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50
Political Studies
Undergraduate 1
11/25/2012

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Term
What is a basic argument common to all forms of anarchism?
Definition
No government- outgrown need for gov.
Term
"Individualist anarchism" is left wing, moderate, or right wing?
Definition
right
Term
"Social anarchism" is left wing, moderate, or right wing?
Definition
left
Term
"Anarcho-syndicalism" organizes labor on what basis?
Definition
syndical basis- would dispense the necessary services usually provided by government.
Term
Define the term "scientific socialism."
Definition
Socialism-marxist- based on certain principles of human conduct sacred
Term
What is the "dictatorship of the proletariat" according to Marxists?
Definition
Eliminate all but proletariat
Term
The "bourgeoisie" is what group according to the Marxists? (page 185)
Definition
Ensure their economic supremacy- wealthy, merchant, tradesman, own some means of production
Term
The "lumpenproletariat" is composed of what kind of people?
Definition
all the bad people. Prostitutes, criminals social outcasts
Term
Define the term "nationalization."
Definition
Government control over industries. Also becoming nation
Term
What are some methods of socializing economies according to Baradat?
Definition
Nationalization, foorming cooperatives
Term
What was the New Deal?
Definition
a massive reform program that injected socialism into capitalism. Pretty much gave jobs to people.
Term
How does Lenin define "imperialism?"
Definition
the final and most advanced stage of capitalism
Term
Who led the Bolshevik Revolution in Russia?
Definition
lenin
Term
What was the Comintern?
Definition
The International Communist movement created by lenin in 1919. Spread revolution and socialism throughout the world-"third internationl"
Term
According to Baradat, Marxism is an example of what kind of socialism?
Definition
Scientific socialism
Term
What was the "Long March?"
Definition
The kuomintang army surrounded the communist, the com. fled to saftey in northern china.
Term
What does the "mass line" refer to?
Definition
The maoist doctrine calling upon the masses of china to carry out the goals of the revolution
Term
Who led the Chinese Communist Revolution?
Definition
Mao zedong
Term
Who led the Cuban Communist Revolution?
Definition
Fidel castro
Term
Define the idea of the "permanent revolution."
Definition
Mao zedong and Leon trotsky- favoring revolution as the best way to achieve meaningful reform even after Marxist have taken power.
Term
What was the "Treaty of Versailles?"
Definition
harsh peace settlement on defeated germany, unjustly saying it was germanys fault for the war
Term
Who was the leader of German fascism and head of state?
Definition
Adolf Hitler
Term
What was the official name of the German fascist party?
Definition
The National Socialist German Workers Party
Term
Fascist and NAZI ideology include what ideas?
Definition
* Irrationalism, totalitarianism, elitism, militarism, and imperialism.
- Both reject the most fundamental principles current in Western civilization: human equality, human dignity, the right to freedom, rationalism, objective truth and the desirability of peace in human relationships.
Term
Define the concept of "statism."
Definition
State is the focal point of human existence and therefore OBEY IT.
Term
What is the "corporate state?"
Definition
Used in italy, state controled people by controlling labor unions and busineses
Term
What according to fascists is the "will to power?"
Definition
HUMAN DOMINATION- a force that demaded that people fight and seek to dominate
Term
What is the "volkish essence?"
Definition
a mythical inner power that makes germans superior. spirit.
Term
Who was the leader of Italian fascism and head of state?
Definition
Benito Mussolini
Term
According to Baradat, the US is relatively susceptible or more prone to what kind of extremism?
Definition
Right wing extremism
Term
What movement according to Baradat achieved prominence in the US in the 1990s?
Definition
Militant civilian militias
Term
According to Baradat, right wing extremism in the US is growing, declining, staying the same?
Definition
growing
Term
Colonized economies were converted to export economies for what?
Definition
produced precious metals, gems, and items of trade. monocrop production soil depletion.
Term
At what conference did Europe divide up Africa (From notes)
Definition
Berlin conference
Term
What country ruled the Congo? (From notes)
Definition
Belgium
Term
What kind of rule did the British have in their colonies? (From notes
Definition
indirect rule, alliance with native elites, sea power.
Term
What kind of rule did the Spanish have in their colonies? (From notes)
Definition
Direct rule-crown.
exploitative
absolute monarchy
Term
What phase and time period was Spanish colonization?
Definition
Post 1492 era. Phase 1 1500-1600
Term
How did the Japanese deal with the elites classes of their colonies?
Definition
Destroyed elite classes
Term
What is the legacy of European colonization for the prospects of democracy in former colonies?
Definition
More likely to have democracry after colonialization
Term
he affects of colonialism on culture where the least on which continent?
Definition
Asia
Term
What is "neocolonialism?"
Definition
wealthy nations gain control of developing states by making cast economic investments in those states
Term
According to Hyanes, what are examples of authoritarian rule? (From notes)
Definition
- Communism
- Noncommunism. Single party
- "Personalistic gov." including monarchies
- Military
Term
According to Hyanes, what are examples of democratic systems? (From notes)
Definition
- "Fa├žade"
- "Limited"
- "Full"
Term
According to Hyanes, what are the four modes of democratic transitions?
Definition
- Transformation
- transplacement
- replacement
- foreign intervention
Term
What are the "freedom ratings" from Freedom House?
Definition
- free (1-3) partly free (3-5.5) not free (5-5.7)
Term
What are the features of "polyarchy?"
Definition
- free and fair elections
- elected officials, inclusive suffrage
- the right to run office
- freedom of expression
- alternative sources of info by state
- associational autonomy
Term
According to Haynes, what are the 3 indicators is a democratic transition will be short or long?
Definition
a) Competition
b) Participation
c) Civil and political liberties
Term
According to Haynes, what are the 3 indicators of the likelihood of a democratic consolidation
Definition
a) Nature of structure conditions democratic regimes inherit
b) Agent-led innovations can encourage or discourage democratic progress
c) Structural conditions and agent-led innovations
Term
According to Haynes, "structured contingency" is based on what 2 sets of concerns?
Definition
a) Structural conditions
b) Agent-led innovations
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