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Mineralogy
The chemical formulae and nomenclature for a basic set of minerals.
61
Geology
Undergraduate 3
09/05/2011

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Cards

Term
Galena
Definition
PbS

Lead (II) Sulfide
Term
Chalcopyrite
Definition
CuFeS2

Copper Iron Sulfide
Term
Copper
Definition
Cu

Copper
Term
Bornite
Definition
Cu5FeS4

Copper Iron Sulfide
Term
Sphalerite
Definition
ZnS

Zinc Sulfide
Term
Pyrrhotite
Definition
Fe1-xS

Iron Sulfide
Term
Graphite
Definition
C

Carbon
Term
Pyrite
Definition
FeS2

Iron Sulfide
Term
Sulfur
Definition
S

Sulphur
Term
Azurite
Definition
Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2

Copper Carbonate Hydroxide
Term
Malachite
Definition
Cu2CO3(OH)2

Copper Carbonate Hydroxide
Term
Smithsonite
Definition
ZnCO3

Zinc Carbonate
Term
Calcite
Definition
CaCO3

Calcium Carbonate
Term
Barite
Definition
BaSO4

Barium Sulfate
Term
Anhydrite
Definition
CaSO4

Calcium Sulfate (anyhdrous)
Term
Dolomite
Definition
CaMg(CO3)2

Calcium Magnesium Carbonate
Term
Rhodochrosite
Definition
MnCO3

Manganese Carbonate
Term
Apatite
Definition
Ca5(PO4)3(OH,F,Cl)
Term
Gypsum
Definition
CaSO4*2H2O

Calcium Sulfate Dihydrate
Term
Siderite
Definition
FeCO3

Iron Carbonate
Term
Chromite
Definition
FeCr2O4

Iron Chromium Oxide
Term
Hematite
Definition
Fe2O3

Iron(III) Oxide
Term
Corundum
Definition
Al2O3

Aluminum Oxide
Term
Rutile
Definition
TiO2

Titanium Oxide
Term
Pyrolusite
Definition
MnO2

Manganese Dioxide
Term
Halite
Definition
NaCl

Sodium Chloride
Term
Ilmenite
Definition
FeTiO3

Iron Titanium Oxide
Term
Magnetite
Definition
Fe3O4

Iron(II, III) Oxide
Ferrous-Ferric Oxide
Term
Fluorite
Definition
CaF2

Calcium Fluoride
Term
Goethite
Definition
╬▒FeO(OH)

Iron Oxyhydroxide
Term
Quartz
Definition
SiO2

Silicon Dioxide
Term
Orthoclase
Definition
KAlSi3O8

Potassium Aluminum Tectosilicate
Potassium Feldspar
Term
Microcline
Definition
KAlSi3O8

Potassium Aluminum Tectosilicate
Potassium Feldspar
Term
Sanidine
Definition
KAlSi3O8

Potassium Aluminum Tectosilicate
Potassium Feldspar
Term
Amazonite
Definition
KAlSi3O8

Potassium Aluminum Tectosilicate
Potassium Feldspar
Term
Albite
Definition
NaAlSi3O8

Plagioclase Feldspar
Sodium Aluminum Tectosilicate
Term
Oligoclase
Definition
NaAlSi3O8

Plagioclase Feldspar
Sodium Aluminum Tectosilicate
Term
Labradorite
Definition
NaAlSi3O8

Plagioclase Feldspar
Sodium Aluminum Tectosilicate
Term
Anorthite
Definition
CaAl2Si2O8

Calcium Aluminum Tectosilicate
Term
Leucite
Definition
KAlSi2O6

Potassium and Aluminum Tectosilicate
Term
Sodalite
Definition
Na8(AlSiO4)6Cl2

Sodium Aluminosilicate Chlorine
Term
Nepheline
Definition
(Na,K)AlSiO4

Sodium Potassium Aluminosilicate
Term
Stilbite
Definition
NaCa2Al5Si13O36*14H2O

hydrous calcium sodium and aluminium silicate
Term
Glaucophane
Definition
Na2Mg3Al2Si8O22(OH)2

Amphibole
Term
Augite
Definition
(Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe,Al)(Si,Al)2O6

Pyroxene
Term
Tremolite
Definition
Ca2Mg5Si8O22(OH)2

Amphibole
Term
Enstatite-Ferrosilite
Definition
MgSiO3-FeSiO3

Pyroxene
Term
Rhodonite
Definition
MnSiO3

Manganese Inosilicate
Term
Diopside
Definition
CaMgSi2O6

Pyroxene
Term
Hornblende
Definition
(Ca,Na)2-3(Mg,Fe,Al)5Si6(Si,Al)2O22(OH)2

Amphibole
Term
Actinolite
Definition
Ca2(Mg,Fe)5Si8O22(OH)2

Amphibole
Term
Spodumene
Definition
LiAlSi2O6

Lithium Aluminum Inosilicate
Term
Wollastonite
Definition
CaSiO3

Calcium Inosilicate
Term
Lepidolite
Definition
K(Li,Al)2-3(AlSi3O10)(O,OH,F)2

Phyllosilicate
Mica
Term
Biotite
Definition
K(Mg,Fe)3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2

Phyllosilicate
Mica
Term
Chlorite
Definition
(Mg,Fe)3(Si,Al)4O10(OH)2*(Mg,Fe)3(OH)6

Mica
Term
Chrysocolla
Definition
~Cu4H4Si4O10(OH)8

Hydrated Copper Silicate
Term
Talc
Definition
Mg3Si4O10(OH)2

Hydrated Magnesium Silicate
Term
Serpentine
Definition
Mg3Si2O5(OH)4

Hydrous Magnesium Iron Phyllosilicate
Term
Muscovite
Definition
KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2

Aluminum and Potassium Phyllosilicate
Mica
Term
Kaolinite
Definition
Al2Si2O5(OH)4

Clay Mineral
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