat is heat that is added to a substance that causes a change of state without a change in temperature. 


Term
What is the critical pressure of steam? 

Definition


Term
What is the critical temperature of steam? 

Definition


Term
What happens to the boiling point of water as the pressure increases? 

Definition


Term
What happens to the Enthalpy of Evaporation as the pressure increases? 

Definition


Term
What are the three states of matter? 

Definition


Term
What is the definition of specific heat? 

Definition
The amount of heat required to raise the temperature of one pound of any substance one °F 

