# Shared Flashcard Set

## Details

Physics-Optics
Topics and Equations for MCAT
24
Physics
06/28/2020

Term
 Full EM Spectrum from High to Low Energy
Definition
 Radio < Microwave < IR < Visible (Violet @ 400nm to Red @ 700nm) < UV < X-rays < Gamma Rays
Term
 Law of Reflection Equation
Definition
 θ1=θ2
Term
 Focal Length of Spherical Mirrors
Definition
 f=r/2 :where r is the radius of curvature f=io/i+o or 1/f=1/o + 1/i:where i is the image distance and o is the object distance
Term
 Image Distance of Spherical Mirrors
Definition
 i=fo/o-f :where f is the focal length and o is the object distance
Term
 Magnification of Spherical Mirrors
Definition
 m=-i/o :where i is the image distance and o is the object distance
Term
 Sign Convention for Spherical Mirror Equations
Definition
 +r: Concave/Converging mirror -r:Convex/Diverging mirror +i: Real image -i: Virtual image +m: Upright image -m: Inverted image |m|<1: Image is smaller than object |m|>1: Image is larger than object |m|=1: Image is the same size as object
Term
 Snell's Law Equation
Definition
 n1sin(θ1) = n2sin(θ2) :where n is the index of refraction
Term
 Index of Refraction
Definition
 n=c/v
Term
 How does light refract as it goes through different mediums?
Definition
 n2>n1 (θ2<θ1): Light will bend towards the normal  n2θ1): Light will bend away from the normal
Term
 How does light travel as it goes through different medium?
Definition
 Light slows down as it goes from air to liquid to gas
Term
 Type of Image if Object is Behind Center of Curvature
Definition
 Real, inverted, smaller image
Term
 Type of Image if Object is at Center of Curvature
Definition
 Real, inverted image that is the same size as the object
Term
 Type of Image if Object is Place Anywhere between the Center of Curvature and Focal Point
Definition
 Real, inverted image that is larger than the object
Term
 Type of Image if Object is in front of Focal Point
Definition
 Virtual, upright image that is larger than the object
Term
 Type of Image in a Convex Mirror
Definition
 Virtual, upright smaller image
Term
 Power of Lenses Equation
Definition
 P=1/f
Term
 Sign convention for Lenes (w/o Power)
Definition
 +r: Lens has 2 convex surfaces (Converging Lens) -r: Lens has 2 concave surfaces (Diverging Lens) +o: Object is on the same side as light source -o: Object is on the opposite side of light source +i: Image is on the same side as light source -i: Image is on the opposite side of light source +m: Image is upright -m: Image is inverted
Term
 Sign convention for Lenes (w/o Power)
Definition
 +r: Lens has 2 convex surfaces (Converging Lens) -r: Lens has 2 concave surfaces (Diverging Lens) +o: Object is on the same side as light source -o: Object is on the opposite side of light source +i: Image is on the same side as light source -i: Image is on the opposite side of light source +m: Image is upright -m: Image is inverted
Term
 Sign convention for Lenses (w/o Power)
Definition
 +r: Lens has 2 convex surfaces (Converging Lens) -r: Lens has 2 concave surfaces (Diverging Lens) +o: Object is on the same side as light source -o: Object is on the opposite side of light source +i: Image is on the same side as light source -i: Image is on the opposite side of light source +m: Image is upright -m: Image is inverted
Term
 Power of Lenses Equation
Definition
 P=1/f
Term
 Sign Convention for Power of Lenses
Definition
 +P: Converging lens -P: Diverging lens
Term
 Converging Lens vs Diverging Lens
Definition
 Converging Lens: Composed of 2 convex lens and causes light to converge on to the focal point Diverging Lens: Composed of 2 concave lens and causes light to diverge away from focal point
Term
 Lens Required for Near/Farsightedness
Definition
 Converging lens are required for farsightedness and w/o corrective lenses image of close object is projected behind retina   Diverging lens are required for nearsightedness and w/o corrective lenses image of far object is projected in front of retina
Term
 Multiple Lens System Equations
Definition
 1/f=1/f1+1/f2+...+1/fn P=P1+P2+..+Pn m=m1m2...mn
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