Term

Definition
The purpose.
Should drive all planning and assessment. 


Term

Definition
Content standards
benchmarks
grade level indicators
grade level expectations
essential learning
learning outcome
learning objectives
These all represent learning targets or what you are working toward 


Term

Definition
Represent the factual underpinnings in each discipline and call for procedural knowledge, knowing how to do something.
Stated using verbs such as knowns, lists, names, identifies, and recalls
i.e. "knows multiplication facts" or "recalls details of the story" 


Term

Definition
Application of knowledge.
We strive for students' developing skillful use.
Majority of learning targets fall into reasoning targets.
i.e. predicts, infers, classifies, hypothesizes, compares, concludes, summarizes, evaluates, generalizes 


Term

Definition
Examine the components or structure of something.
Often requires that we investigate how the component parts relate to each other or how they come together to form a whole. 


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Definition
Use facts or evidence to infer a general rule or principle. 


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Definition
Begin with a general rule or principle and from that we infer a specific conclusion or solution. 


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Definition
Describing the similarities and differences between two or more items. 


Term
Performance Skill Targets 

Definition
Performances that must be demonstrated and observed  heard or seen  to be assessed.
i.e. oral fluency in reading, driving with skill, serving in volleyball, conversing in a second language, an oral presentation, playing a musical instrument 


Term

Definition
Products are included among our valued achievement targets.
i.e. create tables graphs and scatter plots, uses desktop software to create, create a personal wellness plan 


Term

Definition
Targets reflect attitudes and feelings.
i.e. "I look forward to school each day", "Music is worth studying", "I like math" 


Term

Definition
A technique for clarifying learning targets.
The process of taking a broad and/or unclear standard, goal, or benchmark and breaking it into smaller, more explicit learning targets that can be incorporated into daily teaching. 


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Definition
Tests designed to compare an individual student's scores with national averages. 


Term

Definition
Numerical Scale that uses numbers for the purpose of identification.
i.e. student ID number, numbers on race cars 


Term

Definition
Numerical scale in which numbers are used for ranking.
i.e. First, Second or Third place in a science fair 


Term

Definition
A scale that uses numbers for ranking in which numerical units are equidistant.
i.e. measuring temperature; numbers are equidistant on the thermometer.
NO ABSOLUTE ZERO! 


Term

Definition
Numerical scale with quality of equidistant units and AN ABSOLUTE ZERO. 


Term

Definition
Scores obtained by using a raw score and expectancy tables.
i.e. percentile ranks, standard scores, grade equivalents, age equivalents, or language quotients 


Term

Definition
Derived scores that represent equal units;
aka linear scores 


Term

Definition
Statistics used to organize and describe data. 


Term
Measures of Central Tendency 

Definition
Statistical methods for observing how data cluster around the mean (average).
How the data fall together or cluster. 


Term

Definition
A symmetrical distribution with a single numerical representation for the mean, median and mode.
The Bell Curve. 


Term

Definition
Method of determining how many times each score occurs in a set of data.
Helps determine trends in performance. 


Term

Definition
The most frequently occurring score. 


Term

Definition
A distribution that has two modes or two most frequently occurring scores.



Term

Definition
A distribution with three or more modes. 


Term

Definition
A graphic representation of how often each score occurs in a set of data. 


Term

Definition
The middle most score in a set of data. 


Term

Definition
Average of a set of data. 


Term

Definition
A unit of measurement that represents the typical amount that a score can be expected to vary from the mean in a given set of data. 


Term

Definition
Describes how scores vary. 


Term

Definition
Statistical methods for observing how data spread from the mean.
Opposite of Measures of Central Tendency. 


Term

Definition
Describes the total amount that a group of scores varies in a set of data. 


Term

Definition
The distance between the highest and lowest scores in a data set. 


Term

Definition
Describes a distribution that has either more positively distributed scores or more negatively distributed scores.
Distributions can be skewed in a positive or negative direction. 


Term

Definition
Describes a distribution in which more of the scores fall BELOW the mean. 


Term

Definition
Describes a distribution in which more of the scores fall ABOVE the mean. 


Term

Definition
Scores that express the percentage of students who scored as well as or lower than a given student's score. 


Term

Definition
Derived scores that are expressed in standard deviation units.
i.e. 4, 3, 2, 1, 0, +1, +2, +3, +4 


Term

Definition
A method of reporting scores that divides data into 10 groups with each group representing 10% of the obtained scores. 


Term

Definition
A statistical method of observing the degree of relationship between two sets of data on two variables. 


Term
Correlation Coefficient
(r) 

Definition
The expression of a relationship between two variables.
i.e. a number between +1.00 and 1.00
A 1.00 or +1.00 indicates a perfect degree of correlation
0 indicates No Relationship 


Term

Definition
Graphic representation of a correlation.
The closer the dots to a straight line, the nearer to perfect the correlation.



Term

Definition
A statistical formula for determining strength and direction of correlations. 


Term

Definition
The consistency of the items on an instrument to measure a skill, trait or domain.
May use testretest, equivalent forms, splithalf and kuderrichardson 


Term

Definition
Study that employs the readministration of a single instrument to check for consistency across time. 


Term
Equivalent Forms Reliability 

Definition
Consistency of a test to measure some domain, traits, or skill using like forms of the same instrument.
Two forms of the same instrument are used.
Also called, "Alternate Forms Reliability" 


Term
Alternate Forms Reliability 

Definition
Synonym for Equivalent forms reliability.
Consistency of a test to measure some domain, traits, or skill using like forms of the same instrument. 


Term

Definition
A method of checking the consistency across items by halving a test and administering two halfforms of same test. 


Term
KuderRichardson (KR) 20 

Definition
A formula used to check consistency across items of an instrument with right/wrong responses.
Computed statistically; items are scored only right or wrong. 


Term

Definition
A formula used to check consistency across terms of an instrument with responses with varying credit.
Used for items when more than 1 point is earned for a correct response. 


Term

Definition
The consistency of a test to measure a skill, trait, or domain across examiners.
Used when people are scoring a subjective assessment. 


Term

Definition
The student's actual score. 


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Definition
The observed score of a student on a particular test on a given day. 


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Definition
The range of scores for an obtained score determined by adding and subtracting standard error of measurement units. 


Term

Definition
A method of calculating the amount of error correlated with the distance of the score from the mean of the group. 


Term
CriterionRelated Validity 

Definition
Statistical method of comparing an instrument's ability to measure skill, trait or domain with an existing instrument or other criterion. 


Term

Definition
A comparison of one instrument with another within a short period of time. 


Term

Definition


Term

Definition
The method by which items of an instrument are presented to a student. 


Term

Definition
The method required for the examinee to answer items of an instrument. 


Term

Definition
The ability of an instrument to measure psychological constructs. 


Term

Definition
The appropriate use of a specific instrument. 

