# Shared Flashcard Set

## Details

Observations/Measurement
Test study guide notecards
50
Science
11/08/2013

Term
 1. Observations
Definition
 Using one or more of the 5 senses to gather information
Term
 2. Quantitative Observations
Definition
 Data is expressed in numbers: Includes records of Time, Temperature, Mass, Distance, Volume
Term
 3. Qualitative Observations
Definition
 Data includes descriptions of sights, sounds, smells, and textures
Term
 4. Inference
Definition
 Logical interpretation based upon prior knowledge and experience** Based on Obervations
Term
 5. In Lab Exercises, Record.....?
Definition
 record.... observations NOT inferences!
Term
 6. Inferences may be used when writing the .....?
Definition
 the conclusion of your lab report
Term
 7. International System of Units
Definition
 Abbreviation : SIA standard system of measurements based on multiples of 10
Term
 8. In science, we need to have......
Definition
 ...accurate and precise communication
Term
 9. A measurement of 1 means....
Definition
 ...nothing UNLESS it has units!
Term
 10. 3 parts of a measurement
Definition
 !. Numerical value (tells how much)2. Unit (tells what the measurement is in)3. Type (type of measurement, such as length, mass etc)
Term
 11. Length
Definition
 The distance between two points
Term
 12. Length standard unit
Definition
 meter (m)
Term
 13. Large distances are measured in....
Definition
 kilometers (km)
Term
 14. Small distances are measured in ...
Definition
 centimeters (cm) , millimeters (mm ), Micrometer (um) and nanometer (nm)
Term
 15. Bacteria is measured in what unit?
Definition
 Micrometers
Term
 16. What tool measures length?
Definition
 Metric ruler or meter stick
Term
 17. Example of 1 meter is ....?
Definition
 distance from the floor to the doorknob
Term
 18. 1 m = ? cm
Definition
 100
Term
 19. How many cm are in a ruler?
Definition
Term
 20. 1 cm = ? mm
Definition
 10
Term
 21. 1 km = ? m
Definition
 1000
Term
 22. Volume
Definition
 The amount of space an object takes up
Term
 23. Liquid volume basic unit?
Definition
 liter (L)
Term
 24. Tools used to measure liquid volume?
Definition
Term
 25. Example of 1 L ?
Definition
 the volume of a medium water bottle
Term
 26. Meniscus
Definition
 the characteristic of liquids in GLASS containers is that they CURVE at the edges
Term
 27. Volume/ Formula of a solid cube?
Definition
 Volume - L x W x Hnote: a cube is a "regular shaped object"
Term
 28. Unit for volume of a solid?
Definition
 cm3
Term
 29. Tool used to measure volume of a solid cube?
Definition
 metric ruler
Term
 30. Area = ? (formula and unit)
Definition
 L X W cm2
Term
 31. Volume of an irregular object?
Definition
 Fill graduated cylinder with water to a certain level.Put in object and see how much the water goes up.Subtract the original water level from the second level. 1 mL=1 cm3
Term
 32. Mass
Definition
 The amount of matter in an object
Term
 33. Matter
Definition
 "anything the takes of space"
Term
 34. Basic unit for mass?
Definition
 Kilogram (Kg)
Term
 35. Unit for LARGE mass?
Definition
 Kilogram (Kg)
Term
 36. Unit ofr SMALL mass?
Definition
 gram (g)
Term
 37. Unit for TINY mass?
Definition
 milligram (mg)
Term
 38. 1 Kg = ? g
Definition
 i kg = 1000 grams
Term
 39. Tool used to measure MASS?
Definition
 balancetriple beam balance ro electronic balance
Term
 40. Mass is the ________ wherever you are.
Definition
 same
Term
 41. Weight
Definition
 Defined as the force of gravity on the object
Term
 42. Basic unit for weight?
Definition
 Newton (N)
Term
 43. Tool used to measure WEIGHT?
Definition
 spring scale
Term
 44. Density
Definition
 a measurement of how much mass is contained in a given volume of an object
Term
 45. Formula for density
Definition
 desity = mass/volumeunits: g/mL or g/cm3
Term
 46. Temperature
Definition
 a measure of the average energy of motion of the particles in a substance
Term
 47. The MORE the particles move............
Definition
 ...the higher the temperature
Term
 48. The LESS the particles move ............
Definition
 ....the lower the temperature
Term
 49. Unit of measure for temperature?
Definition
 Degrees Celsius
Term
 50. Water freezes at _______ degrees Celsius51. Water boils at ______ degrees Celsius52. Normal body temperature is _________ degrees Celsius
Definition
 water freezes at 0 degrees Celsiuswater boils at 100 degrees CelsiusNormal body temperature is 37 degrees Celsius
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