Shared Flashcard Set

Details

Most Important
Most Important Words from Princeton Review, Kaplan, and Barrons GRE
187
General Vocab
Professional
04/06/2011

Additional General Vocab Flashcards

 


 

Cards

Term
´╗┐Abate
Definition
To reduce in amount, degree, or severity
Term
Abscond
Definition
To leave secretly
Term
Abyss
Definition
An extremely deep hole
Term
Aesthetic
Definition
Concerning the appreciation of beauty
Term
´╗┐Abate
Definition
To reduce in amount, degree or severity. "As the hurricane's force abated, the winds dropped and the sea became calm."
Term
Abscond
Definition
To leave secretly. "The patron absconded from the restaurant without paying his bill by sneaking out the back door."
Term
Abstain
Definition
To choose not to do something, "She abstained from sex until she was married."
Term
Abyss
Definition
An extremely deep hole, "The submarine dove into the abyss to chart the previously unseen depths."
Term
Adulterate
Definition
To make impure, "The restauranteur made his ketchup last longer by adulterating it with water."
Term
(v) Advocate
Definition
To speak in favor of, "The vegetarian advocated a diet containing no meat."
Term
(n) Advocate
Definition
A person who speaks in favor of something, "The students were advocates for a lower tuition rate."
Term
Aesthetic
Definition
Concerning the appreciation of beauty, "Followers of the aesthetic movement regarded the pursuit of beauty as the only true purpose of art."
Term
Aggrandize
Definition
To Increase in power, influence, and reputation, "The supervisor sought to aggrandzie herself by claiming claiming that the ahievements of her staff were actually her own."
Term
Alleviate
Definition
To make more bearable, "Taking aspirin will help to alleviate a headache."
Term
Amalgamate
Definition
To combine, to mix together; "Giant Industries amalgamated with Mega Products to form Giant-Mega Products."
Term
Ambiguous
Definition
Doubtful or uncertain; able to be interpreted in several ways, "The directions she gave were so ambiguous that we disagreed on which way to turn."
Term
Anachronism
Definition
Something out of place in time, "The aged hippie used anachronistic phrases like 'groovy' and 'far out' that had not been popular for years."
Term
Analogous
Definition
Similar or alike in some way; equivalent to, "In a famous argument for the existence of God, the universe is analogous to a mechanical timepiece, the creation of a divenely intelligent 'clockmaker'."
Term
(n) Anomaly
Definition
Deviation from what is normal, "Albino animals may display too great an anomaly in their coloring to attract normally colored mates."
Term
(adj) Anomalous
Definition
deviating from or inconsistent with the common order, form, or rule; irregular; abnormal: "Advanced forms of life may be anomalous in the universe."
Term
Antagonize
Definition
to annoy or provoke to anger, "The child discovered that he could antagonize the cat by pulling its tail."
Term
Antipathy
Definition
Extreme dislike, "The antipathy between the French and the English regularly erupted into open warfare."
Term
Apathy
Definition
Lack of interest, showing no emotion "The apathy of the voters is so great that less than half the people who are eligible to vote actually bother to do so."
Term
Arbitrate
Definition
To judge a dispute between two opposing parties. "Since the couple could not come to agreement, a judge was forced to arbitrate their divorce proceedings."
Term
Archaic
Definition
Ancient, Old-Fashioned, "Her archaic computer could not run the latest software."
Term
Ardor
Definition
Intense and passionate feeling, "Bishop's ardor for landscape was evident when he passionately described the beauty of the scenic Hudson Valley."
Term
Articulate
Definition
Able to speak clearly and expressively, "She is such an articulate defender of labor that unions are among her strongest supporters."
Term
Assuage
Definition
To make something unpleasant or less severe; alleviate, "Serena used aspirin to assuage her pounding headache."
Term
Attenuate
Definition
To reduce in force or degree; to weaken, "The Bill of Rights attenuated the traditional power of government to change laws at will."
Term
Audacious
Definition
Fearless and daring, "Her audacious nature allowed her to fulfill her dream of of skydiving."
Term
Austere
Definition
Severe or stern in appearance; undecorated, "The lack of decoration makes Zen temples seeem austere to the untrained eye."
Term
Banal
Definition
Predictable, cliched, boring; "He used banal phrases like 'Have a nice day', or 'Another day, another dollar."
Term
Bolster
Definition
To support, prop up, "The presence of giant footprints bolstered the argument that Bigfoot was in the area."
Term
Bombastic
Definition
Pompous in speech and manner; "The dictator's speeches were mostly bombastic; his boasting and outrageous claims had no basis in fact."
Term
Cacophony
Definition
Harsh, jarring noise. "The junior high orchestra created an almost unbearable cacophony as they tried to tune their instruments."
Term
Candid
Definition
Impartial and honest in speech; "The observations of a child can be charming since they are candid and unpretentious."
Term
Capricious
Definition
Changing one's mind quickly and often; fickle, "Queen Elizabeth I was quite capricious. Her courtiers could never be sure which of their group would catch her fancy."
Term
Castigate
Definition
To punish or criticize harshly, excoriate; "Americans are amazed at how harsly the authorities in Singapore castigate perpetrators of what would be considered minor crimes in the U.S."
Term
Catalyst
Definition
Something that brings about a change in something else, "The imposition of harsh taxes was the catalyst that finally brought on the revolution."
Term
Caustic
Definition
Biting in wit, "Dorothy Parker gained her reputation for caustic wit from her cutting, yet clever, insults."
Term
Chaos
Definition
Great Disorder or Confusion, "In most religious traditions, God created an ordered universe from chaos."
Term
Chauvinist
Definition
Someone prejudiced in favor of a group to which he or she belongs, "The attitude that men are inherently superior to women and therefore must be obeyed is common among male chauvinists."
Term
Chicanery
Definition
Deception by means of craft or guile; trickery, "Dishonest used car sales people often use chicanery to sell their beat-up old cars."
Term
Cogent
Definition
Convincing and well-reasoned, "Swayed by the cogent argument of the defense, the jury had no choice but to acquit the defendant."
Term
Condone
Definition
To overlook, pardon, or disregard; "Some theorists believe that failing to prosecute minor crimes is the same as condoning lawlessness."
Term
Convoluted
Definition
Intricate and Complicated; "Although many people bought 'A Brief History of Time', few could follow its convoluted ideas and theories."
Term
Corroborate
Definition
To provide supporting evidence, "Fingerprints corroborated the witness's testimony that he saw the defdant in the victim's apartment."
Term
Credulous
Definition
Too trusting, gullible; "Although some four-year olds believe in the Easter bunny, only the most credulous of nine-year-olds also believe in him."
Term
Crescendo
Definition
Steadily increasing volume or force, "The crescendo of tension became unbearable as Evel Knievel prepared to jump his motorcycle over the school buses."
Term
Decorum
Definition
Appropriateness of behavior or conduct; propriety, "The countess complained that the vulgar peasants lacked the decorum appropriate for a visit to the palace."
Term
Deference
Definition
Respect, courtesy; "The respectful young law clerk treated the Supreme Court Justice with the utmost deference."
Term
Deride
Definition
To speak of or treat with contempt; to mock, "The awkward child was often derided by his 'cooler' peers."
Term
Desiccate
Definition
To dry out thoroughly, "After a few weeks of lying on the desert's baking sands, the cow's carcass became completely desiccated.
Term
Desultory
Definition
Jumping from one thing to another; disconnected, "Diane had a desultory academic record; she had changed majors 12 times in three years."
Term
Diatribe
Definition
An abusive, condemnatory speech; harangue "The trucker bellowed a diatribe at the driver who had cut him off."
Term
Diffident
Definition
Lacking self-confidence, "Steve's diffident manner during the job interview stemmed from his nervous nature and lack of experience in the field."
Term
Dilate
Definition
To make larger; to expand, "When you enter a darkened room, the pupils of your eyes dilate to let in more light."
Term
Dilatory
Definition
Intended to delay, "The Congressman used dilatory measures to filabuster the passage of the bill."
Term
Dilettante
Definition
Someone with an amateurish and superficial interest in a topic, "Jerry's friends were such dilettantes that they seemed to have new jobs and hobbies every week."
Term
Dirge
Definition
A funeral hymn or mournful speech; elegy, "Melville wrote the poem "A dirge for James McPherson" for the funeral of a Union General who was killed in 1864."
Term
Disabuse
Definition
To set right; to free from error, "Galileo's observations disabused scholars of the notion that the sun revolved around the earth."
Term
Discern
Definition
To perceive, recognize; "It is easy to discern the difference between butter and butter-flavored topping."
Term
Disparate
Definition
fundamentally different; entirely unlike, "Although the twins appeared identical physically, their personalities are disparate."
Term
Dissemble
Definition
To present a false appearance; to disguise one's real intentions of character, "The villain could dissemble to the police no longer -- he admitted the deed and tore up the floor to reveal the body of the old man."
Term
Dissonance
Definition
A harsh and disagreeable combination (often of sounds), "Cognitive dissonance is the inner conflict produced when long-standing beliefs are contradicted by new evidence."
Term
Dogma
Definition
A firmly held opinion, often a religious belief; "Linus's central dogma was that children who believed in the Great Pumpkin would be rewarded."
Term
Dogmatic
Definition
Dictatorial in one's opinions, "The dictator was dogmatic -- he, and only he, was right."
Term
Dupe
Definition
To deceive; a person who is easily deceived, "Bugs Bunny was able to dupe Elmer Fudd by dressing up in disguises."
Term
Eclectic
Definition
Selecting from or made up from a variety of sources, "Budapest's architecture is an eclectic mix of Eastern and Western styles."
Term
Efficacy
Definition
Effectiveness, "The efficacy of penicillin was unsurpassed when it was first introduced; the drug completely eliminated almost all bacterial infections for which it was administered."
Term
Eloquent
Definition
Persuasive and moving, especially in speech, "The Gettysburg Address is moving not only because of its lofty sentiments but also because of its eloquent words."
Term
Emulate
Definition
To copy; to try to equal or excel, "The graduate student sought to emulate his professor in every way, copying not only how she taught but also how she conducted herself outside of class."
Term
Elegy
Definition
A sorrowful poem or speech, "Although Thomas Gray's "Elegy Written in a Country Churchyard" is about death and loss, it urges its readers to endure this life and to trust in spirituality."
Term
Enervate
Definition
To reduce in strength; "The guerrillas hoped that a series of surprise attacks would enervate the regular army."
Term
Engender
Definition
To produce, cause, or bring about; "His fear and hatred of clowns was engendered when he witnessed the death of his father at the hands of a clown."
Term
Enigma
Definition
A puzzle; a mystery, "Russia is a riddle, wrapped in a mystery, inside an enigma" - Winston Churchill
Term
Enumerate
Definition
To count, list or itemize, "Moses returned from the mountain with the tablets on which the Commandments were enumerated."
Term
Ephemeral
Definition
Lasting a short time, "The lives of mayflies seem ephemeral to us, since the flies' average life span is a matter of hours."
Term
Equivocate
Definition
To use expressions of double meaning in order to mislead, "When faced with criticism of his policies, the politician equivocated and left all parties thinking she agreed with him."
Term
Erratic
Definition
Wandering and unpredictable; "The plot seemed predictable until it suddenly took a series of erratic turns that surprised the audience."
Term
Erudite
Definition
Learned, scholarly, bookish "The annual meeting of philosophy professors was a gathering of the most erudite, well-published individuals in the field."
Term
Esoteric
Definition
Known or understood by only a few, "Only a handful of experts are knowledgeable about the esoteric world of particle physics."
Term
Estimable
Definition
Admirable, "Most people consider it estimable that Mother Teresa spent her life helping the poor of India."
Term
Eulogy
Definition
Speech in Praise of Someone, "His best friend gave the eulogy, outlining his many achievements and talents."
Term
Euphemism
Definition
Use of an inoffensive word or phrase in place of a more distateful one, "The funeral director used the euphemism 'passed away' instead of 'died'."
Term
Exacerbate
Definition
To Make Worse; "It is unwise to take aspirin to try to relieve heartburn; instead of providing relief, the drug will only exacerbate the pain."
Term
Excoriate
Definition
to denounce or berate severely; flay verbally: "He was excoriated for his mistakes."
Term
Exculpate
Definition
To clear from blame; prove innocent "The adversarial legal system is intended to convinct those who are guilty and exculpate those who are innocent."
Term
Exigent
Definition
Urgent, requiring immediate action "The patient was losing blood so rapidly that it was exigent to stop the source of bleeding."
Term
Exonerate
Definition
To clear of blame; exculpate "The fugitive was exonerated when another criminal confessed to committing the crime."
Term
Explicit
Definition
Clearly stated or shown; forthright in expression, "The owners of the house left a list of explicit instructions detailing their house-sitter's duties, including a schedule for watering the house plants."
Term
Expound
Definition
to set forth or state in detail; to give examples, "The professor was asked to expound on a topic many of the students in the classroom failed to grasp."
Term
Fanatical
Definition
Acting excessively enthusiastic; filled with extreme, unquestioned devotion "Many liberals in the media mistakenly paint evangelical Christians as fanatical zealots."
Term
Fawn
Definition
to grovel; to adulate, "The understudy fawned over the director in hopes of getting a permanent role in the play."
Term
Fervid
Definition
Intensely emotional; feverish, "The fans of Maria Callas were unusually fervid, doing anything to catch a glimpse of the great opera singer."
Term
Florid
Definition
Excessively decorated or embellished; "The palace had been decorated in an excessivvely florid style; every surface had been carved and gilded."
Term
Foment
Definition
To abuse or incite "The protestors tried to foment feeling against the war through their speeches and demonstrations."
Term
Frugality
Definition
A tendency to be thrifty or cheap "Scrooge McDuck's frugality was so great that he accumulated enough wealth to fill a giant storehouse with money."
Term
Garrulous
Definition
Tending to talk a lot; loquacious, "The garrulous parakeet distracted its owner with its continuous talking."
Term
Gregarious
Definition
Outgoing, socialable "She was so gregarious that when she found herself alone, she felt quite sad."
Term
Guile
Definition
Deceit or Trickery; chicanery, "Since he was not fast enough to catch the roadrunner on foot, the coyote resorted to guile in an effort to trap his enemy."
Term
Gullible
Definition
Easily Deceived, Dupe "The con man pretended to be a bank officer so as to fool gullible bank customers into giving him their account information."
Term
Homogenous
Definition
Of a similar kind, "The class was fairly homogenous since almost all of the students were senior journalism majors."
Term
Iconoclast
Definition
One who opposes established beliefs, customs, and institutions "His lack of regard for traditional beliefs soon established him as an iconoclast."
Term

Imperturbable

Definition
not capable of being disturbed
Term
Impervious
Definition
Impossible to penetrate; incapable of being affected
Term
Impetuous
Definition
Quick to act without thinking
Term
Implacable
Definition
unable to be calmed down or made peaceful
Term
Inchoate
Definition
Not fulled formed; disorganized
Term
Ingenuous
Definition
Showing innocence or childlike simplicity; dupe, naive
Term
Inimical
Definition
Hostile, unfriendly
Term
Innocuous
Definition
Harmless
Term
Insipid
Definition
Lacking interest or flavor
Term
Intransigent
Definition
Uncompromising; refusing to be reconciled
Term
Irascible
Definition

easily made angry

 

Kemal is irascible when he hasn't had enough sleep.

Term
Laconic
Definition
Using few words
Term
lament
Definition
to express sorrow; to grieve
Term
laud
Definition
to give praise; to glorify
Term
lavish
Definition

to give unsparingly (v);

extremely generous or extravagant (adj)

Term
lethargic
Definition
acting in an indifferent or slow, sluggish manner
Term
Loquacious
Definition
talkative; verbose
Term
Lucid
Definition
clear and easily understood
Term
Luminous
Definition
bright, brilliant, glowing
Term
Malinger
Definition
to evade responsibility by pretending to be ill
Term
Malleable
Definition
capable to being shaped
Term
Metaphor
Definition
A figure of speech comparing two different things; a symbol
Term
Meticulous
Definition
extremely careful about details
Term
Misanthrope
Definition
A person who dislikes others
Term
Mitigate
Definition
to soften, to lessen; to assuage
Term
Mollify
Definition
to calm or make less severe
Term
Monotony
Definition
Lack of variation
Term
Naive
Definition
Lacking sophistication or experience
Term
Obdurate
Definition
Hardened in feeling; resistant to persuasion
Term
Obsequious
Definition
Overly submissive and eager to please
Term
Obstinate
Definition
Stubborn, unyielding
Term
Obviate
Definition
To prevent, to make unnecessary
Term
Occlude
Definition
To stop up, to prevent the passage of. To clog.
Term
Onerous
Definition
Troublesome and oppressive, burdensome
Term
Opaque
Definition
Impossible to see through; preventing the passage of light
Term
Opprobium
Definition
Public disgrace; extreme shame
Term
Ostentation
Definition
Excessive showiness
Term
Paradox
Definition
a contradiction or dilemma
Term
Paragon
Definition
Model of excellence or perfection; exemplar
Term
Pedant
Definition
Someone who shows off learning
Term
Perfidious
Definition
Willing to betray the trust someone has placed in you
Term
Perfunctory
Definition
Done in a routine way; indifferent
Term
Permeate
Definition
to penetrate; diffuse
Term
Philanthropy
Definition
charity; a desire or effort to promote goodness
Term
Placate
Definition
to soothe or pacify
Term
Plastic
Definition
(adj) Able to be molded, altered, or bent
Term
Plethora
Definition
excess
Term
Pragmatic
Definition
practical as opposed to idealistic
Term
Precipitate
Definition
to throw violently or bring about abruptly; lacking deliberation
Term
Prevaricate
Definition
to lie or deviate from the truth
Term
Pristine
Definition
Fresh and clean; uncorrupted
Term
Prodigal
Definition
lavish, wasteful
Term
Proliferate
Definition
to increase in number quickly
Term
Propitiate
Definition
To conciliate; to appease
Term
Propriety
Definition
Correct behavior; obedience to rules and customs; good decorum
Term
Prudence
Definition
Wisdom, caution, or restraint
Term
Pungent
Definition
Sharp and irritating to the senses (esp. odor)
Term
Quiescent
Definition
Motionless
Term
Rarefy
Definition
to make thinner or sparser
Term
Repudiate
Definition
To reject the validity of
Term
Reticent
Definition
Silent, reserved, disposed to being silent or not capable of speaking
Term
Rhetoric
Definition
effective writing or speaking
Term
Satiate
Definition
to satisfy fully, to sate, to slake; (sèchièt)
Term
Soporific
Definition
causing sleep or lethargy
Term
Specious
Definition
deceptively attractive; seemingly plausible but fallacious
Term
Stigma
Definition
A mark of shame or discredit
Term
Stolid
Definition
Unemotional; lacking sensitivity
Term
Sublime
Definition
Lofty or grand; impressing the mind and inspiring awe
Term
Tacit
Definition
Done without using words
Term
Taciturn
Definition
Silent, not talkative; reticent, sententious
Term
Tirade
Definition
Long, harsh speech or verbal attack; a harangue
Term
Torpor
Definition
Extreme mental and physical sluggishness
Term
Transitory
Definition
Temporary; lasting a brief time
Term
Vacillate
Definition
To sway physically, to be indecisive
Term
Venerate
Definition
To respect deeply
Term
Veracity
Definition
Filled with truth and accuracy
Term
Verbose
Definition
Wordy; glib
Term
Vex
Definition
To annoy
Term
Volatile
Definition
easily aroused or changeable; lively or explosive
Term
Waver
Definition

to fluctuate between choices

 

(Waver is different from waiver; the former means to fluctuate between choices and the latter means an exception to a rule or requirement)

Term
Whimsical
Definition
Acting in a fanciful or capricious manner; unpredictable; erratic
Term

(n - thing) Zeal

(n - person) Zealot

(adj) Zealous

Definition
Extreme passion or excitement
Supporting users have an ad free experience!