Term
Full EM Spectrum from High to Low Energy 

Definition
Radio < Microwave < IR < Visible (Violet @ 400nm to Red @ 700nm) < UV < Xrays < Gamma Rays 


Term
Law of Reflection Equation 

Definition


Term
Focal Length of Spherical Mirrors 

Definition
f=r/2 :where r is the radius of curvature
f=io/i+o or 1/f=1/o + 1/i:where i is the image distance and o is the object distance



Term
Image Distance of Spherical Mirrors 

Definition
i=fo/of :where f is the focal length and o is the object distance 


Term
Magnification of Spherical Mirrors 

Definition
m=i/o :where i is the image distance and o is the object distance 


Term
Sign Convention for Spherical Mirror Equations 

Definition
+r: Concave/Converging mirror
r:Convex/Diverging mirror
+i: Real image
i: Virtual image
+m: Upright image
m: Inverted image
m<1: Image is smaller than object
m>1: Image is larger than object
m=1: Image is the same size as object



Term

Definition
n_{1}sin(θ_{1}) = n_{2}sin(θ_{2}) :where n is the index of refraction 


Term

Definition


Term
How does light refract as it goes through different mediums? 

Definition
n_{2}>n_{1} (θ_{2}<θ_{1}): Light will bend towards the normal
n_{2}<n_{1} (θ_{2}>θ_{1}): Light will bend away from the normal 


Term
How does light travel as it goes through different medium? 

Definition
Light slows down as it goes from air to liquid to gas 


Term
Type of Image if Object is Behind Center of Curvature 

Definition
Real, inverted, smaller image 


Term
Type of Image if Object is at Center of Curvature 

Definition
Real, inverted image that is the same size as the object 


Term
Type of Image if Object is Place Anywhere between the Center of Curvature and Focal Point 

Definition
Real, inverted image that is larger than the object 


Term
Type of Image if Object is in front of Focal Point 

Definition
Virtual, upright image that is larger than the object 


Term
Type of Image in a Convex Mirror 

Definition
Virtual, upright smaller image 


Term

Definition


Term
Sign convention for Lenes (w/o Power) 

Definition
+r: Lens has 2 convex surfaces (Converging Lens)
r: Lens has 2 concave surfaces (Diverging Lens)
+o: Object is on the same side as light source
o: Object is on the opposite side of light source
+i: Image is on the same side as light source
i: Image is on the opposite side of light source
+m: Image is upright
m: Image is inverted 


Term
Sign convention for Lenes (w/o Power) 

Definition
+r: Lens has 2 convex surfaces (Converging Lens)
r: Lens has 2 concave surfaces (Diverging Lens)
+o: Object is on the same side as light source
o: Object is on the opposite side of light source
+i: Image is on the same side as light source
i: Image is on the opposite side of light source
+m: Image is upright
m: Image is inverted 


Term
Sign convention for Lenses (w/o Power) 

Definition
+r: Lens has 2 convex surfaces (Converging Lens)
r: Lens has 2 concave surfaces (Diverging Lens)
+o: Object is on the same side as light source
o: Object is on the opposite side of light source
+i: Image is on the same side as light source
i: Image is on the opposite side of light source
+m: Image is upright
m: Image is inverted 


Term

Definition


Term
Sign Convention for Power of Lenses 

Definition
+P: Converging lens
P: Diverging lens 


Term
Converging Lens vs Diverging Lens 

Definition
Converging Lens: Composed of 2 convex lens and causes light to converge on to the focal point
Diverging Lens: Composed of 2 concave lens and causes light to diverge away from focal point 


Term
Lens Required for Near/Farsightedness 

Definition
Converging lens are required for farsightedness and w/o corrective lenses image of close object is projected behind retina
Diverging lens are required for nearsightedness and w/o corrective lenses image of far object is projected in front of retina 


Term
Multiple Lens System Equations 

Definition
1/f=1/f_{1}+1/f_{2}+...+1/f_{n}
P=P_{1}+P_{2}+..+P_{n}
m=m_{1}m_{2}...m_{n} 

