Term
How is pressure measured and why does pressure decrease with altitude? 

Definition
p=mg (massxgravity) pressure decreases with altitude because the mass above us decreases with altitude 


Term
Explain the hydrostatic equation 

Definition
The hydrostatic equation states that dp/dz = pz+change in p 


Term
Write down the equation of state and breifly explain what it defines 

Definition
p=pRT where R is the gas constant for air 


Term
Define what an adiabatic process is 

Definition
A process where energy is is conserved without the addition or subtraction of external energy 


Term
Use the equation for potential temperature 

Definition


Term
What does it mean that the earth is not in radiative equilibrium? 

Definition
This means that the earth has more solar heating than longwave radiation on average 


Term
What are the symbols for  the environmental lapse rate  parcel lapse rate 

Definition


Term
What is the difference between a stable and nonstable atmosphere? 

Definition
env lapse rate>parcel= stable vice versa= instability 


Term
Why is the ozone so important in the layers of the atmosphere? 

Definition
Ozone absorbs shortwavelength radition very effectively and filters out very harmful UV radiation 


Term
What is the equation for Ozone formation? 

Definition


Term

Definition
Chlorine Cl+O3=Cl+O2 ClO+O=Cl+O2 


Term
What the answers to the follwing quickfire questions 1. What is the average surface temperature? 2. What is the average earth temperature? 3. What is the Te of the Earth? 4. What is the amount of longwave radiation absorbed at the surface of the earth? What s the total radiation budget of the surface? 

Definition

