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Modified
Fixed
4745
Aviation
Undergraduate 4
09/26/2010

Additional Aviation Flashcards

 


 

Cards

Term
abase
Definition
lower; degrade; humiliate; make humble; make (oneself) lose self-respect
Term
abash
Definition
embarrass
Term
abate
Definition
subside or moderate
Term
abbreviate
Definition
shorten
Term
abdicate
Definition
renounce; give up (position, right, or responsibility)
Term
aberrant
Definition
abnormal or deviant
Term
aberration
Definition
deviation from the normal; mental disorder
Term
abet
Definition
assist usually in doing something wrong; encourage
Term
abeyance
Definition
suspended action
Term
abhor
Definition
detest; hate
Term
abject
Definition
(of a condition) wretched; as low as possible; lacking pride; very humble; showing lack of self-respect; Ex. abject apology
Term
abjure
Definition
renounce upon oath
Term
ablution
Definition
washing
Term
abnegation
Definition
renunciation; self-sacrifice; self-abnegation
Term
abolish
Definition
cancel; put an end to
Term
abominate
Definition
loathe; hate
Term
abominable
Definition
detestable; extremely unpleasant
Term
aboriginal
Definition
being the first of its kind in a region; primitive; native; indigenous; N. aborigine
Term
abortive
Definition
unsuccessful; fruitless
Term
abrasive
Definition
rubbing away; tending to grind down
Term
abridge
Definition
condense or shorten
Term
abrogate
Definition
abolish
Term
abscission
Definition
cutting off; separation
Term
abscond
Definition
depart secretly and hide
Term
absolute
Definition
complete; totally unlimited; having complete power; certain; not relative; Ex. absolute honesty/ruler; CF. absolutism
Term
absolve
Definition
pardon (an offense)
Term
abstain
Definition
refrain; withhold from participation; intentionally not use one' vote; ±â±ÇÇÏ´Ù
Term
abstemious
Definition
sparing in eating and drinking; temperate
Term
abstinence
Definition
restraint from pleasant things, esp. eating or drinking; CF.
Term
abstruse
Definition
obscure; profound; difficult to understand
Term
abusive
Definition
coarsely insulting; physically harmful
Term
abut
Definition
border upon; adjoin
Term
abysmal
Definition
bottomless
Term
abyss
Definition
enormous chasm; vast bottomless pit
Term
academic
Definition
related to a school; not practical or directly useful
Term
accede
Definition
agree
Term
accelerate
Definition
move faster
Term
accessible
Definition
easy to approach; obtainable
Term
accessory
Definition
additional object; useful but not essential thing
Term
acclaim
Definition
applaud; praise; greet with great approval; announce with great approval; Ex. The new drung has been acclaimed as the most important discoveries for years; N: strong expression of approval and praise
Term
acclimate
Definition
adjust to climate or environment; adapt
Term
acclivity
Definition
sharp upslope of a hill; OP. declivity
Term
accolade
Definition
award of merit; strong praise and approvals merit good quality deserving praise; merits: aspect of character or behavior deserving approval or disapproval; Ex. judge each plan on its own merits; V: deserve; earn demerit fault; bad quality earn gain for the performance of service or labor; gain (something that one deserves); deserve
Term
accommodate
Definition
oblige or help someone; adjust or bring into harmony; adapt; make enough space for; ADJ. accommodative; CF
Term
accomplice
Definition
partner in crime
Term
accord
Definition
agreement
Term
accost
Definition
approach and speak first to a person
Term
accoutre
Definition
equip; N. accoutrement
Term
accretion
Definition
growth or increase in size by gradual addition; growth; increase; increase by natural growth; Ex. towers and other accretions of the castle; V. accrete
Term
accrue
Definition
come to one as a gain; accumulate over time; come about by addition; Ex. benefits that accrue from scientific research; Ex. interest accruing in a bank account; N. accrual
Term
acerbity
Definition
bitterness of speech and temper; ADJ. acerbic: bitter; acrid (in taste, manner, or tone)bitter having a sharp biting taste; ¾´; causing sharp pain to the body or mind; filled with resentment, disappointment, or other unpleasant feelings; Ex. bitter wind/sorrow/tears biting sharply painful to the body or mind; Ex. biting wind/remarks
Term
acetic
Definition
vinegary
Term
acidulous
Definition
slightly sour (in taste or manner); sharp; caustic
Term
acknowledge
Definition
recognize; admit
Term
acme
Definition
peak; pinnacle; highest point
Term
acoustics
Definition
science of sound; quality that makes a room easy or hard to hear in
Term
acquiesce
Definition
assent; agree passively; comply without protest
Term
acquittal
Definition
deliverance from a charge; V. acquit: free from a charge or accusation; discharge from a duty; conduct (oneself) in a specified manner
Term
acrid
Definition
bitter (to the taste or smell); sharp; bitterly pungent
Term
acrimonious
Definition
stinging; caustic; bitter in words or manner; N.
Term
acrophobia
Definition
fear of heights
Term
actuarial
Definition
calculating; pertaining to insurance statistics
Term
actuary
Definition
someone who advises insurance companies
Term
actuate
Definition
motivate; activate; cause to act
Term
acuity
Definition
sharpness (of mind or senses of sight or hearing)
Term
acumen
Definition
mental keenness; sharpness of judgment; ability to judge quickly and well; Ex. business acumen
Term
acute
Definition
(of the senses) sharp; quickly perceptive; keen; penetrating; brief and severe; Ex. acute sense of smell/analysis/pain
Term
adage
Definition
wise saying; proverb proverb adage; someone or something well known for notoriety; ADJ. proverbial: of a proverb; widely known; ADV. Proverbially
Term
adamant
Definition
hard; inflexible
Term
adapt
Definition
make or become suitable for a specific use; alter; modify; adjust; N. adaptation: act of adapting; composition recast into a new form; Ex. The play is an adaption of a short novel.
Term
addendum
Definition
addition; appendix to book; something that is added (as at the end of a speech or book)
Term
addiction
Definition
compulsive habitual need
Term
addle
Definition
make or become confused; muddle; drive crazy; become rotten (egg)
Term
address
Definition
direct a speech to; speak to; deal with or discuss; direct one' efforts or attention to; make with a destination; N: formal speech
Term
adept
Definition
expert at; very skilled
Term
adhere
Definition
stick fast; be a devotd follower; N. adhesion: adhering; devotion; loyality
Term
adherent
Definition
supporter; follower
Term
adjacent
Definition
adjoining; neighboring; close by
Term
adjunct
Definition
something attached to but holding an inferior position
Term
adjuration
Definition
solemn urging; V. adjure: entreat earnestly; enjoin solemnly
Term
adjutant
Definition
staff officer assisting the commander; assistant
Term
admonish
Definition
warn or speak to with gentle disapproval; reprove
Term
ador
Definition
decorate
Term
adroit
Definition
skillful (in using mind or hand)
Term
adulation
Definition
flattery; admiration that is more than is necessary or deserved
Term
adulterate
Definition
make impure or of poorer quality by adding inferior or tainted(contaminated) substances
Term
advent
Definition
arrival
Term
adventitious
Definition
accidental; casual; happening by chance
Term
adversary
Definition
opponent; enemy
Term
adverse
Definition
going against; opposing; unfavorable; hostile
Term
adversity
Definition
great hardship or affliction; misfortune; calamitous event
Term
advert
Definition
refer
Term
advocacy
Definition
support; active pleading on behalf of someone or something
Term
advocate
Definition
speak in favor of; support (an idea or plan); urge; plead for
Term
aegis
Definition
shield; protection; defense
Term
aerie(aery,eyrie,eyry)
Definition
nest of a large bird of prey
Term
aesthetic
Definition
artistic; dealing with or capable of appreciating the beautiful (of a person or building); CF. aesthete; CF. aesthetics
Term
affable
Definition
easily approachable; easy to talk to; warmly friendly
Term
affected
Definition
artificial; pretended
Term
affidavit
Definition
written statement made under oath (for use as proof in a court of law)
Term
affiliation
Definition
joining; associating with
Term
affinity
Definition
feeling of kinship; similarity; Ex. strong affinity for her; Ex. many affinities between two languages
Term
affirmation
Definition
positive assertion; confirmation; solemn pledge by one who refuses to take an oath; V. affirm; ADJ. affirmative; CF. affirmative action: positive discrimination
Term
affliction
Definition
state of distress; trial; cause of distress or suffering; V. afflict: inflict grievous suffering on
Term
affluence
Definition
abundance; wealth
Term
affront
Definition
insult; offense; intentional act of disrespect; V: insult or hurt the feelings of intentionally
Term
agape
Definition
openmouthed
Term
agenda
Definition
items of business at a meeting
Term
agglomeration
Definition
collection; heap; V. agglomerate: gather into a rounded mass; N. aggolmeate: jumbled mass; heap
Term
aggrandize
Definition
make greater; increase in power, wealth, rank, or honor; N. aggrandizement
Term
aggregate
Definition
sum; total; ADJ. V: gather into a mass or whole; accumulate; add up to; Ex. aggregate 100 dollars
Term
aghast
Definition
filled with great surprise or fear; horrified
Term
agility
Definition
nimbleness; ability to move quickly
Term
agitate
Definition
stir up; disturb
Term
agnostic
Definition
one who is skeptical of the existence or knowability of a god or any ultimate reality
Term
agog
Definition
highly excited; intensely curious
Term
agrarian
Definition
pertaining to land or its cultivation; Ex. agrarian reform
Term
alacrity
Definition
cheerful promptness without reluctance
Term
alchemy
Definition
medieval chemistry
Term
alcove
Definition
nook; recess
Term
alias
Definition
an assumed name esp. by a criminal (usually to mislead people); ADV. Alias
Term
alienate
Definition
make unfriendly or hostile; estrange; separate; change the ownership of
Term
alimentary
Definition
supplying nourishment
Term
alimony
Definition
payments made regularly to an ex-spouse after divorce
Term
allay
Definition
calm; pacify
Term
allege
Definition
state without proof
Term
allegiance
Definition
loyalty
Term
allegory
Definition
story, play, or picture in which characters are used as symbols; fable
Term
alleviate
Definition
relieve (pain)
Term
alliteration
Definition
repetition of beginning sound in poetry
Term
allocate
Definition
assign; set apart for a particular purposes earmark set aside (money or time) for a particular purpose
Term
alloy
Definition
mixture as of metals; something added that lowers in value or purity; V: mix; make less pure; lower in value or quality; spoil; CF. unalloyed: not in mixture with other maetals; pure; complete; unqualified; Ex. unalloyed happiness
Term
allude
Definition
refer indirectly; N. allusion: indirect reference
Term
allure
Definition
entice; attract; tempt siren apparatus for making sounds; womanlike creature
Term
alluvial
Definition
pertaining to soil deposits left by running water
Term
aloof
Definition
apart; not open in one' relationship with other people; reserved; ADV.
Term
aloft
Definition
upward; high up in the air
Term
altercation
Definition
noisy quarrel
Term
altruistic
Definition
unselfishly generous; concerned for others; N. altiruism: unselfish concern for the welfare of others; unselfishness; OP. egoism
Term
amalgamate
Definition
(of societies or groups) combine; unite in one body
Term
amalgam
Definition
combination of different things; mixture of metals (containing mercury) used for filling holes in teeth
Term
amass
Definition
collect (gradually, in a very large amount)
Term
amazon
Definition
female warrior
Term
ambidextrous
Definition
capable of using either hand with equal ease
Term
ambience
Definition
environment; atmosphere; Ex. restraurant with a pleasant ambience; ADJ. ambient: completely surrounding; Ex. ambient temperature
Term
ambiguous
Definition
unclear or doubtful in meaning; having more than one possible interpretation
Term
ambivalence
Definition
the state of having contradictory or conflicting emotional attitudes or opinions
Term
amble
Definition
walking at an easy unhurried pace; V: walk slowly and aimlessly
Term
ambrosia
Definition
food of the gods nectar drink of the gods; sweet liquid collected by bees
Term
ambulatory
Definition
able to walk
Term
ameliorate
Definition
improve
Term
amenable
Definition
obedient; compliant; readily managed; responsive; willing to be led; answerable or accountable legally; responsible; able to be tested by; Ex. amenable to sensible suggestions; Ex. He is very amenable; Ex. amenable to the usual tests
Term
amend
Definition
correct; change ; generally for the better
Term
amenitie
Definition
convenient features that helps to make life pleasant; social courtesies
Term
amiable
Definition
agreeable; lovable; warmly friendly
Term
amicable
Definition
peaceful; politely friendly; not quarrelsome; Ex. amicable settlement
Term
amiss
Definition
wrong; faulty; Ex. something amiss; ADV.
Term
amity
Definition
friendship; peaceful relationship as between nations
Term
amnesia
Definition
loss of memory
Term
amnesty
Definition
pardon (allowed by government to political criminals)
Term
amoral
Definition
nonmoral; having no understanding of right and wrong
Term
amorous
Definition
moved by sexual love; loving; of sexual love; Ex. amorous advances
Term
amorphous
Definition
formless; lacking shape or definition
Term
amphibian
Definition
able to live both on land and in water; N.
Term
amphitheater
Definition
oval building with tiers of seats; CF. arena
Term
ample
Definition
enough; abundant; spacious; large in size; Ex. ample opportunity/garden; N. amplitude: quality of being ample; abundance; largeness of space
Term
amplify
Definition
increase in size or effect; expand; broaden or clarify by expanding; intensify; make stronger; Ex. amplify one' remarks with a graph
Term
amputate
Definition
cut off part of body; prune (a limb)
Term
amok(amuck)
Definition
in a state of rage; Ex. run amok
Term
amulet
Definition
charm; talisman; an object worn believed to protect against evil, bad luck
Term
anachronism
Definition
an error involving time in a story; something or someone misplaced in time; ADJ. anachronistic
Term
analgesic
Definition
causing insensitivity to pain; N.
Term
analgesia
Definition
condition of being unable to feel pain
Term
analogous
Definition
comparable; similar
Term
analogy
Definition
similarity; parallelism; comparing two similar things
Term
anarchist
Definition
person who seeks to overturn the established government; advocate of abolishing authority
Term
anarchy
Definition
absence of governing body; state of disorder
Term
anathema
Definition
solemn curse; someone or something regarded as a curse; V. anathematize
Term
ancestry
Definition
family descent; ADJ. ancestral
Term
anchor
Definition
secure or fasten firmly; be fixed in place; N. anchorage
Term
ancillary
Definition
serving as an aid or accessory; auxiliary; N.
Term
anecdote
Definition
short story of an amusing or interesting event
Term
anemia
Definition
condition in which blood lacks red corpuscles; ADJ. anemic
Term
anesthetic
Definition
substance that removes sensation with or without loss of consciousness; N. anesthesia
Term
anguish
Definition
acute pain; extreme suffering
Term
angular
Definition
sharp-cornered; having an angle; not rounded (body); bony; lean; gaunt; stiff in manner
Term
animadversion
Definition
critical remark; V. animadvert: comment critically with disapproval
Term
animated
Definition
lively; spirited
Term
animosity
Definition
active enmity
Term
animus
Definition
hostile feeling or intent; animosity; hostility; disposition
Term
annals
Definition
records arranged in yearly parts; history
Term
anneal
Definition
reduce brittleness and improve toughness by heating and cooling (metal or glass)
Term
annex
Definition
attach; add to a large thing; take possession of; incorporate (territory) into a larger existing political unit (by force); N: building added to a large one
Term
annihilate
Definition
destroy
Term
annotate
Definition
comment; make explanatory notes
Term
annuity
Definition
yearly allowance
Term
annul
Definition
make void elope run away secretly with the intention of getting married
Term
anodyne
Definition
drug that relieves pain or trouble; ÁøÅëÁ¦; opiate; ADJ. Ex. anodyne statement
Term
anoint
Definition
consecrate; put oil on (in a religious ceremony)
Term
anomalous
Definition
abnormal; irregular
Term
anomaly
Definition
irregularity
Term
anonymity
Definition
state of being nameless; anonymousness; ADJ. anonymous
Term
antagonism
Definition
hostility; active opposition; V. antagonize: cause to become an enemy; N. antagonist: person who is opposed to another; opponent; adversary; principal character in oppostion to the protagonist protagonist leader or noticeable supporter of an idea; chief character in a play or story
Term
antecede
Definition
precede
Term
antecedents
Definition
preceding events that influence what comes later; ancestors or early background
Term
antediluvian
Definition
antiquated; extremely ancient
Term
anthem
Definition
song of praise or patriotism; Ex. national anthem
Term
anthology
Definition
book of literary selections by various authors; CF. omnibus
Term
anthropoid
Definition
manlike; resembling a human being; N.
Term
anthropologist
Definition
student of the history and science of humankind
Term
anthropomorphic
Definition
having human form or characteristics
Term
anticlimax
Definition
letdown in thought or emotion; something unexciting, ordinary, or disappointing coming after something important or exciting
Term
antidote
Definition
remedy to counteract a poison or disease; Ex. antidote to the economic troubles
Term
antipathy
Definition
aversion; dislike or opposition
Term
antiquated
Definition
obsolete; old-fashioned; outdated
Term
antiseptic
Definition
substance that prevents infection in a wound; ADJ.
Term
antithesis
Definition
contrast; direct opposite of or to; ADJ. antithetic or antithetical
Term
anvil
Definition
iron block used i hammering out metals
Term
apathy
Definition
lack of caring; indifference; lack of concern or interest in important matter ; Ex. He was sunk in apathy after his failure; ADJ. apathetic
Term
ape
Definition
imitate or mimic (a person' behavior or manner)
Term
aperture
Definition
opening; hole; adjustable opening in a camera that limits the amount of light
Term
apex
Definition
tip; summit; climax; highest point
Term
aphasia
Definition
loss of speech due to injury or illness
Term
aphorism
Definition
pithy maxim or saying; ADJ. aphoristic
Term
apiary
Definition
a place where bees are kept hive box for bees; V: cause to go in a hive
Term
apiculture
Definition
bee-keeping
Term
apiarist
Definition
person who keeps bees
Term
aplomb
Definition
poise; composure in difficult situations; assurance; self-confidence poise good judgment with composure; balance; V: place in a carefully balanced position
Term
apocalyptic
Definition
prophetic; pertaining to revelations especially of disaster; N. apocalypse
Term
apocryphal
Definition
(of a story) widely believed but untrue
Term
apogee
Definition
highest point; the point farthest from the earth; OP. perigee
Term
apolitical
Definition
having an aversion or lack of concern for political affairs
Term
apologist
Definition
one who writes in defense of a cause or institution; N. apologia
Term
apoplexy
Definition
stroke; loss of consciousness caused by too much blood in the brain
Term
apostate
Definition
one who abandons his religious faith or political beliefs; N. apostasy
Term
apothecary
Definition
druggist; pharmacist
Term
apothegm(apophthegm)
Definition
pithy, compact saying
Term
apotheosis
Definition
elevation to godhood; an ideal example of something
Term
appall
Definition
dismay; shock deeply
Term
apparition
Definition
ghost; phantom
Term
appease
Definition
pacify or soothe; Ex. appease a crying baby; N. appeasement
Term
appellation
Definition
name; title
Term
append
Definition
attach
Term
application
Definition
diligent attention; diligence; V. apply oneself
Term
apposite
Definition
appropriate; fitting
Term
appraise
Definition
estimate value of; N. appraisal
Term
appreciate
Definition
be thankful for; increase in worth; be thoroughly conscious of; ADJ. appreciable: enough to be felt; Ex. appreciable difference
Term
apprehend
Definition
arrest (a criminal); dread; perceive; N. apprehension
Term
apprehensive
Definition
fearful; discerning
Term
apprise
Definition
inform
Term
approbation
Definition
approval
Term
appropriate
Definition
acquire; take possession of for one' own use without permission; set aside for a particular purpose; allocate; CF. misappropriate
Term
appurtenances
Definition
subordinate possessions; something added to a more important thing
Term
apropos
Definition
with reference to; regarding; Ex. remarks apropos (of) the present situation; ADJ. ADV.
Term
aptitude
Definition
fitness; talent
Term
aquiline
Definition
curved; hooked; of or like an eagle; Ex. aquiline nose
Term
arable
Definition
fit for growing crops; Ex. arable land
Term
arbiter
Definition
person with power to decide a matter in dispute; judge who is in a position ot make influential judgments; Ex. supreme arbiter of fashion in beachware
Term
arbitrary
Definition
unreasonable or capricious; random; tyrannical; Ex. arbitrary ruler
Term
arbitrate
Definition
act as judge (at the request of both sides)
Term
arboretum
Definition
place where different trees and shrubs are studied and exhibited
Term
arboreal
Definition
of or living in tree
Term
arcade
Definition
a covered passageway usually lined with shops
Term
arcane
Definition
esoteric; secret; mysterious; know only to the initiated; Ex. arcane ritual; Ex. arcane process closed to the uninitiated listener
Term
archaeology
Definition
study of artifacts and relics of early mankind
Term
archaic
Definition
antiquated; no longer used; belonging to the past; N.
Term
archetype
Definition
prototype; primitive pattern
Term
arch-
Definition
chief; first; Ex. Archbishop
Term
archipelago
Definition
group of closely located islands
Term
archives
Definition
public records; place where public records are kept
Term
ardor
Definition
heat; passion; zeal; ADJ. ardent
Term
arduous
Definition
hard; strenuous; Ex. arduous work
Term
argot
Definition
slang; speech spoken by only a small group of people
Term
aria
Definition
operatic solo; a song sung by one person in an opera or oratorio
Term
arid
Definition
(of land) dry; barren; unproductive
Term
aristocracy
Definition
hereditary nobility; privileged class; government by nobility; N. aristocrat
Term
armada
Definition
fleet of warships
Term
aromatic
Definition
fragrant; having a sweet smell; N. aroma: strong pleasant smell
Term
arraign
Definition
charge in court; indict
Term
array
Definition
marshal; draw up in order; arrange in order; clothe splendidly; adorn; N: fine clothes; ordered group; Ex. in battle array
Term
arrears
Definition
being in debt; money that should have been paid; work that should have been done
Term
arrhythmic
Definition
lacking rhythm or regularity; N. arrhythmia
Term
arrogance
Definition
pride; haughtiness; ADJ. arrogant: unpleasantly self-important (with a strong confidence in one' own importance and a lack of respect for other people)
Term
arroyo
Definition
gully; narrow channel formed by rainwater
Term
artery
Definition
blood-vessel; CF. vein
Term
articulate
Definition
effective; distinct; expressing ideas clearly; having clear sounds; having joints; Ex. articulate speech; V: express thoughts and feeling clearly; pronounce clearly; unite by joints
Term
arsenal
Definition
storage place for military equipment
Term
artifacts
Definition
object made by human beings, either hand-made or mass-produced
Term
artifice
Definition
deception; trickery
Term
artisan
Definition
a manually skilled worker
Term
artless
Definition
without guile; open and honest
Term
ascendancy
Definition
controlling influence; position of controlling influence; CF. in the ascendant
Term
ascertain
Definition
find out for certain; make certain
Term
ascetic
Definition
practicing self-denial; avoiding physical pleasures and comforts; austere; Ex. ascetic life of Buddhist monks; N. asceticism
Term
ascribe
Definition
refer; attribute; assign
Term
aseptic
Definition
preventing infection; having a cleansing effect
Term
ashen
Definition
ash-colored; deadly pale
Term
asinine
Definition
stupid; Ex. asinine remarks
Term
askance
Definition
with a sideways or indirect look (with disapproval or distruct); Ex. look askance at
Term
askew
Definition
crookedly; slanted; at an angle
Term
asperity
Definition
sharpness; roughness; severity (of temper or weather); Ex. asperities of a Russian winter
Term
aspersion
Definition
slanderous remark; Ex. cast aspersions on
Term
aspirant
Definition
seeker after position or status
Term
aspire
Definition
seek to attain (position or status); long for; Ex. aspire to become president; Ex. aspire to/after the leadership
Term
assail
Definition
assault
Term
assay
Definition
analyze (to discover what materials are present); evaluate (soil or ore)
Term
assent
Definition
agree; accept; N. assessment
Term
assert
Definition
state strongly or positively; demand recognition of (rights, claims, etc.); make a claim to (by forceful action); Ex. assert one' independence
Term
assiduous
Definition
diligent
Term
assimilate
Definition
absorb; take (food) into the body and digest it; understand (knowledge) completely and be able to use properly; cause to become homogeneous (the people of a country or race in the wasy of behaving or thinking)
Term
assuage
Definition
mak less severe; ease or lessen (pain); satisfy (hunger); soothe (anger)
Term
assumption
Definition
something taken for granted; the taking over or taking possession of; Ex. her assumption of power; V. assume regent a person who governs in place of a ruler who is ill, absent, or still a child; ADJ. Ex. the Prince regent
Term
assurance
Definition
firm statement that something is certainly true; promise or pledge; certainty; confidence in one' own ability; self-confidence; Ex. In spite of all his assurances, he did not come back; Ex. assurance of his loyalty; Ex. The teacher lacked assurance in fron of his class; V. assure; tell firmly with confidence; ensure; make (something) certain to heappen; make (someone) feel sure; give confidence to; ADJ. assured: self-assured; confident in one' own ability; showing certainty
Term
asteroid
Definition
small planet
Term
astigmatism
Definition
eye defect which prevents proper focus; OP. stigmatism
Term
astral
Definition
relating to the stars
Term
astringent
Definition
binding; causing contraction (stopping bleeding); harsh or severe; stringent; Ex. astringent criticism
Term
astronomical
Definition
enormously large or extensive
Term
astute
Definition
wise; shrewd; keen; seeing quickly something that is to one' advantage
Term
asunder
Definition
into parts; apart; V. sunder
Term
asylum
Definition
place of refuge or shelter; protection (religious or political)
Term
asymmetric
Definition
not identical on both sides of a dividing central line
Term
atavism
Definition
resemblance to remote ancestors rather than to parents; reversion to an earlier type; throwback; ADJ. atavistic
Term
atheistic
Definition
denying the existence of God; N. atheism
Term
atone
Definition
make amends for; pay for; Ex. atone for
Term
atrocity
Definition
brutal deed; ADJ. atrocious
Term
atrophy
Definition
wasting away; V: weaken and lose flesh and muscle (through lack of blood or lack of use)
Term
attentive
Definition
alert and watchful; listening carefully; paying attention; considerate; thoughtful; politely helpful; Ex. attentive audience; Ex. He was attentive to the old lady; N. attentions: act of courtesy and consideration
Term
attenuate
Definition
make thin; weaken
Term
attest
Definition
testify; bear witness
Term
attribute
Definition
essential quality; V: ascribe; explain
Term
attrition
Definition
rubbing away by friction; gradual decrease in numbers or strength; reduction in the work force without firing employees; wearing away of opposition by means of harassment; Ex. a war of attritio
Term
atypical
Definition
not normal; not typical
Term
audacious
Definition
daring; bold; N. audacity
Term
audit
Definition
examination of accounts of a business; official examination; V.
Term
augment
Definition
increase; add to
Term
augury
Definition
omen; prophecy; sign of coming events; V. augur: predict; foretell; be a sign of (something in future)
Term
august
Definition
impressive; majestic
Term
aureole
Definition
sun' corona; halo; bright circle of light
Term
auroral
Definition
pertaining to the aurora borealis; CF. aurora australis
Term
auspicious
Definition
favoring success; giving signs of future success; Cf. auspices
Term
austere
Definition
forbiddingly stern; ascetic; without comfort or enjoyment; severely simple and unornamented; Ex. a monk' austere life; Ex. austere grandeur of the cathedral; N. austerity
Term
authenticate
Definition
prove genuine
Term
authoritarian
Definition
subordinating the individual to the state; completely dominating another' will; Ex. authoritarian regime/father
Term
authoritative
Definition
having the weight of authority; regarded as providing knowledge that can be trusted; reliable; peremptory and dictatorial; Ex. authoritative dictionary/manner; CF. definitive
Term
autocratic
Definition
having absolute unchecked power; dictatorial; N. autocrat, autocracy
Term
automaton
Definition
mechanism that imitates actions of humans; machine that works by itself
Term
autonomous
Definition
self-governing; N. autonomy
Term
autopsy
Definition
examination of a dead body; postmortem; V.
Term
auxiliary
Definition
offering or providing help; additional or subsidiary; N: helper; assistant
Term
avalanche
Definition
great mass of falling snow and ice
Term
avarice
Definition
greediness for wealth
Term
avenge
Definition
take vengence for something or on behalf of someone; Ex. They avenged his death by burning the village; Ex. He swore to avenge his brother; Ex. They avenged themselves on their enemy.
Term
aver
Definition
state confidently; declare as true
Term
averse
Definition
reluctant; disinclined; not liking or opposed; Ex. averse to cats/doing the house work
Term
aversion
Definition
firm dislike
Term
avert
Definition
prevent; avoid; turn away (eyes or thought); Ex. An accident was averted by his quick thinking; Ex. She averted her eyes from the terrible sight.
Term
aviary
Definition
enclosure for birds; large cage
Term
avid
Definition
greedy; extremely eager for; Ex. avid learner; N. avidity
Term
avocation
Definition
secondary or minor occupation
Term
avow
Definition
declare openly; N. avowal
Term
avuncular
Definition
of or like an uncle
Term
awe
Definition
solemn wonder; feeling of respect mixed with wonder and fear; V: fill with awe; ADJ. awesome
Term
awful
Definition
terrible; very bad
Term
awl
Definition
pointed tool used for piercing
Term
awry
Definition
distorted; crooked; bent; Ex. Our plans have gone awry.
Term
axiom
Definition
self-evident truth requiring no proof
Term
azure
Definition
sky blue
Term
babble
Definition
chatter idly or foolishly; make continuous sounds like water running gently over rounded stone; N.
Term
bacchanalian
Definition
drunken
Term
bacchanal
Definition
noisy party with a lot of drinking
Term
Bacchanalia
Definition
the ancient Roman festival in honor of Bacchus
Term
badger
Definition
pester; annoy continually with demands; persuade by asking again and again; Ex. The children badgered me into taking them into the cinema; N: a kind of mountain animal
Term
badinage
Definition
teasing conversation; banter; joking talk
Term
baffle
Definition
frustrate; perplex
Term
bait
Definition
harass; tease; torment; Ex. badger baiting; N: food or other lure used to catch fish or trap animals
Term
baleful
Definition
evil; malignant in intent or effect; deadly; having a malign influence; portending evil; ominous; threatening; Ex. baleful look
Term
balk
Definition
stop short, as if faced with an obstacle, and refuse to continue; foil; stop or get in the way of; frustrate
Term
ballast
Definition
heavy substance used to add stability or weight; V. supply with ballast
Term
balm
Definition
something that relieves pain; oily liquid with a pleasant smell from trees
Term
pang
Definition
sudden sharp feeling of pai
Term
balmy
Definition
soft and mild (of air); fragrant
Term
banal
Definition
hackneyed; commonplace; trite; lacking originality; clich\'ed
Term
bandy
Definition
discuss lightly or glibly; discuss in a frivolous manner; exchange (words) heatedly; quarrel; Ex. bandy words with
Term
bane
Definition
posion; cause of ruin; ADJ. baneful: harmful; poisonous
Term
bantering
Definition
joking talk; good-naturedly ridiculing; N.V. banter
Term
barb
Definition
sharp projection from fishhook, arrow, or other object; openly cutting remark
Term
bard
Definition
poet
Term
barefaced
Definition
shameless and noticeable; blatant; bold; unconcealed; having no covering on the face; Ex. barefaced unregenerate making no attempt to change one' bad practices
Term
baroque
Definition
highly ornate
Term
barrage
Definition
barrier laid dow by artillery fire; overwhelming profusion; large number of questions or statements; Ex. a barrage of criticism
Term
barrister
Definition
counselor-at-law or lawyer in the higher court of law; CF. bar solicitor lawyer in the lower court of law
Term
barterer
Definition
trader; V. barter: trade; exchange good for other goods rather than money
Term
bask
Definition
luxuriate; take pleasure in warmth luxuriate take pleasure in great comfort
Term
bastion
Definition
stronghold; something seen as a source of protection; Ex. the last bastion of male chauvinism
Term
bate
Definition
let down; lessen the force of; moderate; restrain; Ex. with bated breath; CF. abate
Term
bauble
Definition
trinket; cheap jewel; trifle
Term
bawdy
Definition
indecent; obscene; about sex in a rude funny way; CF. bawd
Term
beatific
Definition
giving or showing bliss; blissful
Term
bliss
Definition
complete happiness; ADJ. blissful
Term
beatitude
Definition
blessedness; state of great happiness mystic of hidden meaning and spiritual power; Ex. mystic ceremonies; N. CF. mysticism
Term
bedizen
Definition
dress with vulgar finery finery beautiful clothes for a special occasion
Term
bedraggle
Definition
wet thoroughly; ADJ. bedraggled: draggled
Term
beeline
Definition
direct quick route
Term
befuddle
Definition
confuse thoroughly fuddle make stupid or confused as with alcholic drink; N. in a fuddle: confused
Term
beget
Definition
father; become the father of; produce; give rise to
Term
begrudge
Definition
envy; give or allow unwillingly; grudge; Ex. We shouldn't begrudge him his success. grudge deep feeling of dislike; Ex. grudge fight; V.
Term
beguile
Definition
deceive; mislead or delude; cheat; pass time pleasantly; charm or attract; Ex. beguiling smile
Term
behemoth
Definition
huge creature; something of monstrous size or power
Term
beholden
Definition
obligated; indebted; owing thanks; obliged or indebted from gratitude
Term
behoove(behove)
Definition
be suited to; be incumbent upon; be right and necessary; Ex. It behooves one to do.
Term
belabor
Definition
harp on; dwell on tediously; explain or go over excessively or to a ridiculous degree; assail verbally; beat severely; attack physically
Term
belated
Definition
delayed
Term
beleaguer
Definition
besiege or attack (with an army); harass; beset
Term
belie
Definition
contradict; give a false impression; disguise; Ex. The poor sales belied our high hopes; Ex. Her smile belies her true feeling of displeasure.
Term
belittle
Definition
disparage; depreciate
Term
bellicose
Definition
warlike
Term
belligerent
Definition
quarrelsome
Term
bemoan
Definition
lament; moan for; express sorrow or disapproval of
Term
bemused
Definition
confused; lost in thought; preoccupied
Term
benediction
Definition
blessing
Term
benefactor
Definition
gift giver; patron; person who does good or who gives money for a good purpose
Term
beneficent
Definition
kindly; doing good
Term
beneficial
Definition
helpful; useful; advantageous
Term
beneficiary
Definition
person entitled to benefits or proceeds of an insurance policy or will
Term
benefit
Definition
advantage; anything that brings helpl, advantage, or profit; money provided by the government to the people; fund-raising public entertainment; Ex. unemployment benefit; V: receive benefits; be beneficial to; give benefits
Term
benevolent
Definition
generous; charitable; having a wish to do good
Term
benign
Definition
kindly; favorable; not malignant (disease); Ex. benign tumor
Term
benison
Definition
blessing
Term
bent
Definition
determined; Ex. bent on advancing in the business; N: natural talent or inclination
Term
bequeath
Definition
leave to someone by means of a will; hand down in his will; N. bequest
Term
berate
Definition
scold strongly
Term
bereavement
Definition
state of being deprived of something valuable or beloved; state of being bereaved or bereft
Term
bereaved
Definition
deprived of (someone beloved through death)
Term
bereft
Definition
deprived of (something valuable); lacking
Term
berserk
Definition
mad with violent anger; frenzied; madly excite
Term
beseech
Definition
beg; plead with
Term
beset
Definition
harass or trouble from all direction ; hem in hem surround tightly so that movement is impossible; Ex. hem in; N.
Term
besiege
Definition
surround with armed forces; harass (with requests); annoy continually
Term
besmirch
Definition
soil; defile; make dirty
Term
bestial
Definition
beastlike; brutal; inhuman; very cruel
Term
bestow
Definition
confer
Term
betoken
Definition
signify; indicate; be a sign of token outward sign; Ex. a token of our gratitude
Term
betray
Definition
be unfaithful; reveal (unconsciously or unwillingly); Ex. Her trembling hands betray her anxiety.
Term
betroth
Definition
become engaged to marry
Term
bevy
Definition
large group; Ex. a bevy of starlet
Term
bicameral
Definition
two-chambered as a legislative body
Term
bicker
Definition
quarrel
Term
biennial
Definition
every two years
Term
bifurcated
Definition
divided into two branches; forked
Term
bigotry
Definition
stubborn intolerance
Term
bigot
Definition
one who is intolerant (in matters of religion or politics) intolerant not willing to accept ways of thinking different from one' own; CF. tolerant; CF. tolerate
Term
bilious
Definition
suffering from indigestion; sick from having too much bile; irritable; easily irritated
Term
bilk
Definition
swindle; cheat
Term
billowing
Definition
swelling out in waves; surging billow large wave of water; a great swell or surge (of smoke); V: surge, swell, roll in billows swell long wave of water that moves continuously without breaking; V. surge powerful movement of or like a wave; V.
Term
bivouac
Definition
temporary encampment; camp without tents; V.
Term
bizarre
Definition
fantastic; violently contrasting; noticeably odd; strikingly unconventional
Term
blanch
Definition
bleach; whiten; make white or pale
Term
bland
Definition
soothing or mild (food); agreeable; causing no trouble or offence
Term
blandishment
Definition
flattery
Term
blare
Definition
loud or harsh roar or screech; dazzling blaze of lights screech unpleasant high sharp sound; shriek; V. dazzle make blind with a sudden intense light; amaze; fill with wonder
Term
blas\'e
Definition
bored with pleasure or dissipation; uninterested or bored
Term
blasphemy
Definition
irreverence; sacrilege; cursing; bad language about God or holy things; V. blasphem; ADJ. blasphemous; CF. sacrilege
Term
blatant
Definition
extremely (offensively) obvious; loudly offensive; Ex. blatant lie; N. blatancy
Term
bleak
Definition
cold or cheerless; frigid; unlikely to be favorable; depressing
Term
blighted
Definition
suffering from a disease; destroyed
Term
blight
Definition
plant disease; V: infect with blight; ruin; destroy
Term
blithe(blithesome)
Definition
gay; joyous
Term
bloated
Definition
(unpleasantly) swollen or puffed as with water or air
Term
blowhard
Definition
talkative boaster; braggart
Term
bludgeon
Definition
club; heavy-headed weapon; V.
Term
bluff
Definition
pretense (of strength); deception; high cliff; ADJ: rough but good-natured
Term
blunder
Definition
error; stupid mistake
Term
blurt
Definition
utter impulsively from nervousness or excitement
Term
bluster
Definition
blow in heavy gusts; threaten emptily; bully; speak in a noisy or bullying manner; CF. breeze, gust, gale
Term
bully
Definition
one who is habitually cruel to weaker people; V.
Term
bode
Definition
foreshadow; portend
Term
bogus
Definition
counterfeit; not authentic; intentionally false; Ex. bogus interview
Term
bohemian
Definition
unconventional (in an artistic way)
Term
boisterous
Definition
violent; rough; noisy
Term
bolster
Definition
support; reinforce
Term
bolt
Definition
door bar; fastening pin or screw; length of fabric; large roll of cloth; V: dash or dart off; fasten (a door); gobble down dart move or throw suddenly and quickly gobble eat very quickly
Term
bombardment
Definition
attack (as with missiles or bombs); V. bombard
Term
bombastic
Definition
pompou ; using inflated language
Term
bombast
Definition
grandiloquent, pompous speech
Term
boon
Definition
blessing; benefit; something very helpful
Term
boorish
Definition
rude; insensitive
Term
boor
Definition
rude, insensitive person
Term
bouillon
Definition
clear beef (or meat) soup
Term
bountiful
Definition
generous; graciously generous; showing bounty gracious kind in a generous way (to someone less important)
Term
bourgeois
Definition
middle class; selfishly materialistic; too interested in material possessions
Term
bovine
Definition
cowlike; placid and dull; slow-thinking; calm
Term
bowdlerize
Definition
expurgate; CF. Thomas Bowdler
Term
brackish
Definition
somewhat saline
Term
braggadocio
Definition
boasting
Term
brag
Definition
boast
Term
braggart
Definition
boaster; bragger
Term
brandish
Definition
wave around (a weapon); flourish
Term
bravado
Definition
swagger; assumed air of defiance; false show of bravery
Term
swagger
Definition
walk or behave with an over-confident manner
Term
brawn
Definition
human muscle; muscular strength; sturdiness
Term
brawny
Definition
muscular; having well-developed muscles sturdy strong and firm (in the body)
Term
brazen
Definition
insolent; without shame; bold; Ex. brazen lie; V: face with bold self-assurance or with unshamed confidence
Term
brawl
Definition
noisy quarrel
Term
breach
Definition
breaking of contract or duty; fissure or gap; opening; V
Term
breadth
Definition
width; extent
Term
brevity
Definition
conciseness; shortness of duration
Term
brindled
Definition
tawny or grayish with streaks or spots (of animals) tawny brownish yellow
Term
bristling
Definition
rising like bristles; showing irritation
Term
bristle
Definition
short stiff hair; V: (hair or fur) stand up stiffly
Term
brittle
Definition
hard but easily broken; difficult; unstable; Ex. brittle situation
Term
broach
Definition
introduce as a subject; moot; open up
Term
brocade
Definition
rich, figured(patterned) fabric
Term
brochure
Definition
pamphlet
Term
brooch
Definition
ornamental clasp; pin clasp hold firmly within arms
Term
brook
Definition
tolerate; endure; Ex. brook no interference; N: small stream
Term
browbeat
Definition
bully; intimidate
Term
browse
Definition
graze; feed on growing grass; skim or glance at casually graze (of an animal) feed on growing grass; cause (an animal) to feed on grass; scrape (esp. the skin) or touch lightly in passing; brush; Ex. We can't graze the cattle till summer; N: surface wound skim read or glance through quickly; touch lightly in passing; brush; remove from the surface of a liquid
Term
brunt
Definition
main impact or shock (of an attack or blow); Ex. brunt of the argument
Term
brusque
Definition
blunt; abrupt; curt; not wanting to waste time being nice
Term
buccaneer
Definition
pirate
Term
bucolic
Definition
rustic; pastoral
Term
buffet
Definition
strike forcefully; slap; batter; knock out; N: table with food set out for people to server themselves; meal at which people help themselves to food that' been set slap hit quickly with the flat part of the hand; N. CF. smack
Term
buffoonery
Definition
clowning
Term
buffoon
Definition
stupid person; clown clown act stupidly; play the fool; N.
Term
bugaboo
Definition
bugbear; object of baseless terror
Term
bullion
Definition
gold and silver in the form of bars
Term
bulwark
Definition
strong wall built for defense; earthwork or other strong defense; person who defends
Term
bungle
Definition
mismanage; blunder; botch; blow; spoil by clumsy behavior botch mismanage; blow
Term
buoyant
Definition
able to float; cheerful and optimistic; N. buoyancy; Ex. buoyancy of wood/water/American market
Term
bureaucracy
Definition
overregulated administrative system marked by red tape; ADJ. bureaucratic
Term
burgeon
Definition
grow rapidly; grow forth; send out buds; Ex. burgeoning computer industry; CF. bludgeon
Term
burlesque
Definition
give an imitation that ridicules; imitate mockingly
Term
burnish
Definition
make shiny by rubbing; polish
Term
buttress
Definition
support; prop up; N. stationary structure to support wall; Ex. flying buttress prop support placed under or against something; V.
Term
buxom
Definition
full-bosomed; plump; jolly plump pleasantly fat; nicely rounded
Term
cabal
Definition
small group of persons secretly united to promote their own interests
Term
cache
Definition
hiding place; V.
Term
cacophonous
Definition
discordant; inharmonious; N. cacophony: unpleasant mixture of loud sounds
Term
cadaver
Definition
corpse; dead human body
Term
cadaverous
Definition
like a corpse; pale
Term
cadence
Definition
rhythmic rise and fall (of words or sounds); beat; regular beat of sound; rhythm
Term
cajole
Definition
persuade by praise or false promise; coax; wheedle coax persuade by flattery
Term
calamity
Definition
disaster; misery
Term
calculated
Definition
deliberately planned; likely
Term
caldron(cauldron)
Definition
large kettle
Term
caliber
Definition
ability; quality; diameter of the inside of a round cylinder; Ex. work of very high caliber
Term
calligraphy
Definition
beautiful writing; excellent penmanship
Term
callous
Definition
hardened; unfeeling; without sympathy for the sufferings of others; unkind
Term
callus
Definition
area of thick hard skin
Term
callow
Definition
youthful; immature; inexperienced
Term
calorific
Definition
heat-producing; N. calorie
Term
calumny
Definition
malicious misrepresentation; slander
Term
camaraderie
Definition
good-fellowship; CF. comrade
Term
cameo
Definition
shell or jewel carved in relief; star' special appearance in a minor role in a film
Term
canard
Definition
unfounded false rumor; exaggerated false report
Term
candor
Definition
frankness; open honesty; ADJ. candid
Term
canine
Definition
related to dogs; doglike
Term
canker
Definition
any ulcerous sore; ulcer; any evil; CF. cancer ulcer sore place appearing on the skin inside or outside the body; Ex. stomach ulcer; ADJ. ulcerous; V. ulcerate
Term
canny
Definition
shrewd in money matters; thrifty
Term
cant
Definition
insincere speech or expression of piety; jargon of thieves; special words used by a particular group of people
Term
cantankerous
Definition
ill-humored; irritable
Term
cantata
Definition
story set to music to be sung by a chorus (shorter than an oratorio)
Term
canter
Definition
slow gallop; V. CF. trot
Term
canto
Definition
division of a long poem
Term
canvass
Definition
determine or seek opinions, votes, etc.; go through (a region) to solicit votes or orders; conduct a survey; N.
Term
capacious
Definition
spacious
Term
capacity
Definition
mental or physical ability; role; position or duty; ability to accommodate; Ex. in my capacity as president
Term
capillary
Definition
having a very fine bore; resembling a hair; fine and slender; Ex. capillary attraction; N: very fine hairlike tube; CF. capillarity
Term
capitulate
Definition
surrender; give up all resistance
Term
caprice
Definition
whim; sudden change of mind without any real cause
Term
capricious
Definition
unpredictable; fickle
Term
caption
Definition
title; chapter heading; text under illustration
Term
captious
Definition
faultfinding; too critical
Term
carafe
Definition
glass water bottle; decanter
Term
carapace
Definition
shell covering the back (of a turtle, tortoise, crab, etc.)
Term
carat(karat)
Definition
unit of weight for precious stones; measure of the purity of gold
Term
carcinogenic
Definition
causing cancer; N. carcinogen
Term
cardinal
Definition
chief; most important; N: priest; cardinal number: number that shows quantity rather thatn order
Term
cardiologist
Definition
doctor specializing in ailments of the heart
Term
careen
Definition
lurch; sway from side to side; move with irregular swinging movement; stagger
Term
career
Definition
rush wildly; go at full speed sway swing from side to side; influence (someone) to change one' opinion; N.
Term
caricature
Definition
distortion; burlesque
Term
carillon
Definition
a set of bells (ofte in a tower) capable of being played
Term
carnage
Definition
destruction of life; slaughter; killing of large numbers of people or animals
Term
carnal
Definition
fleshly; sensual; concerning the desires of the body
Term
carnivorous
Definition
meat-eating; N. carnivore; CF. herbivore
Term
carousal
Definition
drunken revel; V. carouse
Term
carping
Definition
petty criticism; fault-finding; fretful complaining; quibble
Term
carrion
Definition
rotting flesh of a dead body; CF. vulture
Term
cartographer
Definition
map-maker
Term
cascade
Definition
small waterfall
Term
caste
Definition
one of the hereditary classes in Hindu society; social stratification; prestige
Term
castigation
Definition
punishment; severe criticism or disapproval
Term
casualty
Definition
serious or fatal accident; person killed or wounded in an accident or battle
Term
casual
Definition
happening by chance; irregular; occasional; informal; showing or feeling little interest; Ex. casual reader/labor/remark
Term
cataclysm
Definition
deluge; upheaval; earthquake; violent and sudden event or change
Term
catalyst
Definition
agent which brings about a chemical change while it remains unaffected and unchanged; CF. catalysis
Term
catapult
Definition
slingshot; hurling machine; V: fire from catapult hurl throw forcefully; shout out violently
Term
cataract
Definition
great waterfall; eye abnormality (causing a gradual loss of eyesight)
Term
catastrophe
Definition
calamity ; disaster
Term
catcall
Definition
shout of disapproval or displeasure (made at the theater or a sports match); boo; V.
Term
catechism
Definition
book for religious instruction in question-and-answer form; religious instruction by question and answer; V. catechize
Term
categorical
Definition
without exceptions; made without any doubt in mind; unqualified; absolute qualify reach a necessary standard; limit the meaning of something stated
Term
catharsis
Definition
purging or cleansing of any passage of the body; purging and weakening of strong emotions as a result of experiencing a dramatic work of art
Term
cathartic
Definition
purgative; medicine that causes the bowels to empty; ADJ. catholic (of likings and interests) universal; general; broad; including many different parts; wide-ranging liberal; Ex. catholic opinions/tastes\
Term
caucus
Definition
private meeting of a group of people in a political party to select officers or determine policy; CF. the Caucus club of Boston
Term
caulk(calk)
Definition
make watertight (by blocking up cracks as in a ship)
Term
causal
Definition
implying a cause-and-effect relationship; N. causality
Term
caustic
Definition
burning; corrosive; able to burn by chemical action; sarcastically biting; (of remarks) intended to hurt; bitter; harmful; OP. harmless
Term
cauterize
Definition
burn (a wound or snakebite, etc.) with hot iron or caustic substance to stop bleeding and prevent infection
Term
cavalcade
Definition
procession of riders or horse-drawn carriages; parade; CF. cavalry
Term
cavalier
Definition
casual and offhand; arrogant; N: knight
Term
cavil
Definition
quibble; make frivolous objections; find fault unnecessarily
Term
cede
Definition
yield (title or territory) to (esp. after losing a war); surrender formally; N. cession
Term
celerity
Definition
speed; rapidity
Term
celestial
Definition
heavenly hereafter life after death afterlife life after death; later part of one' life
Term
celibate
Definition
abstaining from sexual intercourse; unmarried; N. celibacy
Term
censor
Definition
(in ancient Rome) overseer of morals (also taking the census); person who eliminates inappropriate matter; V.
Term
censorious
Definition
severely critical
Term
censure
Definition
blame; criticize; express strong disapproval; N: severe criticism; strong disapproval
Term
centaur
Definition
mythical figure, half man and half horse
Term
centigrade
Definition
denoting a widely used temperature scale (basically same as Celsius)
Term
centrifugal
Definition
radiating; departing from the center
Term
centrifuge
Definition
machine that separates substances by whirling them
Term
centripetal
Definition
tending toward the center
Term
centurion
Definition
Roman army officer (commanding a company of about 100 soldiers)
Term
cerebral
Definition
pertaining to the brain or intellect; intellectual rather than emotional; CF. cerebrum
Term
cerebration
Definition
thought; working of the brain
Term
ceremonious
Definition
marked by formality; extremely formal and polite; CF. ceremony: conventional social courtesy unceremonious not done politely without due formalities
Term
certitude
Definition
certainty
Term
cessation
Definition
stoppage
Term
cession
Definition
yielding to another; ceding
Term
chafe
Definition
warm by rubbing; make sore by rubbing; N.
Term
chaff
Definition
worthless products of an endeavor; husk(outer seed cover) separated from grain; Ex. separate the wheat from the chaff
Term
chaffing
Definition
bantering; joking
Term
chagrin
Definition
annoyance and disappointment; vexation (caused by humiliation or injured pride)
Term
chalice
Definition
goblet; consecrated cup
Term
chameleon
Definition
lizard that changes color in different situations
Term
champion
Definition
support militantly; fight for; N: person who fights for or supports strongly (a principle, movement, person, etc.) championship position of champion; defense or support; competition held to determine a champion
Term
chaotic
Definition
in utter disorder
Term
charisma
Definition
divine gift; great popular charm or appeal; magnetism
Term
charlatan
Definition
quack; pretender to knowledge (esp. in medicine)
Term
chary
Definition
cautious; unwilling to take risks; sparing or restrained about giving; OP. bold
Term
chase
Definition
ornament a metal surface by indenting; follow rapidly to catch
Term
chasm
Definition
abyss; very deep crack
Term
chassis
Definition
framework and working parts of an automobile; framework to which components are attached
Term
chaste
Definition
morally pure; virginal; abstaining from illicit sexual acts; modest; simple (of a style of writing); not highly decorated; austere
Term
chasten
Definition
discipline; punish in order to correct; CF. castigate
Term
chastise
Definition
punish as by beating; criticize severely
Term
chauvinist
Definition
blindly devoted patriot; zealous adherent of a group, cause, or sex; ADJ. chauvinistic; CF. chauvinism; Nicolas Chauvin
Term
check
Definition
stop motion; curb or restrain
Term
checkered(chequered)
Definition
marked by great changes in fortune; with many changes of fortuene; CF. checked: having a pattern of squares
Term
cherubic
Definition
angelic; innocent-looking; N. cherub; CF. seraph: winged angel of the highest order
Term
chicanery
Definition
trickery; deception
Term
chide
Definition
scold; rebuke (someone who has done wrong)
Term
chimerical
Definition
fantastically improbable; highly unrealistic;
Term
chisel
Definition
swindle or cheat; N: wedgelike tool for cutting
Term
chip
Definition
lose a small piece from the surface or edge; N: small piece broken off something; CF. French fry; Potato chip/crisp
Term
chivalrous
Definition
courteous; faithful; brave; N. chivalry
Term
choleric
Definition
hot-tempered; bad-tempered; irritable; easily angered; CF. cholera
Term
choreography
Definition
art of representing dances in written symbols; arrangement of dances
Term
chore
Definition
daily domestic task (such as cleaning, cooking, and shopping); unpleasant task
Term
chortle
Definition
chuckle with delight; N.
Term
chuckle
Definition
laugh quietly
Term
chronic
Definition
long established as a disease
Term
chronicle
Definition
report; record (in chronological order)
Term
churlish
Definition
boorish; rude; N. churl: boor; yahoo
Term
ciliated
Definition
having minute hairs; CF. cilium; CF. cilia: eyelash
Term
cipher
Definition
nonentity; worthles person or thing; zero; secret code
Term
circlet
Definition
small ring; band of gold, silver, jewel, etc. (worn on the head, arms, or neck as decoration)
Term
circuitous
Definition
roundabout
Term
circuit
Definition
closed circular line around an area; circumference; regularly repeated journey from place to place
Term
circumlocution
Definition
indirect or roundabout expression (by using an uncecessarily large number of words esp. when trying to avoid answering a difficult question directly)
Term
circumscribe
Definition
limit; confine; draw a line around
Term
circumspect
Definition
prudent; cautious; acting after careful thought
Term
circumvent
Definition
outwit; defeat by behaving more cleverly; outsmart; baffle; avoid; get around
Term
cistern
Definition
reservoir or water tank
Term
citadel
Definition
fortress
Term
cite
Definition
quote; commend; Ex. cited for bravery in an official record
Term
civil
Definition
having to do with citizens; not military or religiou ; courteous and polite; Ex. married in a civil ceremony; Ex. civil strife/disorder/law; N. civility; CF. civic
Term
clairvoyant
Definition
having foresight; fortuneteller; N. clairvoyance hindsight understanding the nature of an event after it has actually happened
Term
clamber
Definition
climb by crawling with difficulties; scramble
Term
clamor
Definition
loud continous noise; continuous demand or complaint made by a large number of people; V: make a clamor; express (a demand) continually and loudly; ADJ. clamorou
Term
clandestine
Definition
secret
Term
chaperon
Definition
older person who accompanies and supervises a young unmarried woman
Term
clangor
Definition
loud resounding noise; sound of repeated clanging
Term
clapper
Definition
striker (tongue) of a bell
Term
clap
Definition
strike the palms of the hands together with a sudden explosive sound; come together suddenly with a sharp sound; put or send promptly; Ex. clap the thief in jail; N: clapping; loud or explosive sound; CF. applause
Term
clarion
Definition
shrill, trumpetlike sound; kind of trumpet used in former times
Term
claustrophobia
Definition
fear of being locked in
Term
clavicle
Definition
collarbone
Term
scrimmage
Definition
disorderly fight between two or more people
Term
cleave
Definition
split or sever; cling to; remain faithful to; N. cleavage; ADJ. cloven
Term
cleft
Definition
N: split
Term
clemency
Definition
disposition to be lenient in deciding punishments; mildness as of the weather; ADJ. clement
Term
clich\'e
Definition
phrase dulled in meaning by repetition; platitude; ADJ. clich\'ed bromide platitude; chemical compound used to calm excitement
Term
clientele
Definition
body of customers
Term
climactic
Definition
relating to the highest point; N. climax; CF. climatic
Term
clime
Definition
climate
Term
clique
Definition
small exclusive group of people
Term
cloister
Definition
monastery or convent
Term
clout
Definition
great influence (especially political or social); hard blow with fist
Term
cloying
Definition
distasteful (because excessive); excessively sweet or sentimental; V. cloy: become unpleasant through too much sweetness or excess
Term
coagulate
Definition
congeal; thicken; clot; N. coagulant
Term
clot
Definition
half-solid lump formed from a liquid (or blood); V. pudding hot sweet dish
Term
coalesce
Definition
combine; fuse; N. coalescence
Term
coalition
Definition
partnership; league; union of separate political parties
Term
coda
Definition
concluding section of a musical or literary composition
Term
coddle
Definition
treat gently; indulge excessively; pamper; mollycoddle; baby; cook in water just below boiling point; Ex. coddled eggs
Term
codicil
Definition
supplement to the body of a will; later addition to a will
Term
codify
Definition
arrange (laws or rules) as a code; classify; N. code: system of words used instead of ordinary writing; collection of laws, rules, established social customs
Term
coercion
Definition
use of force to get someone to object; compelling; V. coerce
Term
coeval
Definition
living at the same time as; existing during the same period of time; contemporary; of the same age
Term
cog
Definition
tooth projecting from a wheel
Term
cogent
Definition
convincing
Term
cogitate
Definition
think over; ponder
Term
cognate
Definition
having a common origin; related linguistically; allied by blood; similar or akin in nature; Ex. cognate languages; N.
Term
cognitive
Definition
having to do with knowing or perceiving related to the mental processes; N. cognition: the mental process of knowing
Term
cognizance
Definition
knowledge; ADJ. cognizant; having knowledge; aware
Term
cohabit
Definition
live together
Term
cohere
Definition
stick together
Term
cohesion
Definition
tendency to keep together
Term
cohorts
Definition
group of people who share some common quality; armed band; a group of between 300 and 600 soldiers under one commander (in the ancient Rome)
Term
coiffure
Definition
hairstyle
Term
coin
Definition
make coins; invent or fabricate (a word or phrase); N. coinage: word or phrase recently invented
Term
coincidence
Definition
the chance occurrence, at the same time, of two or more seemingly connected events; V. coincide: happen at the same time; be in agreement; CF. coincident; CF. coincidental
Term
colander
Definition
utensil with perforated bottom used for straining
Term
collaborate
Definition
work together; cooperate treasonably with the enemy
Term
collage
Definition
work of art put together from fragments scrap small bit or fragment; discarded waste material; fight; Ex. a scrap of paper/cloth; V: break into parts for disposal; discard as worthless; fight; quarrel scraps leftover food scrappy quarrelsome
Term
collate
Definition
examine and compare in order to verify authenticity; arrange in order (the sheets of a book before they are bound)
Term
collateral
Definition
security given for loan; ADJ: secondary; descended from the same person but through different sons or daughters
Term
collation
Definition
a light meal; collating
Term
colloquial
Definition
pertaining to conversational or common speech; informal; N. colloquialism: colloquial expression
Term
colloquy
Definition
informal discussion; conversation
Term
collusion
Definition
conspiring in a fraudulent scheme to cheat or deceive others; V. collude
Term
colossal
Definition
huge
Term
colossus
Definition
gigantic statue; person or thing of great size or importance
Term
comatose
Definition
in a coma; extremely sleepy
Term
coma
Definition
deep prolonged unconsciousness caused by disease, poison, or a severe blow
Term
combustible
Definition
easily burned; N. CF. combustion
Term
comely
Definition
attractive; agreeable; having a pleasing appearance homely not good-looking; unattractive
Term
comestible
Definition
something fit to be eaten
Term
comeuppance
Definition
deserts; well-deserved punishment or misfortune; rebuke deserts what someone deserves
Term
comity
Definition
courtesy; civility; Ex. comity of nations
Term
commandeer
Definition
take (private property) for military use without needing permission or giving payment; draft for military purposes draft first rough form; conscription; draught; V: make a draft of; conscript
Term
draught
Definition
current of air (through a room or to a fire); act of pulling roads; act of swallowing liquid or amount of liquid swallowed at a time
Term
commemorative
Definition
remembering; honoring the memory of; Ex. commemorative stamp
Term
commemorate
Definition
honor the memory of; serve as a memorial to; Ex. commemorate the 100th anniversary/those who died in the war
Term
commensurate
Definition
equal in extent; of the same size
Term
commiserate
Definition
feel or express pity or sympathy for
Term
commodious
Definition
spacious and comfortable
Term
communal
Definition
held in common; public; of a group of people; of a commune
Term
commune
Definition
small (often rural) community whose members share work and income; V: exchange thoughts or feelings; Ex. commune with nature
Term
compact
Definition
agreement; contract; ADJ: tightly packed; firm; brief; concise; Ex. compact statement
Term
compatible
Definition
harmonious; in harmony with; able to exist together
Term
compelling
Definition
overpowering; irresistible in effect; holding one' attention; that compels one to do something; Ex. a compelling adventure story; V. compel
Term
compulsion
Definition
compelling; strong desire that is difficult to control; irresistible impulse
Term
compulsory
Definition
obligatory; that must be done
Term
compulsive
Definition
resulting from compulsion
Term
compendium
Definition
brief, comprehensive summary; ADJ. compendious
Term
compensatory
Definition
making up for; repaying
Term
compilation
Definition
listing of information in tabular or book form; compiling
Term
compile
Definition
assemble; gather; accumulate; make (a report or a book) from facts and information found in various places; Ex. compile a dictionary
Term
complacency
Definition
self-satisfaction; smugness; ADJ. complacent smug self-satisfied; complacent
Term
complaisant
Definition
trying to please; obliging; willing to please others
Term
complement
Definition
complete; consummate; make perfect; N.
Term
complementary
Definition
serving to complete something
Term
compliance
Definition
conformity in fulfilling requirements; readiness to yield; disposition to yield to others; V. comply
Term
compliant
Definition
readily acting in accordance with a rule, order, or the wishes or others; yielding; comforming to requirements
Term
complicity
Definition
participation; involvement (in a questionable act or a crime)
Term
component
Definition
element; ingredient
Term
comport
Definition
bear one' self; behave; Ex. comport oneself; N. comportment
Term
deport
Definition
send out of the country; behave; N. deportation, deportment S bearing deportment; connection
Term
composure
Definition
mental calmness
Term
compound
Definition
combine; produce by combining; increase; make worse by adding to or increasing; exacerbate; Ex. compound an error; ADJ: consisting of two or more parts; N: combination of two or more parts; area enclosed by a wall containing a group of buildings; Ex. factory compound; CF. complex
Term
comprehensive
Definition
broad; including a lot or everything; thorough; inclusive
Term
compress
Definition
force into less space; squeeze; contract; put into fewer words; N: thick mass of cloth pressed to part of the body to stop bleeding or swelling, reduce fever, etc.
Term
comprise
Definition
include; consist of
Term
compromise
Definition
adjust or settle by making mutual concessions; endanger the interests or reputation of; put into danger, disrepute, or a dishonorable position; Ex. compromise one' principle; N.
Term
compunction
Definition
remorse; strong uneasiness caused by guilt
Term
compute
Definition
reckon; calculate reckon count; calculate; regard as; think; suppose
Term
concatenate
Definition
link as in a chain
Term
concave
Definition
hollow; curved inwards; OP. convex
Term
concede
Definition
admit; acknowledge as being true (often reluctantly); yield; grant; Ex. concede a goal
Term
conceit
Definition
vanity or self-love; too high opinion of one' own value; extravagant metaphor (in poetry) vain full of self-admiration; conceited; without result; unsuccessful; N. vanity
Term
concentric
Definition
having a common center
Term
conception
Definition
beginning; forming of an idea; fertilization; V. conceive: form an idea in the mind; devise; become pregnant; CF. inception
Term
concerted
Definition
mutually agreed on; done together by agreement; Ex. concerted effort; CF. in concert: working together
Term
concession
Definition
an act of yielding; conceding; something conceded; point, right, etc. given unwillingly; privilege of maintaining a business in a certain place; Ex. oil concessions in the North sea; CF. concessionaire
Term
conciliatory
Definition
reconciling; soothing; V. conciliate: reconcile; soothe; win the friendly feelings (by removing anger)
Term
concise
Definition
brief and compact
Term
conclave
Definition
private secret meeting
Term
conclusive
Definition
decisive; ending all debate
Term
concoct
Definition
prepare by mixing or combining; make up in concert; devise (something false) so as to deceive; Ex. concoct an elaborate excuse for being late; N. concoction
Term
concomitant
Definition
that which accompanies; Ex. Deafne is a frequent concommitant of old age; ADJ: existing or happening together with something else
Term
concord
Definition
harmony; accord
Term
concordat
Definition
formal agreement
Term
concur
Definition
agree; coincide; happen at the same time
Term
concurrent
Definition
happening at the same time; in agreement
Term
condescend
Definition
(derog.) bestow courtesies with a superior air; descend to the level of one considered inferior
Term
condign
Definition
adequate; (of punishment) severe and well deserved
Term
condiments
Definition
seasonings; spices
Term
condole
Definition
express condolences; N. condolence: sympathy for someone who has experienced great sorrow
Term
condone
Definition
overlook; forgive; give tacit approval; excuse
Term
conducive
Definition
helpful; contributive; V. conduce; Ex. conduce to/towards
Term
conduit
Definition
aqueduct; passageway for fluids
Term
confidant(confidante)
Definition
trusted friend (to whom one tells one' secret)
Term
confide
Definition
tell in confidence (to a person one trusts); be confident about
Term
confidence
Definition
self-assurance; calm unworried feeling based on a strong belief in one' abilities; strong belief in the ability of a person or plan; trust or faith in a person or thing; something confided; secret; Ex. confidence in your ability; Ex. I'm telling you this in confidence; Ex. exchange confidences about their boyfriends; ADJ. confident
Term
confidential
Definition
spoken or written in secret; trusted with private matters; Ex. confidential secretary
Term
confine
Definition
shut in an enclosed space; restrict; keep within limits; N. confinement
Term
confiscate
Definition
seize; take possession of (private property) by official order (usu. as a punishment); commandeer
Term
conflagration
Definition
great fire
Term
confluence
Definition
flowing together; the place where two rivers flow together; crowd; gathering together
Term
conformity
Definition
harmony; agreement with established rules or customs; similarity; Ex. behave in conformity with; V. conform: be similar; act in agreement; comply; Ex. conform to the rule; CF. conformance
Term
confound
Definition
confuse; puzzle
Term
congeal
Definition
freeze; coagulate
Term
congenial
Definition
pleasant; friendly; in agreement with one' tastes and nature; Ex. congenial weather
Term
congenital
Definition
existing at birth
Term
conglomeration
Definition
mass of material sticking together
Term
conglomerate
Definition
corporation made up of several different companies in diversified fields; mass of various material gathered together; rock consisting of small stones held together by clay; V.
Term
congruence
Definition
correspondence of parts; harmonious relationship; CF. congruity
Term
congruent
Definition
in agreement; harmonious; corresponding; coinciding exactly; CF. congruous
Term
conifer
Definition
pine tree (usu. evergreen); cone-bearing tree; ADJ. coniferous; CF. deciduous; CF. evergreen
Term
conjecture
Definition
surmise; guess; V.
Term
conjugal
Definition
pertaining to marriage
Term
conjure
Definition
cause to appear by magic; summon (a devil or a spirit) by magical power; practice magic (esp. by very quick movement of the hands); evoke; conjure up: bring into the mind; Ex. The magician conjured a rabbit out of his hat.
Term
connivance
Definition
pretense of ignorance of something wrong; assistance; permission to offend; V. connive: feign ignorance (of a wrong); cooperate secretly in an illegal action; conspire
Term
connoisseur
Definition
person competent to act as a judge of art, etc. (whose judgments are respected); a lover of an art
Term
connotation
Definition
suggested or implied meaning of an expression; V. connote
Term
connubial
Definition
pertaining to marriage or the matrimonial state matrimony state of being married patrimony property inherited from a father
Term
consanguinity
Definition
kinship; relationship by birth
Term
consanguineous(consanguine)
Definition
having a common ancestor
Term
conscientious
Definition
scrupulous; through and careful; Ex. conscientious worker
Term
conscript
Definition
draftee; person forced into military service; V.
Term
consecrate
Definition
dedicate; sanctify; declare as sacred; Ex. consecrate one' life to helping the poor
Term
consensus
Definition
general agreement; opinion reached by a group
Term
consequential
Definition
self-important; significant; consequent; following as a result; Ex. consequential air; CF. subsequent
Term
conservatory(conservatoire)
Definition
school of the fine arts (especially music or drama); glass-enclosed area; CF. conservancy
Term
consign
Definition
send to a person or place for sale; deliver officially; entrust; put into the care of another; set apart (for a special purpose); N. consignment; CF. consignor, consignee
Term
consistency
Definition
absence of contradictions; uniformity; degree of thickness or firmness; Ex. consistency of thick cream; CF. viscous
Term
console
Definition
lessen sadness or disappointment; give comfort; allay the sorrow of; N. consolation
Term
consolidation
Definition
unification; process of becoming firmer or stronger; V. consolidate: merge; strengthen
Term
consonance
Definition
harmony; agreement
Term
consonant
Definition
harmonious; in agreement; N.
Term
consort
Definition
associate with; keep company; N: husband or wife (or a ruler)
Term
conspiracy
Definition
treacherous plot; secret plan against the law (by two or more people)
Term
conspire
Definition
take part in a conspiracy; (of events) work together; combine; Ex. Events conspired to produce great difficulties.
Term
consternation
Definition
great shock; dismay
Term
constituent
Definition
supporter; voter; member of a constituency; component
Term
constituency
Definition
voters represented by an elected official; district so represented; group of supporters (or constituents)
Term
constitution
Definition
constituting; system of laws; composition of something; physical makeup or structure of a person; Ex. men with strong constitutions
Term
constraint
Definition
restraint; compulsion; repression of feelings; reticence; V. constrain: hold back; restrain; compel; oblige; confine forcibly; imprison
Term
construe
Definition
explain; interpret; Ex. construe her silence as meaning that she agreed; CF. misconstrue
Term
consummate
Definition
complete; V.
Term
contagion
Definition
infection (by contact); ADJ. contagious; CF. infectious: that can be passed by infection in the air drastic strong; violent and severe; Ex. drastic changes/measures
Term
contaminate
Definition
pollute
Term
contempt
Definition
scorn; disdain; ADJ. contemptuous; CF. contemptible
Term
contend
Definition
struggle; compete; assert earnestly; state strongly
Term
contention
Definition
assertion; claim; thesis; struggling; competition thesis opinion put forward and supported by reasoned arguments boost lift by pushing up from below; increase; raise; N: push upward; increase
Term
contentious
Definition
quarrelsome; controversial; likely to cause arguments
Term
contest
Definition
dispute; argue about the rightness of; compete for; try to win; Ex. contest the election results; Ex. contest a seat in Parliament; N.
Term
context
Definition
writings preceding and following the passage quoted; circumstance in which an event occurs
Term
contiguous
Definition
adjacent to; touching upon
Term
continence
Definition
self-restraint; sexual chastity; sexual abstinence; voluntary control over bladder and bowel functions; ADJ. continent
Term
contingent
Definition
dependent on something uncertain or in the future; conditional; happening by chance; accidental; N: a group of soldiers, ships to a larger force; CF. contingency: future event that may or may not occur; possibility; Ex. prepare for every contingency
Term
contortions
Definition
twistings; distortions; V. contort: twist violently out of shape; CF. contortionist
Term
contraband
Definition
illegal trade; smuggling; smuggled goods; ADJ.
Term
contravene
Definition
contradict; oppose; violate (a rule, law, or custom); N. contravention
Term
contrite
Definition
penitent; repentant; N. contrition
Term
contrived
Definition
unnatural and forced; artificial; not spontaneous; Ex. The ending was rather contrived.
Term
contrive
Definition
invent or fabricate in a clever way (by improvisation); manage; Ex. contrive to attract his attention
Term
contrivance
Definition
something contrived; machine or apparatus; clever deceitful plan; scheme
Term
controvert
Definition
oppose with arguments; attempt to refute; contradict; ADJ. controversial; N. controversy
Term
contumacious
Definition
stubborn and disobedient; resisting authority (esp. disobedient to an order made by a court)
Term
contusion
Definition
bruise bruise injure without breaking the skin; N.
Term
conundrum
Definition
riddle; difficult problem
Term
convene
Definition
come together; assemble; call to meet; Ex. convene the council
Term
convention
Definition
social or moral custom; established practice; formal meeting; international agreement
Term
conventional
Definition
ordinary; typical; not nuclear; Ex. conventional weapons
Term
converge
Definition
approach; tend to meet; come together
Term
conversant
Definition
familiar with; having knowledge of
Term
converse
Definition
opposite; ADJ.
Term
convert
Definition
one who has adopted a different religion or opinion; V: change into another form; (persuade to) adopt a particular religion or belief
Term
convex
Definition
curving outward
Term
conveyance
Definition
vehicle; transfer; act of conveying; Ex. public conveyance
Term
conviction
Definition
judgment that someone is guilty of a crime; strongly held belief
Term
convivial
Definition
pleasantly merry; festive; joyous; gay; characterized by joviality; jovial
Term
convoke
Definition
call together; Ex. convoke Parliament; N. convocation
Term
convoluted
Definition
coiled around; twisted; involved; complicated; intricate; complex; N. convolution: twist; one of the convex folds of the surface of the brain
Term
convulsion
Definition
violent uncontrollable shaking movement (caused by illness); V. convulse; ADJ. convulsive
Term
copious
Definition
plentiful
Term
coquette
Definition
flirt; flirtatious woman; woman who tries to attract the admiration of men without sincere feelings; V. flirt behave in a way that attracts (sexual) attention; deal triflingly with; N: one (or woman) given to flirting; ADJ. flirtatious
Term
cordial
Definition
warmly friendly; gracious; heartfelt; Ex. cordial welcome
Term
cordon
Definition
extended line of men or fortifications to prevent access or egress; (¾î±ú¿¡¼­ °Üµå¶û ¹ØÀ¸·Î °ÉÄ¡´Â) Àå½Ä ¸®º»; V.
Term
cornice
Definition
projecting molding on building (usually above columns or pillars); ó¸¶ Àå½Ä
Term
cornucopia
Definition
horn (or horn-shaped container) overflowing with fruit and grai; symbol of abundance; horn of plent
Term
corollary
Definition
natural consequence (which naturally follows from something else)
Term
corporeal
Definition
bodily (rather than spiritual); of a bodily form; material; tangible
Term
corpulent
Definition
very fat; N. corpulence
Term
corpus
Definition
collection (of writings or information); Ex. the corpus of Shakespear' works; Cf. corpse
Term
corpuscle
Definition
red or white cell in the blood
Term
correlation
Definition
mutual relationship
Term
correlate
Definition
either of the correlated things; V
Term
corroborate
Definition
confirm; support; strengthen
Term
corrode
Definition
destroy or wear away gradually by chemical action (over a long period)
Term
corrosive
Definition
eating away by chemicals or disease; (of language) fierce
Term
corrugated
Definition
wrinkled; ridged wrinkle small ridge on a smooth surface (face or cloth); V. S crinkle wrinkle
Term
cosmic
Definition
pertaining to the universe; vast
Term
coterie
Definition
group that meets socially; select circle; close group of people with shared interests
Term
countenance
Definition
approve; support; tolerate; Ex. countenance his rude behavior; N: face; appearance
Term
countermand
Definition
cancel; revoke (an order)
Term
counterpart
Definition
thing that completes another; things very much alike; thing that has the same purpose in a different system
Term
coup
Definition
highly successful action or sudden attack; coup( ) d'\'etat; CF. coup de gr\^ace: deathblow or shot which kills
Term
couple
Definition
join; unite; OP. uncouple
Term
courier
Definition
messenger
Term
covenant
Definition
binding agreement between two groups or people; compact; V: enter into a covenant; promise bargain agreement between two groups or people; something for sale at a price advantageous to the buyer; V: negotiate; trade; Ex. bargaining power
Term
covert
Definition
secret; hidde; implied; OP. overt
Term
covetous
Definition
avaricious; desirous of (someone else' possessions); V. covet: desire eagerly (someone else' possessions)
Term
cow
Definition
terrorize; intimidate
Term
cower
Definition
shrink quivering as from fear; cringe
Term
coy
Definition
shy (flirtatiously); showing a (pretended) lack of self-confidence; modest; coquettish; CF. job offer¸¦ ¹Þ¾ÒÀ» ¶§
Term
cozen
Definition
cheat; hoodwink; swindle
Term
crabbed
Definition
sour; bad-tempered; peevish; difficult to read as handwriting
Term
peevish
Definition
bad-tempered; irritable; V. peeve: make angry
Term
crass
Definition
very unrefined; grossly insensible; crude and undiscriminating; Ex. crass behavior
Term
craven
Definition
cowardly
Term
credence
Definition
belief
Term
credo
Definition
creed
Term
credulity
Definition
belief on slight evidence; gullibility; naivet\'e; ADJ. credulous
Term
creed
Definition
system of religious or ethical belief
Term
crescendo
Definition
increase in the volume or intensity as in a musical passage; climax; CF. crescent
Term
far-fetched
Definition
too improbable to be believed; implausible; Ex. far-fetched story
Term
overture
Definition
musical introduction to a long musical piece; first offer or proposal (to begin talks i the hope of reaching an agreement); Ex. overtures for peace
Term
crestfallen
Definition
dejected; dispirited
Term
crest
Definition
top (as of a hill or wave); showy feathers on the head of a bird
Term
crevice
Definition
crack; fissure
Term
cringe
Definition
shrink back as if in fear; cower
Term
criteria
Definition
standards used in judging; CF. criterion
Term
crone
Definition
hag; ugly old woman
Term
crotchety
Definition
(of someone old) eccentric; odd; whimsical; bad-tempered; N. crotchet: odd or whimsical notion
Term
crux
Definition
essential or main point; Ex. the crux of the problem; ADJ. crucial: of deciding importance
Term
crypt
Definition
secret recess or vault usually used for burial; underground room (under a church)
Term
cryptic
Definition
mysterious; hidden; secret
Term
cubicle
Definition
small chamber used for sleeping or work
Term
compartment
Definition
one of the parts into which an enclosed space is divided
Term
cuisine
Definition
style of cooking; Ex. French cuisine
Term
culinary
Definition
relating to cooking or kitchen
Term
cull
Definition
pick out from others (to kill the weakest members); reject; select; collect (information); N.
Term
culmination
Definition
highest point; climax; V. culminate in: reach the highest point in; end in; Ex. a series of minor clashes culminating in war
Term
culpable
Definition
deserving blame; blameworthy
Term
culprit
Definition
one guilty of a crime
Term
culvert
Definition
artificial channel for water; drain crossing under a road
Term
cumbersome
Definition
heavy and awkward to carry or wear; burdensome; Ex. cumbersome parcel/uniform
Term
cumulative
Definition
growing by addition; accumulative
Term
cupidity
Definition
greed (for wealth); CF. cupid; CF. Cupid
Term
curator
Definition
superintendent; manager (in charge of a museum or a library)
Term
curmudgeon
Definition
churlish, miserly individual; bad-tempered old person
Term
cursive
Definition
(of writing) flowing; running; having the successive letters joined
Term
cursory
Definition
casual; hastily done with little attention to detail
Term
curtail
Definition
shorten; reduce
Term
cynical
Definition
skeptical or distrustful of human motives; N. cynicism; CF. cynic: person who believes all people are motivated by selfishness
Term
cynosure
Definition
object of general attention; person or thing that is a center of attention; CF. Ursa Minor
Term
dabble
Definition
work at in a nonserious fashion; splash around; move noisily in a liquid
Term
dais
Definition
raised platform for speakers or other important people
Term
dally
Definition
trifle with; toy with; treat without the necessary seriousness; procrastinate; waste time
Term
dank
Definition
damp; unpleasantly wet
Term
dapper
Definition
neat and trim (in appearance); (of small men) neat in appearance and quick in movements; neat; spry
Term
dappled
Definition
spotted
Term
daub
Definition
smear (as with paint); cover with something sticky; Ex. daub one' clothes with mud/paint; N: small bit of sticky substance; Ex. a daub of paint
Term
smear
Definition
spread or cover with a sticky substance; N: mark made by smearing
Term
smudge
Definition
dirty mark with unclear edges made by rubbing; V.
Term
daunt
Definition
intimidate; frighten; discourage; dishearten
Term
dauntless
Definition
bold; fearless
Term
dawdle
Definition
loiter; hang around; waste time doing nothing
Term
deadlock
Definition
standstill resulting from the opposition of two unrelenting forces; stalemate
Term
standstill
Definition
condition of no movement or activity; stop
Term
deadpan
Definition
wooden; impassive; with no show of feeling; with an expressionless face
Term
dearth
Definition
scarcity
Term
d\'eb\^acle
Definition
sudden disastrous downfall or defeat; complete disaster
Term
debase
Definition
degrade; reduce in quality or value; degenerate; lower in esteem; disgrace; N. debasement
Term
kneel
Definition
go down on one' knee( )
Term
debauch
Definition
corrupt morally; seduce from virtue; N. debauchery: wild behavior (with sex and alcohol)
Term
seduce
Definition
lead away from proper conduct; entice; ADJ. seductive
Term
debilitate
Definition
weaken (esp. through heat, hunger, illness); enfeeble
Term
bout
Definition
match; short period of great activity; Ex. wrestling bout; bout of drinking/flu
Term
debonair
Definition
(of men) friendly, charming, and fashionably dressed; aiming to please; CF. of good disposition
Term
d\'ebris
Definition
rubble; wreckage; scattered remains of something broken or destroyed
Term
debunk
Definition
expose as false, exaggerated, worthless, etc.; ridicule
Term
debutante
Definition
young woman making formal entrance into society
Term
debut
Definition
d\'ebut; first public appearance; formal presentation of a young woman to society
Term
decadence
Definition
decay; fall to a lower level (of morality, civilization, or art); ADJ. decadent
Term
decant
Definition
pour off gently (wine or liquid)
Term
decapitate
Definition
behead
Term
decelerate
Definition
slow down
Term
deciduous
Definition
falling off at a specific season or stage of growth as of leaves; Ex. deciduous tree/teeth
Term
decimate
Definition
kill (usually one out of ten or every tenth man); destroy or kill a large part of
Term
decipher
Definition
decode; CF. indecipherable
Term
declivity
Definition
downward slope
Term
d\'ecollet\'e
Definition
(of a dress) having a low-cut neckline; CF. d\'ecolletage: low neckline (on a dress)
Term
decree
Definition
authoritative order; edict; judgment of a court of law; V: order or judge by decree
Term
decomposition
Definition
decay; V. decompose: decay; break and separate into simple parts
Term
decorum
Definition
propriety; orderlines and good taste in manners; appropriateness of behavior or conduct
Term
decorous
Definition
proper (in behavior, conduct, or appearance)
Term
decoy
Definition
lure or bait; V.
Term
decrepitude
Definition
state of collapse or weakness caused by illness or old age
Term
decrepit
Definition
weak and in bad condition from old age or hard use; Ex. decrepit old chair/man
Term
decry
Definition
express strong disapproval of; condemn openly (something dangerous to the public); disparage; Ex. decry the violence of modern films
Term
deducible
Definition
derived by reasoning; V. deduce: infer; derive by reasoning
Term
deface
Definition
mar; disfigure
Term
mar
Definition
spoil the appearance of
Term
defame
Definition
harm someone' reputation; malign; speak evil of; slander; N. defamation; ADJ. defamatory
Term
default
Definition
failure to act; failure to perform a task or be present; V.
Term
defeatist
Definition
resigned to defeat or failure; accepting defeat or failure as a natural outcome; N. CF. defeatism
Term
defection
Definition
desertion
Term
defect
Definition
shortcoming; V: desert (in order to join the opposite one)
Term
defer
Definition
give in respectfully; submit; delay till later; exempt temporarily; N. deferment; CF. show respect, comply with, courteous
Term
deference
Definition
courteous regard for another' wish; courteous yielding to another' wish or opinion (showing respect); ADJ. deferential; OP. effrontery
Term
defiance
Definition
refusal to yield; resistance; V. defy; ADJ. defiant
Term
defile
Definition
pollute; make filthy or dirty; corrupt morally; profane; desecrate; N: narrow passage or gorge through mountains
Term
definitive
Definition
most reliable; authorative and complete; that cannot be improved; conclusive; decisive; definite; Ex. definitive decision by the supreme court
Term
deflect
Definition
turn aside; turn away from a straight course
Term
defoliate
Definition
destroy leaves; deprive of leaves (by the use of chemicals); N. defoliant
Term
defray
Definition
provide for the payment of; undertake the payment of; pay
Term
defrock
Definition
strip a priest or minister of church authority; unfrock
Term
frock
Definition
long loose garment (worn by monks)
Term
deft
Definition
neat; skillful
Term
defunct
Definition
dead; no longer in use or existence
Term
degenerate
Definition
become worse in quality; deteriorate; ADJ: having become worse; Ex. a degenerate species; N: depraved or corrupt person
Term
degradation
Definition
humiliation; debasement; degeneration; V. degrade: debase; disgrace; degenerate; reduce (something) in worth; demote (someone); reduce in rank
Term
dishonor
Definition
disgrace; N. ADJ. dishonorable
Term
dehydrate
Definition
remove water from; dry out
Term
deify
Definition
turn into a god; make a god of; idolize; Ex. Kings were deified; CF. deity
Term
deign
Definition
condescend; stoop
Term
stoop
Definition
bend forward and down; lower or debase oneself; fall to a lower standard of behavior by doing something; condescend; Ex. stoop to lying
Term
delete
Definition
erase; strike out
Term
deleterious
Definition
harmful
Term
deliberate
Definition
consider; ponder; ADJ: done on purpose; slow
Term
delineate
Definition
portray; depict; sketch; describe; N. delineation
Term
delirium
Definition
mental disorder marked by confusion; uncontrolled excitement; ADJ. delirious
Term
delta
Definition
flat plain of mud or sand between branches of a river
Term
delude
Definition
deceive
Term
deluge
Definition
flood; rush; V.
Term
delusion
Definition
false belief; hallucination; deluding; Ex. delusions of grandeur; Ex. under the delusion that
Term
delusive
Definition
deceptive; likely to delude; misleading; raising vain hopes; Ex. delusive promises
Term
delve
Definition
dig; search deeply; investigate
Term
demagogue
Definition
person who appeals to people' prejudice; false leader of people; CF. demagoguery
Term
demean
Definition
disgrace; humiliate; debase in dignity; behave
Term
demeanor
Definition
behavior; bearing
Term
demented
Definition
insane
Term
demise
Definition
death
Term
demographic
Definition
related to population balance; N. demography: statistical study of human population
Term
demolition
Definition
destruction; V. demolish
Term
demoniac(demoniacal)
Definition
fiendish; cruel; N. demon: evil supernatural being; devil
Term
fiend
Definition
evil spirit; devil
Term
demotic
Definition
of or pertaining to the people
Term
demur
Definition
object (because of doubts, scruples); raise an objection (showing qualms); hesitate; Ex. demur at the idea of working on Sunday
Term
demure
Definition
(of a woman or child) grave; quiet and serious; coy; pretending to be demure
Term
denigrate
Definition
blacken; defame
Term
denizen
Definition
(animal, person, or plant) inhabitant or resident of a particular place; regular visitor
Term
denotation
Definition
meaning; distinguishing by name; V. denote: indicate; refer to directly; mean; CF. connotation
Term
d\'enouement
Definition
final outcome; final development of the plot of a play or other literary work; the end of a story when everything is explained
Term
denounce
Definition
condemn; criticize; N. denunciation
Term
depict
Definition
portray
Term
expos\'e
Definition
public revelation of something discreditable
Term
deplete
Definition
reduce; exhaust
Term
deplore
Definition
regret; expres sorrow and severe disapproval for something bad; Ex. deplore their violent behavior; ADJ. deplorable: very bad; deserving severe disapproval; Ex. deplorable living condition
Term
deploy
Definition
spread out (troops) in an extended though shallow battle line; distribute (persons or forces) systematically or strategically
Term
battalion
Definition
army unit made up of four or more companies
Term
depose
Definition
dethrone; remove from office; give a deposition; testify
Term
deposition
Definition
testimony under oath; deposing; dethroning
Term
depravity
Definition
extreme corruption; wickedness; V. deprave
Term
deprecate
Definition
express disapproval of; deplore; protest against; belittle; ADJ. deprecatory
Term
depreciate
Definition
lessen in value; belittle; represent as of little value
Term
depredation
Definition
plundering; destruction
Term
deranged
Definition
insane
Term
institute
Definition
organization for a special purpose; V: establish
Term
institution
Definition
instituting; (building for the) organization; established custom, practice, or relationship in a society; mental hospital; Ex. institution of marriage
Term
institutionalize
Definition
make into an institution; put or confine in an institution
Term
derelict
Definition
negligent; (of someone) neglectful of duty; (of something) deserted by an owner; abandoned; N: abandoned property; homeless or vagrant person
Term
dereliction
Definition
neglect of duty; abandonment
Term
deride
Definition
ridicule; treat with contempt; make fun of; OP. respect
Term
derision
Definition
ridicule; ADJ. derisive; CF. derisory
Term
derivative
Definition
unoriginal; obtained from another source; Ex. derivative prose style; N.
Term
derivation
Definition
deriving; origin or source of something; Ex. the derivation of the word
Term
dermatologist
Definition
one who studies the skin and its diseases
Term
acne
Definition
skin disease (o the face)
Term
derogatory
Definition
expressing a low opinion; disparaging; V. derogate: detract; disparage
Term
descry
Definition
catch sight of (something distant)
Term
desecrate
Definition
profane; violate the sanctity of
Term
violate
Definition
break (a law); defile; desecrate; assault sexually; Ex. violate graves
Term
desiccate
Definition
dry up
Term
desolate
Definition
(of a place) deserted; unpopulated; (of a person) lonely; forlorn; joyless
Term
desolate
Definition
make desolate; forsake; abandon and desert
Term
desperado
Definition
reckless, desperate outlaw
Term
desperate
Definition
having lost all hope; despairing; reckless and violent because of loss of hope or despair; undertaken as a last resort
Term
despise
Definition
look on with scorn; regard as worthless or distasteful; ADJ. despicable: contemptible
Term
despoil
Definition
plunder; sack; Ex. despoil the village
Term
despondent
Definition
without hope and courage; depressed; gloomy; N. despondency: loss of hope with gloom; dejection
Term
despot
Definition
tyrant; harsh, authoritarian ruler; CF. despotism
Term
destitute
Definition
extremely poor; lacking means of subsistence; utterly lacking; devoid; Ex. destitute of any experience
Term
impoverish
Definition
make poor; deprive of natural strength or something important; Ex. impoverished soil
Term
desultory
Definition
aimless; haphazard; digressing at random
Term
detached
Definition
emotionally removed; free from emotional involvement; calm and objective; physically separate; N. detachment; CF. attachment
Term
detain
Definition
keep waiting; prevent from leaving or going; N. detentio
Term
determinate
Definition
having a fixed order of procedure; precisely defined; invariable; fixed; conclusive; final
Term
determination
Definition
resolve; firmness of purpose; measurement or calculation; decision
Term
deterrent
Definition
something that discourages or deters
Term
detonation
Definition
explosion
Term
detraction
Definition
slandering; aspersion; detracting; CF. detractor
Term
detrimental
Definition
harmful; damaging; N. detriment
Term
deviate
Definition
turn away from (a principle, norm); move away from an accepted standard; swerve; depart; diverge; N. deviation; Ex. deviation of the path of light by a prism
Term
devious
Definition
roundabout; erratic; deviating from the straight course; not straightforward; not completely honest; Ex. devious route
Term
devise
Definition
think up; invent; plan; bequeath; N: bequest
Term
devoid
Definition
empty; lacking
Term
devolve
Definition
deputize; pass or be passed to others (power, work, or property); Ex. devolve on/upon/to
Term
deputize
Definition
work or appoint as a deputy; N. deputy: person who has the power to take charge when the leading person is away
Term
devotee
Definition
enthusiastic follower; enthusiast; Ex. devotee of Bach
Term
devout
Definition
pious; deeply religious; sincere; earnest; Ex. my devout hope
Term
dexterous
Definition
skillful; skill in using hands or mind; N. dexterity
Term
diabolical
Definition
diabolic; devilish; fiendish
Term
diadem
Definition
crown
Term
dialectical
Definition
relating to the art of debate; mutual or reciprocal; Ex. dialectical situation; N. dialectic: art of arriving at the truth by the exchange of logical arguments
Term
diaphanous
Definition
sheer; transparent
Term
diatribe
Definition
bitter scolding or denunciation; invective; abuse
Term
dichotomy
Definition
division into two opposite parts; split; branching into two parts (especially contradictory ones)
Term
dictum
Definition
authoritative and weighty statement (made by a judge in court); saying; maxim; CF. obiter dictum: incidental, nonbinding remark (something said in passing)
Term
didactic
Definition
(of speech or writing) intended to teach a moral lesson; teaching; instructional; N. didacticism
Term
die
Definition
metal block used for shaping metal or plastic; device for stamping or impressing; mold; CF. dice
Term
diffidence
Definition
shyness; lack of self-confidence; timidity; ADJ. diffident
Term
diffuse
Definition
wordy; verbose; rambling; spread out (like a gas); V: spread out in all directions; disperse; N. diffusion; CF. suffuse
Term
digression
Definition
wandering away from the subject; V. digress
Term
dilapidated
Definition
falling to pieces; in a bad condition; ruined because of neglect; Ex. dilapidated old car/castle; N. dilapidation
Term
dilate
Definition
expand; dilate on/upon: speak or write at length on (a subject)
Term
dilatory
Definition
delaying; tending to delay
Term
dilemma
Definition
situation that requires a choice between equally unfavorable options; problem; choice of two unsatisfactory alternatives
Term
dilettante
Definition
aimless follower of an art or a field of knowledge (not taking it seriously); amateur; dabbler; CF. delight
Term
diligence
Definition
steadiness of effort; persistent hard work
Term
dilute
Definition
make (a liquid) less concentrated; reduce in strength; Ex. dilute the influence of the president
Term
diminution
Definition
lessening; reduction in size; V. diminish
Term
din
Definition
continued loud noise; V: make a din; instill by wearying repetitio
Term
weary
Definition
tired after long work; V.
Term
dinghy
Definition
small boat (often ship' boat)
Term
maroon
Definition
leave helpless on a deserted island or coast; ADJ. red brown
Term
dingy
Definition
(of things and place) dirty and dull; Ex. dingy street/curtain
Term
dull
Definition
(of colors or surfaces) not bright; cloudy; overcast; boring; (of edge or sound) not sharp; not rapid; sluggish; slow in thinking and understanding; stupid; V.
Term
dint
Definition
means; effort; Ex. by dint of hard work
Term
diorama
Definition
life-size, three-dimensional scene from nature or history; three-dimensional scene with modeled figures against a painted background
Term
dire
Definition
warning of disaster; disastrous; (of need and dangers) very great; urgent; Ex. dire prediction/need of food
Term
dirge
Definition
funeral song; slow mournful piece of music (sung over a dead person)
Term
disabuse
Definition
correct a false impression; undeceive; free from a wrong belief
Term
disaffected
Definition
disloyal; lacking loyality; V. disaffect: cause to lose affection or loyalty
Term
disapprobation
Definition
disapproval; condemnation
Term
disarray
Definition
state of disorder; a disorderly or untidy state; Ex. with her clothes in disarray
Term
disavowal
Definition
denial; disclaiming; repudiating; disowning; V. disavow; CF. disclaim
Term
disband
Definition
dissolve; disperse; (of a group) break up and separate; Ex. The club has disbanded.
Term
disburse
Definition
pay out (as from a fund); N. disbursement; CF. purse
Term
discernible
Definition
distinguishable; perceivable; Ex. discernible improvement
Term
discerning
Definition
mentally quick and observant; having insight; perceptive; able to make good judgments; V. discern: perceive
Term
disclaim
Definition
disown; renounce claim to; deny; CF. disclaimer
Term
disclose
Definition
reveal; N. disclosure
Term
discombobulated
Definit