# Shared Flashcard Set

## Details

NCIDQ
exam preparation
46
Art/Design
Professional
02/02/2020

Term
 5 Step Programming Process
Definition
 1. Establish Goals2. Collect and Analyze Facts3. Uncover and test concepts4. Determine Needs5. State Problem
Term
 4 Major Programming Considerations
Definition
 1. Form2. Function3. Economy4. Time
Term
 24 Programmatic Concepts (1)
Definition
 1. Priority - establishes the order of importance. 2. Hierarchy - relates to the idea of Authority 3. Character - relates to desired image the clients wants to project. 4. Density - low medium or high. relates to efficient use of space or desired amount of interaction
Term
 Anthropometrics
Definition
 is the measurement of the size, proportions, and range of motion of the human body.
Term
 Human Factors
Definition
 involves the correctness of fit between objects and spaces and the needs of the people using those objects and spaces.
Term
 Ergonomics
Definition
 study of the relationship between human physiology and the physical environment.
Term
 human metabolism - loses heat in 3 main ways
Definition
 Convection - is the transfer of heat through the movement of fluid, either gas or liquid. Evaporation - occurs when a person perspires or breathes. when moisture changes to vapor.Radiation - transfer of heat through electromagnetic waves from one surface to a colder surface.
Term
 Thermal comfort depends on
Definition
 inter-relationship of air temperature, humidity and air movement and radiation.
Term
 ET
Definition
 effective temperature - combines the effects of air temperature, humidity and air movement.
Term
 Code Analysis
Definition
 -occupancy group- gross are of space- occupant load- req. for common path of egress travel- number of exits required- maximum distance to exits- required minimum width of stairs- allowable length of dead end corridors- special requirements for exiting from A and R occupancies- Accessibility- separations between mixed occupancy- construction requirements for corridors.- requirements for doors- requirements for glazing in fire-rated partitions.- requirements for stairs and ramps.
Term
 if 2 exits are required in a room how far apart should they be?
Definition
 at least one half of the diagonal distance of the room.
Term
 When fully open a door must not encroach into the exit space by more than....
Definition
 7"
Term
 Corridor Widths
Definition
 36" residential44" commercial48-60 advisable and maybe required for other occupancies. 60" allows for turnaround wheelchair.
Term
 ASTM E119
Definition
 Standard test method for fire tests of building construction and materials.
Term
 NFPA 252
Definition
 Standard Methods of Fire tests of door assemblies.
Term
 NFPA 257
Definition
 Standard on fire tests for window and glass block assemblies.
Term
 ASTM E84
Definition
 Standard test method for surface burning characteristic of building materials.
Term
 ASTM E662
Definition
 Standard test method for specific optical density of smoke generated by solid materials.
Term
 NFPA 253 same test as ASTM E648
Definition
 Standard method of test for critical radiant flux of floor covering systems using a radiant heat energy source.
Term
 Class I materials
Definition
 have a critical radiant flux of not less than 0.45 W/cm2
Term
 Class II materials
Definition
 have a critical radiant flux of not less 0.22 W/cm2.
Term
 ASTM D2859
Definition
 standard test method for ignition characteristics of finished textile floor covering materials. (carpet).
Term
 NFPA 265
Definition
 Standard methods of fire tests for evaluating room fire growth contribution of textile or expanded Vinyl wall coverings on full height panels and walls.
Term
 Interior wall and ceiling finish materials shall be classified in accordance with ASTM E84 or UL 723. Such interior finish materials shall be grouped in the following classes in accordance with their flame spread and smoke-developed indexes.
Definition
 Class A: Flame spread index 0-25; smoke-developed index 0-450.Class B: Flame spread index 26-75; smoke-developed index 0-450.Class C: Flame spread index 76-200; smoke-developed index 0-450.
Term
 NFPA 286
Definition
 room corner test, is the standard methods of fire tests for evaluating contribution of wall and ceiling interior finish to room fire growth.
Term
 NFPA 289
Definition
 Standard method of fire test for Individual fuel packages. decorative objects, exhibit booths, theater and motion picture stage sets.
Term
 NFPA 701
Definition
 Standard methods of fire tests for flame propagation of textiles and films.
Term
 Design Theory Elements
Definition
 FormScaleColorTexturePatternLight
Term
 Design Theory Principles
Definition
 BalanceHarmony and UnityRythmEmphasis / focusContrast and varietyProportion
Term
 Proxemics
Definition
 Describe how people use a space based on circumstance, social and cultural aspects.Four different distances are identified:-intimate space 0"-18"-personal distance 18"-4'-0"-social distance 4'-0" - 12'-0"public distance - above 12'-0"
Term
 Brewster Color System
Definition
 color pigment RYBYellowRedBlue
Term
 RGB / RYB
Definition
 RGB - light - red green blueRYB - pigment - yellow red blue
Term
 3 qualities of color
Definition
 Hue = basic colorValue = degree of lightness or darknessIntensity or chroma = degree of purity of hue when compared with a neutral gray of the same value.
Term
 Munsell Color System
Definition
 specifies colors based on three properties of color: hue, value (lightness), and chroma (color purity). illustrate the colors systematically in three-dimensional space
Term
 color schemes
Definition
Term
 7 principles of universal design
Definition
 Equitable use – the design is useful and sellable to people with diverse abilitiesFlexibility in use – the design benefits a wide range of preferences and abilitiesSimple and intuitive use – use of the design is easy to understand, regardless of the user's experience, knowledge, language skills, or concentration levelPerceptible information – the design is easily communicated to the userTolerance for error – the design reduces hazards and the consequences if an accident occursLow physical effort – the design can be used efficiently and comfortably with minimum fatigueAppropriate size and space – there is enough size/space provided for approach, reach, and function, regardless of body size, posture, or mobility
Term
 Signage requirements: Directional and informational signs
Definition
 Letters between 5/8 and 3 inches highUpper or lower case letteringSign to have high contrast symbols and a non-glare finish
Term
 Signage requirements: Permanent rooms
Definition
 Raised letters between 5/8 and 2 inches highUpper case letters in a simple font (sans-serif or simple serif)Braille must be included and must be Grade 2High contrast symbols and a non-glare finishImages must be at least 6 inches high, with the related text below the imageMounting location is on latch side of door, with an 18 x 18 inch clear floor space at the sign center (outside of the arc of the door swing). If there is no wall on the latch side, or for double doors, the mounting location is on the right side of the right doorMounting height is 60 inches to the centerline of the sign
Term
 Net Area
Definition
 is the space required for the function in the space. Net area does not include other area associated with the space, like corridors, wall thicknesses, washrooms and mechanic rooms.
Term
 Gross Area
Definition
 The building gross area, defined as the “construction area” by the Building Owners and Managers Association (BOMA), is the floor area within the exterior face of the building including the thickness of the exterior wall. It is the total constructed space. This measurement is used in evaluating building efficiency and comparing the construction costs of various projects.
Term
 Rentable Area
Definition
 The floor area that the tenant pays rent on is the rentable area, usually defined as the interior floor area excluding vertical penetrations through the floor (e.g., air shafts, elevators, and stairways). Rentable area includes structural elements such as columns and interior and exterior wall thicknesses. This measurement is used to determine the income-producing capability of a building.
Term
 Usable Area
Definition
 The usable area is the floor area that is inhabitable by the tenant. This measurement is used in planning and designing the space, and includes the net area and secondary circulation space. Secondary circulation space is the private circulation area that connects to the primary circulation areas/public corridors.
Term
 24 Programmatic Concepts (2)
Definition
 5. Service Grouping - includes mechanical spaces and other functions that support the use of space. 6. Activity grouping - indicates if activities should be grouped or separated. 7. People Grouping - states the degree of massing of people in a space. 8. Home base - related to territoriality, space where a person can express individuality. 9. relationships - includes the affinities of people and activities.
Term
 24 Programmatic Concepts (3)
Definition
 11. Neighbors - relates to how the project will promote or prevent socialization. 12. Accessibility - making the project accessible to the disabled. 13. Separated Flow - relates to segregating the flow of people, service access, and other activities of a building or space. 14. Mixed Flow - response to the goal of promoting interaction among people. 15. Sequential Flow where a a specific events or processes are required
Term
 24 Programmatic Concepts (4)
Definition
 16. Orientation - providing people a point of reference within a space. 17. Flexibility - expandability, convertibility, versatility. 18 - Tolerance - allows for extra space for a dynamic activity VS fitting the space for a dynamic static activity. 19. Safety - life saqfety 20. Security Control - how people and property can be protected based on the value of potential loss.
Term
 24 Programmatic Concept (5)
Definition
 21. Energy Conservation - keep the heated area to a minimum. Keep heat flow to a minimum. Use materials produced using low amounts of energy. Use recycled materials. Use recyclable materials. 22. Environment control - air temperature, light, sound, humidity. 23. Phasing - determines if project must be delivered in phases. 24. Cost Control.
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