Shared Flashcard Set


Ms. Lavin Church History Part 2 Exam
Ch. 12 - 21
Religious Studies
10th Grade

Additional Religious Studies Flashcards




What was the Council of Basel-Ferrara-Florence?
What 4 points did the parties disagree
How were these resolved?
Were the Council's goals ultimately achieved?
-initially meant to deal with problems of heresy on central Europe and was refocused to uniting the western and eastern churches
- Filioque, Greeks used leavened bread Latinos used unleavened bread for the Eucharist, Purgatory, Primacy of the Roman See over the whole Church of Christ
-Pope formed commissions
-ultimately yes they were but only on paper
When and why did Constantinople fall?
Why was this significant?
-May 29, 1453 Constantinople fell to the Turkish troops
-Solidified the split between the Western and Eastern churches
Why were the Italian city-states so significant?
What facilitated their growth?
-When Constantinople fell trade shifted from them to the Italian city-states
-Italian ports became even greater centers of ideas from areas outside of Christendom
What were the basic tenets of humanism?
What did humanists "revive"?
To what outlook did this lead?
-demotes a certain general mood and intelletual climate which focuses on the richness of the human spirit over the almost exclusive theological focus of the Medieval era
-Revived the study of the many texts of the great authors of Rome
-A worldly outlook devoid of a true Catholic sentiment
Who was Dante?
What did he write?
Who was Machiavelli?
What did he write?
Why was his work so significant?
-An author
-Divine Comedy
-One of the founders of modern political thought
-The Prince
-It was a treatise presenting a radical development of the classical political ideas of justice, clemency, and magnanimity
What was the focus in Renaissance art?
Name some of the most well-known Renaissance artists.
-Observation of the medieval and the study of the natural world
-Michelangelo and Raphael Sanzro
How did humanism in the North differ from that found in Southern Europe?
Northern Europe didn't see a significant change of economy, social life, or education and it remarkably remained the same
What were the stereotypical characteristics of Renaissance Popes?
Did all Popes fit that mold?
Describe and explain the significance of Nicholas V, Alexander VI, and Julius II.
-Lived more like worldly princes than men called to reflect the holiness of Christ's vicar
-Not all of them
-Nicholas – founded the vatican library
-Alexander - tried to unify Italy
-Julius - established the first Bishoprics in the New World
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